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Nanjing Historical Landscape And Its Planning From Geographical Perspective

Author: Yifeng Yao
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811016372
Size: 78.45 MB
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This book studies the historical changes of the cityscape of Nanjing from the point of view of geographical systems. Nanjing is a city located along the Yangtze River, originated 2500 years ago, after which ten dynasties established their capital dependent on the geographical conditions. The book focuses on the analysis of the characteristics of mountain and river systems in the various historical periods, and provides investigations of historical sites along with these systems. This enables the search for the laws of historical evolution and spatial structure changes, which is also the research of the relationship between man and nature. It extends the traditional preservation and cityscapes planning to that of geographical landscape system. Readers working in the area of geography, history, urban and landscape planning will benefit from it.

Recent Advances In Urban Ventilation Assessment And Flow Modelling

Author: Riccardo Buccolieri
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 303897806X
Size: 19.61 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book contains twenty-one original papers and one review paper published by internationally recognized experts in the Atmosphere Special Issue "Recent Advances in Urban Ventilation Assessment and Flow Modelling", years 2017–2019. The Special Issue includes contributions on recent experimental and modelling works, techniques, and developments mainly tailored to the assessment of urban ventilation on flow and pollutant dispersion in cities. The study of ventilation is of critical importance, as it addresses the capacity with which a built urban structure is capable of replacing the polluted air with ambient fresh air. Here, ventilation is recognized as a transport process that improves local microclimate and air quality and closely relates to the term “breathability”. The efficiency with which street canyon ventilation occurs depends on the complex interaction between the atmospheric boundary layer flow and the local urban morphology. The individual contributions to this Issue are summarized and categorized into four broad topics: (1) outdoor ventilation efficiency and application/development of ventilation indices, (2) relationship between indoor and outdoor ventilation, (3) effects of urban morphology and obstacles to ventilation, and (4) ventilation modelling in realistic urban districts. The results and approaches presented and proposed will be of great interest to experimentalists and modelers, and may constitute a starting point for the improvement of numerical simulations of flow and pollutant dispersion in the urban environment, for the development of simulation tools, and for the implementation of mitigation strategies.

Geo Architecture And Landscape In China S Geographic And Historic Context

Author: Fang Wang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811004927
Size: 23.29 MB
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This book approaches the concept of geo-architecture by analyzing the symbolic characters of architectures. It proves that the relationship between architecture and geography is not merely an embodiment of physical and functional demands but rather a formal expression of the materialization of culture. After analyzing the vast number of villages, groups of buildings and individual buildings the forms of which closely resemble the forms of the Bagua (symbol of the Eight Trigrams), Taichi, animals and plants, this book finds that this kind of symbolism creatively places living and working places within the natural geographic environment and, by seeking a relationship between architecture and its surrounding environment, comes to express people’s hopes and dreams, evolving slowly to take on certain cultural connotations. This book is the fourth of a 4-volume book series. The series develops the innovative concept of “geo-architecture” by exploring the myriad influences of natural, human and historical factors upon architecture. These influences are considered in three categories, namely, interaction between architecture and nature, interaction between architecture and its human users and change in architecture over time--each category serves as a lens. Augmenting these lenses is the Time-Person-Place concept applied different geographic. The analysis ultimately focuses on two aspects: geographic influence on architecture and architectural response to geography. The over 1000 pictures of case architectures enriches the study with stunning and unique visual angles. "This unprecedented work will be a unique and valuable contribution to the literature. Integrating as it does the disciplines of architecture, landscape architecture, and geography, Wang Fang’s voice is original, compelling, and will be much appreciated by English-speaking readers (and inside China, too, I can only imagine.)"Stephen M Ervin Assistant Dean Graduate School of Design, Harvard University July 2nd, 2013 "One reason for why there would be interest is because her research would fill some significant gaps in the literature.What is novel about Dr. Wang’s series is that she further extends this intellectual project of looking at Chinese architecture through Chinese eyes, by taking it one provocative step further."Annette M. Kim Associate Professor Department of Urban Studies and Planning, M.I.T. July 1st, 2013

Ecology Planning And Management Of Urban Forests

Author: Margaret M. Carreiro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387714251
Size: 28.23 MB
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Trees and vegetation in cities aren’t just there to make the place look pretty. They have an important ecological function. This book contains studies and perspectives on urban forests from a broad array of basic and applied scientific disciplines including ecosystem ecology, biogeochemistry, landscape ecology, plant community ecology, geography, and social science. The book includes contributions from experts around the world, allowing the reader to evaluate methods and management that are appropriate for particular geographic, environmental, and socio-political contexts.

