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Microarchaeology

Author: Stephen Weiner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139487310
Size: 71.53 MB
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The archaeological record is a combination of what is seen by eye, as well as the microscopic record revealed with the help of instrumentation. The information embedded in the microscopic record can significantly add to our understanding of past human behaviour, provided this information has not been altered by the passage of time. Microarchaeology seeks to understand the microscopic record in terms of the type of information embedded in this record, the materials in which this information resides, and the conditions under which a reliable signal can be extracted. This book highlights the concepts needed to extract information from the microscopic record. Intended for all archaeologists and archaeological scientists, it will be of particular interest to students who have some background in the natural sciences as well as archaeology.

Die Schl Fer Im Moor

Author: Peter Vilhelm Glob
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 56.81 MB
Format: PDF
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Om Tollund- og Grauballemanden og andre moselig fra ældre jernalder

Environmental Archaeology

Author: Elizabeth Reitz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461433398
Size: 68.28 MB
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One of the most significant developments in archaeology in recent years is the emergence of its environmental branch: the study of humans’ interactions with their natural surroundings over long periods and of organic remains instead of the artifacts and household items generally associated with sites. With the current attention paid to human responsibility for environmental change, this innovative field is recognized by scientists, conservation and heritage managers and policymakers worldwide. In this context comes Environmental Archaeology by Elizabeth Reitz and Myra Shackley, updating the seminal 1981 text Environmental Archaeology by Myra Shackley. Rigorously detailed yet concise and accessible, this volume surveys the complex and technical field of environmental archaeology for researchers interested in the causes, consequences and potential future impact of environmental change and archaeology. Its coverage acknowledges the multiple disciplines involved in the field, expanding the possibilities for using environmental data from archaeological sites in enriching related disciplines and improving communication among them. Introductory chapters explain the processes involved in the formation of sites, introduce research designs and field methods and walk the reader through biological classifications before focusing on the various levels of biotic and abiotic materials found at sites, including: Sediments and soils. Viruses, bacteria, archaea, protists and fungi. Bryophytes and vascular plants. Wood, charcoal, stems, leaves and roots. Spores, pollen and other microbotanical remains. Arthropods, molluscs, echinoderms and vertebrates. Stable isotopes, elements and biomolecules. The updated Environmental Archaeology is a major addition to the resource library of archaeologists, environmentalists, historians, researchers, policymakers—anyone involved in studying, managing or preserving historical sites. The updated Environmental Archaeology is a major addition to the resource library of archaeologists, environmentalists, historians, researchers, policymakers—anyone involved in studying, managing, or preserving historical sites.

The Oxford Handbook Of Zooarchaeology

Author: Umberto Albarella
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199686475
Size: 23.46 MB
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Animals have played a fundamental role in shaping human history and the study of their remains from archaeological sites--zooarchaeology--has gradually been emerging as a powerful discipline and crucible for forging an understanding of our past. The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology offers a cutting-edge compendium of zooarchaeology the world over that transcends environmental, economic, and social approaches, seeking instead to provide a holistic view of the roles played by animals in past human cultures. Incisive chapters written by leading scholars in the field incorporate case studies from across five continents, from Iceland to New Zealand and from Japan to Egypt and Ecuador, providing a sense of the dynamism of the discipline, the many approaches and methods adopted by different schools and traditions, and an idea of the huge range of interactions that have occurred between people and animals throughout the world and its history. Adaptations of human-animal relationships in environments as varied as the Arctic, temperate forests, deserts, the tropics, and the sea are discussed, while studies of hunter-gatherers, farmers, herders, fishermen, and even traders and urban dwellers highlight the importance that animals have had in all forms of human societies. With an introduction that clearly contextualizes the current practice of zooarchaeology in relation to both its history and the challenges and opportunities that can be expected for the future, and a methodological glossary illuminating the way in which zooarchaeologists approach the study of their material, this Handbook will be invaluable not only for specialists in the field, but for anybody who has an interest in our past and the role that animals have played in forging it.

