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Mixed Effects Models For The Population Approach

Author: Marc Lavielle
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482226502
Size: 69.99 MB
Format: PDF
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Wide-Ranging Coverage of Parametric Modeling in Linear and Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models Mixed Effects Models for the Population Approach: Models, Tasks, Methods and Tools presents a rigorous framework for describing, implementing, and using mixed effects models. With these models, readers can perform parameter estimation and modeling across a whole population of individuals at the same time. Easy-to-Use Techniques and Tools for Real-World Data Modeling The book first shows how the framework allows model representation for different data types, including continuous, categorical, count, and time-to-event data. This leads to the use of generic methods, such as the stochastic approximation of the EM algorithm (SAEM), for modeling these diverse data types. The book also covers other essential methods, including Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) and importance sampling techniques. The author uses publicly available software tools to illustrate modeling tasks. Methods are implemented in Monolix, and models are visually explored using Mlxplore and simulated using Simulx. Careful Balance of Mathematical Representation and Practical Implementation This book takes readers through the whole modeling process, from defining/creating a parametric model to performing tasks on the model using various mathematical methods. Statisticians and mathematicians will appreciate the rigorous representation of the models and theoretical properties of the methods while modelers will welcome the practical capabilities of the tools. The book is also useful for training and teaching in any field where population modeling occurs.

Bayesian Analysis Made Simple

Author: Phil Woodward
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439839557
Size: 58.20 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Although the popularity of the Bayesian approach to statistics has been growing for years, many still think of it as somewhat esoteric, not focused on practical issues, or generally too difficult to understand. Bayesian Analysis Made Simple is aimed at those who wish to apply Bayesian methods but either are not experts or do not have the time to create WinBUGS code and ancillary files for every analysis they undertake. Accessible to even those who would not routinely use Excel, this book provides a custom-made Excel GUI, immediately useful to those users who want to be able to quickly apply Bayesian methods without being distracted by computing or mathematical issues. From simple NLMs to complex GLMMs and beyond, Bayesian Analysis Made Simple describes how to use Excel for a vast range of Bayesian models in an intuitive manner accessible to the statistically savvy user. Packed with relevant case studies, this book is for any data analyst wishing to apply Bayesian methods to analyze their data, from professional statisticians to statistically aware scientists.

The R Book

Author: Michael J. Crawley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118448960
Size: 20.21 MB
Format: PDF
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Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)

Statistical Methods For Healthcare Performance Monitoring

Author: Alex Bottle
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315355469
Size: 23.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Healthcare is important to everyone, yet large variations in its quality have been well documented both between and within many countries. With demand and expenditure rising, it’s more crucial than ever to know how well the healthcare system and all its components – from staff member to regional network – are performing. This requires data, which inevitably differ in form and quality. It also requires statistical methods, the output of which needs to be presented so that it can be understood by whoever needs it to make decisions. Statistical Methods for Healthcare Performance Monitoring covers measuring quality, types of data, risk adjustment, defining good and bad performance, statistical monitoring, presenting the results to different audiences and evaluating the monitoring system itself. Using examples from around the world, it brings all the issues and perspectives together in a largely non-technical way for clinicians, managers and methodologists. Statistical Methods for Healthcare Performance Monitoring is aimed at statisticians and researchers who need to know how to measure and compare performance, health service regulators, health service managers with responsibilities for monitoring performance, and quality improvement scientists, including those involved in clinical audits.

Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Pbpk Modeling And Simulations

Author: Sheila Annie Peters
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118140303
Size: 37.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The only book dedicated to physiologically-based pharmacokinetic modeling in pharmaceutical science Physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling has become increasingly widespread within the pharmaceutical industry over the last decade, but without one dedicated book that provides the information researchers need to learn these new techniques, its applications are severely limited. Describing the principles, methods, and applications of PBPK modeling as used in pharmaceutics, Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic (PBPK) Modeling and Simulations fills this void. Connecting theory with practice, the book explores the incredible potential of PBPK modeling for improving drug discovery and development. Comprised of two parts, the book first provides a detailed and systematic treatment of the principles behind physiological modeling of pharmacokinetic processes, inter-individual variability, and drug interactions for small molecule drugs and biologics. The second part looks in greater detail at the powerful applications of PBPK to drug research. Designed for a wide audience encompassing readers looking for a brief overview of the field as well as those who need more detail, the book includes a range of important learning aids. Featuring end-of-chapter keywords for easy reference—a valuable asset for general or novice readers without a PBPK background—along with an extensive bibliography for those looking for further information, Physiologically- Based Pharmacokinetic (PBPK) Modeling and Simulations is the essential single-volume text on one of the hottest topics in the pharmaceutical sciences today.