Spatial Modeling And Assessment Of Urban Form

Author: Biswajeet Pradhan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319542176
Size: 72.33 MB
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This book discusses the application of Geospatial data, Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) technologies in analysis and modeling of urban growth process, and its pattern, with special focus on sprawl and compact form of urban development. The book explains these two kinds of urban forms (sprawl and compact urban development) in detail regarding their advantages, disadvantages, indicators, assessment, modeling, implementation and their relationship with urban sustainability. It confirms that the proposed modeling approaches, geospatial data and GIS are very practical for identifying urban growth, land use change patterns and their general trends in future. The analyses and modeling approaches presented in this book can be employed to guide the identification and measurements of the changes and growth likely to happen in urban areas. In addition, this book can be helpful for town planning and development in order to design urban areas in a compact form and eventually sustainable manner.

Building Resilient Cities In China The Nexus Between Planning And Science

Author: Xueming Chen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319141457
Size: 55.65 MB
Format: PDF
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This book discusses a range of planning and management issues related to building urban resiliency. It covers such topics as urban, environmental, and transportation planning, historical preservation, emergency relief and management, geographic information systems (GIS) and other technological applications. The book includes case studies of several cities and districts in China, including Shanghai, and a number of cities in the United States of America. Urban resiliency in the face of uncertainty is a priority for planning and governance in communities worldwide. In China, which has suffered many of the world’s most devastating floods, earthquakes, and typhoons, preparing for the threat of disaster has long been an important planning objective. Recent calamities, such as the 2008 Winter Storms, the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake, and the 2012 Beijing Floods have only made planning for resiliency more urgent. As planners work to prepare for such events, interdisciplinary collaboration becomes increasingly important. Planners need the tools and insights offered by other fields, including both the natural and social sciences. At the same time, these interdisciplinary relationships help shape the identity of urban-rural planning in its new role as one of China’s primary academic disciplines. Thus, the nexus between planning and science is critically important in building resilient cities in China, and the Chinese planning experience can serve as an example to and benefit countries around the world.

Stadtgr N Urban Green

Author: Peter Cachola Schmal
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3034611331
Size: 10.33 MB
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Die in jüngerer Zeit zu konstatierende Wiederentdeckung der Stadt hat die Sehnsucht der Menschen nach der Natur keineswegs verdrängt. Im Gegenteil: Es gilt, innerstädtische Lösungen zu finden, die diesen neu gewachsenen Bedürfnissen gerecht werden, und zwar Lösungen, die gleichzeitig den Anforderungen von Gestaltung, Ökologie, Soziologie und Ökonomie entsprechen. Die Publikation widmet sich dem Thema der innerstädtischen Freiraumgestaltung. Sie dokumentiert 20 aktuell realisierte Beispiele innerhalb Europas, zum überwiegenden Teil mit Grünpflanzungen, entworfen von international renommierten Landschaftsarchitekten, wie etwa Gustafson Porter, Field Operations, Michel Desvigne, Gross.Max, Latz + Partner und West 8. Die Projekte, realisiert zwischen 2004 und 2010, reichen vom innerstädtischen Privatgarten über Plätze, Straßen und Promenaden bis hin zu Großprojekten wie der Revitalisierung von Flussuferbereichen oder Grün-Masterplanungen für ganze Städte. Das städtische Grün leistet einen wichtigen Beitrag zum ökologischen Stadtumbau. Die dokumentierten Projekte zeigen in beispielhafter Form, wie dies mit modernsten Materialien und Technologien gelingen kann.

Das Bild Der Stadt

Author: Kevin Lynch
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3035602166
Size: 79.71 MB
Format: PDF
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Wie orientieren wir uns in einer Stadt? Woher rühren unsere ganz fest umrissenen visuellen Vorstellungen? Um diese Fragen beantworten zu können, studierte Kevin Lynch die Erfahrungen von Menschen und zeigt damit, wie man das Bild der Stadt wieder lebendiger und einprägsamer machen könnte.