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Multiple Attribute Decision Making

Author: Ching-Lai Hwang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642483186
Size: 18.82 MB
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This mono graph is intended for an advanced undergraduate or graduate course as weIl as for the researchers who want a compilation of developments in this rapidly growing field of operations research. This is a sequel to our previous work entitled "Multiple Objective Decision Making--Methods and Applications: A State-of-the-Art Survey," (No. 164 of the Lecture Notes). The literature on methods and applications of Multiple Attribute Decision Making (MADM) has been reviewed and classified systematically. This study provides readers with a capsule look into the existing methods, their char acteristics, and applicability to analysis of MADM problems. The basic MADM concepts are defined and a standard notation is introduced in Part 11. Also introduced are foundations such as models for MADM, trans formation of attributes, fuzzy decision rules, and methods for assessing weight. A system of classifying seventeen major MADM methods is presented. These methods have been proposed by researchers in diversified disciplines; half of them are classical ones, but the other half have appeared recently. The basic concept, the computational procedure, and the characteristics of each of these methods are presented concisely in Part 111. The computational procedure of each method is illustrated by solving a simple numerical example. Part IV of the survey deals with the applications of these MADM methods.

Nonrecursive Causal Models

Author: William D. Berry
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780803922655
Size: 34.61 MB
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Where an assumption of unidirectionality in causal effects is unrealistic, 'recursive' models cannot be used, and more complex 'nonrecursive' models are necessary. Unfortunately, many nonrecursive models (unlike recursive models) are 'unidentified', which makes meaningful parameter estimation impossible. Even when they are identified, it would be inappropriate to use OLS regression techniques (appropriate for recursive models) for the purpose of estimation. The concept of identification, and the factors that lead to it are explained; and various tests for determination are provided. Illustrations from a variety of social science disciplines are used throughout the book.

Multiple Attribute Decision Making

Author: K. Paul Yoon
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780803954861
Size: 58.98 MB
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This volume offers social scientists a concise overview of multiple attribute decision making (MADM) methods, their characteristics and applicability and methods for solving MADM problems. Real world examples are used to introduce the reader to normative models for optimal decisions. The authors explore how MADM methods can be used for descriptive purposes to model: the existing decision-making process; noncompensatory and scoring methods; accommodation of soft data; construction of a multiple-decision support systems; and the validity of methods. The advanced procedures of TOPSIS and ELECTRE are also presented.

New Frontiers Of Decision Making For The Information Technology Era

Author: Yong Shi
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810242992
Size: 60.68 MB
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The volume provides users and developers of the IT/S (information technology and systems) with information about the advances in decision making and decision-making support that empower and enable information technology in the direction of productivity and effectiveness of decision making in business. The chapters have been written by well-known international experts in decision making and they explore the frontiers of decision making in the era of IT/S. The book is intended to serve as a research source, scientific reference and business support source, as well as a book of student readings that will appeal to a larger international audience.

Multi Criteria Decision Analysis

Author: Alessio Ishizaka
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118644913
Size: 51.62 MB
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This book presents an introduction to MCDA followed by more detailed chapters about each of the leading methods used in this field. Comparison of methods and software is also featured to enable readers to choose the most appropriate method needed in their research. Worked examples as well as the software featured in the book are available on an accompanying website.

Analyzing Decision Making

Author: Jordan J. Louviere
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780803927575
Size: 46.16 MB
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This volume introduces the theory, method, and applications of one type of conjoint analysis technique. These techniques are used to study individual judgement and decision processes. Based upon Information Integration Theory, metric conjoint analysis allows for evaluation of multi-attribute alternatives based on interval level data. The model, which justifies use of metric conjoint methods and the statistical techniques drawn from it, are the core of this monograph. Also described are applications of the model in marketing, psychology, economics, sociology, planning, and other disciplines, all of which relate to forecasting the decision-making behavior of individuals.

