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Microwave Assisted Extraction For Bioactive Compounds

Author: Farid Chemat
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461448301
Size: 50.99 MB
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With increasing energy prices and the drive to reduce CO2 emissions, food industries are challenged to find new technologies in order to reduce energy consumption, to meet legal requirements on emissions, product/process safety and control, and for cost reduction and increased quality as well as functionality. Extraction is one of the promising innovation themes that could contribute to sustainable growth in the chemical and food industries. For example, existing extraction technologies have considerable technological and scientific bottlenecks to overcome, such as often requiring up to 50% of investments in a new plant and more than 70% of total process energy used in food, fine chemicals and pharmaceutical industries. These shortcomings have led to the consideration of the use of new "green" techniques in extraction, which typically use less solvent and energy, such as microwave extraction. Extraction under extreme or non-classical conditions is currently a dynamically developing area in applied research and industry. Using microwaves, extraction and distillation can now be completed in minutes instead of hours with high reproducibility, reducing the consumption of solvent, simplifying manipulation and work-up, giving higher purity of the final product, eliminating post-treatment of waste water and consuming only a fraction of the energy normally needed for a conventional extraction method. Several classes of compounds such as essential oils, aromas, anti-oxidants, pigments, colours, fats and oils, carbohydrates, and other bioactive compounds have been extracted efficiently from a variety of matrices (mainly animal tissues, food, and plant materials). The advantages of using microwave energy, which is a non-contact heat source, includes more effective heating, faster energy transfer, reduced thermal gradients, selective heating, reduced equipment size, faster response to process heating control, faster start-up, increased production, and elimination of process steps. This book will present a complete picture of the current knowledge on microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of bioactive compounds from food and natural products. It will provide the necessary theoretical background and details about extraction by microwaves, including information on the technique, the mechanism, protocols, industrial applications, safety precautions, and environmental impacts.

Green Extraction Of Natural Products

Author: Farid Chemat
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527676813
Size: 50.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Extraction processes are essential steps in numerous industrial applications from perfume over pharmaceutical to fine chemical industry. Nowadays, there are three key aspects in industrial extraction processes: economy and quality, as well as environmental considerations. This book presents a complete picture of current knowledge on green extraction in terms of innovative processes, original methods, alternative solvents and safe products, and provides the necessary theoretical background as well as industrial application examples and environmental impacts. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and the strong focus on green chemistry throughout the book makes this book a unique reference source. This book is intended to be a first step towards a future cooperation in a new extraction of natural products, built to improve both fundamental and green parameters of the techniques and to increase the amount of extracts obtained from renewable resources with a minimum consumption of energy and solvents, and the maximum safety for operators and the environment.

Water Extraction Of Bioactive Compounds

Author: Herminia Dominguez
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128096152
Size: 19.62 MB
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Water Extraction of Bioactive Compounds: From Plants to Drug Development draws together the expert knowledge of researchers from around the world to outline the essential knowledge and techniques required to successfully extract bioactive compounds for further study. The book is a practical tool for medicinal chemists, biochemists, pharmaceutical scientists and academics working in the discovery and development of drugs from natural sources. The discovery and extraction of bioactive plant compounds from natural sources is of growing interest to drug developers, adding greater fuel to a simultaneous search for efficient, green technologies to support this. Particularly promising are aqueous based methods, as water is a cheap, safe and abundant solvent. The book is a detailed guide to the fundamental concepts and necessary equipment needed to successfully undertake such processes, supported by application examples and highlighting the most influential variables. Part 1 begins with a thorough introduction to plants as sources of drugs, highlighting strategies for the discovery of novel bioactive constituents of botanicals, the need for standardization and a move toward more rational and greener techniques in the field, the development of plant-based extraction processes and pretreatments for the efficient extraction. Part 2 then reviews a broad range of available techniques, including sections on conventional hot water extraction and pressurized hot water extraction in a range of settings. Intensified processes are then discussed in detail, including sections on microwave-assisted processes, ultrasound-assisted processes and enzyme assisted extraction. Covers the theoretical background and range of techniques available to researchers, helping them to select the most appropriate extraction method for their needs Presents up-to-date and cutting edge applications by international experts Highlights current use and future potential for industrial scale applications Offers a thorough introduction to plants as sources of drugs, highlighting strategies for the discovery of novel bioactive constituents of botanicals

Utilisation Of Bioactive Compounds From Agricultural And Food Production Waste

Author: Quan V. Vuong
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351647598
Size: 27.47 MB
Format: PDF
View: 1908
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The large quantity of waste generated from agricultural and food production remains a great challenge and an opportunity for the food industry. As there are numerous risks associated with waste for humans, animals and the environment, billions of dollars are spent on the treatment of agricultural and food waste. Therefore, the utilisation of bioactive compounds isolated from waste not only could reduce the risks and the costs for treatment of waste, but also could potentially add more value for agricultural and food production. This book provides comprehensive information related to extraction and isolation of bioactive compounds from agricultural and food production waste for utilisation in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. The topics range from an overview on challenges and opportunities related to agricultural and food waste, the bioactive compounds in the waste, the techniques used to analyse, extract and isolate these compounds to several specific examples for potential utilisation of waste from agricultural and food industry. This book also further discusses the potential of bioactives isolated from agricultural and food waste being re-utilised in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. It is intended for students, academics, researchers and professionals who are interested in or associated with agricultural and food waste.

