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Morality S Muddy Waters

Author: George Cotkin
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812222490
Size: 15.80 MB
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In the face of an uncertain and dangerous world, Americans yearn for a firm moral compass, a clear set of ethical guidelines. But as history shows, by reducing complex situations to simple cases of right or wrong we often go astray. In Morality's Muddy Waters, historian George Cotkin offers a clarion call on behalf of moral complexity. Revisiting several defining moments in the twentieth century—the American bombing of civilians during World War II, the My Lai massacre, racism in the South, capital punishment, the invasion of Iraq—Cotkin chronicles how historical figures have grappled with the problem of evil and moral responsibility—sometimes successfully, oftentimes not. In the process, he offers a wide-ranging tour of modern American history. Taken together, Cotkin maintains, these episodes reveal that the central concepts of morality—evil, empathy, and virtue—are both necessary and troubling. Without empathy, for example, we fail to inhabit the world of others; with it, we sometimes elevate individual suffering over political complexities. For Cotkin, close historical analysis may help reenergize these concepts for ethical thinking and acting. Morality's Muddy Waters argues for a moral turn in the way we study and think about history, maintaining that even when answers to ethical dilemmas prove elusive, the act of grappling with them is invaluable.

Just War Theory And Civilian Casualties

Author: Marcus Schulzke
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107189691
Size: 58.14 MB
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This book addresses the inadequacies of just war theory and international law regarding civilian rights, developing new principles of individual restorative justice.

Transatlantic Democracy In The Twentieth Century

Author: Paul Nolte
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110492792
Size: 60.99 MB
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Transatlantic Democracy in the Twentieth Century refers to much more than a US mission in Europe after the two world wars or the re-education of the German populace at the end of the country’s "Sonderweg." Following the Cold War and the apparent absolute victory of the Western model, the debate over democracy has been reinvigorated by the challenges of post-democracy and populism, thus reshaping our understanding of transatlantic history.

Situating Existentialism

Author: Jonathan Judaken
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231519672
Size: 22.29 MB
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This anthology provides a history of the systemization and canonization of existentialism, a quintessentially antisystemic mode of thought. Situating existentialism within the history of ideas, it features new readings on the most influential works in the existential canon, exploring their formative contexts and the cultural dialogues of which they were a part. Emphasizing the multidisciplinary and global nature of existential arguments, the chosen texts relate to philosophy, religion, literature, theater, and culture and reflect European, Russian, Latin American, African, and American strains of thought. Readings are grouped into three thematic categories: national contexts, existentialism and religion, and transcultural migrations that explore the reception of existentialism. The volume explains how literary giants such as Dostoevsky and Tolstoy were incorporated into the existentialist fold and how inclusion into the canon recast the work of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, and it describes the roles played by Jaspers and Heidegger in Germany and the Paris School of existentialism in France. Essays address not only frequently assigned works but also underappreciated discoveries, underscoring their vital relevance to contemporary critical debate. Designed to speak to a new generation's concerns, the collection deploys a diverse range of voices to interrogate the fundamental questions of the human condition.

Feast Of Excess

Author: George Cotkin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190218479
Size: 28.33 MB
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In 1952, John Cage shocked audiences with 4'33," his composition showcasing the power of silence. From Cage's minimalism to Chris Burden's radical performance art two decades later, the post-war avant-garde sought to liberate the art world by shattering the divide between high and low art. Feast of Excess presents an engaging and accessible portrait of the cultural extremism that emerged in the United States after World War II. This "New Sensibility," as termed by Susan Sontag, was predicated upon excess, pushing and often crossing boundaries whether in the direction of minimalism ormaximalism. Through brief vignette profiles of prominent figures in literature, music, visual art, poetry, theater and journalism, George Cotkin leads readers on a focused journey through the interconnected stories of prominent figures such as Andy Warhol, Anne Sexton, John Cage, John Coltrane, BobDylan, Erica Jong, and Chris Burden, among many others, who broke barriers between artist and audience with their bold, shocking, and headline-grabbing performances. This inventive narrative captures the sentiment of liberation from high and low culture in artistic endeavors spanning from the 1950s to the 1970s and reveals the establishment of excess in American culture as the norm. A detailed emersion in the history of cultural extremism, Feast of Excess leavesreaders to consider the provocative revelation that the essence of excess remains in our culture today, for good and ill.

