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Kendall S Library Of Statistics 9

Author: Harvey Goldstein
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780340806555
Size: 22.59 MB
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It is now generally recognised in many areas of the social, medical and other sciences that statistical data typically have complex hierarchical or multilevel structures in which individuals are grouped together in communities or institutions. This grouping affects their behaviour and multilevel modelling is now the accepted statistical technique for the analysis of this type of data. An understanding of these methods is vital for researchers in fields such as education, epidemiology, geography, child growth and social surveys, among others. This new edition brings the book fully up to date, explaining important new developments such as the use of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods, bootstrapping and mulitvariate models. The book has been completely restructured for this third edition and extra space has been given to discussion of key issues such as missing data, measurement errors and multivariate models. Real-life examples are used throughout to illustrate clearly the theoretical concepts.

Multilevel Statistical Models

Author: Harvey Goldstein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111995682X
Size: 64.61 MB
Format: PDF
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Throughout the social, medical and other sciences the importance of understanding complex hierarchical data structures is well understood. Multilevel modelling is now the accepted statistical technique for handling such data and is widely available in computer software packages. A thorough understanding of these techniques is therefore important for all those working in these areas. This new edition of Multilevel Statistical Models brings these techniques together, starting from basic ideas and illustrating how more complex models are derived. Bayesian methodology using MCMC has been extended along with new material on smoothing models, multivariate responses, missing data, latent normal transformations for discrete responses, structural equation modeling and survival models. Key Features: Provides a clear introduction and a comprehensive account of multilevel models. New methodological developments and applications are explored. Written by a leading expert in the field of multilevel methodology. Illustrated throughout with real-life examples, explaining theoretical concepts. This book is suitable as a comprehensive text for postgraduate courses, as well as a general reference guide. Applied statisticians in the social sciences, economics, biological and medical disciplines will find this book beneficial.

Multilevel Modelling Of Health Statistics

Author: A. H. Leyland
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471998907
Size: 69.36 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Multilevel modelling facilitates the analysis of hierarchical data where observations may be nested within higher levels of classification. In health care research, for example, a study may be undertaken to determine the variability of patient outcomes where these also vary by hospital or health care region. Inference can then be made on the efficacy of health care practices. This book provides the reader with the analytical techniques required to study such data sets. * First book to focus on multilevel modelling for health and medical research * Covers the majority of analytical techniques required by health care professionals * Unifies the literature on multilevel modelling for medical and health researchers * Each contribution comes from a specialist in that area Guiding the reader through various stages, from a basic introduction through to methodological extensions and generalised linear models, this test will show how various kinds of data can be analysed in a multilevel framework. Important statistical concepts, such as sampling and outliers, are covered specifically for multilevel data. Repeated measures, outliers, institutional performance, and spatial analysis, which have great relevance to health and medical research, are all examined for multilevel models. The book is aimed at health care professionals and public health researchers interested in the application of statistics, and will also be of interest to postgraduate students studying medical statistics. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics

Bayesian Statistical Modelling

Author: Peter Congdon
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470035935
Size: 16.77 MB
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Bayesian methods combine the evidence from the data at hand with previous quantitative knowledge to analyse practical problems in a wide range of areas. The calculations were previously complex, but it is now possible to routinely apply Bayesian methods due to advances in computing technology and the use of new sampling methods for estimating parameters. Such developments together with the availability of freeware such as WINBUGS and R have facilitated a rapid growth in the use of Bayesian methods, allowing their application in many scientific disciplines, including applied statistics, public health research, medical science, the social sciences and economics. Following the success of the first edition, this reworked and updated book provides an accessible approach to Bayesian computing and analysis, with an emphasis on the principles of prior selection, identification and the interpretation of real data sets. The second edition: Provides an integrated presentation of theory, examples, applications and computer algorithms. Discusses the role of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods in computing and estimation. Includes a wide range of interdisciplinary applications, and a large selection of worked examples from the health and social sciences. Features a comprehensive range of methodologies and modelling techniques, and examines model fitting in practice using Bayesian principles. Provides exercises designed to help reinforce the reader’s knowledge and a supplementary website containing data sets and relevant programs. Bayesian Statistical Modelling is ideal for researchers in applied statistics, medical science, public health and the social sciences, who will benefit greatly from the examples and applications featured. The book will also appeal to graduate students of applied statistics, data analysis and Bayesian methods, and will provide a great source of reference for both researchers and students. Praise for the First Edition: “It is a remarkable achievement to have carried out such a range of analysis on such a range of data sets. I found this book comprehensive and stimulating, and was thoroughly impressed with both the depth and the range of the discussions it contains.” – ISI - Short Book Reviews “This is an excellent introductory book on Bayesian modelling techniques and data analysis” – Biometrics “The book fills an important niche in the statistical literature and should be a very valuable resource for students and professionals who are utilizing Bayesian methods.” – Journal of Mathematical Psychology