Marine Algae Extracts

Author: Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527679596
Size: 27.42 MB
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Designed as the primary reference for the biotechnological use of macroalgae, this comprehensive handbook covers the entire value chain from the cultivation of algal biomass to harvesting and processing it, to product extraction and formulation. In addition to covering a wide range of product classes, from polysaccharides to terpenes and from enyzmes to biofuels, it systematically discusses current and future applications of algae-derived products in pharmacology, medicine, cosmetics, food and agriculture. In doing so, it brings together the expertise of marine researchers, biotechnologists and process engineers for a one-stop resource on the biotechnology of marine macroalgae.

Lebensmittelphysik

Author: L.O. Figura
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540349901
Size: 41.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Die Lebensmittelphysik befasst sich mit den physikalischen Eigenschaften der Lebensmittel und deren Erfassung. Die physikalischen Eigenschaften von Lebensmitteln spielen überall dort eine wesentliche Rolle, wo moderne lebensmitteltechnologische Verfahren für die Gewinnung der Rohstoffe oder die Herstellung eines Lebensmittels angewandt werden. Die Bestimmung physikalischer Größen von Lebensmitteln und Bedarfsgegenständen sind aus der Planung, Steuerung und Automatisierung der Herstellungsprozesse in der Lebensmittel-, Pharma- und Kosmetikindustrie und angrenzenden Bereichen nicht mehr wegzudenken. Neben der chemischen Qualitätskontrolle spielt die Bestimmung physikalischer Eigenschaften darüber hinaus eine wichtige Rolle bei der Bestimmung und Sicherung der Qualität unserer Lebensmittel. Der Konsument fordert zunehmend "weniger Chemie" in der Lebensmittelproduktion und große Bereiche der Lebensmittelindustrie werden diesen Wünschen in steigendem Maße entgegenkommen müssen, indem sie moderne physikalische Verfahren in der Produktion einsetzen. Auch hierfür ist ein grundlegendes Verständnis der physikalischen Eigenschaften von Lebensmitteln und den Möglichkeiten und Grenzen ihrer messtechnischen Erfassung eine unabdingbare Voraussetzung. Dieses Buch beschreibt die Lebensmittelphysik von Grund auf und orientiert sich hierbei ausschließlich an den Erfordernissen der Lebensmittelpraxis, ohne auf die wichtigen Grundlagen zu verzichten. Das Buch ist daher für Studenten der Lebensmittelchemie und -technologie an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen eine wichtige Quelle für die zukünftige Ausbildung. Auch Ingenieure, Technologen und Techniker in der Lebensmittelindustrie werden dieses Buch benutzen, um ihre Kenntnisse zu vertiefen oder grundlegendes Verständnis für neue physikalische Verfahren zu erwerben.

F Rbung Von Lebensmitteln Arzneimitteln Kosmetika

Author: Gisbert Otterstätter
Publisher: Behr's Verlag DE
ISBN: 3899479580
Size: 35.78 MB
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Das Buch "Färbung von Lebensmitteln, Arzneimitteln, Kosmetika" wendet sich an Praktiker in der Lebensmittel-, Arzneimittel- und Kosmetikindustrie. Beschrieben werden anwendungstechnische Hinweise, einfache analytische Arbeitsmethoden sowie Informationen über die Zulässigkeit der Färbemittel in D, der EU und den wichtigsten Staaten außerhalb der EU. Von besonders großem Nutzen für die Praxis ist der sehr umfangreiche Block an Datenblättern der Färbemittel für Lebensmittel, Arzneimittel und Kosmetika! Die Datenblätter sind nach der Colour Indexnummer bzw. bei Färbemitteln in alphabetischer Reihenfolge geordnet.

Gefriertrocknen

Author: Georg-Wilhelm Oetjen
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9783527288212
Size: 17.87 MB
Format: PDF
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Viele Medikamente wie Blutderivate, Impfstoffe, Zytostatika oder Antibiotika, aber auch löslicher Kaffee, haben eines gemeinsam: soll das nicht haltbare flüssige Produkt konserviert und vor dem Gebrauch in seine ursprüngliche Form zurück geführt werden, kommt die Gefriertrocknung zum Zuge. Das Buch beschreibt die Regeln und Gesetzmäßigkeiten der Gefriertrocknung. Die kritischen Prozeßgrößen werden aufgezeigt, aber nicht nur theoretisch beschrieben, sondern an Beispielen aus der Praxis erörtert. Überhaupt: die Anwendung in der Praxis ist der Schwerpunkt dieses Buches. Die langjährige Erfahrung des Autors ermöglicht es ihm, Auswahlkriterien für Labor- und Produktionsanlagen vorzustellen und zu bewerten. Die Auswertung der neuesten Literatur stellt den aktuellen Stand der Information sicher. Auch mit aktuellen Problemen wie dem Validieren von Prozessen und Anlagen oder dem Abschätzen von tolerierbaren Sollwertabweichungen wird der Leser nicht allein gelassen, sie rrunden das Buch ab und machen es für die Praxis unentbehrlich.

Struma

Author: Johannes Köbberling
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642883133
Size: 28.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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