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Modern Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Author: Alexander Krämer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387938356
Size: 64.77 MB
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Hardly a day goes by without news headlines concerning infectious disease threats. Currently the spectre of a pandemic of influenza A|H1N1 is raising its head, and heated debates are taking place about the pro’s and con’s of vaccinating young girls against human papilloma virus. For an evidence-based and responsible communication of infectious disease topics to avoid misunderstandings and overreaction of the public, we need solid scientific knowledge and an understanding of all aspects of infectious diseases and their control. The aim of our book is to present the reader with the general picture and the main ideas of the subject. The book introduces the reader to methodological aspects of epidemiology that are specific for infectious diseases and provides insight into the epidemiology of some classes of infectious diseases characterized by their main modes of transmission. This choice of topics bridges the gap between scientific research on the clinical, biological, mathematical, social and economic aspects of infectious diseases and their applications in public health. The book will help the reader to understand the impact of infectious diseases on modern society and the instruments that policy makers have at their disposal to deal with these challenges. It is written for students of the health sciences, both of curative medicine and public health, and for experts that are active in these and related domains, and it may be of interest for the educated layman since the technical level is kept relatively low.

Modeling Infectious Disease Parameters Based On Serological And Social Contact Data

Author: Niel Hens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461440726
Size: 46.35 MB
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Mathematical epidemiology of infectious diseases usually involves describing the flow of individuals between mutually exclusive infection states. One of the key parameters describing the transition from the susceptible to the infected class is the hazard of infection, often referred to as the force of infection. The force of infection reflects the degree of contact with potential for transmission between infected and susceptible individuals. The mathematical relation between the force of infection and effective contact patterns is generally assumed to be subjected to the mass action principle, which yields the necessary information to estimate the basic reproduction number, another key parameter in infectious disease epidemiology. It is within this context that the Center for Statistics (CenStat, I-Biostat, Hasselt University) and the Centre for the Evaluation of Vaccination and the Centre for Health Economic Research and Modelling Infectious Diseases (CEV, CHERMID, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, University of Antwerp) have collaborated over the past 15 years. This book demonstrates the past and current research activities of these institutes and can be considered to be a milestone in this collaboration. This book is focused on the application of modern statistical methods and models to estimate infectious disease parameters. We want to provide the readers with software guidance, such as R packages, and with data, as far as they can be made publicly available.

Scutchfield And Keck S Principles Of Public Health Practice

Author: Paul C Erwin
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1285182634
Size: 80.33 MB
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Widely used and often quoted, PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE, Fourth Edition, is a long-standing, essential tool for all those in working in or preparing for public health practice. Written and edited by nationally recognized experts, this book emphasizes evidence-based practice and the science behind it to provide a critical foundation in public health operations and systems. The overhauled fourth edition also adds several new chapters on emerging topics, including tribal public health and global health, along with many review questions, appendices, and features that make PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE indispensable at any stage of your career. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Author: Ibrahim Abubakar
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191030546
Size: 42.71 MB
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Infectious Disease Epidemiology is a concise reference guide which provides trainees and practicing epidemiologists with the information that they need to understand the basic concepts necessary for working in this specialist area. Divided into two sections, part one comprehensively covers the basic principles and methods relevant to the study of infectious disease epidemiology. It is organised in order of increasing complexity, ranging from a general introduction to subjects such as mathematical modelling and sero-epidemiology. Part two examines key major infectious diseases that are of global significance. Grouped by their route of transmission for ease of reference, they include diseases that present a particular burden or a high potential for causing mortality. This practical guide will be essential reading for postgraduate students in infectious disease epidemiology, health protection trainees, and practicing epidemiologists.

Design And Analysis Of Vaccine Studies

Author: M. Elizabeth Halloran
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387686363
Size: 48.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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As well as being a reference for the design, analysis, and interpretation of vaccine studies, the text covers all design and analysis stages, from vaccine development to post-licensure surveillance, presenting likelihood, frequentists, and Bayesian approaches.

Spatial Analysis In Epidemiology

Author: Dirk Pfeiffer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019850988X
Size: 35.26 MB
Format: PDF
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Providing a practical, comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the use of spatial statistics in epidemiology, this book examines spatial analytical methods in conjunction with GIS and remotely sensed data to provide insights into the patterns and processes that underlie disease transmission.

