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Midnight S Furies

Author: Nisid Hajari
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0547669240
Size: 75.39 MB
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Named one of the best books of 2015 by NPR, Amazon, Seattle Times, and Shelf Awareness A few bloody months in South Asia during the summer of 1947 explain the world that troubles us today. Nobody expected the liberation of India and birth of Pakistan to be so bloody — it was supposed to be an answer to the dreams of Muslims and Hindus who had been ruled by the British for centuries. Jawaharlal Nehru, Gandhi’s protégé and the political leader of India, believed Indians were an inherently nonviolent, peaceful people. Pakistan’s founder, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, was a secular lawyer, not a firebrand. But in August 1946, exactly a year before Independence, Calcutta erupted in street-gang fighting. A cycle of riots — targeting Hindus, then Muslims, then Sikhs — spiraled out of control. As the summer of 1947 approached, all three groups were heavily armed and on edge, and the British rushed to leave. Hell let loose. Trains carried Muslims west and Hindus east to their slaughter. Some of the most brutal and widespread ethnic cleansing in modern history erupted on both sides of the new border, searing a divide between India and Pakistan that remains a root cause of many evils. From jihadi terrorism to nuclear proliferation, the searing tale told in Midnight’s Furies explains all too many of the headlines we read today.

Midnight S Furies

Author: Nisid Hajari
Publisher: Amberley Publishing Limited
ISBN: 1445648091
Size: 32.31 MB
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After centuries of British rule, nobody expected Indian Independence and the birth of Pakistan to be so bloody - they were supposed to be the answer to the dreams of Muslims and Hindus. Jawaharlal Nehru, Gandhi's protégé and the political leader of India, believed Indians were an inherently nonviolent, peaceful people. Pakistan's founder, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, was a secular lawyer, not a firebrand. But in August 1946, exactly a year before Independence, Calcutta erupted in street-gang fighting. A cycle of riots - targeting Hindus, then Muslims, then Sikhs - spiraled out of control. As the summer of 1947 approached, all three groups were heavily armed and on edge, and the British rushed to leave. Hell let loose. Trains carried Muslims west and Hindus east to their slaughter. Some of the most brutal and widespread ethnic cleansing in modern history erupted on both sides of the new border, carving a gulf between India and Pakistan that remains a root cause of many evils. From jihadi terrorism to nuclear proliferation, the searing tale told in Midnight's Furies explains all too many of the headlines we read today.

Midnight S Furies

Author: Nisid Hajari
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0547669216
Size: 26.55 MB
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The author describes how a few bloody months in South Asia during the summer of 1947—the Partition of India, which led to the creation of Pakistan—largely explain the world that troubles us today. 25,000 first printing. Illustrations.

Indian Summer

Author: Alex von Tunzelmann
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1471114767
Size: 36.23 MB
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The stroke of midnight on 15 August 1947 liberated 400 million Indians from the British Empire. One of the defining moments of world history had been brought about by a tiny number of people, including Jawaharlal Nehru, the fiery prime minister-to-be; Gandhi, the mystical figure who enthralled a nation; and Louis and Edwina Mountbatten, the glamorous but unlikely couple who had been dispatched to get Britain out of India without delay. Within hours of the midnight chimes, however, the two new nations of India and Pakistan would descend into anarchy and terror. INDIAN SUMMERdepicts the epic sweep of events that ripped apart the greatest empire the world has ever seen, and reveals the secrets of the most powerful players on the world stage: the Cold War conspiracies, the private deals, and the intense and clandestine love affair between the wife of the last viceroy and the first prime minister of free India. With wit, insight and a sharp eye for detail, Alex von Tunzelmann relates how a handful of people changed the world for ever.

The Shadow Of The Great Game

Author: Narendra Singh Sarila
Publisher: Constable
ISBN: 1472128222
Size: 33.29 MB
Format: PDF
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The untold story of Indias Partition. The partition of India in 1947 was the only way to contain intractable religious differences as the subcontinent moved towards independence - or so the story goes. But this dramatic new history reveals previously overlooked links between British strategic interests - in the oil wells of the Middle East and maintaining access to its Indian Ocean territories - and partition. Narendra Singh Sarela reveals here how hte Great Gane against the Soviet Union cast a long shadow. The top-secret documentary evidence unearthed by the author sheds new light on several prominent figures, including Gandhi, Jinnah, Mountbatten, Churchill, Attlee, Wavell and Nerhu. This radical reassessment of one of the key events in British colonial history is important in itself, but its claim that many of the roots of Islamic terrorism sweeping the world today lie in the partition of India has much wider implications.

