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Multiple Testing Problems In Pharmaceutical Statistics

Author: Alex Dmitrienko
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584889854
Size: 22.40 MB
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Useful Statistical Approaches for Addressing Multiplicity Issues Includes practical examples from recent trials Bringing together leading statisticians, scientists, and clinicians from the pharmaceutical industry, academia, and regulatory agencies, Multiple Testing Problems in Pharmaceutical Statistics explores the rapidly growing area of multiple comparison research with an emphasis on pharmaceutical applications. In each chapter, the expert contributors describe important multiplicity problems encountered in pre-clinical and clinical trial settings. The book begins with a broad introduction from a regulatory perspective to different types of multiplicity problems that commonly arise in confirmatory controlled clinical trials, before giving an overview of the concepts, principles, and procedures of multiple testing. It then presents statistical methods for analyzing clinical dose response studies that compare several dose levels with a control as well as statistical methods for analyzing multiple endpoints in clinical trials. After covering gatekeeping procedures for testing hierarchically ordered hypotheses, the book discusses statistical approaches for the design and analysis of adaptive designs and related confirmatory hypothesis testing problems. The final chapter focuses on the design of pharmacogenomic studies based on established statistical principles. It also describes the analysis of data collected in these studies, taking into account the numerous multiplicity issues that occur. This volume explains how to solve critical issues in multiple testing encountered in pre-clinical and clinical trial applications. It presents the necessary statistical methodology, along with examples and software code to show how to use the methods in practice.

Biopharmaceutical Applied Statistics Symposium

Author: Karl E. Peace
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811078203
Size: 16.86 MB
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This BASS book Series publishes selected high-quality papers reflecting recent advances in the design and biostatistical analysis of biopharmaceutical experiments – particularly biopharmaceutical clinical trials. The papers were selected from invited presentations at the Biopharmaceutical Applied Statistics Symposium (BASS), which was founded by the first Editor in 1994 and has since become the premier international conference in biopharmaceutical statistics. The primary aims of the BASS are: 1) to raise funding to support graduate students in biostatistics programs, and 2) to provide an opportunity for professionals engaged in pharmaceutical drug research and development to share insights into solving the problems they encounter. The BASS book series is initially divided into three volumes addressing: 1) Design of Clinical Trials; 2) Biostatistical Analysis of Clinical Trials; and 3) Pharmaceutical Applications. This book is the third of the 3-volume book series. The topics covered include: Targeted Learning of Optimal Individualized Treatment Rules under Cost Constraints, Uses of Mixture Normal Distribution in Genomics and Otherwise, Personalized Medicine – Design Considerations, Adaptive Biomarker Subpopulation and Tumor Type Selection in Phase III Oncology Trials, High Dimensional Data in Genomics; Synergy or Additivity - The Importance of Defining the Primary Endpoint, Full Bayesian Adaptive Dose Finding Using Toxicity Probability Interval (TPI), Alpha-recycling for the Analyses of Primary and Secondary Endpoints of Clinical Trials, Expanded Interpretations of Results of Carcinogenicity Studies of Pharmaceuticals, Randomized Clinical Trials for Orphan Drug Development, Mediation Modeling in Randomized Trials with Non-normal Outcome Variables, Statistical Considerations in Using Images in Clinical Trials, Interesting Applications over 30 Years of Consulting, Uncovering Fraud, Misconduct and Other Data Quality Issues in Clinical Trials, Development and Evaluation of High Dimensional Prognostic Models, and Design and Analysis of Biosimilar Studies.

