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Nanotechnology

Author: Jo Anne Shatkin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351832689
Size: 25.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Should you adopt nanotechnology? If you have already adopted it, what do you need to know? What are the risks? Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are revolutionizing the ways we treat disease, produce energy, manufacture products, and attend to our daily wants and needs. To continue to capture the promise of these transformative products, however, we need to ask critical questions about the broader impacts of nanotechnology on society and the environment. Exploring these questions, the second edition of Nanotechnology: Health and Environmental Risks gives you the latest tools to understand the risks of nanotechnology and make better decisions about using it. Examining the state of the science, the book discusses what is known, and what still needs to be understood, about nanotechnology risk. It looks at the uses of nanotechnology for energy, industry, medicine, technology, and consumer applications and explains how to determine whether there is risk—even when there is little reliable evidence—and how to manage it. Contributors cover a wide range of topics, including: Current concerns, among them perceived risks and the challenges of evaluating emerging technology A historical perspective on product safety and chemicals policy The importance of being proactive about identifying and managing health and environmental risks during product development How the concepts of sustainability and life cycle assessment can guide nanotechnology product development Methods for evaluating nanotechnology risks, including screening approaches and research How to manage risk when working with nanoscale materials at the research stage and in occupational environments What international organizations are doing to address risk issues How risk assessment can inform environmental decision making Written in easy-to-understand language, without sacrificing complexity or scientific accuracy, this book offers a wide-angle view of nanotechnology and risk. Supplying cutting-edge approaches and insight, it explains what types of risks could exist and what you can do to address them. What’s New in This Edition Updates throughout, reflecting advances in the field, new literature, and policy developments A new chapter on nanotechnology risk communication, including insights into risk perceptions and the mental models people use to evaluate technological risks An emphasis on developing nanotechnology products that are sustainable in the long term Advances in the understanding of nanomaterials toxicity Cutting-edge research on occupational exposure to nanoparticles Changes in the international landscape of organizations working on the environmental, health, and safety aspects of nanotechnologies

Nanotechnology Environmental Health And Safety

Author: Matthew Hull
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0128135891
Size: 69.74 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety tackles – in depth and in breadth – the complex and evolving issues pertaining to nanotechnology's environmental health and safety (EHS). The chapters are authored by leaders in their respective fields, providing thorough analysis of their research areas. The diverse spectrum of topics include nanotechnology EHS issues, financial implications, foreseeable risks including exposure, dosage and hazards, and the implications of occupational hygiene precautions and consumer protections. The book includes real-world case studies, wherever practical, to illustrate specific issues and scenarios encountered by stakeholders positioned on the front-lines of nanotechnology-enabled industries. These case studies will appeal to, and resonate with, laboratory scientists, business leaders, regulators, service providers, and postgraduate researchers. Reviews toxicological studies and industrial initiatives, supported by numerous case studies Covers new generation of nanoparticles and significantly expands on existing material from second edition Only edited volume to collect research on the regulatory and risk implications of a wide array of industrial, environmental and consumer nanomaterials

Nanotechnology Applications For Clean Water

Author: Anita Street
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1455731854
Size: 73.60 MB
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Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on improving water quality and the second edition of Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. This book presents detailed information on cutting-edge technologies, current research, and trends that may impact the success and uptake of the applications. Recent advances show that many of the current problems with water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book describes these technologies in detail and demonstrates how they can provide clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. In addition, the book addresses the societal factors that may affect widespread acceptance of the applications. Sections are also featured on carbon nanotube arrays and graphene-based sensors for contaminant sensing, nanostructured membranes for water purification, and multifunctional materials in carbon microspheres for the remediation of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Addresses both the technological aspects of delivering clean water supplies and the societal implications that affect take-up Details how the technologies are applied in large-scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems Highlights challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection

