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Modeling In Transport Phenomena

Author: Ismail Tosun
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080549507
Size: 68.63 MB
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Modeling in Transport Phenomena, Second Edition presents and clearly explains with example problems the basic concepts and their applications to fluid flow, heat transfer, mass transfer, chemical reaction engineering and thermodynamics. A balanced approach is presented between analysis and synthesis, students will understand how to use the solution in engineering analysis. Systematic derivations of the equations and the physical significance of each term are given in detail, for students to easily understand and follow up the material. There is a strong incentive in science and engineering to understand why a phenomenon behaves the way it does. For this purpose, a complicated real-life problem is transformed into a mathematically tractable problem while preserving the essential features of it. Such a process, known as mathematical modeling, requires understanding of the basic concepts. This book teaches students these basic concepts and shows the similarities between them. Answers to all problems are provided allowing students to check their solutions. Emphasis is on how to get the model equation representing a physical phenomenon and not on exploiting various numerical techniques to solve mathematical equations. A balanced approach is presented between analysis and synthesis, students will understand how to use the solution in engineering analysis. Systematic derivations of the equations as well as the physical significance of each term are given in detail Many more problems and examples are given than in the first edition - answers provided

Modelling In Transport Phenomena

Author: Ismail Tosun
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080511856
Size: 79.24 MB
Format: PDF
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Modelling in Transport Phenomena: A Conceptual Approach aims to show students how to translate the inventory rate equation into mathematical terms at both the macroscopic and microscopic levels. The emphasis is on obtaining the equation representing a physical phenomenon and its interpretation. The book begins with a discussion of basic concepts and their characteristics. It then explains the terms appearing in the inventory rate equation, including ""rate of input"" and ""rate of output."" The rate of generation in transport of mass, momentum, and energy is also described. Subsequent chapters detail the application of inventory rate equations at the macroscopic and microscopic levels. This book is intended as an undergraduate textbook for an introductory Transport Phenomena course in the junior year. It can also be used in unit operations courses in conjunction with standard textbooks. Although it is written for students majoring in chemical engineering, it can also serve as a reference or supplementary text in environmental, mechanical, petroleum, and civil engineering courses.

Modeling Groundwater Flow And Contaminant Transport

Author: Jacob Bear
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402066821
Size: 39.58 MB
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In many parts of the world, groundwater resources are under increasing threat from growing demands, wasteful use, and contamination. To face the challenge, good planning and management practices are needed. A key to the management of groundwater is the ability to model the movement of fluids and contaminants in the subsurface. The purpose of this book is to construct conceptual and mathematical models that can provide the information required for making decisions associated with the management of groundwater resources, and the remediation of contaminated aquifers. The basic approach of this book is to accurately describe the underlying physics of groundwater flow and solute transport in heterogeneous porous media, starting at the microscopic level, and to rigorously derive their mathematical representation at the macroscopic levels. The well-posed, macroscopic mathematical models are formulated for saturated, single phase flow, as well as for unsaturated and multiphase flow, and for the transport of single and multiple chemical species. Numerical models are presented and computer codes are reviewed, as tools for solving the models. The problem of seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers is examined and modeled. The issues of uncertainty in model input data and output are addressed. The book concludes with a chapter on the management of groundwater resources. Although one of the main objectives of this book is to construct mathematical models, the amount of mathematics required is kept minimal.

Transport Phenomena In Porous Media

Author: Derek B Ingham
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080543197
Size: 13.96 MB
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Research into thermal convection in porous media has substantially increased during recent years due to its numerous practical applications. These problems have attracted the attention of industrialists, engineers and scientists from many very diversified disciplines, such as applied mathematics, chemical, civil, environmental, mechanical and nuclear engineering, geothermal physics and food science. Thus, there is a wealth of information now available on convective processes in porous media and it is therefore appropriate and timely to undertake a new critical evaluation of this contemporary information. Transport Phenomena in Porous Media contains 17 chapters and represents the collective work of 27 of the world's leading experts, from 12 countries, in heat transfer in porous media. The recent intensive research in this area has substantially raised the expectations for numerous new practical applications and this makes the book a most timely addition to the existing literature. It includes recent major developments in both the fundamentals and applications, and provides valuable information to researchers dealing with practical problems in thermal convection in porous media. Each chapter of the book describes recent developments in the highly advanced analytical, numerical and experimental techniques which are currently being employed and discussions of possible future developments are provided. Such reviews not only result in the consolidation of the currently available information, but also facilitate the identification of new industrial applications and research topics which merit further work.