Intermediate Epidemiology

Author: Associate Professor the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Washington D C Manya Magnus
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449639631
Size: 26.88 MB
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Intermediate Epidemiology: Methods That Matter provides masters-level public health students with a solid foundation in the epidemiologic methods necessary for implementing successful public health programs. This book stands apart from other intermediate texts in that it focuses on conceptual learning of basic methods without relying on extensive jargon. The book uniquely uses a self-learning approach, with exercises embedded in each page to reinforce concepts and application. The book creates a bridge from student to professional with lively descriptions of career paths for the MPH-level epidemiologist. Complete chapters on program evaluation and implementation and analysis of studies are also provided. Key Features: Examines the methodological skill set unique to epidemiology at an intermediate level Provides practice problems, case studies, discussion sections, and datasets in which to practice the methods learned Offers boxed examples from sources such as peer reviewed literature, governmental resources, and lay sources"

Modern Infectious Disease Epidemiology Third Edition

Author: Johan Giesecke
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351838741
Size: 58.55 MB
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Highly practical yet authoritative, the new edition of Modern Infectious Disease Epidemiology has been thoroughly updated and revised in line with changing health concerns. This successful book continues to outline the tools available to the infectious disease student or clinician seeking a thorough background in the epidemiology of infectious and communicable diseases. Building on many case studies and practical scenarios included, the book then uses the tools learnt to illustrate the fundamental concepts of the study of infectious diseases, such as infection spread, surveillance and control, infectivity, incubation periods, seroepidemiology, and immunity in populations. New edition of this popular book, completely revised and updated Retains the clarity and down-to-earth approach praised in previous editions Successfully combines epidemiological theory with the principles of infectious disease treatment and control A highly experienced author brings a personal and unique approach to this important subject All students of epidemiology, infectious disease medicine and microbiology will find this text invaluable, ensuring its continued popularity.

Molecular Tools And Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Author: Betsy Foxman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080920849
Size: 62.48 MB
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Molecular Tools and Infectious Disease Epidemiology examines the opportunities and methodologic challenges in the application of modern molecular genetic and biologic techniques to infectious disease epidemiology. The application of these techniques dramatically improves the measurement of disease and putative risk factors, increasing our ability to detect and track outbreaks, identify risk factors and detect new infectious agents. However, integration of these techniques into epidemiologic studies also poses new challenges in the design, conduct, and analysis. This book presents the key points of consideration when integrating molecular biology and epidemiology; discusses how using molecular tools in epidemiologic research affects program design and conduct; considers the ethical concerns that arise in molecular epidemiologic studies; and provides a context for understanding and interpreting scientific literature as a foundation for subsequent practical experience in the laboratory and in the field. The book is recommended for graduate and advanced undergraduate students studying infectious disease epidemiology and molecular epidemiology; and for the epidemiologist wishing to integrate molecular techniques into his or her studies. Presents the key points of consideration when integrating molecular biology and epidemiology Discusses how using molecular tools in epidemiologic research affects program design and conduct Considers the ethical concerns that arise in molecular epidemiologic studies Provides a context for understanding and interpreting scientific literature as a foundation for subsequent practical experience in the laboratory and in the field

Statistical Methods In Epidemiology

Author: Harold A. Kahn
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 63.23 MB
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This book is an expanded version of the Kahn's widely used text, An Introduction to Epidemiologic Methods (Oxford, 1983). It provides clear insight into the basic statistical tools used in epidemiology and is written so that those without advanced statistical training can comprehend the ideas underlying the analytical techniques. The authors emphasize the extent to which similar results are obtained from different methods, both simple and complex. To this edition they have added a new chapter on "Comparison of Numerical Results for Various Methods of Adjustment" and also one on "The Primacy of Data Collection." New topics include the Kaplan-Meier product-limit method and the Cox proportional hazards model for analysis of time-related outcomes. An appendix of data from the Framingham Heart Study is used to illustrate the application of various analytical methods to an identical set of real data and provides source material for student exercises. The text has been updated throughout.