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Mozarabs In Medieval And Early Modern Spain

Author: Richard Hitchcock
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317093739
Size: 43.30 MB
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The setting of this volume is the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages, where Christianity and Islam co-existed side by side as the official religions of Muslim al-Andalus on the one hand, and the Christian kingdoms in the north of the peninsula on the other. Its purpose is to examine the meaning of the word 'Mozarab' and the history and nature of the people called by that name; it represents a synthesis of the author's many years of research and publication in this field. Richard Hitchcock first sets out to explain what being a non-Muslim meant in al-Andalus, both in the higher echelons of society and at a humbler level. The terms used by Arab chroniclers, when examined carefully, suggest a lesser preoccupation with purely religious values than hitherto appreciated. Mozarabism in León and Toledo, two notably distinct phenomena, are then considered at length, and there are two chapters exploring the issues that arose, firstly when Mozarabs were relocated in twelfth-century Aragón, and secondly, in sixteenth-century Toledo, when they were striving to retain their identity.

Der Islam

Author: Heinz Halm
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 340663396X
Size: 22.78 MB
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Mehr als 1,5 Milliarden Menschen – fast ein Viertel der Erdbevölkerung – bekennen sich zum Islam; mehr als vier Millionen Muslime leben in Deutschland. Der Islam ist allerdings kein uniformes Gebilde. Im Laufe seiner langen Geschichte hat er eine große Vielfalt von religiösen Richtungen, kultischen Praktiken und regionalen Sonderformen entwickelt. Der vorliegende Band schildert in knapper Zusammenfassung die grundlegenden historischen Entwicklungen des Islam, erklärt die zentralen Begriffe seiner Lehre und zeigt, wie der Islam der Gegenwart im Alltag funktioniert.

The Victors And The Vanquished

Author: Brian A. Catlos
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139453608
Size: 49.11 MB
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This is a revisionary study of Muslims living under Christian rule during the Spanish 'reconquest'. It looks beyond the obvious religious distinctions and delves into the subtleties of identity in the thirteenth-century Crown of Aragon, uncovering a social dynamic in which sectarian differences comprise only one of the many factors in the causal complex of political, economic and cultural reactions. Beginning with the final stage of independent Muslim rule in the Ebro valley region, the book traces the transformation of Islamic society into mudéjar society under Christian domination. This was a case of social evolution in which Muslims, far from being passive victims of foreign colonisation, took an active part in shaping their institutions and experiences as subjects of the Infidel. Using a diverse range of methodological approaches, this book challenges widely held assumptions concerning Christian-Muslim relations in the Middle Ages, and minority-majority relations in general.