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Multiple Testing Problems In Pharmaceutical Statistics

Author: Alex Dmitrienko
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584889854
Size: 16.99 MB
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Useful Statistical Approaches for Addressing Multiplicity Issues Includes practical examples from recent trials Bringing together leading statisticians, scientists, and clinicians from the pharmaceutical industry, academia, and regulatory agencies, Multiple Testing Problems in Pharmaceutical Statistics explores the rapidly growing area of multiple comparison research with an emphasis on pharmaceutical applications. In each chapter, the expert contributors describe important multiplicity problems encountered in pre-clinical and clinical trial settings. The book begins with a broad introduction from a regulatory perspective to different types of multiplicity problems that commonly arise in confirmatory controlled clinical trials, before giving an overview of the concepts, principles, and procedures of multiple testing. It then presents statistical methods for analyzing clinical dose response studies that compare several dose levels with a control as well as statistical methods for analyzing multiple endpoints in clinical trials. After covering gatekeeping procedures for testing hierarchically ordered hypotheses, the book discusses statistical approaches for the design and analysis of adaptive designs and related confirmatory hypothesis testing problems. The final chapter focuses on the design of pharmacogenomic studies based on established statistical principles. It also describes the analysis of data collected in these studies, taking into account the numerous multiplicity issues that occur. This volume explains how to solve critical issues in multiple testing encountered in pre-clinical and clinical trial applications. It presents the necessary statistical methodology, along with examples and software code to show how to use the methods in practice.

Multiple Testing Problems In Pharmaceutical Statistics

Author: Alex Dmitrienko
Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC
ISBN: 9781584889847
Size: 51.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 996
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Useful Statistical Approaches for Addressing Multiplicity Issues Includes practical examples from recent trials Bringing together leading statisticians, scientists, and clinicians from the pharmaceutical industry, academia, and regulatory agencies, Multiple Testing Problems in Pharmaceutical Statistics explores the rapidly growing area of multiple comparison research with an emphasis on pharmaceutical applications. In each chapter, the expert contributors describe important multiplicity problems encountered in pre-clinical and clinical trial settings. The book begins with a broad introduction from a regulatory perspective to different types of multiplicity problems that commonly arise in confirmatory controlled clinical trials, before giving an overview of the concepts, principles, and procedures of multiple testing. It then presents statistical methods for analyzing clinical dose response studies that compare several dose levels with a control as well as statistical methods for analyzing multiple endpoints in clinical trials. After covering gatekeeping procedures for testing hierarchically ordered hypotheses, the book discusses statistical approaches for the design and analysis of adaptive designs and related confirmatory hypothesis testing problems. The final chapter focuses on the design of pharmacogenomic studies based on established statistical principles. It also describes the analysis of data collected in these studies, taking into account the numerous multiplicity issues that occur. This volume explains how to solve critical issues in multiple testing encountered in pre-clinical and clinical trial applications. It presents the necessary statistical methodology, along with examples and software code to show how to use the methods in practice.

Multiple Comparisons Using R

Author: Frank Bretz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420010909
Size: 11.58 MB
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Adopting a unifying theme based on maximum statistics, Multiple Comparisons Using R describes the common underlying theory of multiple comparison procedures through numerous examples. It also presents a detailed description of available software implementations in R. The R packages and source code for the analyses are available at http://CRAN.R-project.org After giving examples of multiplicity problems, the book covers general concepts and basic multiple comparisons procedures, including the Bonferroni method and Simes’ test. It then shows how to perform parametric multiple comparisons in standard linear models and general parametric models. It also introduces the multcomp package in R, which offers a convenient interface to perform multiple comparisons in a general context. Following this theoretical framework, the book explores applications involving the Dunnett test, Tukey’s all pairwise comparisons, and general multiple contrast tests for standard regression models, mixed-effects models, and parametric survival models. The last chapter reviews other multiple comparison procedures, such as resampling-based procedures, methods for group sequential or adaptive designs, and the combination of multiple comparison procedures with modeling techniques. Controlling multiplicity in experiments ensures better decision making and safeguards against false claims. A self-contained introduction to multiple comparison procedures, this book offers strategies for constructing the procedures and illustrates the framework for multiple hypotheses testing in general parametric models. It is suitable for readers with R experience but limited knowledge of multiple comparison procedures and vice versa. See Dr. Bretz discuss the book.

Pharmaceutical Statistics Using Sas

Author: Alex Dmitrienko
Publisher: SAS Institute
ISBN: 1599943573
Size: 65.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Introduces a range of data analysis problems encountered in drug development and illustrates them using case studies from actual pre-clinical experiments and clinical studies. Includes a discussion of methodological issues, practical advice from subject matter experts, and review of relevant regulatory guidelines.

