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Nature S Nether Regions

Author: Menno Schilthuizen
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0143127063
Size: 62.79 MB
Format: PDF
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What's the easiest way to tell species apart? Check their genitals. Researching private parts was long considered taboo, but scientists are now beginning to understand that the wild diversity of sex organs across species can tell us a lot about evolution. Nature's Nether Regions joyfully demonstrates that the more we learn about the multiform private parts of animals, the more we understand our own unique place in the great diversity of life.

Rhetorical Animals

Author: Kristian Bjørkdahl
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498558461
Size: 79.42 MB
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Rhetorical Animals explores what the study of communication and persuasion would look like if it included the voices of all persuasive species, from the microscopic gut bacteria to the charismatic megafauna we know so well.

The Brain Emotion And Depression

Author: Edmund T. Rolls
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019256823X
Size: 78.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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There are myriad questions that emerge when one considers emotions and decision-making: What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relationship between emotion, reward value, and subjective feelings of pleasure? How is the value of 'good' represented in the brain? Will neuroeconomics replace classical microeconomics? How does the brain implement decision-making? Are gene-defined rewards and emotions in the interests of the genes? Does rational multistep planning enable us to go beyond selfish genes to plans in the interests of the individual? The Brain, Emotion, and Depression addresses these issues, providing a unified approach to emotion, reward value, economic value, decision-making, and their brain mechanisms. The evolutionary, adaptive value of the processes involved in emotion, the neural networks involved in emotion and decision making, and the issue of conscious emotional feelings are all considered. The book will be valuable for those in the fields of neuroscience, neurology, psychology, psychiatry, biology, animal behaviour, economics, and philosophy from the advanced undergraduate level upwards, and for all interested in emotion and decision-making.

30 Second Biology

Author: Nick Battey
Publisher:
ISBN: 1782406395
Size: 79.10 MB
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The 50 most thought-provoking theories of life, each explained in half a minute. 30-Second Biology tackles the vital science of life, dissecting the 50 most thought-provoking theories of our ecosystem and ourselves. At a time when discoveries in DNA allow us to feel more connected than ever to the natural world, this is the fastest route to an understanding of the tree of life. Whether you're dipping into the gene pool, unlocking cells, or conversing on biodiversity, this is all the knowledge you need to bring life to the dinner-party debate. An internationally bestselling series presents essential concepts in a mere 30 seconds, 300 words, and one image; The 50 most important ideas and innovations in biology dissected and explained clearly without the clutter; The fastest way to learn about cells, reproduction, animals, plants, evolution and ecosystems.

Darwin Comes To Town

Author: Menno Schilthuizen
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1786481073
Size: 10.55 MB
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See your city through fresh eyes We are marching towards a future in which three-quarters of humans live in cities, and a large portion of the planet's landmass is urbanized. With much of the rest covered by human-shaped farms, pasture, and plantations, where can nature still go? To the cities -- is Menno Schilthuizen's answer in this remarkable book. And with more and more wildlife carving out new niches among humans, evolution takes a surprising turn. Urban animals evolve to become more cheeky and resourceful, city pigeons develop detox-plumage, and weeds growing from cracks in the pavement get a new type of seeds. City blackbirds are even on their way of becoming an entirely new species, which we could name Turdus urbanicus. Thanks to evolutionary adaptation taking place at unprecedented speeds, plants and animals are coming up with new ways of living in the seemingly hostile environments of asphalt and steel that we humans have created. We are on the verge of a new chapter in the history of life, Schilthuizen says -- a chapter in which much old biodiversity is, sadly, disappearing, but also one in which a new and exciting set of life forms is being born. Menno Schilthuizen shows us that evolution in cities can happen far more rapidly, and strangely, than Darwin had dared dream.

