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Wir Sind Alle Kannibalen

Author: Claude Lévi-Strauss
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783518586136
Size: 15.63 MB
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Von 1989 bis 2000 hat Claude Lévi-Strauss für die italienische Zeitung ”La Repubblica“ sechzehn Artikel verfasst, in denen er aktuelle Ereignisse und Tendenzen der modernen Gesellschaft begleitend kommentiert. Zusammen mit seinem legendären Essay ”Der hingerichtete Weihnachtsmann“ erscheinen diese kleinen Meisterwerke nun erstmals in einem Band versammelt in deutscher Sprache. Die Themenvielfalt der Stücke ist schier überwältigend: Aus Anlass des Todes von Lady Di unternimmt Lévi-Strauss eine Analyse der Bedeutung von Verwandtschaftsverhältnissen, eines seiner großen Lebensthemen; er setzt sich mit dem Bevölkerungswachstum und der Entwicklung des Menschen seit seiner Entstehung in Afrika auseinander, mit der Massentierhaltung und der Landwirtschaft oder mit den heftig diskutierten Ritualen der Beschneidung von Mädchen und Jungen in verschiedenen Kulturen; die Organtransplantation wird ebenso behandelt wie das Denken Michel de Montaignes oder Auguste Comtes; und in dem titelgebenden Essay ”Wir sind alle Kannibalen“ vergleicht er die Epidemie des Rinderwahnsinns auf kongeniale Weise mit der Krankheit Kuru, die sich in Papua-Neuguinea zu Beginn des letzten Jahrhunderts durch eine Form von Kannibalismus seuchenartig verbreitete. Ein Buch, das den ungeheuren Gedankenreichtum sowie den Scharfsinn und die Originalität eines der ganz großen Intellektuellen des 20. Jahrhunderts exemplarisch vor Augen führt. (Quelle: www.buchhandel.de).

Messages Signs And Meanings

Author: Marcel Danesi
Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press
ISBN: 9781551302508
Size: 54.92 MB
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Messages, Signs, and Meanings can be used directly in introductory courses in semiotics, communications, media, or culture studies. Additionally, it can be used as a complementary or supplementary text in courses dealing with cognate areas of investigation (psychology, mythology, education, literary studies, anthropology, linguistics). The text builds upon what readers already know intuitively about signs, and then leads them to think critically about the world in which they live - a world saturated with images of all kinds that a basic knowledge of semiotics can help filter and deconstruct. The text also provides opportunities for readers to do "hands-on" semiotics through the exercises and questions for discussion that accompany each chapter. Biographical sketches of the major figures in the field are also included, as is a convenient glossary of technical terms. The overall plan of the book is to illustrate how message-making and meaning-making can be studied from the specific vantage point of the discipline of semiotics. This third edition also includes updated discussions of information technology throughout, focusing especially on how meanings are now negotiated through such channels as websites, chat rooms, and instant messages.

Ritual And Belief

Author: David Hicks
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 0759118574
Size: 63.94 MB
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Ritual and Belief: Readings in the Anthropology of Religion is intended to satisfy the needs of students in undergraduate courses in the anthropology of religion and comparative religion. It may be used either as a stand-alone text or as a supplement. This is a text that is more instructor- and student-friendly than any other anthology currently available.

Economics Of Good And Evil

Author: Tomas Sedlacek
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199831906
Size: 39.72 MB
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Tomas Sedlacek has shaken the study of economics as few ever have. Named one of the "Young Guns" and one of the "five hot minds in economics" by the Yale Economic Review, he serves on the National Economic Council in Prague, where his provocative writing has achieved bestseller status. How has he done it? By arguing a simple, almost heretical proposition: economics is ultimately about good and evil. In The Economics of Good and Evil, Sedlacek radically rethinks his field, challenging our assumptions about the world. Economics is touted as a science, a value-free mathematical inquiry, he writes, but it's actually a cultural phenomenon, a product of our civilization. It began within philosophy--Adam Smith himself not only wrote The Wealth of Nations, but also The Theory of Moral Sentiments--and economics, as Sedlacek shows, is woven out of history, myth, religion, and ethics. "Even the most sophisticated mathematical model," Sedlacek writes, "is, de facto, a story, a parable, our effort to (rationally) grasp the world around us." Economics not only describes the world, but establishes normative standards, identifying ideal conditions. Science, he claims, is a system of beliefs to which we are committed. To grasp the beliefs underlying economics, he breaks out of the field's confines with a tour de force exploration of economic thinking, broadly defined, over the millennia. He ranges from the epic of Gilgamesh and the Old Testament to the emergence of Christianity, from Descartes and Adam Smith to the consumerism in Fight Club. Throughout, he asks searching meta-economic questions: What is the meaning and the point of economics? Can we do ethically all that we can do technically? Does it pay to be good? Placing the wisdom of philosophers and poets over strict mathematical models of human behavior, Sedlacek's groundbreaking work promises to change the way we calculate economic value.

Cheering For Self

Author: James Vass Jr
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 0595279805
Size: 71.44 MB
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This book is a study of UW men's basketball fans during the 2001-2002 season and explores their proclivity to 'cheering for self' during basketball events. The term 'basketball event' is used rather than 'basketball game' to make clear that everything connected to and seen, heard, or experienced before, during and after a basketball game is included. The actual game itself is only part of the 'basketball event. An undercurrent runs throughout this participant observation mini-ethnography dealing with access, and the relative quality of that access, to basketball events being affected by ones age, class, race, and gender. The prominent role of advertising in shaping basketball events and helping to construct fans as consumers of products (both commercial and institutional) during the process of cheering for self is central to this idea. Cheering for self is the activity engaged in by individual fans after they find things to identify or connect with through personal investment. Fans cheer for self indirectly. Fans cheer for the team that they identify with. Through the process of cheering for self while attending the basketball event people are taught how to become fans, to consume a UW product--the basketball event and to consume advertisers' products. People have a tendency to spend their entire life trying to impress others.

The Last Lost World

Author: Lydia Pyne
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101583681
Size: 49.97 MB
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An enlightening investigation of the Pleistocene’s dual character as a geologic time—and as a cultural idea The Pleistocene is the epoch of geologic time closest to our own. It’s a time of ice ages, global migrations, and mass extinctions—of woolly rhinos, mammoths, giant ground sloths, and not least early species of Homo. It’s the world that created ours. But outside that environmental story there exists a parallel narrative that describes how our ideas about the Pleistocene have emerged. This story explains the place of the Pleistocene in shaping intellectual culture, and the role of a rapidly evolving culture in creating the idea of the Pleistocene and in establishing its dimensions. This second story addresses how the epoch, its Earth-shaping events, and its creatures, both those that survived and those that disappeared, helped kindle new sciences and a new origins story as the sciences split from the humanities as a way of looking at the past. Ultimately, it is the story of how the dominant creature to emerge from the frost-and-fire world of the Pleistocene came to understand its place in the scheme of things. A remarkable synthesis of science and history, The Last Lost World describes the world that made our modern one.