Applied Regression Analysis

Author: Norman R. Draper
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118625684
Size: 37.79 MB
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An outstanding introduction to the fundamentals of regression analysis-updated and expanded The methods of regression analysis are the most widely used statistical tools for discovering the relationships among variables. This classic text, with its emphasis on clear, thorough presentation of concepts and applications, offers a complete, easily accessible introduction to the fundamentals of regression analysis. Assuming only a basic knowledge of elementary statistics, Applied Regression Analysis, Third Edition focuses on the fitting and checking of both linear and nonlinear regression models, using small and large data sets, with pocket calculators or computers. This Third Edition features separate chapters on multicollinearity, generalized linear models, mixture ingredients, geometry of regression, robust regression, and resampling procedures. Extensive support materials include sets of carefully designed exercises with full or partial solutions and a series of true/false questions with answers. All data sets used in both the text and the exercises can be found on the companion disk at the back of the book. For analysts, researchers, and students in university, industrial, and government courses on regression, this text is an excellent introduction to the subject and an efficient means of learning how to use a valuable analytical tool. It will also prove an invaluable reference resource for applied scientists and statisticians.

Latent Curve Models

Author: Kenneth A. Bollen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047145592X
Size: 78.79 MB
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An effective technique for data analysis in the social sciences The recent explosion in longitudinal data in the social scienceshighlights the need for this timely publication. Latent CurveModels: A Structural Equation Perspective provides an effectivetechnique to analyze latent curve models (LCMs). This type of datafeatures random intercepts and slopes that permit each case in asample to have a different trajectory over time. Furthermore,researchers can include variables to predict the parametersgoverning these trajectories. The authors synthesize a vast amount of research and findingsand, at the same time, provide original results. The book analyzesLCMs from the perspective of structural equation models (SEMs) withlatent variables. While the authors discuss simple regression-basedprocedures that are useful in the early stages of LCMs, most of thepresentation uses SEMs as a driving tool. This cutting-edge workincludes some of the authors' recent work on the autoregressivelatent trajectory model, suggests new models for method factors inmultiple indicators, discusses repeated latent variable models, andestablishes the identification of a variety of LCMs. This text has been thoroughly class-tested and makes extensiveuse of pedagogical tools to aid readers in mastering and applyingLCMs quickly and easily to their own data sets. Key featuresinclude: Chapter introductions and summaries that provide a quickoverview of highlights Empirical examples provided throughout that allow readers totest their newly found knowledge and discover practicalapplications Conclusions at the end of each chapter that stress theessential points that readers need to understand for advancement tomore sophisticated topics Extensive footnoting that points the way to the primaryliterature for more information on particular topics With its emphasis on modeling and the use of numerous examples,this is an excellent book for graduate courses in latent trajectorymodels as well as a supplemental text for courses in structuralmodeling. This book is an excellent aid and reference forresearchers in quantitative social and behavioral sciences who needto analyze longitudinal data.

Applied Bayesian Modelling

Author: Peter Congdon
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471486954
Size: 25.64 MB
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The use of Bayesian statistics has grown significantly in recent years, and will undoubtedly continue to do so. Applied Bayesian Modelling is the follow-up to the author’s best selling book, Bayesian Statistical Modelling, and focuses on the potential applications of Bayesian techniques in a wide range of important topics in the social and health sciences. The applications are illustrated through many real-life examples and software implementation in WINBUGS – a popular software package that offers a simplified and flexible approach to statistical modelling. The book gives detailed explanations for each example – explaining fully the choice of model for each particular problem. The book · Provides a broad and comprehensive account of applied Bayesian modelling. · Describes a variety of model assessment methods and the flexibility of Bayesian prior specifications. · Covers many application areas, including panel data models, structural equation and other multivariate structure models, spatial analysis, survival analysis and epidemiology. · Provides detailed worked examples in WINBUGS to illustrate the practical application of the techniques described. All WINBUGS programs are available from an ftp site. The book provides a good introduction to Bayesian modelling and data analysis for a wide range of people involved in applied statistical analysis, including researchers and students from statistics, and the health and social sciences. The wealth of examples makes this book an ideal reference for anyone involved in statistical modelling and analysis.

