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Microbial Biodegradation And Bioremediation

Author: Surajit Das
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128004827
Size: 36.93 MB
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Microbial Biodegradation and Bioremediation brings together experts in relevant fields to describe the successful application of microbes and their derivatives for bioremediation of potentially toxic and relatively novel compounds. This single-source reference encompasses all categories of pollutants and their applications in a convenient, comprehensive package. Our natural biodiversity and environment is in danger due to the release of continuously emerging potential pollutants by anthropogenic activities. Though many attempts have been made to eradicate and remediate these noxious elements, every day thousands of xenobiotics of relatively new entities emerge, thus worsening the situation. Primitive microorganisms are highly adaptable to toxic environments, and can reduce the load of toxic elements by their successful transformation and remediation. Describes many novel approaches of microbial bioremediation including genetic engineering, metagenomics, microbial fuel cell technology, biosurfactants and biofilm-based bioremediation Introduces relatively new hazardous elements and their bioremediation practices including oil spills, military waste water, greenhouse gases, polythene wastes, and more Provides the most advanced techniques in the field of bioremediation, including insilico approach, microbes as pollution indicators, use of bioreactors, techniques of pollution monitoring, and more

Microbial Diversity In The Genomic Era

Author: Surajit Das
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128148500
Size: 31.44 MB
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Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era presents insights on the techniques used for microbial taxonomy and phylogeny, along with their applications and respective pros and cons. Though many advanced techniques for the identification of any unknown bacterium are available in the genomics era, a far fewer number of the total microbial species have been discovered and identified to date. The assessment of microbial taxonomy and biosystematics techniques discovered and practiced in the current genomics era with suitable recommendations is the prime focus of this book. Discusses the techniques used for microbial taxonomy and phylogeny with their applications and respective pros and cons Reviews the evolving field of bacterial typing and the genomic technologies that enable comparative analysis of multiple genomes and the metagenomes of complex microbial environments Provides a uniform, standard methodology for species designation

Microbial Bioprospecting For Sustainable Development

Author: Joginder Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811300534
Size: 67.99 MB
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This book presents a comprehensive overview of the use of microorganisms and microbial metabolites as a future sustainable basis of agricultural, environmental and industrial developments. It provides a holistic approach to the latest advances in the utilization of various microorganism bioprospecting including their wide range of applications, traditional uses, modern practices, and designing strategies to harness their potential. In addition, it highlights advanced microbial bioremediation approaches, including genetic manipulation, metagenomics analysis and bacteriophage-based sensors for the detection of food-borne pathogens. Lastly, it elaborates on the latest advances regarding the role of microbes in the sustainable development of various industrial products.

Soil And Aquifer Pollution

Author: Hillel Rubin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662036746
Size: 20.29 MB
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The Water Research Institute at the Technion (Israel Institute of Technology) is proud to have initiated and sponsored the International Workshop "Soil and Aquifer Pollution: Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids - Contamination and Recla- tion", held May 13th-15th, 1996, on the Technion campus in Haifa. Groundwater contamination is one of the pressing issues facing Israel and other countries which depend on groundwater for water supply. In Israel, 60% of the water supply comes from groundwater, most of it from two large aquifers. The Coastal Aquifer underlies the area where the largest concentration of human activity already takes place, and where much of future development is expected to occur. It is a phreatic sandstone aquifer, vulnerable to pollution from activities at the surface. The Mountain Aquifer is recharged in the higher terrain to the east, and flows, first in a phreatic zone, then confined, westward and underneath the Coastal Aquifer. This limestone aquifer has higher permeabilities and flow velo- ties, so pollution can reach the groundwater quite readily. Smaller local aquifers are also important components in the national water system. While measures are taken to protect these aquifers from pollution, there are locations where contamination has already occurred. Furthermore, accidental pollution may not be totally avoided in the future. Therefore, understanding the processes of groundwater contamination, recommending the proper measures for preventing it, and determining the best means for reclamation once pollution has occurred, are of great practical importance. Non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs) are among the most significant contaminants.

Handbook Of Metal Microbe Interactions And Bioremediation

Author: Surajit Das
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498762433
Size: 74.35 MB
Format: PDF
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Around the World, metal pollution is a major problem. Conventional practices of toxic metal removal can be ineffective and/or expensive, delaying and exacerbating the crisis. Those communities dealing with contamination must be aware of the fundamentals advances of microbe-mediated metal removal practices because these methods can be easily used and require less remedial intervention. This book describes innovations and efficient applications for metal bioremediation for environments polluted by metal contaminates.