Basic Statistics And Pharmaceutical Statistical Applications Third Edition

Author: James E. De Muth
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466596740
Size: 79.12 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Building on its best-selling predecessors, Basic Statistics and Pharmaceutical Statistical Applications, Third Edition covers statistical topics most relevant to those in the pharmaceutical industry and pharmacy practice. It focuses on the fundamentals required to understand descriptive and inferential statistics for problem solving. Incorporating new material in virtually every chapter, this third edition now provides information on software applications to assist with evaluating data. New to the Third Edition Use of Excel® and Minitab® for performing statistical analysis Discussions of nonprobability sampling procedures, determining if data is normally distributed, evaluation of covariances, and testing for precision equivalence Expanded sections on regression analysis, chi square tests, tests for trends with ordinal data, and tests related to survival statistics Additional nonparametric procedures, including the one-sided sign test, Wilcoxon signed-ranks test, and Mood’s median test With the help of flow charts and tables, the author dispels some of the anxiety associated with using basic statistical tests in the pharmacy profession and helps readers correctly interpret their results using statistical software. Through the text’s worked-out examples, readers better understand how the mathematics works, the logic behind many of the equations, and the tests’ outcomes.

Multiple Comparisons And Multiple Tests

Author: Peter H. Westfall
Publisher: SAS Institute
ISBN: 9781580257596
Size: 62.43 MB
Format: PDF
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Does your work require multiple inferences? Are you a statistics teacher looking for a study guide to supplement the usually incomplete or outdated multiple comparisons/multiple testing material in your textbook? This workbook, the companion guide written specifically for use with Multiple Comparisons and Multiple Tests Using the SAS System, provides the supplement you need. Use this workbook and you will find problems and solutions that will enhance your understanding of the material within the main text. The workbook also provides updated information about multiple comparisons procedures, including enhancements for Release 8.1 of the SAS System. The chapters correlate with the chapters of the main text, and the format is clear and easy to use. This book and the companion text are quite useful as supplements for learning multiple comparisons procedures in standard linear models, multivariate analysis, categorical analysis, and regression and nonparametric statistics. Book jacket.

Analysis Of Clinical Trials Using Sas

Author: Alex Dmitrienko
Publisher: SAS Institute
ISBN: 1635261449
Size: 49.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Analysis of Clinical Trials Using SAS®: A Practical Guide, Second Edition bridges the gap between modern statistical methodology and real-world clinical trial applications. Tutorial material and step-by-step instructions illustrated with examples from actual trials serve to define relevant statistical approaches, describe their clinical trial applications, and implement the approaches rapidly and efficiently using the power of SAS. Topics reflect the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines for the pharmaceutical industry and address important statistical problems encountered in clinical trials. Commonly used methods are covered, including dose-escalation and dose-finding methods that are applied in Phase I and Phase II clinical trials, as well as important trial designs and analysis strategies that are employed in Phase II and Phase III clinical trials, such as multiplicity adjustment, data monitoring, and methods for handling incomplete data. This book also features recommendations from clinical trial experts and a discussion of relevant regulatory guidelines. This new edition includes more examples and case studies, new approaches for addressing statistical problems, and the following new technological updates: SAS procedures used in group sequential trials (PROC SEQDESIGN and PROC SEQTEST) SAS procedures used in repeated measures analysis (PROC GLIMMIX and PROC GEE) macros for implementing a broad range of randomization-based methods in clinical trials, performing complex multiplicity adjustments, and investigating the design and analysis of early phase trials (Phase I dose-escalation trials and Phase II dose-finding trials) Clinical statisticians, research scientists, and graduate students in biostatistics will greatly benefit from the decades of clinical research experience and the ready-to-use SAS macros compiled in this book.

Clinical Trial Optimization Using R

Author: Alex Dmitrienko
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351647156
Size: 33.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Clinical Trial Optimization Using R explores a unified and broadly applicable framework for optimizing decision making and strategy selection in clinical development, through a series of examples and case studies. It provides the clinical researcher with a powerful evaluation paradigm, as well as supportive R tools, to evaluate and select among simultaneous competing designs or analysis options. It is applicable broadly to statisticians and other quantitative clinical trialists, who have an interest in optimizing clinical trials, clinical trial programs, or associated analytics and decision making. This book presents in depth the Clinical Scenario Evaluation (CSE) framework, and discusses optimization strategies, including the quantitative assessment of tradeoffs. A variety of common development challenges are evaluated as case studies, and used to show how this framework both simplifies and optimizes strategy selection. Specific settings include optimizing adaptive designs, multiplicity and subgroup analysis strategies, and overall development decision-making criteria around Go/No-Go. After this book, the reader will be equipped to extend the CSE framework to their particular development challenges as well.

Statistical Design And Analysis Of Stability Studies

Author: Shein-Chung Chow
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584889069
Size: 38.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The US Food and Drug Administration's Report to the Nation in 2004 and 2005 indicated that one of the top reasons for drug recall was that stability data did not support existing expiration dates. Pharmaceutical companies conduct stability studies to characterize the degradation of drug products and to estimate drug shelf life. Illustrating how stability studies play an important role in drug safety and quality assurance, Statistical Design and Analysis of Stability Studies presents the principles and methodologies in the design and analysis of stability studies. After introducing the basic concepts of stability testing, the book focuses on short-term stability studies and reviews several methods for estimating drug expiration dating periods. It then compares some commonly employed study designs and discusses both fixed and random batch statistical analyses. Following a chapter on the statistical methods for stability analysis under a linear mixed effects model, the book examines stability analyses with discrete responses, multiple components, and frozen drug products. In addition, the author provides statistical methods for dissolution testing and explores current issues and recent developments in stability studies. To ensure the safety of consumers, professionals in the field must carry out stability studies to determine the reliability of drug products during their expiration period. This book provides the material necessary for you to perform stability designs and analyses in pharmaceutical research and development.