Be A Model Communicator

Author: Peter Bonate
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780692323816
Size: 79.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Modeling and simulation are increasingly being used in science, business, and engineering to understand and explain complex systems, make predictions, and improve decision-making. Modeling today is not just about developing models. Modelers must be able to efficiently and effectively communicate their results to both laypeople and other scientists for their results to be useful and have impact. Unfortunately, scientists are taught to be boring and academic, all in the name of scientific rigor and professionalism. But it doesn't have to be that way. In this engaging and dynamic book, Dr. Bonate shows step-by-step from planning to delivery how to improve your oral presentations and become a better model communicator. Numerous examples and humorous anecdotes are used to explain concepts and material. Anyone who engages in modeling and simulation will benefit from reading this book.

Statistical Topics In Health Economics And Outcomes Research

Author: Demissie Alemayehu, PhD
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351252674
Size: 65.98 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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With ever-rising healthcare costs, evidence generation through Health Economics and Outcomes Research (HEOR) plays an increasingly important role in decision-making about the allocation of resources. Accordingly, it is now customary for health technology assessment and reimbursement agencies to request for HEOR evidence, in addition to data from clinical trials, to inform decisions about patient access to new treatment options. While there is a great deal of literature on HEOR, there is a need for a volume that presents a coherent and unified review of the major issues that arise in application, especially from a statistical perspective. Statistical Topics in Health Economics and Outcomes Research fulfils that need by presenting an overview of the key analytical issues and best practice. Special attention is paid to key assumptions and other salient features of statistical methods customarily used in the area, and appropriate and relatively comprehensive references are made to emerging trends. The content of the book is purposefully designed to be accessible to readers with basic quantitative backgrounds, while providing an in-depth coverage of relatively complex statistical issues. The book will make a very useful reference for researchers in the pharmaceutical industry, academia, and research institutions involved with HEOR studies. The targeted readers may include statisticians, data scientists, epidemiologists, outcomes researchers, health economists, and healthcare policy and decision-makers.

Medical Biostatistics Third Edition

Author: Abhaya Indrayan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439884145
Size: 48.15 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Encyclopedic in breadth, yet practical and concise, Medical Biostatistics, Third Edition focuses on the statistical aspects of medicine with a medical perspective, showing the utility of biostatistics as a tool to manage many medical uncertainties. The author concludes "Just as results of medical tests, statistical results can be false negative or false positive". This edition provides expanded coverage of topics and includes software illustrations. The author presents step-by-step explanations of statistical methods with the help of numerous real-world examples. Guide charts at the beginning of the book enable quick access to the relevant statistical procedure, and the comprehensive index makes it easier to locate terms of interest.

Explanatory Item Response Models

Author: Paul de Boeck
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475739907
Size: 12.71 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 1917
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This edited volume gives a new and integrated introduction to item response models (predominantly used in measurement applications in psychology, education, and other social science areas) from the viewpoint of the statistical theory of generalized linear and nonlinear mixed models. It also includes a chapter on the statistical background and one on useful software.

Pharmacokinetic Pharmacodynamic Modeling And Simulation

Author: Peter L. Bonate
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441994851
Size: 65.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This is a second edition to the original published by Springer in 2006. The comprehensive volume takes a textbook approach systematically developing the field by starting from linear models and then moving up to generalized linear and non-linear mixed effects models. Since the first edition was published the field has grown considerably in terms of maturity and technicality. The second edition of the book therefore considerably expands with the addition of three new chapters relating to Bayesian models, Generalized linear and nonlinear mixed effects models, and Principles of simulation. In addition, many of the other chapters have been expanded and updated.