Novel Insights Into Freshwater Hydrocarbon Rich Sediments Using Metatranscriptomics Opening The Black Box

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 37.74 MB
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Abstract: Baseline biogeochemical surveys of natural environments is an often overlooked field of environmental studies. Too often research begins once contamination has occurred, with a knowledge gap as to how the affected area behaved prior to outside (often anthropogenic) influences. These baseline characterizations can provide insight into proposed bioremediation strategies crucial in cleaning up chemical spill sites or heavily mined regions. Hence, this study was conducted to survey the in-situ microbial activity within freshwater hydrocarbon-rich environments cutting through the McMurray formation - the geologic strata constituting the oil sands. We are the first to report in-situ functional variations among these freshwater microbial ecosystems using metatranscriptomics, providing insight into the in-situ gene expression within these naturally hydrocarbon-rich sites. Key genes involved in energy metabolism (nitrogen, sulfur and methane) and hydrocarbon degradation, including transcripts relating to the observed expression of methane oxidation are reported. This information provides better linkages between hydrocarbon impacted environments, closing knowledge gaps for optimizing not only oil sands mine reclamation but also enhancing microbial reclamation strategies in various freshwater environments. These finding can also be applied to existing contaminated environments, in need of efficient reclamation efforts. Graphical abstract: Highlights: Baseline metatranscriptomics survey of freshwater naturally hydrocarbon-rich sediments. Gene expression analysis indicating possible bioindicator genes for degradation. Complex array of substituted and unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbons. Syntrophic metabolic processes are governing both energy and contaminant degradation. Insights into natural microbial biodegradation of hydrocarbons.

Issues In Life Sciences Muscle Membrane And General Microbiology 2013 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1490110097
Size: 41.24 MB
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Issues in Life Sciences—Muscle, Membrane, and General Microbiology: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Membrane Biology. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences—Muscle, Membrane, and General Microbiology: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Membrane Biology in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences—Muscle, Membrane, and General Microbiology: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Grundwasserchemie

Author: Broder J. Merkel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366207611X
Size: 14.67 MB
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Die Autoren konzentrieren sich in ihrem Werk auf die Lösung praxisorientierter hydrogeochemischer Fragestellungen und schließen damit eine Lücke im Bereich anwendungsorientierter Lehrbücher. Ein erster Teil fasst dabei die Theorie soweit zusammen, daß es auch Neulingen im Bereich der Modellierung und Nichtchemikern leicht gemacht wird, das anspruchsvolle Thema zu erfassen. Akademikern mit hydrogeologischer oder chemischer Grundausbildung sowie Studenten höherer Semester in den relevanten Fachgebieten erlaubt das Buch, anhand der beschriebenen Beispiele und Lösungen, eine eigenständige Erarbeitung der Sachverhalte. Die beiliegende CD-ROM ermöglicht zudem eine rasche Überprüfung der Ergebnisse, bzw. das Nachvollziehen aller Aufgaben und Lösungen anhand der beigefügten PhreeC-Eingabedateien. Da das Programm PhreeC kostenfrei verfügbar ist und mit Windows-Oberfläche auf der CD-ROM vorhanden ist, kann sofort mit der Modellierung begonnen werden.

Freshwater Microbiology

Author: Suhaib A Bandh
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128174951
Size: 67.90 MB
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Microbial ecology- the study of microorganisms in relation to their biotic and abiotic environment is a link between all branches of microbiology. Freshwater Microbiology: Perspectives of Bacterial Dynamics in Lake Ecosystems provides a unique emphasis on the applied aspects of freshwater microbiology with particular focus on biodegradation and the sequence to cells. It enables a comprehensive and systematic analysis of microbial ecology in lakes. It provides necessary basic information on how well the bacterial community composition varies vis-à-vis the changing seasons and the anthropogenic activities taking place in the catchment of the lakes along with the evaluation of the bio-indicator species of bacteria, leading to an easy prediction of the trophic status of the lakes. The book helps to identify the factors of potential importance in structuring the bacterial communities in the lakes. Freshwater Microbiology: Perspectives of Bacterial Dynamics in Lake Ecosystems evaluates the pathogenic species of bacteria available in the lake water preventing the occurrence of bacterial infections. Furthermore, a possibility of bioremediation plans for the lakes cannot be ruled out. It could also help devising future policy decisions better conservation and management of the lakes. Enables a comprehensive and systematic analysis of microbial ecology Provides concrete, up-to-date and exact study/research material as per the students' and researchers needs and aspirations Gives insight in the management and conservation perspective of the field of environmental microbiology in the lake ecosystems Helps to identify the factors of potential importance in structuring the bacterial communities in the lakes

Biotechnology For Waste Management And Site Restoration

Author: C. Ronneau
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400914679
Size: 14.36 MB
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Biotechnology for Waste Management and Site Restoration covers: waste management - solid, gaseous, liquid; site restoration - radioactivity, organics, toxic metals; educational, economic, social and business aspects; and international collaboration. International collaboration is growing apace and many concrete projects have been started. The body of knowledge is growing. Over the long term, it is envisaged that this international collaboration will result in a long-term scientific and technological strategy, new technologies and alternative solutions, and practical implementations of biotechnology for the nuclear and industrial sectors of the economy.