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Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

Author: Reza Javaherdashti
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319443062
Size: 45.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Significantly extended from the first edition, this book presents the basics of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) in an accessible and concise manner. It explores strategies for recognizing, understanding, mitigating and preventing this type of corrosion, and investigates this topic from the point of view of an engineer. Chapters cover issues including stress corrosion cracking and microbial corrosion, the pros and cons of biocides, the involvement of magnetic bacteria in microbial corrosion, and cathodic protection based on recent research in microbial environments. The 2nd Edition provides new material examining the following topics: *The corrosion-related bacteria clostridia *Mathematical modelling of MIC, in particular fuzzy logic *A comparison of culture-independent methods with culture-dependent methods *Further practical strategies for dealing with MIC *Natural biocidesThis book has provided course material for the author’s microbial corrosion workshops around the world, and it presents an invaluable resource to corrosion and integrity professionals working in a wide range of industries including power generation, oil and gas, marine, and mining. It is also intended for students and academics of corrosion engineering, materials science, microbiology, chemical engineering and welding.

Microbially Influenced Corrosion Of Materials

Author: Ewald Heitz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642800191
Size: 40.42 MB
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Corrosion has been largely considered to be caused only abiotically, without regard of any biological influence. However, corrosion of organic materials, metals, minerals and plastics can be strongly influenced by microorganisms, enhancing the kinetics of the corrosion processes. This book presents case histories, theoretical explanations, and methods for the detection, sanitation and prevention of biologically influenced corrosion.

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Handbook

Author: Susan Watkins Borenstein
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855731271
Size: 39.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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MIC (microbiologically influenced corrosion) is the deterioration of metal by corrosion processes that occur either directly or indirectly as a result of the activity of living organisms. This handbook explains the interdisciplinary nature of MIC - the roles of microbiology, metallurgy and electro-chemistry are interrelated and complex. The text also looks at welding, heat treatment and other metallurgical and process variables relate to corrosion resistance, special emphasis being placed on MIC. Case histories are included and the means of detection, diagnosis and monitoring are discussed. Prevention, mitigation and replacement of MIC are also examined.

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

Author: Brenda J. Little
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470112441
Size: 63.25 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A multi-disciplinary, multi-industry overview of microbiologically influenced corrosion, with strategies for diagnosis and control or prevention Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion helps engineers and scientists understand and combat the costly failures that occur due to microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). This book combines recent findings from diverse disciplines into one comprehensive reference. Complete with case histories from a variety of environments, it covers: Biofilm formation Causative organisms, relating bacteria and fungi to corrosion mechanisms for groups of metals Diagnosing and monitoring MIC Electrochemical techniques, with an overview of methods for detection of MIC The impact of alloying elements, including antimicrobial metals, and design features on MIC MIC of non-metallics Strategies for control or prevention of MIC, including engineering, chemical, and biological approaches This is a valuable, all-inclusive reference for corrosion scientists, engineers, and researchers, as well as designers, managers, and operators.

Hydrostatic Testing Corrosion And Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

Author: Reza Javaherdashti
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351978012
Size: 14.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Hydrostatic Testing, Corrosion, and Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion: A Field Manual for Control and Prevention teaches industry professionals, managers, and researchers how to combat corrosion failure associated with hydrotesting. It discusses how a test liquid must be selected, how corrosion by bacteria should be controlled, and how to eliminate the risk of leakage. Rather than teaching how hydrotests should be conducted, it helps the reader evaluate the quality of a hydrotest that’s already been conducted in terms of oxygen scavenger use, biocide testing, inhibitor addition, and water quality and explains the tasks that top and middle management must ensure are taken with respect to corrosion assessment of hydrotesting. The manual also discusses microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) as the main corrosion mechanism related to post-hydrotesting and offers essential knowledge on combating this corrosion process. In addition to being a manual for top and middle management on how to deal with corrosion, this book also:

