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Molecular Mechanisms Of Photosynthesis

Author: Robert E. Blankenship
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118796969
Size: 13.70 MB
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With the clear writing and accessible approach that have made it the authoritative introduction to the field of molecular photosynthesis, this fully revised and updated edition now offers students and researchers cutting-edge topical coverage of bioenergy applications and artificial photosynthesis; advances in biochemical and genetic methods; as well as new analytical techniques. Chapters cover the origins and evolution of photosynthesis; carbon metabolism; photosynthetic organisms and organelles; and the basic principles of photosynthetic energy storage.The book's website includes downloadable PowerPoint slides.

Photoinhibition Of Photosynthesis

Author: Neil R. Baker
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Size: 73.11 MB
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A comprehensive treatise on photoinhibition which provides an authoritative, up-to-date review of the important molecular, environmental and physiological issues.

The Photosynthetic Membrane

Author: Alexander V. Ruban
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118447603
Size: 43.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The proteins that gather light for plant photosynthesis areembedded within cell membranes in a site called the thylakoidmembrane (or the "photosynthetic membrane"). These proteinsform the light harvesting antenna that feeds with energy a numberof vital photosynthetic processes such as water oxidation andoxygen evolution, the pumping of protons across the thylakoidmembranes coupled with the electron transport chain of thephotosystems and cytochrome b6f complex, and ATP synthesis by ATPsynthase utilizing the generated proton gradient. The Photosynthetic Membrane: Molecular Mechanisms and Biophysicsof Light Harvesting is an introduction to the fundamental designand function of the light harvesting photosynthetic membrane, oneof the most common and most important structures of life. Itdescribes the underlying structure of the membrane, the variety androles of the membrane proteins, the atomic structures of lightharvesting complexes and their macromolecular assemblies, themolecular mechanisms and dynamics of light harvesting and primaryenergy transformations, and the broad range of adaptations todifferent light environments. The book shows, using theexample of the photosynthetic membrane, how complex biologicalstructures utilize principles of chemistry and physics in order tocarry out biological functions. The Photosynthetic Membrane: Molecular Mechanisms of LightHarvesting will appeal to a wide audience of undergraduate andpostgraduate students as well as researchers working in the fieldsof biochemistry, molecular biology, biophysics, plant science andbioengineering.

Stress Responses Of Photosynthetic Organisms

Author: Kimiyuki Satoh
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
ISBN: 9780444828842
Size: 52.41 MB
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Topics from the results of the research project, Molecular Mechanisms for Responses of Photosynthetic Apparatus to the Environment are documented in this work. Topics covered include: high and low temperature stresses; salt, ionic and drought systems; and acclimation to nutrient supplies.

Chlorophyll A Fluorescence

Author: G.C. Papageorgiou
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402032188
Size: 27.31 MB
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Chlorophyll a Fluorescence: A Signature of Photosynthesis highlights chlorophyll (Chl) a fluorescence as a convenient, non-invasive, highly sensitive, rapid and quantitative probe of oxygenic photosynthesis. Thirty-one chapters, authored by 58 international experts, provide a solid foundation of the basic theory, as well as of the application of the rich information contained in the Chl a fluorescence signal as it relates to photosynthesis and plant productivity. Although the primary photochemical reactions of photosynthesis are highly efficient, a small fraction of absorbed photons escapes as Chl fluorescence, and this fraction varies with metabolic state, providing a basis for monitoring quantitatively various processes of photosynthesis. The book explains the mechanisms with which plants defend themselves against environmental stresses (excessive light, extreme temperatures, drought, hyper-osmolarity, heavy metals and UV). It also includes discussion on fluorescence imaging of leaves and cells and the remote sensing of Chl fluorescence from terrestrial, airborne, and satellite bases. The book is intended for use by graduate students, beginning researchers and advanced undergraduates in the areas of integrative plant biology, cellular and molecular biology, plant biology, biochemistry, biophysics, plant physiology, global ecology and agriculture.

Molecular Mechanisms Of Autonomy In Biological Systems

Author: Tara Karimi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319918249
Size: 23.18 MB
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This book presents a novel molecular description for understanding the regulatory mechanisms behind the autonomy and self-organization in biological systems. Chapters focus on defining and explaining the regulatory molecular mechanisms behind different aspects of autonomy and self-organization in the sense of autonomous coding, data processing, structure (mass) formation and energy production in a biological system. Subsequent chapters discuss the cross-talk among mechanisms of energy, and mass and information, transformation in biological systems. Other chapters focus on applications regarding therapeutic approaches in regenerative medicine. Molecular Mechanisms of Autonomy in Biological Systems is an indispensable resource for scientists and researchers in regenerative medicine, stem cell biology, molecular biology, tissue engineering, developmental biology, biochemistry, biophysics, bioinformatics, as well as big data sciences, complexity and soft computing.

