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Microcontinuum Field Theories

Author: A. Cemal Eringen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461205557
Size: 63.89 MB
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Microcontinuum field theories extend classical field theories to microscopic spaces and short time scales. This volume is concerned with the kinematics of microcontinua. It begins with a discussion of strain, stress tensors, balance laws, and constitutive equations, and then discusses applications of the fundamental ideas to the theory of elasticity. The ideas developed here are important in modeling the fluid or elastic properties of porous media, polymers, liquid crystals, slurries, and composite materials.

Elasticity

Author: Martin H. Sadd
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080922416
Size: 44.54 MB
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Elasticity: Theory, Applications and Numerics Second Edition provides a concise and organized presentation and development of the theory of elasticity, moving from solution methodologies, formulations and strategies into applications of contemporary interest, including fracture mechanics, anisotropic/composite materials, micromechanics and computational methods. Developed as a text for a one- or two-semester graduate elasticity course, this new edition is the only elasticity text to provide coverage in the new area of non-homogenous, or graded, material behavior. Extensive end-of-chapter exercises throughout the book are fully incorporated with the use of MATLAB software. Provides a thorough yet concise introduction to general elastic theory and behavior Demonstrates numerous applications in areas of contemporary interest including fracture mechanics, anisotropic/composite and graded materials, micromechanics, and computational methods The only current elasticity text to incorporate MATLAB into its extensive end-of-chapter exercises The book's organization makes it well-suited for a one or two semester course in elastictiy Features New to the Second Edition: First elasticity text to offer a chapter on non-homogenous, or graded, material behavior New appendix on review of undergraduate mechanics of materials theory to make the text more self-contained 355 end of chapter exercises – 30% NEW to this edition

Foundations Of Micropolar Mechanics

Author: Victor A. Eremeyev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642283535
Size: 17.46 MB
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The book presents foundations of the micropolar continuum mechanics including a short but comprehensive introduction of stress and strain measures, derivation of motion equations and discussion of the difference between Cosserat and classical (Cauchy) continua, and the discussion of more specific problems related to the constitutive modeling, i.e. constitutive inequalities, symmetry groups, acceleration waves, etc.

Plasticity Of Pressure Sensitive Materials

Author: Holm Altenbach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642409458
Size: 24.57 MB
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Classical plasticity theory of metals is independent of the hydrostatic pressure. However if the metal contains voids or pores or if the structure is composed of cells, this classical assumption is no more valid and the influence of the hydrostatic pressure must be incorporated in the constitutive description. Looking at the microlevel, metal plasticity is connected with the uniform planes of atoms organized with long-range order. Planes may slip past each other along their close-packed directions. The result is a permanent change of shape within the crystal and plastic deformation. The presence of dislocations increases the likelihood of planes slipping. Nowadays, the theory of pressure sensitive plasticity is successfully applied to many other important classes of materials (polymers, concrete, bones etc.) even if the phenomena on the micro-level are different to classical plasticity of metals. The theoretical background of this phenomenological approach based on observations on the macro-level is described in detail in this monograph and applied to a wide range of different important materials in the last part of this book.

Geometrical Foundations Of Continuum Mechanics

Author: Paul Steinmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662464608
Size: 17.71 MB
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This book illustrates the deep roots of the geometrically nonlinear kinematics of generalized continuum mechanics in differential geometry. Besides applications to first- order elasticity and elasto-plasticity an appreciation thereof is particularly illuminating for generalized models of continuum mechanics such as second-order (gradient-type) elasticity and elasto-plasticity. After a motivation that arises from considering geometrically linear first- and second- order crystal plasticity in Part I several concepts from differential geometry, relevant for what follows, such as connection, parallel transport, torsion, curvature, and metric for holonomic and anholonomic coordinate transformations are reiterated in Part II. Then, in Part III, the kinematics of geometrically nonlinear continuum mechanics are considered. There various concepts of differential geometry, in particular aspects related to compatibility, are generically applied to the kinematics of first- and second- order geometrically nonlinear continuum mechanics. Together with the discussion on the integrability conditions for the distortions and double-distortions, the concepts of dislocation, disclination and point-defect density tensors are introduced. For concreteness, after touching on nonlinear fir st- and second-order elasticity, a detailed discussion of the kinematics of (multiplicative) first- and second-order elasto-plasticity is given. The discussion naturally culminates in a comprehensive set of different types of dislocation, disclination and point-defect density tensors. It is argued, that these can potentially be used to model densities of geometrically necessary defects and the accompanying hardening in crystalline materials. Eventually Part IV summarizes the above findings on integrability whereby distinction is made between the straightforward conditions for the distortion and the double-distortion being integrable and the more involved conditions for the strain (metric) and the double-strain (connection) being integrable. The book addresses readers with an interest in continuum modelling of solids from engineering and the sciences alike, whereby a sound knowledge of tensor calculus and continuum mechanics is required as a prerequisite.

Advances In Extended And Multifield Theories For Continua

Author: Bernd Markert
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642227384
Size: 10.70 MB
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Modern computational techniques, such as the Finite Element Method, have, since their development several decades ago, successfully exploited continuum theories for numerous applications in science and technology. Although standard continuum methods based upon the Cauchy-Boltzmann continuum are still of great importance and are widely used, it increasingly appears that material properties stemming from microstructural phenomena have to be considered. This is particularly true for inhomogeneous load and deformation states, where lower-scale size effects begin to affect the macroscopic material response; something standard continuum theories fail to account for. Following this idea, it is evident that standard continuum mechanics has to be augmented to capture lower-scale structural and compositional phenomena, and to make this information accessible to macroscopic numerical simulations.

Iii European Conference On Computational Mechanics

Author: C. A. Mota Soares
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402053703
Size: 12.60 MB
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III European Conference on Computational Mechanics: Solids, Structures and Coupled Problem in Engineering Computational Mechanics in Solid, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering is today a mature science with applications to major industrial projects. This book contains the edited version of the Abstracts of Plenary and Keynote Lectures and Papers, and a companion CD-ROM with the full-length papers, presented at the III European Conference on Computational Mechanics: Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering (ECCM-2006), held in the National Laboratory of Civil Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal 5th - 8th June 2006. The book reflects the state-of-art of Computation Mechanics in Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering and it includes contributions by the world most active researchers in this field.

Adhesion

Author: Wulff Possart
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9783527312634
Size: 16.60 MB
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Emphasizing the most recent developments this book addresses both the basic and applied aspects of adhesion. The authors present the latest results on fundamental aspects, adhesion in biology, chemistry for adhesive formulation, surface chemistry and the pretreatment of adherends, mechanical issues, non-destructive testing and the durability of adhesive joints, as well as advanced technical applications of adhesive joints. Prominent scientists review the current level of knowledge concerning the role of chemical bonds in adhesion, new resins and nanocomposites for adhesives, and about the role played by macromolecular architecture in the properties of hot melt and pressure sensitive adhesives. Written by 34 acknowledged experts from academic and industrial research facilities, this is a valuable source of information for chemists, physicists, biologists and engineers, as well as graduate students interested in fundamental and practical adhesion.