Uncertain Empire

Author: Joel Isaac
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199986665
Size: 79.27 MB
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Historians have long understood that the notion of "the cold war" is richly metaphorical, if not paradoxical. The conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union was a war that fell ambiguously short of war, an armed truce that produced considerable bloodshed. Yet scholars in the rapidly expanding field of Cold War studies have seldom paused to consider the conceptual and chronological foundations of the idea of the Cold War itself. In Uncertain Empire, a group of leading scholars takes up the challenge of making sense of the idea of the Cold War and its application to the writing of American history. They interrogate the concept from a wide range of disciplinary vantage points--diplomatic history, the history of science, literary criticism, cultural history, and the history of religion--highlighting the diversity of methods and approaches in contemporary Cold War studies. Animating the volume as a whole is a question about the extent to which the Cold War was an American invention. Uncertain Empire brings debates over national, global, and transnational history into focus and offers students of the Cold War a new framework for considering recent developments in the field.

A Contest Of Ideas

Author: Nelson Lichtenstein
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780252037856
Size: 74.95 MB
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For more than thirty years Nelson Lichtenstein has deployed his scholarship - on labour, politics, and social thought - to chart the history and prospects of a progressive America. A Contest of Ideas collects and updates many of Lichtenstein's most provocative and controversial essays and reviews. These incisive writings link the fate of the labour movement to the transformations in the shape of world capitalism, to the rise of the civil rights movement, and to the activists and intellectuals who have played such important roles. Tracing broad patterns of political thought, Lichtenstein offers important perspectives on the relationship of labour and the state, the tensions that sometimes exist between a culture of rights and the idea of solidarity, and the rise of conservatism in politics, law, and intellectual life. The volume closes with portraits of five activist intellectuals whose work has been vital to the conflicts that engage the labour movement, public policy, and political culture.

Dive Deeper

Author: George Cotkin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199855757
Size: 40.73 MB
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Moby-Dick looms large - gargantuan in size, themes, symbols, and influence. Its deep dives, comedic interludes, adventurous journey, and surface effects demand a new approach. Instead of a traditional academic analysis, Dive Deeper grapples in novel fashion with this classic work. For each of the originals 135 chapters (along with Etymology, Extracts, and Epilogue), Dive Deeper has a corresponding brief chapter relating to themes and issues in the original. This permits Dive Deeper to follow the flow of the original and to bring forth new appreciation for the novel, its characters, and its readers. At once creative and informative, Dive Deeper captures the up and down history of the novel, from its original reception to its resurrection in the 1890s, to its ecoming the central work in the canon of American literature in the 1930s. Great books such as Moby-Dick live outside the confines of libraries. They occupy a central place in popular culture. Thus, Dive Deeper tracks the novel as it appears in various motion pictures (more than five major ones to date), comic routines and jokes, paintings, novels, songs (from rock to classical to rap), and in other cultural forms. In the process, Dive Deeper charts how, and why, this novel about a whale and its pursuer has captivated generations of American readers. And why it continues to do so today. Dive Deeper, then, is a creative and original way of approaching a great novel. Readers will gain information and a deeperunderstanding of an American classic and its place in popular culture.

Don T Tell Me What To Do

Author: Dave Heney
Publisher: Paulist Press
ISBN: 0809140748
Size: 71.90 MB
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A clearly written resource for people who want to quickly know what Catholics believe about a moral issue and why.

Ethics

Author: Steven M. Cahn
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195335965
Size: 20.41 MB
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The most comprehensive anthology of its kind, Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Fourth Edition, provides the breadth and the depth to accommodate a variety of courses in ethics and contemporary moral problems. Its readings - unabridged where possible - are organized into three parts, essentially offering three books under one cover. Part I, Historical Sources, presents influential ethical theories spanning 2,500 years of philosophical thought, beginning in ancient Greece with the ideas of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle and continuing through to the twentieth-century ideas of Camus and Sartre. Part II, Modern Ethical Theory, explores the theoretical issues concerning the nature of moral judgments, the resolution of moral disagreements, and the evaluation of moral theories through the perspectives of major contemporary philosophers, including Baier, Brandt, Foot, Harman, Williams, and Wolf. Finally, Part III, Contemporary Moral Problems, offers opportunities to apply the theories of the first two parts; it contains arguments for and against such issues as abortion, euthanasia, animal rights, and torture.