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Microcontinuum Field Theories

Author: A. Cemal Eringen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461205557
Size: 17.33 MB
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Microcontinuum field theories extend classical field theories to microscopic spaces and short time scales. This volume is concerned with the kinematics of microcontinua. It begins with a discussion of strain, stress tensors, balance laws, and constitutive equations, and then discusses applications of the fundamental ideas to the theory of elasticity. The ideas developed here are important in modeling the fluid or elastic properties of porous media, polymers, liquid crystals, slurries, and composite materials.

Elasticity

Author: Martin H. Sadd
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080922416
Size: 34.82 MB
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Elasticity: Theory, Applications and Numerics Second Edition provides a concise and organized presentation and development of the theory of elasticity, moving from solution methodologies, formulations and strategies into applications of contemporary interest, including fracture mechanics, anisotropic/composite materials, micromechanics and computational methods. Developed as a text for a one- or two-semester graduate elasticity course, this new edition is the only elasticity text to provide coverage in the new area of non-homogenous, or graded, material behavior. Extensive end-of-chapter exercises throughout the book are fully incorporated with the use of MATLAB software. Provides a thorough yet concise introduction to general elastic theory and behavior Demonstrates numerous applications in areas of contemporary interest including fracture mechanics, anisotropic/composite and graded materials, micromechanics, and computational methods The only current elasticity text to incorporate MATLAB into its extensive end-of-chapter exercises The book's organization makes it well-suited for a one or two semester course in elastictiy Features New to the Second Edition: First elasticity text to offer a chapter on non-homogenous, or graded, material behavior New appendix on review of undergraduate mechanics of materials theory to make the text more self-contained 355 end of chapter exercises – 30% NEW to this edition

Kontinuumsmechanik

Author: Holm Altenbach
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662575043
Size: 38.20 MB
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Innovative technische Projekte mit komplexen Aufgabenstellungen erfordern oft solide Kenntnisse in der Kontinuumsmechanik. Denn häufig handelt es sich um Mehrfeldprobleme, die sich im Rahmen klassischer Konzepte der Technischen Mechanik nicht lösen lassen. Das Buch führt leicht verständlich in das anspruchsvolle Gebiet der Kontinuumsmechanik ein. Der Schwerpunkt liegt bei festen deformierbaren Körpern, wobei sich die vorgestellten Konzepte problemlos auch auf Fluide übertragen lassen. Das Lehrbuch gliedert sich in vier Abschnitte: Grundbegriffe und mathematische Grundlagen, Materialunabhängige Gleichungen, Materialabhängige Gleichungen. Nach einer kurzen Einführung in Aufgaben, Betrachtungsweisen und Modelle der Kontinuumsmechanik werden zunächst die Grundzüge der Tensorrechnung vorgestellt. Die folgenden Kapitel behandeln systematisch die materialunabhängigen Aussagen der Kontinuumsmechanik, das heißt die Kinematik, die Kinetik und die Bilanzen. In den abschließenden Kapiteln zeigt der Autor anhand der für technische Anwendungen besonders wichtigen Teilgebiete (z.B. die lineare Theorie der Elastizität und der Thermoelastizität) wie die materialunabhängigen und die materialabhängigen Gleichungen zusammengefasst werden können. Zahlreiche Beispiele mit vollständigen Lösungen illustrieren den theoretischen Teil und erleichtern so das Verständnis. In der 4. Auflage wurden zahlreiche Abschnitte überarbeitet und präzisiert, wobei auch die unterschiedlichen Konzepte der Kontinuumsmechanik noch deutlicher gemacht werden. Zahlreiche Fehler wurden beseitigt. Gleichzeitig wurde die Referenzliteratur erweitert sowie die Liste der weiterführenden Literatur ergänzt und aktualisiert. Diese Einführung in die Kontinuumsmechanik richtet sich an Studierende an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen im Bereich Maschinenbau und Bauingenieurwesen, Physik und Technomathematik sowie an Wissenschaftler und Praktiker in der Industrie. Vorausgesetzt werden Kenntnisse der Höheren Mathematik, der Physik, der Technischen Mechanik, der Thermodynamik, der Strömungslehre und der Werkstoffkunde, wie sie zu Beginn der Ausbildung vermittelt werden.

Nonlocal Continuum Field Theories

Author: A. Cemal Eringen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387952756
Size: 60.72 MB
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Nonlocal continuum field theories are concerned with material bodies whose behavior at any interior point depends on the state of all other points in the body -- rather than only on an effective field resulting from these points -- in addition to its own state and the state of some calculable external field. Nonlocal field theory extends classical field theory by describing the responses of points within the medium by functionals rather than functions (the "constitutive relations" of classical field theory). Such considerations are already well known in solid-state physics, where the nonlocal interactions between the atoms are prevalent in determining the properties of the material. The tools developed for crystalline materials, however, do not lend themselves to analyzing amorphous materials, or materials in which imperfections are a major part of the structure. Nonlocal continuum theories, by contrast, can describe these materials faithfully at scales down to the lattice parameter. This book presents a unified approach to field theories for elastic solids, viscous fluids, and heat-conducting electromagnetic solids and fluids that include nonlocal effects in both space and time (memory effects). The solutions to the field equations agree remarkably well with atomic theories and experimental observations.

Iii European Conference On Computational Mechanics

Author: C. A. Mota Soares
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402053703
Size: 45.82 MB
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III European Conference on Computational Mechanics: Solids, Structures and Coupled Problem in Engineering Computational Mechanics in Solid, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering is today a mature science with applications to major industrial projects. This book contains the edited version of the Abstracts of Plenary and Keynote Lectures and Papers, and a companion CD-ROM with the full-length papers, presented at the III European Conference on Computational Mechanics: Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering (ECCM-2006), held in the National Laboratory of Civil Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal 5th - 8th June 2006. The book reflects the state-of-art of Computation Mechanics in Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering and it includes contributions by the world most active researchers in this field.

Adhesion

Author: Wulff Possart
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9783527312634
Size: 21.64 MB
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Emphasizing the most recent developments this book addresses both the basic and applied aspects of adhesion. The authors present the latest results on fundamental aspects, adhesion in biology, chemistry for adhesive formulation, surface chemistry and the pretreatment of adherends, mechanical issues, non-destructive testing and the durability of adhesive joints, as well as advanced technical applications of adhesive joints. Prominent scientists review the current level of knowledge concerning the role of chemical bonds in adhesion, new resins and nanocomposites for adhesives, and about the role played by macromolecular architecture in the properties of hot melt and pressure sensitive adhesives. Written by 34 acknowledged experts from academic and industrial research facilities, this is a valuable source of information for chemists, physicists, biologists and engineers, as well as graduate students interested in fundamental and practical adhesion.