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Methane Gas Hydrate

Author: Ayhan Demirbas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1848828721
Size: 76.68 MB
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Gas hydrates represent one of the world’s largest untapped reservoirs of energy and, according to some estimates, have the potential to meet global energy needs for the next thousand years. "Methane Gas Hydrate" examines this potential by focusing on methane gas hydrate, which is increasingly considered a significant source of energy. "Methane Gas Hydrate" gives a general overview of natural gas, before delving into the subject of gas hydrates in more detail and methane gas hydrate in particular. As well as discussing methods of gas production, it also discusses the safety and environmental concerns associated with the presence of natural gas hydrates, ranging from their possible impact on the safety of conventional drilling operations to their influence on Earth’s climate. "Methane Gas Hydrate" is a useful reference on an increasingly popular energy source. It contains valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers, as well as for postgraduate students.

Natural Gas Hydrate

Author: M.D. Max
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401143870
Size: 18.13 MB
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1. THE BEGINNINGS OF HYDRATE RESEARCH Until very recently, our understanding of hydrate in the natural environment and its impact on seafloor stability, its importance as a sequester of methane, and its potential as an important mechanism in the Earth's climate change system, was masked by our lack of appreciation of the vastness of the hydrate resource. Only a few publications on naturally occurring hydrate existed prior to 1975. The first published reference to oceanic gas hydrate (Bryan and Markl, 1966) and the first publication in the scientific literature (Stoll, et a1., 1971) show how recently it has been since the topic of naturally occurring hydrate has been raised. Recently, however, the number of hydrate publications has increased substantially, reflecting increased research into hydrate topics and the initiation of funding to support the researchers. Awareness of the existence of naturally occurring gas hydrate now has spread beyond the few scientific enthusiasts who pursued knowledge about the elusive hydrate because of simple interest and lurking suspicions that hydrate would prove to be an important topic. The first national conference on gas hydrate in the U.S. was held as recently as April, 1991 at the U.S. National Center of the U.s. Geological Survey in Reston Virginia (Max et al., 1991). The meeting was co-hosted by the U.s. Geological Survey, the Naval Research Laboratory, and the U.S.

Exploration Of Gas Hydrates

Author: Naresh Kumar Thakur
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642142345
Size: 74.41 MB
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Gas hydrates are ice-like crystalline substances that form a rigid cage of water molecules and entrap hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon gas by hydrogen bonding. Natural gas hydrate is primarily composed of water and methane. These are solid, crystalline, ice-like substances found in permafrost areas and deepwater basins around the world. They naturally occur in the pore space of marine sediments, where appropriate high pressure and low temperature conditions exist in an adequate supply of gas (mainly methane). Gas hydrates are considered as a potential non conventional energy resource. Methane hydrates are also recognized as, an influence on offshore platform stability, a major factor in climate change contributing to global warming and a significant contribution to the ocean carbon cycle. The proposed book treats various geophysical techniques in order to quantify the gas hydrate reserves and their impact on environment. The primary goal of this book is to provide the state of art for gas hydrate exploration. The target audiences for this book are non-specialist from different branches of science, graduate students and researchers.

Offshore Gas Hydrates

Author: Rudy Rogers
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 0128025565
Size: 51.15 MB
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Gas hydrates collect and store both thermogenic and biogenic methane generated in deep ocean sediments that, over geologic time, forms vast methane repositories. Offshore Gas Hydrates: Origins, Development, and Production presents gas hydrates as an emerging, clean energy source possibly more abundant than all other fossil fuels and especially important for countries geographically and economically restricted from conventional fossil fuel resources. The book explores feasible methods to produce offshore hydrate gas, the means to store and transport the remotely produced gas, new hydrate inhibitors for conventional and hydrate production in ultra-deep waters, instability manifestations of seafloor hydrates, and hydrate roles in complex ecological scenarios. Complementing production and drilling method presentations are computer simulation studies, hydrate field tests, and seismic and logging developments. Offshore Gas Hydrates delivers a well-developed framework for both the oil and gas researcher and corporate engineer to better exploit this future unconventional resource, empowering the oil and gas professional with the latest data and information on sophisticated challenges that offshore hydrates present. Addresses the technical, economic, and environmental problems of producing hydrate gas. Introduces the overlooked and unchartered role of microbes in catalyzing offshore hydrate formations with attendant effects on stability/dissociation. Reviews the latest world-wide field tests, research, and case studies involving seafloor hydrates, inclusive of most known hydrate provinces. Displays two videos within the e-book only: (1) hydrates, carbonates, chemosynthetic communities, and natural hydrocarbon leakages on the seafloor at the Mississippi Canyon hydrate observatory site; (2) hydrate nucleation, migration and self-packing in a laboratory test cell under the influence of anionic surfactants. Extends deep-water hydrate knowledge regarding the hydrate formation and protective cover for microbes within the extreme environment of Mars.

Gas Hydrates

Author: J.-P. Henriet
Publisher: Geological Society of London
ISBN: 9781862390102
Size: 42.37 MB
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Natural gas hydrates occur in polar regions and in the sediment of out continental and insular margins. Three important aspects of gas hydrates are covered in this text: their fossil fuel potential; their role as a submarine geohazard; and their effects on global climate change. There is a general focus on slope stability and climatic issues.

