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Nanosilicon

Author: Anatoly A. Ischenko
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466594225
Size: 36.45 MB
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Nanosilicon: Properties, Synthesis, Applications, Methods of Analysis and Control examines the latest developments on the physics and chemistry of nanosilicon. The book focuses on methods for producing nanosilicon, its electronic and optical properties, research methods to characterize its spectral and structural properties, and its possible applications. The first part of the book covers the basic properties of semiconductors, including causes of the size dependence of the properties, structural and electronic properties, and physical characteristics of the various forms of silicon. It presents theoretical and experimental research results as well as examples of porous silicon and quantum dots. The second part discusses the synthesis of nanosilicon, modification of the surface of nanoparticles, and properties of the resulting particles. The authors give special attention to the photoluminescence of silicon nanoparticles. The third part describes methods used for studying and controlling the structure and properties of nanocrystalline silicon. These methods include standard ones, such as electron microscopy, spectroscopy, and diffraction, as well as novel techniques, such as femtosecond spectroscopy, ultrafast electron nanocrystallography, and dynamic transmission electron microscopy. The fourth part details some of the practical applications of nanocrystalline silicon, including the use of nanoparticles as additives–absorbers of UV radiation in sunscreens. Incorporating much of the authors’ own extensive research results, this book provides a systematic account of the scientific problems of nanosilicon and its potential practical applications. It will help readers understand current and emerging applications and research methods of this unique material.

Nanosilicon

Author: Vijay Kumar
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080549514
Size: 29.83 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Properties of nanosilicon in the form of nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes, and as porous material are of great interest. They can be used in finding suitable components for future miniature devices, and for the more exciting possibilities of novel optoelectronic applications due to bright luminescence from porous silicon, nanoparticles and nanowires. New findings from research into metal encapsulated clusters, silicon fullerenes and nanotubes have opened up a new paradigm in nanosilicon research and this could lead to large scale production of nanoparticles with control on size and shape as well as novel quasi one-dimensional structures. There are possibilities of using silicon as an optical material and in the development of a silicon laser. In Nanosilicon, leading experts cover state-of-the-art experimental and theoretical advances in the different forms of nanosilicon. Furthermore, applications of nanosilicon to single electron transistors, as photonic material, chemical and biological sensors at molecular scale, and silicon nanowire devices are also discussed. Self-assemblies of silicon nanoforms are important for applications. These developments are also related to cage structures of silicon in clathrates. With an interesting focus on the bottlenecks in the advancement of silicon based technology, this book provides a much-needed overview of the current state of understanding of nanosilicon research. Latest developments in nanoparticles, nanowires and nanotubes of silicon Focus on nanosilicon - a very timely subject attracting large interest Novel chapters on metal encapsulated silicon clusters and nanotubes

Porous Silicon From Formation To Application Formation And Properties Volume One

Author: Ghenadii Korotcenkov
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482264552
Size: 79.89 MB
Format: PDF
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Porous silicon is rapidly attracting increasing interest in various fields, including optoelectronics, microelectronics, photonics, medicine, chemistry, biosensing, and energy. Porous Silicon: Formation and Properties fills a gap in the literature of the field today, providing a thorough introduction to current knowledge of the formation, processing, and properties of porous silicon. It also analyzes present and potential applications of porous silicon in technology, including various devices. With contributions from an international team of well-known experts, this book presents the most recent progress in the field of porous silicon. Focused chapters cover the fundamentals of silicon porosification, the qualities of porous silicon, including its electrical, luminescent, optical, and thermal properties, and the processing of porous silicon for use in the technology of other fields. It also gives valuable insights on what can be expected from the field in the near future. The book includes extensive references to recently published literature on the subject, allowing for deeper exploration of information on the porosification process, designing porous silicon-based technology, and improving performance of devices fabricated using porous silicon. It is an indispensable addition to the library of any scientist or technician involved or interested in the research, development, and application of porous silicon.

