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Microcomputed Tomography

Author: Stuart R. Stock
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420058772
Size: 50.20 MB
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Due to the availability of commercial laboratory systems and the emergence of user facilities at synchrotron radiation sources, studies of microcomputed tomography or microCT have increased exponentially. MicroComputed Technology provides a complete introduction to the technology, describing how to use it effectively and understand its results. The first part of the book focuses on methodology, covering experimental methods, data analysis, and visualization approaches. The second part addresses various microCT applications, including porous solids, microstructural evolution, soft tissue studies, multimode studies, and indirect analyses. The author presents a sufficient amount of fundamental material so that those new to the field can develop a relative understanding of how to design their own microCT studies. One of the first full-length references dedicated to microCT, this book provides an accessible introduction to field, supplemented with application examples and color images.

The Root Canal Anatomy In Permanent Dentition

Author: Marco A. Versiani
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331973444X
Size: 61.97 MB
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This book describes the most commonly methods used for the study of the internal anatomy of teeth and provides a complete review of the literature concerning the current state of research employing contemporary imaging tools such as micro-CT and CBCT, which offer greater accuracy whether using qualitative or quantitative approaches. In order to facilitate the management of complex anatomic anomalies, specific clinical protocols and valuable practical tips are suggested. In addition, supplementary material consisting in high-quality videos and images of different anatomies obtained using micro-CT technology is made available to the reader. The book was planned and developed in collaboration with an international team comprising world-recognized researchers and experienced clinicians with expertise in the field. It will provide the readers with a thorough understanding of canal morphology and its variations in all groups of teeth, which is a basic prerequisite for the success of endodontic therapy.

Industrial X Ray Computed Tomography

Author: Simone Carmignato
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319595733
Size: 73.25 MB
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X-ray computed tomography has been used for several decades as a tool for measuring the three-dimensional geometry of the internal organs in medicine. However, in recent years, we have seen a move in manufacturing industries for the use of X-ray computed tomography; first to give qualitative information about the internal geometry and defects in a component, and more recently, as a fully-quantitative technique for dimensional and materials analysis. This trend is primarily due to the ability of X-ray computed tomography to give a high-density and multi-scale representation of both the external and internal geometry of a component, in a non-destructive, non-contact and relatively fast way. But, due to the complexity of X-ray computed tomography, there are remaining metrological issues to solve and the specification standards are still under development. This book will act as a one-stop-shop resource for students and users of X-ray computed tomography in both academia and industry. It presents the fundamental principles of the technique, detailed descriptions of the various components (hardware and software), current developments in calibration and performance verification and a wealth of example applications. The book will also highlight where there is still work to do, in the perspective that X-ray computed tomography will be an essential part of Industry 4.0.

Computational Vision And Medical Image Processing Iv

Author: Joao Manuel RS Tavares
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1138000817
Size: 23.38 MB
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Computational Vision and Medical Image Processing. VIPIMAGE 2013 contains invited lectures and full papers presented at VIPIMAGE 2013 - IV ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Computational Vision and Medical Image Processing (Funchal, Madeira Island, Portugal, 14-16 October 2013). International contributions from 16 countries provide a comprehensive coverage of the current state-of-the-art in the fields of: 3D Vision; Computational Bioimaging and Visualization; Computational Vision and Image Processing applied to Dental Medicine; Computational Vision; Computer Aided Diagnosis, Surgery, Therapy, and Treatment; Data Interpolation, Registration, Acquisition and Compression; Image Processing and Analysis; Image Segmentation; Imaging of Biological Flows; Medical Imaging; Physics of Medical Imaging; Shape Reconstruction; Signal Processing; Simulation and Modeling; Software Development for Image Processing and Analysis; Telemedicine Systems and their Applications; Trabecular Bone Characterization; Tracking and Analysis of Movement; Virtual Reality. Related techniques covered in this book include the level set method, finite element method, modal analyses, stochastic methods, principal and independent components analysis and distribution models. Computational Vision and Medical Image Processing. VIPIMAGE 2013 is useful to academics, researchers and professionals in Biomechanics, Biomedical Engineering, Computational Vision (image processing and analysis), Computer Sciences, Computational Mechanics and Medicine.

