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Misfortunes Of War

Author: Eric V. Larson
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833042440
Size: 62.84 MB
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This monograph, part of a larger study of ways to reduce collateral damage undertaken for the U.S. Air Force, analyzes media and public reactions to civilian casualty incidents, whether these incidents affect media reporting or public support for military operations, and, if so, how. It analyzes case studies of incidents of civilian deaths in the February 1991 bombing of the Al Firdos bunker in the Gulf War, the April and May 1999 attacks on the Djakovica convoy and Chinese embassy during the war in Kosovo, the June 2002 attack involving an Afghan wedding party during operations in Afghanistan, and the March 2003 incident involving a large explosion in a crowded Baghdad marketplace to describe and explain how the U.S. and foreign media and publics have responded. For each case study, the study team examined press, public, and leadership responses to these incidents and found the following. First, while avoiding civilian casualties is important to the American public, it has realistic expectations about the actual possibilities for avoiding casualties. Second, the press reports heavily on civilian casualty incidents. Third, adversaries understand the public?s sensitivities to civilian deaths and have sought to exploit them. Fourth, during armed conflict, the belief that the United States and its allies are trying to avoid casualties most affects support for U.S. military operations, both at home and abroad. Fifth, while strong majorities of Americans typically give U.S. military and political leaders the benefit of the doubt when civilian casualty incidents occur, this does not necessarily extend to foreign audiences. Sixth, when civilian casualty incidents occur, it is at least as important to get the story right as to get the story out. Finally, attention to and concern about civilian casualties both at home and abroad have increased in recent years and may continue to do so.

2006 2007

Author:
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311094149X
Size: 35.43 MB
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Die seit 1971 wieder erscheinende, interdisziplinäre, internationale Rezensionsbibliographie IBR ist eine einmalige Informationsquelle. Die Datenbank weist über 1,1 Millionen vornehmlich die Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften berücksichtigende Buchrezensionen in 6.000 vorwiegend europäischen wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften nach. 60.000 Eintragungen kommen jedes Jahr hinzu, bieten dem Benutzer Daten zum rezensierten Werk und zur Rezension.

Von Paraguay Bis Punk 2011

Author: Claudia Glunz
Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
ISBN: 3899718534
Size: 13.49 MB
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English summary: Media, war and the experiences of combatants stand in ambivalent, partly contradictory relation to each other, which has been reflected and analysed in many ways by the various academic disciplines. Be it the experiences of Swiss mercenaries in the Triple Alliance War in Paraguay, the role of an officer of the Wehrmacht in the deportation of Greek Jews from Rhodes, the re-interpretation of Maya the Bee as a Nazi cartoon or trauma processing in folk and punk music - the contributions of the present volume take diverse approaches to the tense relationship between war, war experience and its representation in the media. The volume is completed with reviews and brief descriptions of relevant new publications and a bibliography of literary, linguistic, historical, film and art studies published in 2007. German description: Medien, Krieg und die Erfahrungen der Kriegsteilnehmer stehen in einem ambivalenten, zum Teil widerspruchlichen Verhaltnis zueinander, das von den diversen Wissenschaftsdisziplinen vielfaltig gespiegelt und analysiert wird. Ob es um die Erfahrungen Schweizer Soldner im Triple-Allianz-Krieg in Paraguay geht, um die Rolle eines Wehrmachtoffiziers bei der Deportation griechischer Juden von Rhodos, die Umdeutung der Biene Maja als NS-Zeichentrickfilm oder die Verarbeitung von Kriegstraumata in Folk- und Punk-Musik - die Beitrage des vorliegenden Bandes nahern sich unter vielfaltigen Fragestellungen dem Spannungsverhaltnis von Krieg, Kriegserfahrung und ihrer Reprasentation in den Medien. Erganzt werden die Beitrage durch Rezensionen und Kurzinformationen zu einschlagigen Neuerscheinungen sowie eine Bibliographie 2007 erschienener literatur-, sprach-, geschichts-, film- und kunstwissenschaftlicher Studien.

In Time Of War

Author: Adam J. Berinsky
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226043460
Size: 31.83 MB
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From World War II to the war in Iraq, periods of international conflict seem like unique moments in U.S. political history—but when it comes to public opinion, they are not. To make this groundbreaking revelation, In Time of War explodes conventional wisdom about American reactions to World War II, as well as the more recent conflicts in Korea, Vietnam, the Gulf, Afghanistan, and Iraq. Adam Berinsky argues that public response to these crises has been shaped less by their defining characteristics—such as what they cost in lives and resources—than by the same political interests and group affiliations that influence our ideas about domestic issues. With the help of World War II–era survey data that had gone virtually untouched for the past sixty years, Berinsky begins by disproving the myth of “the good war” that Americans all fell in line to support after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor. The attack, he reveals, did not significantly alter public opinion but merely punctuated interventionist sentiment that had already risen in response to the ways that political leaders at home had framed the fighting abroad. Weaving his findings into the first general theory of the factors that shape American wartime opinion, Berinsky also sheds new light on our reactions to other crises. He shows, for example, that our attitudes toward restricted civil liberties during Vietnam and after 9/11 stemmed from the same kinds of judgments we make during times of peace. With Iraq and Afghanistan now competing for attention with urgent issues within the United States, In Time of War offers a timely reminder of the full extent to which foreign and domestic politics profoundly influence—and ultimately illuminate—each other.

Assessing Irregular Warfare

Author: Eric V. Larson
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833047027
Size: 19.32 MB
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Provides an analytic framework and procedure for the intelligence analysis of irregular warfare (IW) environments that can serve as the basis for IW intelligence curriculum development efforts. Defines IW in terms of two stylized situations: population-centric (such as counterinsurgency) and counterterrorism. Provides a detailed review of IW-relevant defense policy and strategy documents and a list of relevant doctrinal publications.