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion In The Upstream Oil And Gas Industry

Author: Torben Lund Skovhus
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781498726566
Size: 51.76 MB
Format: PDF
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Microorganisms are ubiquitously present in petroleum reservoirs and the facilities that produce them. Pipelines, vessels, and other equipment used in upstream oil and gas operations provide a vast and predominantly anoxic environment for microorganisms to thrive. The biggest technical challenge resulting from microbial activity in these engineered environments is the impact on materials integrity. Oilfield microorganisms can affect materials integrity profoundly through a multitude of elusive (bio)chemical mechanisms, collectively referred to as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). MIC is estimated to account for 20 to 30% of all corrosion-related costs in the oil and gas industry. This book is intended as a comprehensive reference for integrity engineers, production chemists, oilfield microbiologists, and scientists working in the field of petroleum microbiology or corrosion. Exhaustively researched by leaders from both industry and academia, this book discusses the latest technological and scientific advances as well as relevant case studies to convey to readers an understanding of MIC and its effective management.

Corrosion And Protection

Author: Einar Bardal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1852338458
Size: 28.56 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Corrosion and Protection is an essential guide for mechanical, marine and civil engineering students and also provides a valuable reference for practicing engineers. Bardal combines a description of practical corrosion processes and problems with a theoretical explanation of the various types and forms of corrosion, with a central emphasis on the connections between practical problems and basic scientific principles. This well thought-out introduction to corrosion science, with excellent examples and useful tables, is also extremely well illustrated with 167 diagrams and photographs. Readers with a limited background in chemistry can also find it accessible.

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Testing

Author: Jeffrey R. Kearns
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN: 9780803118928
Size: 20.18 MB
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The proceedings of the First International Symposium on [title], held in Miami during November of 1992, comprise a keynote address and 21 papers arranged in six topical sections: electrochemical methods; on-line monitoring methods; surface analysis techniques; SRB characterization; non-metallic mate

Developments In Marine Corrosion

Author: S A Campbell
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845698762
Size: 10.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The diversity of subjects involved in marine corrosion and fouling processes are evident in the approaches and techniques described in this book. An improvized understanding of biologically influenced corrosion and fouling processes is essential to the development of better corrosion protection systems, and this book shows new perspectives in our appreciation of these subjects. Equally, powerful microscope imaging, surface spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques have become available and are providing new information on metal surfaces experiencing fouling or microbial corrosion. Examples include confocal laser microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electrochemical microscopy and scanning (or vibrating) reference electrode techniques. Advances in knowledge of biocorrosion processes have enabled improvements in corrosion monitoring and protection strategies. Examples include metal or polymer coatings and the use of corrosion inhibitors and biocides. This book aims to provide a contribution to existing literature on biocorrosion in the marine environment.

Marine And Industrial Biofouling

Author: Hans-Curt Flemming
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540697969
Size: 17.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Biofouling is a costly problem, and it is encountered in a wide spectrum of technical systems, ranging from the shipping industry, power industry, water purification, automobile industry, paint and pharmaceuticals, to the microelectronics and food industries. Micro- and macroorganisms attach to surfaces and accumulate there, forming biofilms that cause interferences – a fundamentally natural process. Usually, a medical paradigm is applied: kill biofilms and the problem is solved. This leads to excessive biocide use. However, the success of this strategy is very limited; furthermore it leads to equipment damage and environmental pollution. Simply trying to kill the fouling organisms is clearly not seen as a successful strategy while cleaning is put forward as much more important. In this book, strategies to prevent adhesion, to mitigate the extent and effects of biofouling, and to detect and remove fouling layers are presented. Holistic approaches to the fouling process are elaborated, taking into account options such as nutrient limitation, repellent and easy-to-clean surfaces for fouling layer limitation, and replacing biocides with more environmentally friendly methods – in other words: learning how to live with fouling biofilms without suffering the damage they can do.