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Militancy And Violence In West Africa

Author: James Gow
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135968500
Size: 63.60 MB
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This volume provides a systematic and cross-regional analysis of radicalisation, militancy and violence in West Africa. Concern about terrorism in, or from, West Africa, has been recognised in academic research, and the adoption of militarised approaches to addressing it questioned. However, the basis for that questioning – the need to investigate factors such as the historical and socio-economic roots of militancy – is not developed, nor is it substantiated in existing studies. The significant impact of religiously motivated radicalisation and violence in West Africa upon international security makes it essential to understand the issues of militancy and violence in the region. In this volume, the authors draw upon empirical research in West Africa to develop understanding in these areas. Over the course of several chapters written by leading experts in the field, the book successfully blends historical and conceptual analysis with new empirical research gathered from focus group discussions and research interviews. Each of these core studies is structured around five interrelated issues: tracing the antecedents of radicalisation; monitoring trends; identifying actors; anticipating possibilities; and analysing the strength of existing preventive mechanisms. This book will be of much interest to students of African security, African politics, radicalisation, political Islam, war and conflict studies and security studies in general.

Media Strategy And Military Operations In The 21st Century

Author: Michal Shavit
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131726858X
Size: 56.20 MB
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This book applies the concept of mediatization to the contemporary dynamic between war, media and society, with a focus on the Israel Defence Forces (IDF). Since the beginning of the 21st century the IDF has undergone an intensive process of mediatization that has transformed the media into an interpretative grid for many of its military activities and increasingly utilized media to garner public support and construct civilian perceptions of conflict and security through media activity and strategy. This process can be divided into four distinct chronological phases in accordance with the operational challenges confronted by the IDF during this period, from the Al-Aqsa Intifada of 2000, through Israeli unilateral disengagement from Gaza in 2005, and the second Lebanon war of 2006, to the series of Gaza confrontations of 2008-2014. The work shows how the IDF’s media policy evolved from a narrow perception of its role, and separation between operational and media actions to a cohesive and coherently articulated media strategy that is increasingly intertwined with military action and operational strategy and a vital component of strategic military aims and objectives. This strategic stance has led the IDF to adopt a global media perspective using the most advanced new media platforms, designed to influence public opinion and improve national narratives, both in Israel and the international community. By applying the concept of mediatization to the Israeli case, this book fills a research lacuna and offers a new prism for the study of media-military relations in contemporary conflicts. The book will be of much interest to students of civil-military relations, strategic studies, Middle Eastern Studies, media and communication studies, sociology and IR, in general.

Prosecuting Slobodan Milo Evi

Author: Nevenka Tromp
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317335279
Size: 37.12 MB
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This book offers a comprehensive analysis of the trial of former Serbian leader Slobodan Milošević at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). With the premature death of Milošević in March 2006 his trial was left unfinished. Although the traditional objectives of criminal law, such as retribution, justice for victims, and deterrence, were not achieved, the Milošević trial archive is a significant historical resource for researchers from various fields. This book extracts details from the collection of documentary and transcript evidence that makes up the trial record – sources which would be almost impossible to extricate without an insider’s guiding hand – to allow readers to trace the threads of several historical narratives. The value of this methodology is particularly evident in the Milošević case as, acting as his own defence counsel, he responded to, and interacted with, almost all witnesses and evidence presented against him. By providing snapshots of the behaviour displayed by Milošević in court while conducting his defence, in combination with passages of carefully selected evidence from an immense archive familiar to few scholars, this volume reveals how these trial records, and trail records in general, are a truly invaluable historical source. The book underlines the premise that any record of a mass atrocities trial, whether finished or unfinished, establishes a record of past events, contributes to interpretations of a historical period and influences the shaping of collective memory. This book will be of much interest to students of the Former Yugoslavia, war crimes, international law, human rights, international relations and European politics.

The Paradoxes Of History And Memory In Post Colonial Sierra Leone

Author: Sylvia Ojukutu-Macauley
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739180037
Size: 20.90 MB
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Using Sierra Leone as a case study, this book examines the nature of knowledge production and interpretation of African history since the decade of African independence. This anthology provides critical reflections on major themes such as ethnicity, class, gender, identity formation, nation building, resistance, and social conflict.

