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Microbial Metal Respiration

Author: Johannes Gescher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642328679
Size: 61.99 MB
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Microbes can respire on metals. This seemingly simple finding is one of the major discoveries that were made in the field of microbiology in the last few decades. The importance of this observation is evident. Metals are highly abundant on our planet. Iron is even the most abundant element on Earth and the forth most abundant element in the Earth’s crust. Hence, in some environments iron, but also other metals or metalloids, are the dominant respiratory electron acceptors. Their reduction massively drives the carbon cycle in these environments and establishes redox cycles of the metallic electron acceptors themselves. These redox cycles are not only a driving force for other biotic reactions but are furthermore necessary for initiating a number of geochemically relevant abiotic redox conversions. Although widespread and ecologically influential, electron transfer onto metals like ferric iron or manganese is biochemically challenging. The challenge is to transfer respiratory electrons onto metals that occur in nature at neutral pH in the form of metal oxides or oxihydroxides that are effectively insoluble. Obviously, it is necessary that the microbes specially adapt in order to catalyze the electron transfer onto insoluble electron acceptors. The elucidation of these adaptations is an exciting ongoing process. To sum it up, dissimilatory metal reduction has wide-spread implications in the field of microbiology, biochemistry and geochemistry and its discovery was one of the major reasons to establish a novel scientific field called geomicrobiology. Recently, the discovery of potential applications of dissimilatory metal reducers in bioremediation or current production in a microbial fuel cell further increased the interest in studying microbial metal reduction.

Advances In Bacterial Electron Transport Systems And Their Regulation

Author: Robert K. Poole
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128052392
Size: 46.98 MB
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Advances in Microbial Physiology: Advances in Bacterial Electron Transport Systems and Their Regulation, the latest volume in the Advances in Microbial Physiology series, continues the long tradition of topical and important reviews in microbiology, with this latest volume focusing on the advances in bacterial electron transport systems and their regulation. Contains contributions from leading authorities in the field of microbial physiology Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field Presents a primary focus for this edition on the advances made in bacterial electron transport systems and their regulation

Microbial Metal And Metalloid Metabolism

Author: John F. Stolz
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press
ISBN: 1555815367
Size: 59.96 MB
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The ideal reference for novice and experienced investigators interested in environmental biogeochemistry and bioremediation. • Offers a broad range of current topics and approaches in microbe-metal research, including microbial fuel cells, unique microbial physiology, genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics. • Reviews the current state of the science in the field, and examines emerging developments and applications and forecasts future research directions. • The book is also recommended as a text for graduate courses in microbial physiology, microbial ecology, and applied and environmental microbiology.

Environmental Geochemistry

Author: Benedetto DeVivo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 044464007X
Size: 33.44 MB
Format: PDF
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Environmental Geochemistry: Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories, Second Edition, reviews the role of geochemistry in the environment and details state-of-the-art applications of these principles in the field, specifically in pollution and remediation situations. Chapters cover both philosophy and procedures, as well as applications, in an array of issues in environmental geochemistry including health problems related to environment pollution, waste disposal and data base management. This updated edition also includes illustrations of specific case histories of site characterization and remediation of brownfield sites. Covers numerous global case studies allowing readers to see principles in action Explores the environmental impacts on soils, water and air in terms of both inorganic and organic geochemistry Written by a well-respected author team, with over 100 years of experience combined Includes updated content on: urban geochemical mapping, chemical speciation, characterizing a brownsfield site and the relationship between heavy metal distributions and cancer mortality

Microbial Metal And Metalloid Metabolism

Author: John F. Stolz
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press
ISBN: 1555815367
Size: 72.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The ideal reference for novice and experienced investigators interested in environmental biogeochemistry and bioremediation. • Offers a broad range of current topics and approaches in microbe-metal research, including microbial fuel cells, unique microbial physiology, genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics. • Reviews the current state of the science in the field, and examines emerging developments and applications and forecasts future research directions. • The book is also recommended as a text for graduate courses in microbial physiology, microbial ecology, and applied and environmental microbiology.