Understanding Biostatistics

Author: Anders Källén
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119993504
Size: 46.64 MB
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Understanding Biostatistics looks at the fundamentals of biostatistics, using elementary statistics to explore the nature of statistical tests. This book is intended to complement first-year statistics and biostatistics textbooks. The main focus here is on ideas, rather than on methodological details. Basic concepts are illustrated with representations from history, followed by technical discussions on what different statistical methods really mean. Graphics are used extensively throughout the book in order to introduce mathematical formulae in an accessible way. Key features: Discusses confidence intervals and p-values in terms of confidence functions. Explains basic statistical methodology represented in terms of graphics rather than mathematical formulae, whilst highlighting the mathematical basis of biostatistics. Looks at problems of estimating parameters in statistical models and looks at the similarities between different models. Provides an extensive discussion on the position of statistics within the medical scientific process. Discusses distribution functions, including the Guassian distribution and its importance in biostatistics. This book will be useful for biostatisticians with little mathematical background as well as those who want to understand the connections in biostatistics and mathematical issues.

Clinical Trials Design In Operative And Non Operative Invasive Procedures

Author: Kamal M.F. Itani
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319538772
Size: 33.78 MB
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The aim of this text is to provide the framework for building a clinical trial as it pertains to operative and non operative invasive procedures, how to get it funded and how to conduct such a trial up to publication of results The text provides all details of building a scientifically and ethically valid proposal, including how to build the infrastructure for a clinical trial and how to move it forward through various funding agencies. The text also presents various types of clinical trials, the use of implantable devices and FDA requirements, and adjuncts to clinical trials and interaction with industry Clinical Trials Design in Invasive Operative and Non Operative Procedures will be of interest to all specialists of surgery, anesthesiologists, interventional radiologists, gastroenterologists, cardiologists, and pulmonologists

Modern Issues And Methods In Biostatistics

Author: Mark Chang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441998422
Size: 58.58 MB
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Classic biostatistics, a branch of statistical science, has as its main focus the applications of statistics in public health, the life sciences, and the pharmaceutical industry. Modern biostatistics, beyond just a simple application of statistics, is a confluence of statistics and knowledge of multiple intertwined fields. The application demands, the advancements in computer technology, and the rapid growth of life science data (e.g., genomics data) have promoted the formation of modern biostatistics. There are at least three characteristics of modern biostatistics: (1) in-depth engagement in the application fields that require penetration of knowledge across several fields, (2) high-level complexity of data because they are longitudinal, incomplete, or latent because they are heterogeneous due to a mixture of data or experiment types, because of high-dimensionality, which may make meaningful reduction impossible, or because of extremely small or large size; and (3) dynamics, the speed of development in methodology and analyses, has to match the fast growth of data with a constantly changing face. This book is written for researchers, biostatisticians/statisticians, and scientists who are interested in quantitative analyses. The goal is to introduce modern methods in biostatistics and help researchers and students quickly grasp key concepts and methods. Many methods can solve the same problem and many problems can be solved by the same method, which becomes apparent when those topics are discussed in this single volume.

Statistics In The Pharmaceutical Industry 3rd Edition

Author: Charles Ralph Buncher
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824790738
Size: 17.92 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This rewritten and updated second edition provides comprehensive information on the wide-ranging applications of statistics in the pharmacological field. Focusing on practical aspects, it sets out to bridge the gap between industry and academia.;Reflecting the changes that have taken place since publication of the first edition, this volume covers new topics such as: cancer clinical trials, clinical trials of AIDS patients and animal tumorigenicity studies; the development of antiepileptic drugs; the role of epidemiology in postmarketing trials and adverse drug experience; computer-assisted new drug application (CANDA) submissions; contract research organizations; interim analysis in clinical trials; and room-temperature tests for the stability of drugs.;This work is intended as: a reference for statisticians, biostatisticians, pharmacologists, administrators, managers, and scientists in the pharmaceutical industry; and a text for graduate students taking courses in applied statistics or pharmaceutical statistics.