Stress Biology Of Cyanobacteria

Author: Ashish Kumar Srivastava
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466504781
Size: 67.79 MB
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A significant component of many different ecosystems, cyanobacteria occupy almost every niche of the earth, including fresh and salt waters, rice fields, hot springs, arid deserts, and polar regions. Cyanobacteria, along with algae, produce nearly half the global oxygen, making assessment of their ecophysiologies important for understanding climate impacts and potential remediation. Stress Biology of Cyanobacteria: Molecular Mechanisms to Cellular Responses is a compilation of holistic responses of cyanobacteria, ranging from ecological and physiological to the modern aspects of their molecular biology, genomics, and biochemistry. Covering almost every aspect of cyanobacterial stress biology, this book is divided into two parts: Bioenergetics and Molecular Mechanisms of Stress Tolerance and Cellular Responses and Ecophysiology. The first few chapters focus on the molecular bioenergetics of photosynthesis and respiration in cyanobacteria, and provide a clear perspective on different stress tolerance mechanisms. Part I also covers the effect of specific stresses—including heavy metal, high and low temperature, salt, osmotic, and UV-B stress—on a wide range of vital physiological, biochemical, and molecular processes of cyanobacteria. Part II describes mechanisms of symbiosis, stress-induced bioproducts, and the role of environmental factors on nitrogen fixation, which along with photosynthesis is a major contributor to the current geochemical status of the planet. The text also covers mutation and cyanobacterial adaptation, and the most widely studied cyanotoxin, microcystin, which has effects on both human and animal health. With contributions from experts around the world, representing the global importance of cyanobacteria, this book provides a broad compilation of research that deals with cyanobacterial stress responses in both controlled laboratory conditions as well as in their natural environment.

Molecular Mechanisms In Bioenergetics

Author: L. Ernster
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080860831
Size: 42.79 MB
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This book summarises current knowledge of the structure, function,biosynthesis and regulation of energy-transducing enzymes inmitochondria, chloroplasts and bacteria. Each of the twenty chapters is written by top experts in their field, and Prof. Ernster has ensured that the book as a whole gives a well-integrated picture of the present state of knowledge of the field at its different levels and complexities. Since the publication of Bioenergetics edited by Lars Ernster in 1984, (New Comprehensive Biochemistry Vol. 9) the whole field of bioenergetics has undergone a tremendous expansion. Additionally a transition from membrane bioenergetics to molecular bioenergetics has accompanied this expansion - due mainly to the spectacular progress in the field of molecular biology over the past twenty years. Hence this volume, Molecular Mechanisms in Bioenergetics, is certain to be of interest, not only to the specialist in bioenergetics, but also to researchers working in the various fields of biophysics, biochemistry, molecular biology, genetics, cell biology and physiology. Also of interest, this volume contains an historical introduction, including a list of earlier publications relating to the history of bioenergetics.

Molecular To Global Photosynthesis

Author: Mary D Archer
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783261528
Size: 31.39 MB
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Green plants and photosynthetic organisms are the Earth's natural photoconverters of solar energy. In future, biomass and bioenergy will become increasingly significant energy sources, making a contribution both to carbon dioxide abatement and to the security, diversity and sustainability of global energy supplies. In this book, experts provide a series of authoritative chapters on the intricate mechanisms of photosynthesis and the potential for using and improving photosynthetic organisms, plants and trees to sequester carbon dioxide and to provide fuel and useful chemicals for the benefit of man. Contents:Photosynthesis and Photoconversion (J Barber & M D Archer)Light Absorption and Harvesting (A Holzwarth)Electron Transfer in Photosynthesis (W Leibl & P Mathis)Photosynthetic Carbon Assimilation (G E Edwards & D A Walker)Regulation of Photosynthesis in Higher Plants (D Godde & J F Bornman)The Role of Aquatic Photosynthesis in Solar Energy Conversion: A Geoevolutionary Perspective (P G Falkowski, R Geider & J A Raven)Useful Products from Algal Photosynthesis (R Martinez & Z Dubinsky)Hydrogen Production by Photosynthetic Microorganisms (V A Boichenko, E Greenbaum & M Seibert)Photoconversion and Energy Crops (M J Bullard)The Production of Biofuels by Thermal Chemical Processing of Biomass (A V Bridgwater & K Maniatis)Photosynthesis and the Global Carbon Cycle (D Schimel)Management of Terrestrial Vegetation to Mitigate Climate Change (R Tipper & R Carr)Biotechnology: Its Impact and Future Prospects (D J Murphy) Readership: Biologists, biochemists, plant scientists, environmentalists and ecologists.