Introducing Multilevel Modeling

Author: Ita G G Kreft
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446230923
Size: 78.42 MB
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This is the first accessible and practical guide to using multilevel models in social research. Multilevel approaches are becoming increasingly important in social, behavioural, and educational research and it is clear from recent developments that such models are seen as being more realistic, and potentially more revealing, than ordinary regression models. While other books describe these multilevel models in considerable detail none focuses on the practical issues and potential problems of doing multilevel analyses that are covered in Introducing Multilevel Modeling. The authors' approach is user-oriented and the formal mathematics and statistics are kept to a minimum. Other key features include the use of worked examples using real data sets, analyzed using the leading computer package for multilevel modeling - "MLn." Discussion site at: http: \\www.stat.ucla.edu\phplib\w-agora\w-agora.phtml?bn=Sagebook Data files mentioned in the book are available from: http: \\www.stat.ucla.edu\ deleeuw\sagebook

Applied Regression Modeling

Author: Iain Pardoe
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118345045
Size: 65.95 MB
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Praise for the First Edition "The attention to detail is impressive. The book is very well written and the author is extremely careful with his descriptions . . . the examples are wonderful." —The American Statistician Fully revised to reflect the latest methodologies and emerging applications, Applied Regression Modeling, Second Edition continues to highlight the benefits of statistical methods, specifically regression analysis and modeling, for understanding, analyzing, and interpreting multivariate data in business, science, and social science applications. The author utilizes a bounty of real-life examples, case studies, illustrations, and graphics to introduce readers to the world of regression analysis using various software packages, including R, SPSS, Minitab, SAS, JMP, and S-PLUS. In a clear and careful writing style, the book introduces modeling extensions that illustrate more advanced regression techniques, including logistic regression, Poisson regression, discrete choice models, multilevel models, and Bayesian modeling. In addition, the Second Edition features clarification and expansion of challenging topics, such as: Transformations, indicator variables, and interaction Testing model assumptions Nonconstant variance Autocorrelation Variable selection methods Model building and graphical interpretation Throughout the book, datasets and examples have been updated and additional problems are included at the end of each chapter, allowing readers to test their comprehension of the presented material. In addition, a related website features the book's datasets, presentation slides, detailed statistical software instructions, and learning resources including additional problems and instructional videos. With an intuitive approach that is not heavy on mathematical detail, Applied Regression Modeling, Second Edition is an excellent book for courses on statistical regression analysis at the upper-undergraduate and graduate level. The book also serves as a valuable resource for professionals and researchers who utilize statistical methods for decision-making in their everyday work.

Statistical Inference For Fractional Diffusion Processes

Author: B. L. S. Prakasa Rao
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470975768
Size: 24.83 MB
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Stochastic processes are widely used for model building in the social, physical, engineering and life sciences as well as in financial economics. In model building, statistical inference for stochastic processes is of great importance from both a theoretical and an applications point of view. This book deals with Fractional Diffusion Processes and statistical inference for such stochastic processes. The main focus of the book is to consider parametric and nonparametric inference problems for fractional diffusion processes when a complete path of the process over a finite interval is observable. Key features: Introduces self-similar processes, fractional Brownian motion and stochastic integration with respect to fractional Brownian motion. Provides a comprehensive review of statistical inference for processes driven by fractional Brownian motion for modelling long range dependence. Presents a study of parametric and nonparametric inference problems for the fractional diffusion process. Discusses the fractional Brownian sheet and infinite dimensional fractional Brownian motion. Includes recent results and developments in the area of statistical inference of fractional diffusion processes. Researchers and students working on the statistics of fractional diffusion processes and applied mathematicians and statisticians involved in stochastic process modelling will benefit from this book.