Islam F R Dummies

Author: Malcolm Clark
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527692428
Size: 15.89 MB
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Über 1,3 Milliarden Muslime leben auf allen Kontinenten. Doch was wissen wir über ihren Glauben? Kaum mehr, als dass der Koran ihre heilige Schrift ist, Gläubige fünf Mal am Tag zu Allah beten und sie zum Ramadan fasten. Aber wer kann schon den Unterschied zwischen Schiiten und Sunniten erklären und wer weiß, was es mit den mystischen Sufi auf sich hat? Malcolm Clark erzählt vom Leben des Propheten Mohammed, berichtet über die Ausbreitung seiner Lehre und deren Entwicklung über die Jahrhunderte und erklärt die Bedeutung des Koran. Er beschreibt das Leben der Muslime und zeigt auf, welche Beiträge sie in den Naturwissenschaften, der Kunst und der Architektur geleistet haben.Er hilft so, Vorurteile zu vermeiden und muslimische Mitbürger besser zu verstehen.

Reformiert Euch

Author: Ayaan Hirsi Ali
Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag
ISBN: 3641174627
Size: 60.90 MB
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Das wichtigste Buch zur Islam-Debatte: Ayaan Hirsi Ali und ihr Plädoyer für eine Reformation des Islam Ihre eigene Biographie und intime Kenntnis der islamischen Gesellschaften und Kultur sowie ihre Forschungen machen Ayaan Hirsi Ali zu einer der wichtigsten Stimmen in der Debatte über den Islam. Ihr neues, von Optimismus getragenes Buch, an dem sie seit Jahren arbeitet, kommt im richtigen Moment: Es nimmt die Terroranschläge in Paris zum Ausgangspunkt, bietet fundierte Einordnung und Hintergründe, vor allem aber bezieht Hirsi Ali klar Stellung: gegen einen erstarrten Islam und dessen Tolerierung durch den Westen. Und für eine Reformation ihrer Religion durch die Muslime, die sie bereits auf dem Weg sieht.

Der Terror Ist Unter Uns

Author: Peter R. Neumann
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843714428
Size: 34.19 MB
Format: PDF
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In Belgien explodieren Bomben im Flughafen und an Bahnhöfen. In Paris werden werden Konzertbesucher und Restaurantgänger erschossen. In Deutschland brennen Flüchtlingsheime. In sozialen Netzwerken kursieren Hassparolen. Extremisten jeglicher Couleur bedrohen den Frieden in Europa. Peter R. Neumann beschäftigt sich seit über zwanzig Jahren mit Terrorismus in all seinen Ausformungen von Separatisten und ethnischen Nationalisten, über Rechts- und Linksextreme bis hin zu Dschihadisten. Das von ihm geleitete International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR) setzt sich konkret mit der Frage auseinander, warum sich Menschen radikalisieren. Welche Rolle spielen Herkunft, Ideologie und Umstände? Wie kann Prävention gelingen? Stacheln sich "Neue Dschihadisten" und "Neue Rechte" gegenseitig auf? In seinem fundierten Werk, das auf zwanzig Jahren Forschungsarbeit beruht, erklärt Peter R. Neumann die Gewöhnlichkeit des Terrors. Dabei geht er auf die „hausgemachte“ Radikalisierung ein, die speziell in Europa zu einer zentralen gesellschaftlichen und sicherheitspolitischen Herausforderung geworden ist, mit der wir lernen müssen, umzugehen.

Jihadi Terrorism And The Radicalisation Challenge

Author: Prof Dr Rik Coolsaet
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409476456
Size: 15.56 MB
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Osama bin Laden's demise in May 2011 marked only the symbolic end of an era. By the time of his killing, he no longer represented the Robin Hood icon that once stirred global fascination. Ten years after the 11 September 2001 attacks, jihadi terrorism has largely lost its juggernaut luster. It now mostly resembles a patchwork of self-radicalising local groups with international contacts but without any central organisational design - akin to the radical left terrorism of the 1970s and the anarchist fin-de-siècle terrorism. This volume addresses two issues that remain largely unexplored in contemporary terrorism studies. It rehabilitates the historical and comparative analysis as a way to grasp the essence of terrorism, including its jihadi strand. Crucial similarities with earlier forms of radicalisation and terrorism abound and differences appear generally not fundamental. Likewise, the very concept of radicalisation is seldom questioned anymore. Nevertheless it often lacks conceptual clarity and empirical validation. Once considered a quintessential European phenomenon, the United States too experiences how some of its own citizens radicalise into terrorist violence. This collective work compares radicalisation in both continents and the strategies aimed at de-radicalisation. But it also assesses if the concept merits its reputation as the holy grail of terrorism studies. The volume is aimed at an audience of decision makers, law enforcement officials, academia and think tanks, by its combination of novel thinking, practical experience and a theoretical approach.