Fundamentals And Applications Of Nano Silicon In Plasmonics And Fullerines

Author: Munir H. Nayfeh
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323480586
Size: 78.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Fundamentals and Applications of Nano Silicon in Plasmonics and Fullerines: Current and Future Trends addresses current and future trends in the application and commercialization of nanosilicon. The book presents current, innovative and prospective applications and products based on nanosilicon and their binary system in the fields of energy harvesting and storage, lighting (solar cells and nano-capacitor and fuel cell devices and nanoLEDs), electronics (nanotransistors and nanomemory, quantum computing, photodetectors for space applications; biomedicine (substance detection, plasmonic treatment of disease, skin and hair care, implantable glucose sensor, capsules for drug delivery and underground water and oil exploration), and art (glass and pottery). Moreover, the book includes material on the use of advanced laser and proximal probes for imaging and manipulation of nanoparticles and atoms. In addition, coverage is given to carbon and how it contrasts and integrates with silicon with additional related applications. This is a valuable resource to all those seeking to learn more about the commercialization of nanosilicon, and to researchers wanting to learn more about emerging nanosilicon applications. Features a variety of designs and operation of nano-devices, helping engineers to make the best use of nanosilicon Contains underlying principles of how nanomaterials work and the variety of applications they provide, giving those new to nanosilicon a fundamental understanding Assesses the viability of various nanoslicon devices for mass production and commercialization, thereby providing an important source of information for engineers

Silicon Nanocrystals

Author: Lorenzo Pavesi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527629961
Size: 76.40 MB
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This unique collection of knowledge represents a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental and practical consequences of size reduction in silicon crystals. This clearly structured reference introduces readers to the optical, electrical and thermal properties of silicon nanocrystals that arise from their greatly reduced dimensions. It covers their synthesis and characterization from both chemical and physical viewpoints, including ion implantation, colloidal synthesis and vapor deposition methods. A major part of the text is devoted to applications in microelectronics as well as photonics and nanobiotechnology, making this of great interest to the high-tech industry.

Handbook Of Less Common Nanostructures

Author: Boris I. Kharisov
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439853436
Size: 61.15 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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As nanotechnology has developed over the last two decades, some nanostructures, such as nanotubes, nanowires, and nanoparticles, have become very popular. However, recent research has led to the discovery of other, less-common nanoforms, which often serve as building blocks for more complex structures. In an effort to organize the field, the Handbook of Less-Common Nanostructures presents an informal classification based mainly on the less-common nanostructures. A small nanotechnological encyclopedia, this book: Describes a range of little-known nanostructures Offers a unifying vision of the synthesis of nanostructures and the generalization of rare nanoforms Includes a CD-ROM with color versions of more than 100 nanostructures Explores the fabrication of rare nanostructures, including modern physical, chemical, and biological synthesis techniques The Handbook of Less-Common Nanostructures discusses a classification system not directly related to the dimensionality and chemical composition of nanostructure-forming compounds or composite. Instead, it is based mainly on the less-common nanostructures. Possessing unusual shapes and high surface areas, these structures are potentially very useful for catalytic, medical, electronic, and many other applications.

