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Military Cost Benefit Analysis

Author: Francois Melese
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317531728
Size: 54.79 MB
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This is the first comprehensive book on Military Cost-Benefit Analysis and provides novel approaches to structuring cost-benefit and affordability analysis amidst an uncertain defense environment and cloudy fiscal prospects. Lifting the veil on military Cost-Benefit Analysis, this volume offers several new practical tools designed to guide defense investments (and divestments), combined with a selection of real-world applications. The widespread employment of Cost-Benefit Analysis offers a unique opportunity to transform legacy defense forces into efficient, effective, and accountable 21st century organizations. A synthesis of economics, statistics and decision theory, CBA is currently used in a wide range of defense applications in countries around the world: i) to shape national security strategy, ii) to set acquisition policy, and iii) to inform critical investments in people, equipment, infrastructure, services and supplies. As sovereign debt challenges squeeze national budgets, and emerging threats disrupt traditional notions of security, this volume offers valuable tools to navigate the political landscape, meet calls for fiscal accountability, and boost the effectiveness of defense investments to help guarantee future peace and stability. A valuable resource for scholars, practitioners, novices and experts, this book offers a comprehensive overview of Military Cost-Benefit Analysis and will appeal to anyone interested or involved in improving national security, and will also be of general interest to those responsible for major government programs, projects or policies.

Analytical Peace Economics

Author: Partha Gangopadhyay
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131738816X
Size: 32.33 MB
Format: PDF
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The Middle East is at an unprecedented crossroads between the established Euro-centric system and the emerging Asian powerhouses like India and China. Their economies, policies and social structures are a half-way-house between these two dominant groups and are an important case study to examine in order to highlight future prospects and problems of the global system. The Middle East is an important missing piece in a huge global puzzle. This book makes a significant step towards understanding that puzzle and offers solutions for how to fully integrate this missing jigsaw piece into the global economic system. Analytical Peace Economics: The Illusion of War for Peace focuses on three critical issues in the Middle East that dominate discussions about their place in the global political economy: conflict, oil and (regional) development. Examining economic and social development in juxtaposition with conflict and peace, this book adapts, develops and applies historical, geographical, economic and psychological methods, creating a nuanced approach to the collective understanding of the economic and social dynamics in the region. By developing theoretical models and analysing empirical research, this book offers an economic analysis of the attempt to find peace through war and seeks to find alternative solutions. This book will be of interest to researchers, policy makers and doctoral students of economics, finance and social sciences as well as advanced undergraduate students of peace economics and development studies.

Managing Military Organizations

Author: Joseph Soeters
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135154813
Size: 48.50 MB
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This book deals with the processes and theories involved in managing military organisations in both peacetime and crisis conditions. Examining the challenges faced by policymakers and military commanders in conducting military operations, this book considers the benefits of conventional management and organisation theory for the military. At the same time, these essays recognise that the military should be considered as a highly individual organisation, operating in exceptional circumstances. This awareness of the differences between the military and other organisations generates important lessons not only for the military but also for general organisations as it teaches them how to cope in exceptional, ‘hyper’ conditions. These theoretical lessons are illustrated by case studies and experiences from recent military operations, such as those in Iraq and Afghanistan. This book will be of great interest to students of military studies, security studies and organizational studies. Joseph Soeters chairs the department of management and organization studies and defence economy at the Netherlands Defense Academy and he is a professor in organizational sociology at Tilburg University. Paul. C. van Fenema is an associate professor of organization studies at the Netherlands Defence Academy and Tilburg University. Robert Beeres is an associate professor in the field of defence accounting and control (business administration) at the Netherlands Defence Academy and at Nyenrode Business School.

Exploding The Myth

Author: Derek Braddon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317836502
Size: 15.25 MB
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From a cold war peak of some $1000 billion per annum, world military expenditure has declined by about 40% since 1990, reaching its lowest level for thirty years. With such significant decline in global public expenditure committments to the defence sector, a substantial and lasting peace dividend was anticipated. Most governments believed that market forces, left more or less to their own devices, would deal effectively with this major exogenous shock and generate sufficient new economic activity to allow increased public expenditure on health, education and welfare. The approach of this book is to challenge the fundamental but flawed belief that a substantial and lasting peace dividend could be secured through market solution alone. The principal assertion is that market adjustment by itself cannot deliver such a dividend.The book focuses on the major aspects of the economic, business and security consequences of post Cold War defence expenditure reduction. Key problems obstructing optimal market response are identified and possible remedial action by government and others is considered.

Milit R Und Zivile Politik

Author: Aurel Croissant
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
ISBN: 3486707108
Size: 72.92 MB
Format: PDF
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In Europa und Nordamerika gilt es heute als selbstverständlich, dass das Militär der Kontrolle durch die zivile Politik unterliegt. In anderen Regionen der Welt ist das jedoch nicht unbedingt der Fall. Warum gelingt es manchen Staaten, die Kontrolle über die Streitkräfte zu institutionalisieren, und manchen nicht? Welche Rolle spielt das Militär in Diktaturen und welche in demokratischen Verfassungsstaaten? Welche Herausforderungen prägen das Verhältnis von Militär und Politik heute? Diesen Fragen geht der vorliegende Band nach. Im ersten Teil des Werks führen die Autoren in die grundlegenden Begriffe, Konzepte und Theorien der politikwissenschaftlichen Analyse zivil-militärischer Beziehungen ein. Die nachfolgenden Abschnitte untersuchen historische Entwicklungen, Stand und relevante Problemstellungen der zivil-militärischen Beziehungen in ausgewählten Demokratien, Diktaturen und Transformationssystemen in verschiedenen Weltregionen. Damit bietet der Band einen umfassenden Überblick über das Verhältnis zwischen Politik und Militär.