World Prehistory And Archaeology

Author: Michael Chazan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351802895
Size: 43.57 MB
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An Integrated Picture of Prehistory as an Active Process of Discovery World Prehistory and Archaeology: Pathways through Time, fourth edition, provides an integrated discussion of world prehistory and archaeological methods. This text emphasizes the relevance of how we know and what we know about our human prehistory. A cornerstone of World Prehistory and Archaeology is the discussion of prehistory as an active process of discovery. Methodological issues are addressed throughout the text to engage readers. Archaeological methods are introduced in the first two chapters. Succeeding chapters then address the question of how we know the past to provide an integrated presentation of prehistory. The fourth edition involves readers in the current state of archaeological research, revealing how archaeologists work and interpret what they find. Through the coverage of various new research, author Michael Chazan shows how archaeology is truly a global discipline. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: * Gain new perspectives and insights into who we are and how our world came into being. * Think about humanity from the perspective of archaeology. * Appreciate the importance of the archaeological record for contemporary society.

Basiswissen Arch Ologie

Author: Colin Renfrew
Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh
ISBN: 9783805339483
Size: 23.81 MB
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Mit mehr als 150.000 verkauften Exemplaren gilt der Band Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice im englischsprachigen Raum bereits jetzt als Standardwerk im Fach Archaologie. Diese jetzt erstmals auf Deutsch vorliegende sorgfaltig uberarbeitete und zum Teil vollig neu geschriebene Fassung ist eine ausserst gut lesbare Einfuhrung fur alle, die sich fur Archaologie interessieren und eine kompakte Darstellung der Methoden und Praxis archaologischer Arbeit suchen. Beruhmte Archaologen und Ausgrabungsstatten passieren Revue. Inhaltlich ist das Buch auf der Hohe der Forschung, auch die neuesten technischen Methoden und Technologien werden behandelt. (Philipp von Zabern 2009)

Ritual Und Religion Im Archaischen Sizilien

Author: Birgit Öhlinger
Publisher: Dr Ludwig Reichert
ISBN: 9783954901524
Size: 58.68 MB
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Der vierte Band der Reihe Italika widmet sich der kultisch-religiosen Lebenswelt der indigenen Gesellschaften des archaischen Siziliens. Durch einen innovativen religionssoziologischen und sozialarchaologischen Ansatz werden neuartige Einblicke in die Kultlandschaften der lokalen Gemeinschaften ermoglicht. Anhand von 16 ausgewahlten Fallbeispielen werden zentrale Kult- und Ritualorte in ihrem jeweiligen Siedlungskontext untersucht und deren Formations- und Transformationsprozesse im Spannungsfeld kultureller Kontakte nachgezeichnet, die sich im Zuge der sogenannten grossen Kolonisation der Griechen und Phonizier ab dem 8. Jh. v. Chr. zwangslaufig ergaben. Besonders ab dem 6. Jh. v. Chr. entstanden teils dichte Kontaktzonen, deren Auswirkungen auf die lokale Kultarchitektur und Opferpraxis beleuchtet werden. Im Zentrum der Studie stehen Fragen nach der Funktion von indigenen Kultorten und der daran gekoppelten sozialen Strukturen und lokalen Identitaten sowie das Aufzeigen von Interdependenzen zwischen Religionsentwicklung und sozialem Wandel.

Lost In Things Fragen An Die Welt Des Materiellen

Author: Philipp W. Stockhammer
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 3830981759
Size: 76.17 MB
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Sind wir verloren in den Dingen? Oder sind es letztlich die Dinge, die uns verloren gehen - in ihrem Übermaß, in ihrer Vielfalt, in ihrer alltäglichen Gegenwart, in ihrem unterschwelligen Uns-entgegen-Stehen, in ihrem Aus-unserem-Blick-Gleiten? Dieser Band verspricht keine klaren Antworten, aber doch die Möglichkeit, sich mit neuen Fragen an die Welt des Materiellen den Dingen auf eine neuartige Weise anzunähern. Er kann erklären, welches komplexe Mensch-Ding-Verhältnis wir unter »Lost in Things« begreifen. Seine Beiträge sind aus der internationalen Konferenz »Lost in Things - Questioning Functions and Meanings of the Material World« hervorgegangen, die im November 2013 an der Goethe-Universität in Frankfurt am Main stattgefunden hat und deren Anliegen die Integration aktueller und innovativer Ansätze aus der Archäologie und der Ethnologie/Anthropologie zur Analyse materieller Kultur und des Mensch-Ding-Verhältnisses war.