Nanotechnology Environmental Health And Safety

Author: Matthew Hull
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0128135891
Size: 33.62 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4951
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Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety tackles – in depth and in breadth – the complex and evolving issues pertaining to nanotechnology's environmental health and safety (EHS). The chapters are authored by leaders in their respective fields, providing thorough analysis of their research areas. The diverse spectrum of topics include nanotechnology EHS issues, financial implications, foreseeable risks including exposure, dosage and hazards, and the implications of occupational hygiene precautions and consumer protections. The book includes real-world case studies, wherever practical, to illustrate specific issues and scenarios encountered by stakeholders positioned on the front-lines of nanotechnology-enabled industries. These case studies will appeal to, and resonate with, laboratory scientists, business leaders, regulators, service providers, and postgraduate researchers. Reviews toxicological studies and industrial initiatives, supported by numerous case studies Covers new generation of nanoparticles and significantly expands on existing material from second edition Only edited volume to collect research on the regulatory and risk implications of a wide array of industrial, environmental and consumer nanomaterials

Emerging Nanotechnologies In Dentistry

Author: Karthikeyan Subramani
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1455778575
Size: 20.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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New nanomaterials are leading to a range of emerging dental treatments that utilize more biomimetic materials that more closely duplicate natural tooth structure (or bone, in the case of implants). The use of nanostructures that will work in harmony with the body’s own regenerative processes (eg, to restore tooth structure or alveolar bone) are moving into clinical practice. This book brings together an international team of experts from the fields of nanomaterials, biomedical engineering and dentistry, to cover the new materials and techniques with potential for use intra-orally or extra-orally for the restoration, fixation, replacement, or regeneration of hard and soft tissues in and about the oral cavity and craniofacial region. New dental nanotechnologies include the use of advanced inorganic and organic materials, smart and biomimetic materials, tissue engineering and drug delivery strategies. Book prepared by an interdisciplinary and international group of bio-nanomaterial scientists and dental/oral biomedical researchers Comprehensive professional reference for the subject covering materials fabrication and use of materials for all major diagnostic and therapeutic dental applications – repair,restoration, regeneration, implants and prevention Book focuses in depth on the materials manufacturing processes involved with emphasis on pre-clinical and clinical applications, use and biocompatibility

Bacterial Nanocellulose

Author: Miguel Gama
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439869928
Size: 10.81 MB
Format: PDF
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Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) is an emerging nanomaterial with unique properties produced by several species of ubiquitous fermentation bacteria, most importantly Gluconacetobacter xylinus, previously known as Acetobacter xylinum. BNC has been used for a variety of commercial applications including textiles, cosmetics, and food products, and it has a high potential for medical applications. Bacterial NanoCellulose: A Sophisticated Multifunctional Material provides the state of the art of scientific knowledge about the mechanism of cellulose production by bacteria along with pointing out challenges in expansion of BNC production in large scale. It provides the latest update on BNC structure and its modification, as well as comprehensive information about current and future applications of BNC. This seminal work covers the basic science, technology, and economic impact of this bulk chemical as well as the companies and patents that are driving the field. It reviews the biosynthesis and properties of BNC.

Environmental Nanotechnology

Author: Mark Wiesner
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071511049
Size: 24.87 MB
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Explore the Properties of Today's Widely Used Nanomaterials— and Assess Their Potentially Harmful Effects on the Environment Environmental Nanotechnology is the first book to assist you in both understanding the properties of new nanomaterial-centered technology and assessing the potentially harmful effects these materials may have on the environment. Written by a team of 29 leading experts from around the world, this comprehensive book presents cutting-edge coverage of the fabrication, characterization, and measurement of nanomaterials...emerging markets for nanomaterials...nanotechnologies in the energy industry...nanotechnologies for environmental quality...nanotechnology transport and fate in the environment...toxicological impacts of nanomaterials...and much more. Filled with detailed illustrations, Environmental Nanotechnology features: State-of-the-art techniques for the characterization and measurement of nanomaterials The latest findings on the transport and fate of nanomaterials in the environment Nanotechnologies for energy production, storage, and distribution In-depth analyses of the ecotoxicological impacts of nanomaterials New methods for developing nanomaterials with less environmental risk Inside This Landmark Environmental Engineering Guide _ • Nanomaterials: New Challenges and Opportunities • Fabrication of Nanomaterials • Characterization and Measurement of Nanomaterials • Emerging Markets for Nanomaterials • Nanomaterial-Enabled Technologies for Energy Production, Storage, and Distribution • Nanomaterial-Enabled Technologies for Environmental Quality • Nanomaterial Transport and Fate in the Environment • Ecotoxicological Impacts of Nanomaterials • Toxicological Impacts of Nanomaterials

