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Moonshine Beyond The Monster

Author: Terry Gannon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139457804
Size: 71.72 MB
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This book was originally published in 2006. Moonshine forms a way of explaining the mysterious connection between the monster finite group and modular functions from classical number theory. The theory has evolved to describe the relationship between finite groups, modular forms and vertex operator algebras. Moonshine Beyond the Monster describes the general theory of Moonshine and its underlying concepts, emphasising the interconnections between mathematics and mathematical physics. Written in a clear and pedagogical style, this book is ideal for graduate students and researchers working in areas such as conformal field theory, string theory, algebra, number theory, geometry and functional analysis. Containing over a hundred exercises, it is also a suitable textbook for graduate courses on Moonshine and as supplementary reading for courses on conformal field theory and string theory.

Finite Simple Groups Thirty Years Of The Atlas And Beyond

Author: Manjul Bhargava
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470436787
Size: 61.34 MB
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Classification of Finite Simple Groups, one of the most monumental accomplishments of modern mathematics, was announced in 1983 with the proof completed in 2004. Since then, it has opened up a new and powerful strategy to approach and resolve many previously inaccessible problems in group theory, number theory, combinatorics, coding theory, algebraic geometry, and other areas of mathematics. This strategy crucially utilizes various information about finite simple groups, part of which is catalogued in the Atlas of Finite Groups (John H. Conway et al.), and in An Atlas of Brauer Characters (Christoph Jansen et al.). It is impossible to overestimate the roles of the Atlases and the related computer algebra systems in the everyday life of researchers in many areas of contemporary mathematics. The main objective of the conference was to discuss numerous applications of the Atlases and to explore recent developments and future directions of research, with focus on the interaction between computation and theory and applications to number theory and algebraic geometry. The papers in this volume are based on talks given at the conference. They present a comprehensive survey on current research in all of these fields.

Lie Algebras Vertex Operator Algebras And Their Applications

Author: James Lepowsky
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821839861
Size: 69.67 MB
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The articles in this book are based on talks given at the international conference ""Lie algebras, vertex operator algebras and their applications"", in honor of James Lepowsky and Robert Wilson on their sixtieth birthdays, held in May of 2005 at North Carolina State University. Some of the papers in this volume give inspiring expositions on the development and status of their respective research areas. Others outline and explore the challenges as well as the future directions of research for the twenty-first century. The focus of the papers in this volume is mainly on Lie algebras, quantum groups, vertex operator algebras and their applications to number theory, combinatorics and conformal field theory. This book is useful for graduate students and researchers in mathematics and mathematical physics who want to be introduced to different areas of current research or explore the frontiers of research in the areas mentioned above.

Classical Solutions In Quantum Field Theory

Author: Erick J. Weinberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139576372
Size: 11.20 MB
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Classical solutions play an important role in quantum field theory, high-energy physics and cosmology. Real-time soliton solutions give rise to particles, such as magnetic monopoles, and extended structures, such as domain walls and cosmic strings, that have implications for early universe cosmology. Imaginary-time Euclidean instantons are responsible for important nonperturbative effects, while Euclidean bounce solutions govern transitions between metastable states. Written for advanced graduate students and researchers in elementary particle physics, cosmology and related fields, this book brings the reader up to the level of current research in the field. The first half of the book discusses the most important classes of solitons: kinks, vortices and magnetic monopoles. The cosmological and observational constraints on these are covered, as are more formal aspects, including BPS solitons and their connection with supersymmetry. The second half is devoted to Euclidean solutions, with particular emphasis on Yang–Mills instantons and on bounce solutions.

String Math 2012

Author: Ron Donagi
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821894951
Size: 37.72 MB
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This volume contains the proceedings of the conference String-Math 2012, which was held July 16-21, 2012, at the Hausdorff Center for Mathematics, Universität Bonn. This was the second in a series of annual large meetings devoted to the interface of mathematics and string theory. These meetings have rapidly become the flagship conferences in the field. Topics include super Riemann surfaces and their super moduli, generalized moonshine and K3 surfaces, the latest developments in supersymmetric and topological field theory, localization techniques, applications to knot theory, and many more. The contributors include many leaders in the field, such as Sergio Cecotti, Matthias Gaberdiel, Rahul Pandharipande, Albert Schwarz, Anne Taormina, Johannes Walcher, Katrin Wendland, and Edward Witten. This book will be essential reading for researchers and students in this area and for all mathematicians and string theorists who want to update themselves on developments in the math-string interface.

Gravity And Strings

Author: Tomás Ortín
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316239578
Size: 29.36 MB
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Self-contained and comprehensive, this definitive new edition of Gravity and Strings is a unique resource for graduate students and researchers in theoretical physics. From basic differential geometry through to the construction and study of black-hole and black-brane solutions in quantum gravity - via all the intermediate stages - this book provides a complete overview of the intersection of gravity, supergravity, and superstrings. Now fully revised, this second edition covers an extensive array of topics, including new material on non-linear electric-magnetic duality, the electric-tensor formalism, matter-coupled supergravity, supersymmetric solutions, the geometries of scalar manifolds appearing in 4- and 5-dimensional supergravities, and much more. Covering reviews of important solutions and numerous solution-generating techniques, and accompanied by an exhaustive index and bibliography, this is an exceptional reference work.

Warum Ist E Mc2

Author: Brian Cox
Publisher: Kosmos
ISBN: 3440152065
Size: 31.53 MB
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E = mc2 ist die berühmteste Formel der Welt. Mit ihr brachte Einstein es auf den Punkt: Energie und Masse sind zwei Seiten derselben Medaille und die Lichtgeschwindigkeit c ist ihr Wechselkurs. Doch warum besteht dieses so einfache Verhältnis? Wie ist Albert Einstein zu diesem Schluss gekommen? Und welche Folgen für das Verständnis des Universums ergeben sich daraus? Brian Cox, Professor für Physik und in England durch seine Sendungen auf BBC sehr bekannt, hat sich zusammen mit seinem Kollegen Jeff Forshaw, Professor für theoretische Physik, die scheinbar einfache Einstein-Gleichung vorgenommen, um sie mit viel Energie ausführlich und verständlich zu erklären.