Food Microstructures

Author: Vic Morris
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857098896
Size: 32.84 MB
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The development of high-quality foods with desirable properties for both consumers and the food industry requires a comprehensive understanding of food systems and the control and rational design of food microstructures. Food microstructures reviews best practice and new developments in the determination of food microstructure. After a general introduction, chapters in part one review the principles and applications of various spectroscopy, tomography and microscopy techniques for revealing food microstructure, including nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods, environmental scanning electron, probe, photonic force, acoustic, light, confocal and infrared microscopies. Part two explores the measurement, analysis and modelling of food microstructures. Chapters focus on rheology, tribology and methods for modelling and simulating the molecular, cellular and granular microstructure of foods, and for developing relationships between microstructure and mechanical and rheological properties of food structures. The book concludes with a useful case study on electron microscopy. Written by leading professionals and academics in the field, Food microstructures is an essential reference work for researchers and professionals in the processed foods and nutraceutical industries concerned with complex structures, the delivery and controlled release of nutrients, and the generation of improved foods. The book will also be of value to academics working in food science and the emerging field of soft matter. Reviews best practice and essential developments in food microstructure microscopy and modelling Discusses the principles and applications of various microscopy techniques used to discover food microstructure Explores the measurement, analysis and modelling of food microstructures

Electrical Impedance Tomography

Author: David S. Holder
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420034462
Size: 47.21 MB
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In recent years, there has been steady progress in the research of electrical impedance tomography (EIT), leading to important developments. These developments have excited interest in practitioners and researchers from a broad range of disciplines, including mathematicians devoted to uniqueness proofs and inverse problems, physicists dealing with bioimpedance, electronic engineerers involved in developing and extending its applications, and clinicians wishing to take advantage of this powerful new imaging method. With contributions from leading international researchers, Electrical Impedance Tomography: Methods, History and Applications provides an up-to-date review of the progress of EIT, the present state of knowledge, and a look at future advances and applications. Divided into four parts, the book presents an interdisciplinary approach. The first part discusses reconstruction algorithms while the second part describes the aspects of EIT instrumentation, including frequencies and electrodes. The third part features various EIT studies, such as breast cancer screening and artificial ventilation in intensive care units. The final part surveys new developments in magnetic induction tomography and magnetic resonance EIT (MREIT) as well as offers insight into three of the most productive and longstanding EIT research groups. The book also includes two nontechnical appendices that provide a brief and simple introduction to bioimpedance and the methods of EIT. Written in a style accessible to all related backgrounds, this reference will be helpful in establishing new methods and experiments of EIT, hopefully leading to radical breakthroughs in mainstream clinical practice.

The Guide To Investigation Of Mouse Pregnancy

Author: B. Anne Croy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123947944
Size: 62.73 MB
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The Guide to Investigation of Mouse Pregnancy is the first publication to cover the mouse placenta or the angiogenic tree the mother develops to support the placenta. This much-needed resource covers monitoring of the cardiovascular system, gestational programming of chronic adult disease, epigenetic regulation, gene imprinting, and stem cells. Offering detailed and integrated information on how drugs, biologics, stress, and manipulations impact pregnancy in the mouse model, this reference highlights techniques used to analyze mouse pregnancy. Joining the ranks of much referenced mouse resources, The Guide to Investigation of Mouse Pregnancy is the only manual providing needed content on pregnancy in animal models for translational medicine and research. Provides instruction on how to collect pre-clinical data on pregnancy in mouse models for eventual use in human applications Describes the angiogenic tree the mother’s uterus develops to support pregnancy and the monitoring of pregnancy-induced cardiovascular changes Educates readers on placental cell lineages, decidual development including immune cells, epigenetic regulation, gene imprinting, stem cells, birth and lactation Discusses how stress, environmental toxicants and other manipulations impact upon placental function and pregnancy success

Robotics Advances In Research And Application 2013 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1490104410
Size: 54.56 MB
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Robotics—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Autonomous Robotics. The editors have built Robotics—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Autonomous Robotics in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Robotics—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Advances In Tissue Engineering