Advances In Applied Microbiology

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080564593
Size: 55.66 MB
Format: PDF
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This text provides information on advances in microbiology, covering such topics as: the role of norsolorinic acid in aflatoxin research; flavour compounds in cheese; the role of micro-organisms in soy sauce production; and gene transfer among bacteria in natural environments.

Environmental Microbe Metal Interactions

Author: Derek R. Lovley
Publisher: ASM Press
ISBN: 9781555811952
Size: 71.25 MB
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This specialist research–level monograph presents an overview of environmentally significant microbe–metal interactions, covering both enzymatic and non–enzymatic reactions.

Microbial Biodegradation And Bioremediation

Author: Surajit Das
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128004827
Size: 57.70 MB
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Microbial Biodegradation and Bioremediation brings together experts in relevant fields to describe the successful application of microbes and their derivatives for bioremediation of potentially toxic and relatively novel compounds. This single-source reference encompasses all categories of pollutants and their applications in a convenient, comprehensive package. Our natural biodiversity and environment is in danger due to the release of continuously emerging potential pollutants by anthropogenic activities. Though many attempts have been made to eradicate and remediate these noxious elements, every day thousands of xenobiotics of relatively new entities emerge, thus worsening the situation. Primitive microorganisms are highly adaptable to toxic environments, and can reduce the load of toxic elements by their successful transformation and remediation. Describes many novel approaches of microbial bioremediation including genetic engineering, metagenomics, microbial fuel cell technology, biosurfactants and biofilm-based bioremediation Introduces relatively new hazardous elements and their bioremediation practices including oil spills, military waste water, greenhouse gases, polythene wastes, and more Provides the most advanced techniques in the field of bioremediation, including insilico approach, microbes as pollution indicators, use of bioreactors, techniques of pollution monitoring, and more

Interactions Of Microorganisms With Radionuclides

Author: M.J. Keith-Roach
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080534909
Size: 47.65 MB
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Many environmental processes are influenced, if not controlled, by microbial action and it is becoming increasingly important to develop an understanding of microbial roles in geochemistry. This book brings together state of the art research into microbiological processes and the extent to which they affect or can be used to control radioactive elements. The basic principles and fundamental mechanisms by which microbes and radionuclides interact are outlined, the methodology described, potential microbial influences on waste repositories examined, direct and indirect effects on transport both on local and global scales considered and potential technological applications identified. The book is directed towards advanced undergraduate students, postgraduates and researchers in the areas of environmental radioactivity, environmental microbiology, biotechnology and radioactive waste management. It will also be of interest to regulators, policy makers and non-governmental organisations. This novel and timely book offers a fully integrated approach to a topical international issue.

The New Science Of Metagenomics

Author: Committee on Metagenomics: Challenges and Functional Applications
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309106761
Size: 22.45 MB
Format: PDF
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Although we can't usually see them, microbes are essential for every part of human life -- indeed all life on Earth. The emerging field of metagenomics offers a new way of exploring the microbial world that will transform modern microbiology and lead to practical applications in medicine, agriculture, alternative energy, environmental remediation, and many others areas. Metagenomics allows researchers to look at the genomes of all of the microbes in an environment at once, providing a "meta" view of the whole microbial community and the complex interactions within it. It's a quantum leap beyond traditional research techniques that rely on studying -- one at a time -- the few microbes that can be grown in the laboratory. At the request of the National Science Foundation, five Institutes of the National Institutes of Health, and the Department of Energy, the National Research Council organized a committee to address the current state of metagenomics and identify obstacles current researchers are facing in order to determine how to best support the field and encourage its success. The New Science of Metagenomics recommends the establishment of a "Global Metagenomics Initiative" comprising a small number of large-scale metagenomics projects as well as many medium- and small-scale projects to advance the technology and develop the standard practices needed to advance the field. The report also addresses database needs, methodological challenges, and the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in supporting this new field.