Nanotechnology And Plant Sciences

Author: Manzer H. Siddiqui
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319145029
Size: 52.33 MB
Format: PDF
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This book presents a holistic view of the complex and dynamic responses of plants to nanoparticles, the signal transduction mechanisms involved, and the regulation of gene expression. Further, it addresses the phytosynthesis of nanoparticles, the role of nanoparticles in the antioxidant systems of plants and agriculture, the beneficial and harmful effects of nanoparticles on plants, and the application of nanoparticles and nanotubes to mass spectrometry, aiming ultimately at an analysis of the metabolomics of plants. The growing numbers of inventions in the field of nanotechnology are producing novel applications in the fields of biotechnology and agriculture. Nanoparticles have received much attention because of the unique physico-chemical properties of these compounds. In the life sciences, nanoparticles are used as “smart” delivery systems, prompting the Nobel Prize winner P. Ehrlich to refer to these compounds as “magic bullets.” Nanoparticles also play an important role in agriculture as compound fertilizers and nano-pesticides, acting as chemical delivery agents that target molecules to specific cellular organelles in plants. The influence of nanoparticles on plant growth and development, however, remains to be investigated. Lastly, this book reveals the research gaps that must be bridged in the years to come in order to achieve larger goals concerning the applications of nanotechnology in the plants sciences. In the 21st century, nanotechnology has become a rapidly emerging branch of science. In the world of physical sciences, nanotechnological tools have been exploited for a broad range of applications. In recent years, nanoparticles have also proven useful in several branches of the life sciences. In particular, nanotechnology has been employed in drug delivery and related applications in medicine.

Materials For Biofuels

Author: Arthur J Ragauskas
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814513296
Size: 29.24 MB
Format: PDF
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This invaluable book provides a broad and detailed introduction to the fascinating and hot research subject of transformation of biomass-related materials to biofuels. Biofuel production can be categorized into a variety of novel conversion and refinery development technologies. However, biomass recalcitrance is the biggest challenge blocking the way in biofuel conversion. This book provides an enlightening view of the frontiers in leading pretreatments, downstream enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation technology, corrosion issues in biofuel and merging biofuels technology into a pulp mill to pave the way for future large-scale biofuel production. Contents:What is Biomass (Fang Huang)Biomass Recalcitrance and the Contributing Cell Wall Factors (Marcus Foston)Reduction of Biomass Recalcitrance via Water/Acid Pretreatments (Fan Hu)Reduction of Biomass Recalcitrance via Organosolv Pretreatments (Xianzhi Meng)Reduction of Biomass Recalcitrance via Ionic Liquid Pretreatments (Alistair W T King, Haibo Xie, Juha Fiskari and Ilkka Kilpeläinen)Enzymatic Deconstruction of Lignocellulose to Fermentable Sugars (Qining Sun)Fermentation to Bioethanol/Biobutanol (Tao Ma, Matyas Kosa and Qining Sun)Pyrolysis of Biomass to Bio-Oils (Haoxi Ben)Upgrade of Bio-Oil to Bio-Fuel and Bio-Chemical (Haoxi Ben)Corrosion Issues in Biofuels (Lindsey R Goodman and Preet M Singh)Incorporation of Biofuels Technology into a Pulp Mill (Marko Hakovirta)Integrated Possibilities of Producing Biofuels in Chemical Pulping (Raimo Alén) Readership: Scientists and researchers who are interested in the study of materials and environmental science. Keywords:Biofuel;Biomass;Pretreatment;Enzymatic;Fermentation;Pyrolysis;Pulp Mill;CorrosionKey Features:Detailed description of the key challenge: recalcitrance in biomass conversion into biofuelInterpreting leading bioconversion technologies and in-depth reaction mechanism to resolve this issueProviding broad and practical technologies in large-scale biofuel productionReviews: “This is the most thorough and well explained book on biofuels. It passes through all the stages of biofuel production, it clearly discusses the challenges and how they could be surpassed, and it is very well structured. Every chapter starts with a clear introduction, builds on, and then draws some conclusions, all based on scientific, peer reviewed paper.” ZME Science

Bionanocomposites For Packaging Applications

Author: Mohammad Jawaid
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331967319X
Size: 68.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book presents a unified overview of eco-friendly bionanocomposites on the basis of characterization, design, manufacture, and application. It also explores replacing conventional materials with bionanocomposites with a focus on their use in packaging applications. In addition, the book broadens readers’ insights by providing illustrations and tables summarizing the latest research on the packaging applications of different bionanocomposites. By offering a detailed account of this field of research and describing real-world applications, it enables researchers, scientists, and professionals in industry to develop a more informed understanding of the need for bionanocomposites in the development of green, biodegradable, and sustainable packaging applications.