Design And Analysis Of Bridging Studies

Author: Jen-pei Liu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439846340
Size: 34.72 MB
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As the development of medicines has become more globalized, the geographic variations in the efficacy and safety of pharmaceutical products need to be addressed. To accelerate the product development process and shorten approval time, researchers are beginning to design multiregional trials that incorporate subjects from many countries around the world under the same protocol. Design and Analysis of Bridging Studies addresses the issues arising from bridging studies and multiregional clinical trials. For bridging studies, the book explores ethnic sensitivity, the necessity of bridging studies, types of bridging studies, and the assessment of similarity between regions based on bridging evidence. For multiregional clinical trials, the text considers regional differences, assesses the consistency of treatment effect across regions, and discusses sample size determination for each region. Taking into account the International Conference Harmonisation (ICH) E5 framework for bridging studies, the book provides a unified summary of the growing literature and research activities in this area. It covers the regulatory requirements, scientific and practical issues, and statistical methodology for designing and evaluating bridging studies and multiregional clinical trials, with the goal of inspiring new research activities in the field.

Statistics In The Pharmaceutical Industry 3rd Edition

Author: C. Ralph Buncher
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824754693
Size: 11.36 MB
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The growth of the pharmaceutical industry over the past decade is astounding, but the impact of this growth on statistics is somewhat confusing. While software has made analysis easier and more efficient, regulatory bodies now demand deeper and more complex analyses, and pharmacogenetic/genomic studies serve up an entirely new set of challenges. For more than two decades, Statistics in the Pharmaceutical Industry has been the definitive guide to sorting through the challenges in the industry, and this Third Edition continues that tradition. Updated and expanded to reflect the most recent trends and developments in the field, Statistics in the Pharmaceutical Industry, Third Edition presents chapters written by experts from both regulatory agencies and pharmaceutical companies who discuss everything from experimental design to post-marketing studies. This approach sheds light on what regulators consider acceptable methodologies and what methods have proven successful for industrial statisticians. Both new and revised chapters reflect the increasingly global nature of the industry as represented by authors from Japan and Europe, the increasing trend toward non-inferiority/equivalence testing, adaptive design in clinical trials, global harmonization of regulatory standards, and multiple comparison studies. The book also examines the latest considerations in anti-cancer studies. Statistics in the Pharmaceutical Industry, Third Edition demystifies the approval process by combining regulatory and industrial points of view, making it a must-read for anyone performing statistical analysis at any point in the drug approval process.

Data And Safety Monitoring Committees In Clinical Trials

Author: Jay Herson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420070392
Size: 26.64 MB
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Focusing on the practical clinical and statistical issues that arise in pharmaceutical industry trials, this book summarizes the author’s experience in serving on many data monitoring committees (DMCs) and in heading up a contract research organization that provided statistical support to nearly seventy-five DMCs. It explains the difference in DMC operations between the pharmaceutical industry and National Institutes of Health (NIH)-sponsored trials. Leading you through the types of reports for adverse events and lab values, the author presents the statistical requirements of data monitoring committees and gives advice on how statisticians can best interact with physician members of these committees. He also shows how physicians think differently about safety data than statisticians, proving that both views are needed.

Controversial Statistical Issues In Clinical Trials

Author: Shein-Chung Chow
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439849625
Size: 75.68 MB
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In clinical trial practice, controversial statistical issues inevitably occur regardless of the compliance with good statistical practice and good clinical practice. But by identifying the causes of the issues and correcting them, the study objectives of clinical trials can be better achieved. Controversial Statistical Issues in Clinical Trials covers commonly encountered controversial statistical issues in clinical trials and, whenever possible, makes recommendations to resolve these problems. The book focuses on issues occurring at various stages of clinical research and development, including early-phase clinical development (such as bioavailability/bioequivalence), bench-to-bedside translational research, and late-phase clinical development. Numerous examples illustrate the impact of these issues on the evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the test treatment under investigation. The author also offers recommendations regarding possible resolutions of the problems. Written by one of the preeminent experts in the field, this book provides a useful desk reference and state-of-the art examination of problematic issues in clinical trials for scientists in the pharmaceutical industry, medical/statistical reviewers in government regulatory agencies, and researchers and students in academia.