Emerging Nanotechnologies For Manufacturing

Author: Waqar Ahmed
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0323296432
Size: 67.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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In the second edition of Emerging Nanotechnologies for Manufacturing, an unrivalled team of international experts explores existing and emerging nanotechnologies as they transform large-scale manufacturing contexts in key sectors such as medicine, advanced materials, energy, and electronics. From their different perspectives, the contributors explore technologies and techniques as well as applications and how they transform those sectors. With updated chapters and expanded coverage, the new edition of Emerging Nanotechnologies for Manufacturing reflects the latest developments in nanotechnologies for manufacturing and covers additional nanotechnologies applied in the medical fields, such as drug delivery systems. New chapters on graphene and smart precursors for novel nanomaterials are also added. This important and in-depth guide will benefit a broad readership, from R&D scientists and engineers to venture capitalists. Covers nanotechnology for manufacturing techniques and applications across a variety of industries Explores the latest developments such as nanosuspensions and nanocarriers in drug delivery systems, graphene applications, and usage of smart precursors to develop nanomaterials Proven reference guide written by leading experts in the field

What Can Nanotechnology Learn From Biotechnology

Author: Kenneth David
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080557793
Size: 38.35 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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What Can Nanotechnology Learn From Biotechnology? presents diverse perspectives on biotechnology and nanotechnologies. Avoiding extreme perspectives, unwarranted hype and absolute rejection, this book explores the diverse territory of proponents and opponents of challenging but potentially risky technologies. Contributions from recognized experts in their fields represent the perspectives of a diverse range of stakeholders. This book details the lessons to be learned from the controversy over genetically modified foods, and how those lessons can be applied to developing nanotechnologies, particularly agricultural and other food-related applications. Exploring the environmental, social and ethical impact of nanotechnology in addition to the technical and economical impacts, it an ideal reference for any scientist, engineer, research program administrator, resource allocator, and NGO advocate. Addresses the growing concern over the responsibility of science to the impacted population Uses real-world experience to outline practical approaches for emerging technologies Addresses the concerns of science as well as social science

Nanoethics

Author: Fritz Allhoff
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470084170
Size: 47.15 MB
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Nanotechnology will eventually impact every area of our world Nanoethics seeks to examine the potential risks and rewards of applications of nanotechnology. This up–to–date anthology gives the reader an introduction to and basic foundation in nanotechnology and nanoethics, and then delves into near–, mid–, and far–term issues. Comprehensive and authoritative, it: Goes beyond the usual environmental, health, and safety (EHS) concerns to explore such topics as privacy, nanomedicine, human enhancement, global regulation, military, humanitarianism, education, artificial intelligence, space exploration, life extension, and more Features contributions from forty preeminent experts from academia and industry worldwide, reflecting diverse perspectives Includes seminal works that influence nanoethics today Encourages an informed, proactive approach to nanoethics and advocates addressing new and emerging controversies before they impede progress or impact our welfare This resource is designed to promote further investigations and a broad and balanced dialogue in nanoethics, dealing with critical issues that will affect the industry as well as society. While this will be a definitive reference for students, scientists in academia and industry, policymakers, and regulators, it′s also a valuable resource for anyone who wants to understand the challenges, principles, and potential of nanotechnology.