Natural Gas Hydrates

Author: Yuguang Ye
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642311016
Size: 32.34 MB
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“Natural Gas Hydrates: Experimental Techniques and Their Applications” attempts to broadly integrate the most recent knowledge in the fields of hydrate experimental techniques in the laboratory. The book examines various experimental techniques in order to provide useful parameters for gas hydrate exploration and exploitation. It provides experimental techniques for gas hydrates, including the detection techniques, the thermo-physical properties, permeability and mechanical properties, geochemical abnormalities, stability and dissociation kinetics, exploitation conditions, as well as modern measurement technologies etc. This book will be of interest to experimental scientists who engage in gas hydrate experiments in the laboratory, and is also intended as a reference work for students concerned with gas hydrate research. Yuguang Ye is a distinguished professor of Experimental Geology at Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological Survey, China. Professor Changling Liu works at the Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological Survey, China.

The Effect Of Biological And Polymeric Inhibitors On Methane Gas Hydrate Growth Kinetics

Author: Shadi Al-Adel
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 25.10 MB
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"Gas hydrates, also known as clathrate hydrates, are non-stoichometric crystalline compounds that have an "ice-like" appearance. They occur when water molecules hydrogen bond to form cavities that can be occupied by a gas or volatile liquid. The inclusion of these guest molecules stabilizes the water network. Hydrates are a nuisance to the gas processing industry as they plug pipelines and equipment which can upset daily operations and add unnecessary maintenance costs. In this work, kinetic experiments were performed on a methane-water system in the presence of Antifreeze Proteins (AFP`s) in order to elucidate their effectiveness as a kinetic hydrate inhibitor. The results were compared to experiments done with a classical polymeric hydrate inhibitor, N-vinylpryrrolidone-co-N-vinylcaprolactam [poly(VP/VC)] at the same pressure, temperature and weight percent conditions. As well, a series of experiments was conducted on poly(VP/VC) to examine the effect of concentration on hydrate growth inhibition. Experiments were performed at temperatures between 275.15-279.15 K and pressures between 5800-7200 kPa. The effect of the kinetic inhibitors on the hydrate growth profile was examined as well as the effect of temperature and pressure on the performance of the inhibitors. Two other polymers were tested for hydrate growth for the first time to discover their effect on the kinetics of hydrate formation. The results showed that they promoted the growth of clathrate hydrates." --

Charting The Future Of Methane Hydrate Research In The United States

Author: Committee to Review the Activities Authorized under the Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309092922
Size: 68.66 MB
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Methane hydrate is a natural form of clathrate - a chemical substance in which one molecule forms a lattice around a "guest" molecule with chemical bonding. In this clathrate, the guest molecule is methane and the lattice is formed by water to form an ice-like solid. Methane hydrate has become the focus of international attention because of the vast potential for human use worldwide. If methane can be produced from hydrate, a reasonable assumption given that there are no obvious technical or engineering roadblocks to commercial production, the nation's natural gas energy supply could be extended for many years to come. This report reviews the Department of Energy's (DOE) Methane Hydrate Research and Development Program, the project selection process, and projects funded to date. It makes recommendations on how the DOE program could be improved. Key recommendations include focusing DOE program emphasis and research in 7 priority areas; incorporating greater scientific oversight in the selection, initiation, monitoring, and assessment of major projects funded by the DOE; strengthening DOE's contribution to education and training through funding of fellowships, and providing project applicants with a set of instructions and guidelines outlining requirements for timely and full disclosure of project results and consequences of noncompliance.

Geological Controls For Gas Hydrates And Unconventionals

Author: Sanjeev Rajput
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128020598
Size: 38.71 MB
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Geological Controls for Gas Hydrate Formations and Unconventionals tells the story of unconventional hydrocarbon resources, especially gas hydrates, tight gas, shale gas, liquid- rich shale, and shale oil, to future generations. It presents the most current research in unconventionals, covering structural constituents of continental margins and their role in generating hydrocarbons. Additionally, this book answers basic questions regarding quantifications and characterizations, distributions, modes of occurrence, physical and chemical properties, and more — in essence, all the information that is necessary to improve the models for precision prediction of the enigma of gas hydrates and other unconventionals. Blending geology, geophysics, geomechanics, petrophysics, and reservoir engineering, it explains in simple language the scientific concepts that are necessary to develop geological and reservoir models for unconventionals. Serving as a focal point for geoscientists and engineers conducting research that focuses on reservoir characteristics of unconventionals, Geological Controls for Gas Hydrate Formations and Unconventionals is a useful resource for a variety of other specialiststies including physicists, geochemists, exploration geologists, and petroleum and reservoir engineers. It details the key factors for successful exploration and development of unconventional reservoirs including discovery, data evaluation, full-field development, production, and abandonment, along with a vivid description ofn the worldwide occurrence of unconventional hydrocarbons. Includes a range of datasets that provide detailed workflows for geological modeling Presents theoretical and real data analysis from different parts of the world, making its content practical and implementable in a range of gas hydrate exploration and extraction scenarios Features more than 200 figures and illustrations to highlight key concepts