Transport In Biological Media

Author: Sid Becker
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0123978491
Size: 55.60 MB
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Transport in Biological Media is a solid resource of mathematical models for researchers across a broad range of scientific and engineering problems such as the effects of drug delivery, chemotherapy, or insulin intake to interpret transport experiments in areas of cutting edge biological research. A wide range of emerging theoretical and experimental mathematical methodologies are offered by biological topic to appeal to individual researchers to assist them in solving problems in their specific area of research. Researchers in biology, biophysics, biomathematics, chemistry, engineers and clinical fields specific to transport modeling will find this resource indispensible. Provides detailed mathematical model development to interpret experiments and provides current modeling practices Provides a wide range of biological and clinical applications Includes physiological descriptions of models

Thermodynamics

Author: Ä°smail Tosun
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814696951
Size: 64.65 MB
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This eminently readable introductory text provides a sound foundation to understand the abstract concepts used to express the laws of thermodynamics. The emphasis is on the fundamentals rather than spoon-feeding the subject matter. The concepts are explained with utmost clarity in simple and elegant language. It provides the background material needed for students to solve practical problems related to thermodynamics. Answers to all problems are provided.

Stochastic Transport In Complex Systems

Author: Andreas Schadschneider
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080560526
Size: 52.31 MB
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The first part of the book provides a pedagogical introduction to the physics of complex systems driven far from equilibrium. In this part we discuss the basic concepts and theoretical techniques which are commonly used to study classical stochastic transport in systems of interacting driven particles. The analytical techniques include mean-field theories, matrix product ansatz, renormalization group, etc. and the numerical methods are mostly based on computer simulations. In the second part of the book these concepts and techniques are applied not only to vehicular traffic but also to transport and traffic-like phenomena in living systems ranging from collective movements of social insects (for example, ants) on trails to intracellular molecular motor transport. These demonstrate the conceptual unity of the fundamental principles underlying the apparent diversity of the systems and the utility of the theoretical toolbox of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics in interdisciplinary research far beyond the traditional disciplinary boundaries of physics. Leading industry experts provide a broad overview of the interdisciplinary nature of physics Presents unified descriptions of intracellular, ant, and vehicular traffic from a physics point of view Applies theoretical methods in practical everyday situations Reference and guide for physicists, engineers and graduate students

A Modern Course In Transport Phenomena

Author: David C. Venerus
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107129206
Size: 63.73 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Integrating nonequilibrium thermodynamics and kinetic theory, this unique text presents a novel approach to the subject of transport phenomena.

Transport Phenomena In Fires

Author: Mohammad Faghri
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1845641604
Size: 14.60 MB
Format: PDF
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Controlled fires are beneficial for the generation of heat and power while uncontrolled fires, like fire incidents and wildfires, are detrimental and can cause enormous material damage and human suffering. This edited book presents the state-of-the-art of modeling and numerical simulation of the important transport phenomena in fires. It describes how computational procedures can be used in analysis and design of fire protection and fire safety. Computational fluid dynamics, turbulence modeling, combustion, soot formation, thermal radiation modeling are demonstrated and applied to pool fires, flame spread, wildfires, fires in buildings and other examples.

The Thermodynamics Of Phase And Reaction Equilibria

Author: Ismail Tosun
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444594973
Size: 49.78 MB
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This volume presents a sound foundation for understanding abstract concepts (physical properties such as fugacity, or chemical processes, such as distillation) of phase and reaction equilibria, and shows you how to apply these concepts to solve practical problems using numerous, clear examples. The book encourages the use of MATHCAD to write programs specific to each problem, enabling you to easily track mistakes and understand the order of magnitude of the various quantities involved. Provides guidelines in order to choose the 'best' equation of state suitable for the particular situation Includes up-to-date information, comprehensive in-depth content and current examples in each chapter Provides the right tools in order to and encourages you to use MATHCAD to write your own specific programs Includes many well organized problems (with solutions), which are extensions of the examples enabling conceptual understanding to quantitative/real problem solving Includes all mathematical background required for solving problems encountered in phase and reaction equilibria Provides a Solutions Manual (for instructors in pdf form) allowing the use of the book in advanced thermodynamic courses