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Nature And Understanding

Author: Nicholas Rescher
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199261826
Size: 80.22 MB
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Nature and Understanding explores the prospect of looking from a scientific point of view at such central ideas of traditional metaphysics as the simplicity of nature, its comprehensibility, or its systematic integrity. Rescher seeks to describe - in a way accessible to philosophers andnonphilosophers alike - the metaphysical situation that characterizes the process of inquiry in natural science. His principal aim is to see what light can be shed on reality by examining the modus operandi of natural science itself, focusing as much on its findings as on its conceptual andmethodological presuppositions. This is the culmination of many years of penetrating work in this area of philosophy by one of its most eminent exponents. It is the definitive presentation of some of Rescher's key ideas.

Understanding Philosophy Of Science

Author: James Ladyman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134597916
Size: 57.11 MB
Format: PDF
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A comprehensive introduction to the philosophy of science. Introduces the key topics, such as the scientific method, rationalism and empiricism, as well as more advanced topics such as realism and antirealism.

The Metaphysical Foundations Of Modern Science

Author: E. A. Burtt
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486165221
Size: 13.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Classic in the philosophy of science offers a fascinating analysis of the works of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Descartes, Hobbes, Gilbert, Boyle, and Newton, tracing their influence on contemporary scientific thought.

Reappraisals Of The Scientific Revolution

Author: David C. Lindberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521348041
Size: 52.86 MB
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A compendium offering broad reflections on the Scientific Revolution from a spectrum of scholars engaged in the study of 16th and 17th century science. Many accepted views and interpretations of the scientific revolution are challenged.

Discovering Reality

Author: Sandra Harding
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401001014
Size: 32.91 MB
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This collection of essays, first published two decades ago, presents central feminist critiques and analyses of natural and social sciences and their philosophies. This work provides a splendid opportunity for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in philosophy and the social sciences to explore some of the most intriguing and controversial challenges to disciplinary projects and to public policy today.

Leibniz And The Rational Order Of Nature

Author: Donald Rutherford
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521597371
Size: 30.75 MB
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Rutherford demonstrates the systematic unity of Leibniz's thought, in which theodicy, ethics, metaphysics and natural philosophy cohere. This comprehensive interpretation makes considerable use of unpublished manuscript sources.

Teleology First Principles And Scientific Method In Aristotle S Biology

Author: Allan Gotthelf
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199287953
Size: 65.20 MB
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This volume draws together Allan Gotthelf's pioneering work on Aristotle's biology. He examines Aristotle's natural teleology, the axiomatic structure of biological explanation, and the reliance on scientifically organized data in the three great works with which Aristotle laid the foundations of biological science.

Galileo Human Knowledge And The Book Of Nature

Author: Joseph C. Pitt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401126208
Size: 72.95 MB
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Galileo is revered as one of the founders of modern science primarily because of such discoveries as the law of falling bodies and the moons of Jupiter. In addition to his scientific achievements, Professor Pitt argues that Galileo deserves increased attention for his contributions to the methodology of the new science and that his method retains its value even today. In a detailed analysis of Galileo's mature works, Pitt reconstructs crucial features of Galileo's epistemology. He shows how Galileo's methodological insights grow out of an appreciation of the limits of human knowledge and he brings fresh insight to our concept of Galileo's methodology and its implications for contemporary debates. Working from Galileo's insistence on the contrast between the number of things that can be known and the limited abilities of human knowers, Pitt shows how Galileo's common sense approach to rationality permits the development of a robust scientific method. At the same time, Pitt argues that we should correct our picture of Galileo, the culture hero. Instead of seeing him as a martyr to the cause of truth, Galileo is best understood as a man of his times who was responding to a variety of social pressures during a period of intellectual and political turmoil. This book will be of interest to philosophers and to historians and sociologists of science as well as to a general readership interested in the scientific revolution.

Aristotle On Method And Metaphysics

Author: E. Feser
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137367903
Size: 12.94 MB
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Aristotle on Method and Metaphysics is a collection of new and cutting-edge essays by prominent Aristotle scholars and Aristotelian philosophers on themes in ontology, causation, modality, essentialism, the metaphysics of life, natural theology, and scientific and philosophical methodology.

Scientific Metaphysics

Author: Don Ross
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199696497
Size: 73.98 MB
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Scientific Metaphysics collects original essays by leading philosophers of science on the question of whether metaphysics can and should be naturalized--that is, conducted as a part of natural science. Some people think the idea of naturalized metaphysics is a contradiction in terms: metaphysics is by definition about matters that transcend the domain of empirical inquiry. Most of the authors here disagree: they argue that if metaphysics is to hold outany prospect of identifying objective truths, it must be continuous with and inspired by science, or even be of some positive use to science. The essays offer various points of view on the relationship betweennaturalized metaphysics, more traditional forms of metaphysics, and the wider history of philosophy, and draw on examples from physics, biology, economics, psychology. At stake is the question of whether metaphysics should give way to science and disappear from contemporary inquiry, or continue as an activity that unifies the particular sciences into a single naturalistic worldview.