Author: Julia Polak
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1908978902
Size: 19.71 MB
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Advances in Tissue Engineering is a unique volume and the first of its kind to bring together leading names in the field of tissue engineering and stem cell research. A relatively young science, tissue engineering can be seen in both scientific and sociological contexts and successes in the field are now leading to clinical reality. This book attempts to define the path from basic science to practical application. A contribution from the UK Stem Cell Bank and opinions of venture capitalists offer a variety of viewpoints, and exciting new areas of stem cell biology are highlighted. With over fifty stellar contributors, this book presents the most up-to-date information in this very topical and exciting field. Contents:Tissue Engineering: Past, Present and Future:An Introduction (R M Nerem)Cells for Tissue Engineering:A Brief Introduction to Different Cell Types (L Buttery & K M Shakesheff)Human Embryonic Stem Cells: International Policy and Regulation (M Allyse & S Minger)Human Embryonic Stem Cells: Derivation and Culture (E L Stephenson et al.)Stem Cells Differentiation (P V Guillot & W Cui)Marrow Stem Cells (D G Phinney)Cord Blood Stem Cells — Potentials and Realities (C P McGuckin & N Forraz)Fat Stem Cells (J M Gimble et al.)Control of Adult Stem Cell Function in Bioengineered Artificial Niches (M P Lutolf & H M Blau)Stem Cell Immunology (A P Hollander & D C Wraith)Development of a Design of Experiment Methodology: Applications to the Design and Analysis of Experiments (M Lim & A Mantalaris)Banking Stem Cell Lines for Future Therapies (G N Stacey & C J Hunt)Materials:Synthetic Biomaterials as Cell-Responsive Artificial Extracellular Matrices (M P Lutolf & J A Hubbell)Bioactive Composite Materials for Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffolds (S Verrier & A R Boccaccini)Aggregation of Cells Using Biomaterials and Bioreactors (Z Bayoussef & K M Shakesheff)Nanotechnology for Tissue Engineering (J S Stephens-Altus & J L West)Microscale Technologies for Tissue Engineering (A Khademhosseini et al.)Non-Invasive Methods to Monitor Tissue Re-Modelling: Biosensors(T Cass)Tissue-Engineering Monitoring Using Microdialysis (Z-H Li et al.)Characterisation of Tissue Engineering Constructs by Raman Spectroscopy and X-ray Micro-Computed Tomography (μCT) (I Notingher & J R Jones)Role of Stem Cell Imaging in Regenerative Medicine (G Passacquale & K Bhakoo)Biotechnology Sector:Lessons Learnt (N L Parenteau et al.)The Promise of Stem Cells: A Venture Capital Perspective (C Prescott)Tissue Engineering Products:Cell Expansion, Cell Encapsulation, 3D Cultures (J M Polak & A Mantalaris)Bioreactor Engineering: Regenerating the Dynamic Cell Microenvironment (T Dvir & S Cohen)UK Regulatory Issues: The View from the Researcher (C Munro & N Harris)Tissue Repair:Stem Cell Therapy: Past, Present, and Future (F Baron & R Storb)Tissue Engineered Skin Comes of Age? (S MacNeil)Liver Repair (N Levicar et al.)Tissue Engineering for Tooth Regeneration (I A Diakonov & P Sharpe)Urogenital Repair (A Atala)Cardiac Repair:Basic Science (S E Harding)Cardiac Repair Clinical Trials (A Green & E Alton)Myocardial Recovery Following LVAD Support (R S George & E J Birks)Osteoarticular Repair:Animal Models (E A Horner et al.)In Vitro 3D Human Tissue Models for Osteochondral Diseases (S Ghosh & D L Kaplan)Application of Tissue Engineering for Craniofacial Reconstruction (D M Gupta et al.)Clinical Trials (A K Haudenschild & M H Hedrick)Lung Repair:Tissue Engineering for the Respiratory Epithelium: Is There a Future for Stem Cell Therapy in the Lung? (V Besnard & J A Whitsett)The Artificial Lung (A N Maurer & G Matheis) Readership: Stem cell researchers, clinicians, surgeons and biotechnology companies. Keywords:Stem Cells;Tissue Engineering;Regenerative Medicine;BiomaterialsKey Features:Discusses in-depth a topical subject, treated with the very latest informationWritten by leading contributors in the field, with the world-renowned Professor Dame Julia Polak as the lead editorContains an array of color diagrams and illustrationsDiffers from competing titles in that its coverage ranges from the basic science of stem cells and biomaterials to clinical applications, policy issues, views from the commercial sector and many others