A Professional S Guide To Decision Science And Problem Solving

Author: Frank A. Tillman
Publisher: FT Press
ISBN: 0132869780
Size: 27.73 MB
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A powerful, flexible, integrated framework for effective problem solving and decision making that serves the company's objectives and goals. * *A logical, flexible, well-structured approach to assessing issues, developing solutions, and making decisions that drive achievement of business objectives. *By two leading practitioners, consultants, and researchers in operations management and decision science. *Three chapter-length case studies show how this book's methods can be adapted and applied in a wide range of environments. This professional reference provides an integrated framework for problem solving and decision making in corporations. Drawing on vast experience in the field, the authors show how to apply state-of-the-art decision science, statistical modeling, benchmarking, and processing modeling techniques together to create a robust analytical framework for better decision making in any field that relies on advanced operations management. They integrate both newlydeveloped and time-tested techniques into a logical, structured approach for assessing corporate issues, developing solutions, and making decisions that drive the successful achievement of corporate objectives. Coverage includes: defining objectives, exploring the environment; scoping problems and evaluating their importance; bringing data mining and statistical analysis to bear; solving problems and measuring the results; evaluating the results and performing sensitivity analysis, and more. The book concludes with three case study chapters that walk through the effective use of its methods, step-by-step. Representing a wide variety of corporate environments, these case studies underscore and demonstrate the method's exceptional adaptability. This book will be valuable in a wide range of industries, notably finance, pharmaceutical, healthcare, economics, and manufacturing.

Multiple Attribute Decision Making

Author: Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439861579
Size: 47.37 MB
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Decision makers are often faced with several conflicting alternatives. How do they evaluate trade-offs when there are more than three criteria? To help people make optimal decisions, scholars in the discipline of multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) continue to develop new methods for structuring preferences and determining the correct relative weights for criteria. A compilation of modern decision-making techniques, Multiple Attribute Decision Making: Methods and Applications focuses on the fuzzy set approach to multiple attribute decision making (MADM). Drawing on their experience, the authors bring together current methods and real-life applications of MADM techniques for decision analysis. They also propose a novel hybrid MADM model that combines DEMATEL and analytic network process (ANP) with VIKOR procedures. The first part of the book focuses on the theory of each method and includes examples that can be calculated without a computer, providing a complete understanding of the procedures. Methods include the analytic hierarchy process (AHP), ANP, simple additive weighting method, ELECTRE, PROMETHEE, the gray relational model, fuzzy integral technique, rough sets, and the structural model. Integrating theory and practice, the second part of the book illustrates how methods can be used to solve real-world MADM problems. Applications covered in the book include: AHP to select planning and design services for a construction project TOPSIS and VIKOR to evaluate the best alternative-fuel vehicles for urban areas ELECTRE to solve network design problems in urban transportation planning PROMETEE to set priorities for the development of new energy systems, from solar thermal to hydrogen energy Fuzzy integrals to evaluate enterprise intranet web sites Rough sets to make decisions in insurance marketing Helping readers understand how to apply MADM techniques to their decision making, this book is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students as well as practitioners.

Artificial Intelligence Applications And Innovations

Author: Harris Papadopoulos
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642162398
Size: 43.82 MB
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The abundance of information and increase in computing power currently enable researchers to tackle highly complicated and challenging computational problems. Solutions to such problems are now feasible using advances and innovations from the area of Artificial Intelligence. The general focus of the AIAI conference is to provide insights on how Artificial Intelligence may be applied in real-world situations and serve the study, analysis and modeling of theoretical and practical issues. This volume contains papers selected for presentation at the 6th IFIP Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations (AIAI 2010) and held in Larnaca, Cyprus, during October 6–7, 2010. IFIP AIAI 2010 was co-organized by the University of Cyprus and the Cyprus University of Technology and was sponsored by the Cyprus University of Technology, Frederick University and the Cyprus Tourism Organization. AIAI 2010 is the official conference of the WG12.5 “Artificial Intel- gence Applications” working group of IFIP TC12, the International Federation for Information Processing Technical Committee on Artificial Intelligence (AI). AIAI is a conference that grows in significance every year attracting researchers from different countries around the globe. It maintains high quality, standards and welcomes research papers describing technical advances and engineering and ind- trial applications of intelligent systems. AIAI 2010 was not confined to introducing how AI may be applied in real-life situations, but also included innovative methods, techniques, tools and ideas of AI expressed at the algorithmic or systemic level.

Applications Of Evolutionary Computing

Author: Mario Giacobini
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642011292
Size: 68.14 MB
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The year 2009 celebrates the bicentenary of Darwin’s birth and the 150th - niversary of the publication of his seminal work, On the Origin of Species.If this makes 2009 a special year for the research community working in biology and evolution, the ?eld of evolutionary computation (EC) also shares the same excitement. EC techniques are e?cient, nature-inspired planning and optimi- tion methods based on the principles of natural evolution and genetics. Due to their e?ciency and simple underlying principles, these methods can be used in the context of problem solving, optimization, and machine learning. A large and ever-increasing number of researchers and professionals make use of EC te- niques in various application domains. ThisvolumepresentsacarefulselectionofrelevantECapplicationscombined with a thorough examination of the techniques used in EC. The papers in the volume illustrate the current state of the art in the application of EC and can help and inspire researchers and professionals to develop e?cient EC methods for design and problem solving.