Organi Sessuali Evoluzione E Biodiversit

Author: Menno Schilthuizen
Publisher: Bollati Boringhieri
ISBN: 8833974480
Size: 24.29 MB
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La vita sessuale di insetti, uccelli e animali di ogni tipo può essere davvero strana. Ma ancora più bizzarri e contorti possono essere gli organi genitali. Ed è logico che sia così: se la selezione naturale cesella nel tempo le forme della vita per adattarle all’ambiente e la selezione sessuale crea ornamenti spettacolari nei maschi, continuamente in competizione tra loro per l’accesso alle femmine, perché mai l’organo che si trova proprio sulla linea del fuoco, quello che in definitiva fa il «lavoro sporco», dovrebbe essere immune da questa logica? Questo libro quindi non parla di sesso, parla della morfologia dell’organo deputato a fare la cosa in assoluto più importante per la vita: generare figli, propagare la specie. L’organo in questione risulta essere estremamente variabile e irriducibilmente unico per ciascuna specie, trovandosi a giocare un ruolo ben più complesso che quello di depositare semplicemente quel che serve, dove serve, quando serve. Menno Schilthuizen ci conduce, scanzonato e irriverente, nei dettagli anatomici e fisiologici di questo peep show darwiniano, che per un comprensibile tabù è diventato oggetto di studi scientifici accurati solo di recente. Un esercizio di intelligenza e ironia.

Der Mensch Und Das Meer

Author: Callum Roberts
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641100062
Size: 49.51 MB
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Der Wandel eines faszinierenden, bedrohten Lebensraums Die Ozeane sind nicht nur der größte Lebensraum der Erde, sondern auch der am wenigsten erforschte. Die unermessliche Vielfalt dieses Ökosystems beginnen wir erst jetzt bis in die letzten Winkel zu begreifen – auch wie wichtig das Meer für unser Leben ist. Im letzten Jahrhundert hat jedoch die Herrschaft des Menschen über die Natur auch die Ozeane erreicht: Wir fischen die Meere leer und füllen sie stattdessen mit Umweltgiften. Tiefseebergbau droht den Lebensraum unzähliger Pflanzen und Tiere bis zur Unkenntlichkeit zu verändern. Die Klimaerwärmung ließ bereits ein Viertel aller Korallen zugrunde gehen. In seinem aufrüttelnden Buch beschreibt der Meeresbiologe und –schützer Callum Roberts den großen Reichtum der Ozeane und ihren Wandel, und er ruft dazu auf, der Zerstörung der Meere endlich Einhalt zu gebieten, denn noch ist es nicht zu spät.

Wenn Die Fl Sse Versiegen

Author: Fred Pearce
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783888974717
Size: 72.44 MB
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Alle Welt redet von schwindenden Energieressourcen; dass sich daneben eine ungleich gravierendere Wasserkrise anbahnt, ist bis jetzt kaum ins Bewusstsein gedrungen. Selbst wer umweltbewusst zu Hause Wasser spart, weiss selten, wieviel ”virtuelles Wasser“ er über Nahrung und Kleidung tatsächlich verbraucht: 5.000 Liter Wasser sind nötig, um ein Kilo Reis zu erzeugen, 11.000 Liter für das Rindfleisch eines Hamburgers, unglaubliche 20.000 Liter stecken in 1 kg Kaffeepulver. Kein Wunder, dass sich die Flüsse der Welt in atemberaubendem Tempo leeren, während durch Überregulierung andererseits die Flutgefahr dramatisch steigt. Längst weiss man, dass gigantomanische Bewässerungs- und Staudammprojekte eine enorme ökologische und ökonomische Verschwendung darstellen. Doch schon geht man weltweit dazu über, auch die unterirdischen Wasserreservoirs leer zu pumpen. Ressourcenkriege um Wasser bahnen sich an, denn: Ohne Öl können wir zur Not leben, ohne Wasser sicher nicht. Fred Pearces Berichte lesen sich wie Kriminalgeschichten und geben zugleich einen umfassenden Überblick über die Wasserkrise und ihre Auswirkungen.

Der Darwinismus

Author: A.R. Wallace
Publisher: Рипол Классик
ISBN: 5879420701
Size: 25.52 MB
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Eine Darlegung der Lehre von der Nat?rlichen Zuchtwahl und einiger ihrer Anwendungen.