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Molten Salts

Author: Marcelle Gaune-Escard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401004587
Size: 18.66 MB
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Several state-of-the-art applications of molten salts are presented, such as metal-molten salt systems, room temperature glass formation, and room temperature melts. Several recent examples of applications highlight the importance of molten salts in various industries (batteries, pyrochemical reprocessing of nuclear fuel, synthesis and catalysis). The basic concepts of the structure, dynamics, electrochemistry, interfacial and thermodynamic properties are detailed and relevant experimental methods described. Such fundamental concepts are essential for an in-depth understanding of the physicochemical properties of molten salts in general, including metal-molten salts, glass forming and low temperature melts. Experimental methods for investigating structural, dynamical, electrochemical thermodynamical and interfacial properties are detailed, as also are techniques for data collection and analysis. Scientists, engineers and technologists will find the volume a valuable reference source covering a wide spectrum of fundamental concepts and modern technologies.

Supercritical Fluids

Author: E. Kiran
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401139296
Size: 79.82 MB
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Supercritical fluids are neither gas nor liquid, but can be compressed gradually from low to high density and they are therefore interesting and important as tunable solvents and reaction media in the chemical process industry. By adjusting the density the properties of these fluids can be customised and manipulated for a given process - physical or chemical transformation. Separation and processing using supercritical solvents such as CO2 are currently on-line commercially in the food, essential oils and polymer industries. Many agencies and industries are considering the use of supercritical water for waste remediation. Supercritical fluid chromatography represents another, major analytical application. Significant advances have recently been made in materials processing, ranging from particle formation to the creation of porous materials. The chapters in this book provide tutorial accounts of topical areas centred around: (1) phase equilibria, thermodynamics and equations of state; (2) critical behaviour, crossover effects; (3) transport and interfacial properties; (4) molecular modelling, computer simulation; (5) reactions, spectroscopy; (6) phase separation kinetics; (7) extractions; (8) applications to polymers, pharmaceuticals, natural materials and chromatography; (9) process scale-up.

New Trends In Intercalation Compounds For Energy Storage

Author: Christian Julien
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401003890
Size: 68.95 MB
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Recent advances in electrochemistry and materials science have opened the way to the evolution of entirely new types of energy storage systems: rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, electrochroms, hydrogen containers, etc., all of which have greatly improved electrical performance and other desirable characteristics. This book encompasses all the disciplines linked in the progress from fundamentals to applications, from description and modelling of different materials to technological use, from general diagnostics to methods related to technological control and operation of intercalation compounds. Designing devices with higher specific energy and power will require a more profound understanding of material properties and performance. This book covers the status of materials and advanced activities based on the development of new substances for energy storage.

Electrochemical Technology Of Molten Salts

Author: C. A. C. Sequeira
Publisher: Trans Tech Publication
ISBN: 9780878496693
Size: 43.97 MB
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During the past several years there has been keen interest and activity in two fields of the fused salt chemistry, namely molten salt extractive metallurgy and high-temperature fuel cells.

Combined And Hybrid Adsorbents

Author: José M. Loureiro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402051700
Size: 44.99 MB
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Combined and Hybrid Adsorbents: Fundamentals and Applications, Kiev, Ukraine, 15-17 September 2005

Green Industrial Applications Of Ionic Liquids

Author: Robin D. Rogers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402011375
Size: 10.94 MB
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This book is entirely devoted to research in the area of ionic liquids, which are salts with melting points below 100°C. It explores the promise of ionic liquids and sets the research agenda for the field. With a distinct bias towards actual industrial R&D applications, the book is virtually a manifesto for the new age of Green Chemistry. The major industrial challenges to sustainability - the book's leitmotiv - are: reducing water use; increasing energy efficiency; reducing reliance of fossil fuel feedstocks; increasing use of renewables; including sustainability as a major economic criterion. Thereafter, the book goes on to consider precisely where ionic liquids can help in achieving this new vision, via new techniques, new processes, new reactions. The Safety/Health/Environment properties of the ionic liquids are also considered. Finally, it is clear that there needs to be a major increase in the number of workers studying ionic liquids if this promise of a new Green Chemistry is to be achieved.