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Multilevel Statistical Models

Author: Harvey Goldstein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111995682X
Size: 65.87 MB
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Throughout the social, medical and other sciences the importance of understanding complex hierarchical data structures is well understood. Multilevel modelling is now the accepted statistical technique for handling such data and is widely available in computer software packages. A thorough understanding of these techniques is therefore important for all those working in these areas. This new edition of Multilevel Statistical Models brings these techniques together, starting from basic ideas and illustrating how more complex models are derived. Bayesian methodology using MCMC has been extended along with new material on smoothing models, multivariate responses, missing data, latent normal transformations for discrete responses, structural equation modeling and survival models. Key Features: Provides a clear introduction and a comprehensive account of multilevel models. New methodological developments and applications are explored. Written by a leading expert in the field of multilevel methodology. Illustrated throughout with real-life examples, explaining theoretical concepts. This book is suitable as a comprehensive text for postgraduate courses, as well as a general reference guide. Applied statisticians in the social sciences, economics, biological and medical disciplines will find this book beneficial.

Handbook Of Regression Methods

Author: Derek Scott Young
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351650742
Size: 34.13 MB
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Handbook of Regression Methods concisely covers numerous traditional, contemporary, and nonstandard regression methods. The handbook provides a broad overview of regression models, diagnostic procedures, and inference procedures, with emphasis on how these methods are applied. The organization of the handbook benefits both practitioners and researchers, who seek either to obtain a quick understanding of regression methods for specialized problems or to expand their own breadth of knowledge of regression topics. This handbook covers classic material about simple linear regression and multiple linear regression, including assumptions, effective visualizations, and inference procedures. It presents an overview of advanced diagnostic tests, remedial strategies, and model selection procedures. Finally, many chapters are devoted to a diverse range of topics, including censored regression, nonlinear regression, generalized linear models, and semiparametric regression. Features Presents a concise overview of a wide range of regression topics not usually covered in a single text Includes over 80 examples using nearly 70 real datasets, with results obtained using R Offers a Shiny app containing all examples, thus allowing access to the source code and the ability to interact with the analyses

Neighborhoods And Health

Author: Ichiro Kawachi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199747924
Size: 27.24 MB
Format: PDF
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Do places make a difference to people's health and well-being? The authors of this groundbreaking textbook demonstrate convincingly how the physical and social characteristics of a neighborhood can shape the health of its residents. Drawing on the expertise of a renowned cast of researchers, this book presents a state-of-the art account of the theories, methods, and empirical evidence linking neighborhood conditions to population health. Represented in the volume are contributions from the world's leading investigators in the field, including social epidemiologists, demographers, medical geographers, sociologists, and medical practitioners. This comprehensive textbook lays out for the first time the methodological approaches to conducting neighborhood research, including multi-level and contextual analysis, geocoding and the use of small area-based measures of deprivation, as well as the evolving science of "ecometrics." Substantive chapters present the case for the relevance of neighborhood effects on health outcomes throughout the life cycle, from infant mortality and low birthweight, to childhood asthma, adult infectious diseases, and disability in old age. The approaches covered in the book range from testing the linkages between community-level variables, such as social capital and residential segregation, and population health to designing and implementing community interventions and policies to improve the health of the public. The book is a timely companion volume to Social Epidemiology (Oxford University Press, 2000), edited by the same authors, and an indispensable manual on neighborhood research for students, researchers, and practitioners.

Encyclopedia Of Health And Behavior

Author: Norman B. Anderson
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452265488
Size: 62.85 MB
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This Encyclopedia was designed with the overarching goal to collect together in a single resource the knowledge generated by this interdisciplinary field, highlighting the links between science and practice. In it, scholars, health care practitioners and the general public will find a wealth of information on topics such as physical activity, stress and health, smoking, pain management, social support and health, cardiovascular health, health promotion, and HIV/AIDS. This two-volume set includes more than 200 entries on topics covering all aspects of health and behavior. In addition, the Encyclopedia of Health and Behavior includes a comprehensive set of additional resources with entries on selected organizations and an appendix with a detailed annotated listing of such organizations as well as Web sites of interest.

Multilevel Modelling Of Health Statistics

Author: A. H. Leyland
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471998907
Size: 69.81 MB
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Multilevel modelling facilitates the analysis of hierarchical data where observations may be nested within higher levels of classification. In health care research, for example, a study may be undertaken to determine the variability of patient outcomes where these also vary by hospital or health care region. Inference can then be made on the efficacy of health care practices. This book provides the reader with the analytical techniques required to study such data sets. * First book to focus on multilevel modelling for health and medical research * Covers the majority of analytical techniques required by health care professionals * Unifies the literature on multilevel modelling for medical and health researchers * Each contribution comes from a specialist in that area Guiding the reader through various stages, from a basic introduction through to methodological extensions and generalised linear models, this test will show how various kinds of data can be analysed in a multilevel framework. Important statistical concepts, such as sampling and outliers, are covered specifically for multilevel data. Repeated measures, outliers, institutional performance, and spatial analysis, which have great relevance to health and medical research, are all examined for multilevel models. The book is aimed at health care professionals and public health researchers interested in the application of statistics, and will also be of interest to postgraduate students studying medical statistics. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics

Nonparametric Statistical Methods

Author: Myles Hollander
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118553292
Size: 20.36 MB
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Praise for the Second Edition “This book should be an essential part of the personallibrary of every practicingstatistician.”—Technometrics Thoroughly revised and updated, the new edition of NonparametricStatistical Methods includes additional modern topics andprocedures, more practical data sets, and new problems fromreal-life situations. The book continues to emphasize theimportance of nonparametric methods as a significant branch ofmodern statistics and equips readers with the conceptual andtechnical skills necessary to select and apply the appropriateprocedures for any given situation. Written by leading statisticians, Nonparametric StatisticalMethods, Third Edition provides readers with crucialnonparametric techniques in a variety of settings, emphasizing theassumptions underlying the methods. The book provides an extensivearray of examples that clearly illustrate how to use nonparametricapproaches for handling one- or two-sample location and dispersionproblems, dichotomous data, and one-way and two-way layoutproblems. In addition, the Third Edition features: The use of the freely available R software to aid incomputation and simulation, including many new R programs writtenexplicitly for this new edition New chapters that address density estimation, wavelets,smoothing, ranked set sampling, and Bayesian nonparametrics Problems that illustrate examples from agricultural science,astronomy, biology, criminology, education, engineering,environmental science, geology, home economics, medicine,oceanography, physics, psychology, sociology, and spacescience Nonparametric Statistical Methods, Third Edition is anexcellent reference for applied statisticians and practitioners whoseek a review of nonparametric methods and their relevantapplications. The book is also an ideal textbook forupper-undergraduate and first-year graduate courses in appliednonparametric statistics.

Kendall S Library Of Statistics 9

Author: Harvey Goldstein
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780340806555
Size: 33.38 MB
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It is now generally recognised in many areas of the social, medical and other sciences that statistical data typically have complex hierarchical or multilevel structures in which individuals are grouped together in communities or institutions. This grouping affects their behaviour and multilevel modelling is now the accepted statistical technique for the analysis of this type of data. An understanding of these methods is vital for researchers in fields such as education, epidemiology, geography, child growth and social surveys, among others. This new edition brings the book fully up to date, explaining important new developments such as the use of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods, bootstrapping and mulitvariate models. The book has been completely restructured for this third edition and extra space has been given to discussion of key issues such as missing data, measurement errors and multivariate models. Real-life examples are used throughout to illustrate clearly the theoretical concepts.

Bayesian Statistical Modelling

Author: Peter Congdon
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470035935
Size: 24.38 MB
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Bayesian methods combine the evidence from the data at hand with previous quantitative knowledge to analyse practical problems in a wide range of areas. The calculations were previously complex, but it is now possible to routinely apply Bayesian methods due to advances in computing technology and the use of new sampling methods for estimating parameters. Such developments together with the availability of freeware such as WINBUGS and R have facilitated a rapid growth in the use of Bayesian methods, allowing their application in many scientific disciplines, including applied statistics, public health research, medical science, the social sciences and economics. Following the success of the first edition, this reworked and updated book provides an accessible approach to Bayesian computing and analysis, with an emphasis on the principles of prior selection, identification and the interpretation of real data sets. The second edition: Provides an integrated presentation of theory, examples, applications and computer algorithms. Discusses the role of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods in computing and estimation. Includes a wide range of interdisciplinary applications, and a large selection of worked examples from the health and social sciences. Features a comprehensive range of methodologies and modelling techniques, and examines model fitting in practice using Bayesian principles. Provides exercises designed to help reinforce the reader’s knowledge and a supplementary website containing data sets and relevant programs. Bayesian Statistical Modelling is ideal for researchers in applied statistics, medical science, public health and the social sciences, who will benefit greatly from the examples and applications featured. The book will also appeal to graduate students of applied statistics, data analysis and Bayesian methods, and will provide a great source of reference for both researchers and students. Praise for the First Edition: “It is a remarkable achievement to have carried out such a range of analysis on such a range of data sets. I found this book comprehensive and stimulating, and was thoroughly impressed with both the depth and the range of the discussions it contains.” – ISI - Short Book Reviews “This is an excellent introductory book on Bayesian modelling techniques and data analysis” – Biometrics “The book fills an important niche in the statistical literature and should be a very valuable resource for students and professionals who are utilizing Bayesian methods.” – Journal of Mathematical Psychology

Applied Mixed Models In Medicine

Author: Helen Brown
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118778243
Size: 51.44 MB
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A fully updated edition of this key text on mixed models,focusing on applications in medical research The application of mixed models is an increasingly popular wayof analysing medical data, particularly in the pharmaceuticalindustry. A mixed model allows the incorporation of both fixed andrandom variables within a statistical analysis, enabling efficientinferences and more information to be gained from the data. Therehave been many recent advances in mixed modelling, particularlyregarding the software and applications. This third edition ofBrown and Prescott’s groundbreaking text provides an updateon the latest developments, and includes guidance on the use ofcurrent SAS techniques across a wide range of applications. Presents an overview of the theory and applications of mixedmodels in medical research, including the latest developments andnew sections on incomplete block designs and the analysis ofbilateral data. Easily accessible to practitioners in any area where mixedmodels are used, including medical statisticians andeconomists. Includes numerous examples using real data from medical andhealth research, and epidemiology, illustrated with SAS code andoutput. Features the new version of SAS, including new graphics formodel diagnostics and the procedure PROC MCMC. Supported by a website featuring computer code, data sets, andfurther material. This third edition will appeal to applied statisticians workingin medical research and the pharmaceutical industry, as well asteachers and students of statistics courses in mixed models. Thebook will also be of great value to a broad range of scientists,particularly those working in the medical and pharmaceuticalareas.