Kashmir In Conflict

Author: Victoria Schofield
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857730789
Size: 29.51 MB
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After 20 years of insurgency, Kashmir continues to be a major flashpoint and decisive factorin destabilising regional relations. Resolving the dispute over the state of Jammu andKashmir is crucial to achieving peace and stability, without which the US Af-Pak strategy isunlikely to succeed. With international eyes focused on South Asia, understanding what is atstake in Kashmir has never been more important. For decades, the dispute over the valley of Kashmir, famed for its beauty and tranquility, has determined much of Pakistan's and India'sforeign policy. With the state, located between two nuclear armed states and India blaming Pakistani militants for the 2008 terrorist attacks on Mumbai, the potential widerimplications of the conflict are higher than ever on the international agenda. Kashmir in Conflict offers a highly readable, carefully documented account of the origins,development and implications of this contentious issue. Beginning with the early history ofthe independent kingdom of Kashmir, Victoria Schofield traces the origins of the modernstate in the nineteenth century, including the controversial ‘sale’ by the British ofpredominantly Muslim Kashmir to a Hindu ruler. She examines the implications for thepeople when in 1947 the Maharaja chose secular, yet majority Hindu, India over Muslim Pakistan and shows why the neighbouring countries continue to argue over the status ofJammu and Kashmir which, according to recommendations passed by the UN, was to bedetermined by the will of the people. Drawing upon research in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India, Pakistan, and a range ofhistorical sources, Schofield analyses critically the actions of the key players who, throughoutits history, have contributed to the current militarisation of the valley. And with the help ofnumerous interviews she takes into account the hopes and fears of all the interested parties – Pakistan, India and the people of Jammu and Kashmir who are themselves divided, not onlyby their linguistic and cultural traditions, but also in their objectives.

The Great Partition

Author: Yasmin Khan
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300233647
Size: 27.34 MB
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A reappraisal of the tumultuous Partition and how it ignited long-standing animosities between India and Pakistan This new edition of Yasmin Khan’s reappraisal of the tumultuous India-Pakistan Partition features an introduction reflecting on the latest research and on ways in which commemoration of the Partition has changed, and considers the Partition in light of the current refugee crisis. Reviews of the first edition: “A riveting book on this terrible story.”—Economist “Unsparing. . . . Provocative and painful.”—Times (London) “Many histories of Partition focus solely on the elite policy makers. Yasmin Khan’s empathetic account gives a great insight into the hopes, dreams, and fears of the millions affected by it.”—Owen Bennett Jones, BBC

Remembering Partition

Author: Gyanendra Pandey
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521002509
Size: 46.38 MB
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A compelling and harrowing examination of the violence that marked the Partition of India.

Basti

Author: Intizar Husain
Publisher: New York Review of Books
ISBN: 1590175972
Size: 77.91 MB
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An NYRB Classics Original Basti is a beautifully written reckoning with the tragic history of Pakistan. Basti means settlement, a common place, and Intizar Husain’s extraordinary novel begins with a mythic, even mystic, vision of harmony between old and young, man and woman, Muslim and Hindu. Then Zakir, the hero, wakes to the modern world. Crowds gather. Slogans echo. Cities burn. Whether hunkered down with family or furtively meeting to exchange news with friends in cafés, Zakir is alone in a country lost to the politics of loneliness.

The Longest August

Author: Dilip Hiro
Publisher: Nation Books
ISBN: 1568585039
Size: 41.65 MB
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The partitioning of British India into independent Pakistan and India in August 1947 occurred in the midst of communal holocaust, with Hindus and Sikhs on one side and Muslims on the other. More than 750,000 people were butchered, and 12 million fled their homes—primarily in caravans of bullock-carts—to seek refuge across the new border: it was the largest exodus in history. Sixty-seven years later, it is as if that August never ended. Renowned historian and journalist Dilip Hiro provides a riveting account of the relationship between India and Pakistan, tracing the landmark events that led to the division of the sub-continent and the evolution of the contentious relationship between Hindus and Muslims. To this day, a reasonable resolution to their dispute has proved elusive, and the Line of Control in Kashmir remains the most heavily fortified frontier in the world, with 400,000 soldiers arrayed on either side. Since partition, there have been several acute crises between the neighbors, including the secession of East Pakistan to form an independent Bangladesh in 1971, and the acquisition of nuclear weapons by both sides resulting in a scarcely avoided confrontation in 1999 and again in 2002. Hiro amply demonstrates the geopolitical importance of the India-Pakistan conflict by chronicling their respective ties not only with America and the Soviet Union, but also with China, Israel, and Afghanistan. Hiro weaves these threads into a lucid narrative, enlivened with colorful biographies of leaders, vivid descriptions of wars, sensational assassinations, gross violations of human rights—and cultural signifiers like cricket matches. The Longest August is incomparable in its scope and presents the first definitive history of one of the world's longest-running and most intractable conflicts.