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Neurodegenerative Disorders As Systemic Diseases

Author: Keiji Wada
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 4431545417
Size: 19.62 MB
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This book sheds new light on neurodegenerative disorders as systemic diseases. Classically, neuronal cell death was a hallmark of such disorders. However, it has become evident that neural dysfunction is more important in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative disorders. More recently, the prionoid-spreading hypothesis of disease-causing molecules has attracted a great deal of attention. Therapeutic strategies thus must be reconsidered in the light that neurodegenerative disorders are indeed systemic diseases. The first part of this book introduces the concept of neurodegeneration in biology and pathophysiology. The second part focuses on clinical evaluation and biomarkers from the perspective of this new concept, while the third summarizes the risk factors of neurodegeneration. The fourth part of this work indicates future directions of treatment, and the final part discusses health promotion for prevention and quality of life. This book will be of interest to both researchers and medical personnel, and provides a fresh approach to neurodegenerative diseases, paving the way to new research and improved quality of health care for patients.

Metal Ions And Neurodegenerative Disorders

Author: Paolo Zatta
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812796691
Size: 30.75 MB
Format: PDF
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Numerous studies have established a clear connection between neuronal oxidative stress and several neurodegenerative diseases, with consequential damages to lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, etc. In addition, several modifications indicative of oxidative stress have been described in association with neurons, neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques in Alzheimer''s disease, including advanced glycation end products and free carbonyl oxidation. Oxidative damage and antioxidant responses are now well characterized, but sources of damaging free radicals are yet to be fully understood. Evidences of alteration in metal ions metabolism have been reported in various diseases like Alzheimer''s, Wilson, Menkes, Prion, Pick, Huntington disease, epilepsy and other pathological events. Thus, metal ions play a pivotal role in neurodegenerative phenomena. Chelation therapy is still in the early days of its development, but research in this area could lead to new products that could revolutionize treatment. Two international conferences on OC Metals and the Brain: From Neurochemistry to NeurodegenerationOCO (Padova, Italy, 2000 and Fez, Morocco, 2002) were recently held to discuss the role of metal ions in neurophysiopathology. A third will be held in 2005 in Johannesburg, South Africa. This book follows the same train of thought as those conferences, in order to highlight the unquestionable importance of metal ions in the research on the neurophysiopathology of neurodegenerative diseases. The excellent reputation of the scientists who have contributed to this project ensures the quality of the chapters presented here, and hopefully this will help spur new research initiatives in the field, which is still in its infancy. Contents: Metal-Catalyzed Redox Activity in Neurodegenerative Disease (M A Taddeo et al.); Aluminum and Central Nervous System Morphology in Hemodialysis (E Reusche); Transition Metals, Oxidation, Lipoproteins, and Amyloid-: Major Players in Alzheimer''s Disease (A Kontush); Molecular Basis of Copper Transport: Cellular and Physiological Functions of Menkes and Wilson Disease Proteins (ATP7A and ATP7B) (D R Kramer et al.); Copper-Zinc Superoxide Dismutase and Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (M B Yim et al.); Copper and Prion Disease (J Sasson & D Brown); Metallothioneins in Neurodegeneration (M Aschner et al.); Iron and Neurodegeneration (S L Grab & J R Connor); Iron, Neuromelanin, and -Synuclein in Neuropathogenesis of Parkinson''s Disease (K L Double et al.); Iron and Epilepsy (W-Y Ong et al.); Role of Iron Metabolism in Multiple Sclerosis (M J Kotze et al.); Neuroprotective Effects of Lithium (S Ermidiou-Pollet & S Pollet); and other articles. Readership: Academics, graduate students and researchers in neurology, psychiatry, neuroscience and environmental health."

Neurological Disorders Due To Systemic Disease

Author: Steven L. Lewis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118414020
Size: 32.44 MB
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Edited by Steven L Lewis, MD, Department of Neurological Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA How do you identify which neurologic syndromes occur due to systemic disease? Neurological problems commonly occur in the context of underlying systemic disease, and may even be the presenting symptom of a medical condition that has not yet been diagnosed. Consequently neurologists need to be aware when a neurological presentation might indicate an underlying systemic disorder. Neurological Disorders due to Systemic Disease provides the tools you need to make these connections. The unique neurologic presentation-based approach relates to the common clinical situations you encounter, including: Headache Stroke Movement disorders Neuromuscular disorders Encephalopathies, seizures, myelopathies, neuro-ophthalmologic and neuro-otologic disorders, sleep disorders, and others Major categories of systemic illness are explored for each presentation to guide you towards a likely cause. These include: Endocrine, electrolyte, and metabolic disorders Systemic autoimmune disorders Organ dysfunction and failure, and critical medical illness Systemic cancer and paraneoplastic disorders Systemic infectious disease Complications due to drugs and alcohol Vitamin and mineral deficiencies Written by a leading cast of experts, with a practical approach including ‘things to remember’ for each presentation, Neurological Disorders due to Systemic Disease should be on every neurologist’s desk.

Biometals In Neurodegenerative Diseases

Author: Anthony R. White
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128045639
Size: 75.82 MB
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Biometals in Neurodegenerative Diseases: Mechanisms and Therapeutics is an authoritative and timely resource bringing together the major findings in the field for ease of access to those working in the field or with an interest in metals and their role in brain function, disease, and as therapeutic targets. Chapters cover metals in Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, Motor Neuron Disease, Autism and lysosomal storage disorders. This book is written for academic researchers, clinicians and advanced graduate students studying or treating patients in neurodegeneration, neurochemistry, neurology and neurotoxicology. The scientific literature in this field is advancing rapidly, with approximately 300 publications per year adding to our knowledge of how biometals contribute to neurodegenerative diseases. Despite this rapid increase in our understanding of biometals in brain disease, the fields of biomedicine and neuroscience have often overlooked this information. The need to bring the research on biometals in neurodegeneration to the forefront of biomedical research is essential in order to understand neurodegenerative disease processes and develop effective therapeutics. Authoritative and timely resource bringing together the major findings in the field for those with an interest in metals and their role in the brain function, disease, and as therapeutic targets Written for academic researchers, clinicians and advanced graduate students studying, or treating, patients in neurodegeneration, neurochemistry, neurology and neurotoxicology Edited by international leaders in the field who have contributed greatly to the study of metals in neurodegenerative diseases

Neurobiology Of Brain Disorders

Author: Michael J. Zigmond
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123982804
Size: 27.14 MB
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Neurobiology of Brain Disorders is the first book directed primarily at basic scientists to offer a comprehensive overview of neurological and neuropsychiatric disease. This book links basic, translational, and clinical research, covering the genetic, developmental, molecular, and cellular mechanisms underlying all major categories of brain disorders. It offers students, postdoctoral fellows, and researchers in the diverse fields of neuroscience, neurobiology, neurology, and psychiatry the tools they need to obtain a basic background in the major neurological and psychiatric diseases, and to discern connections between basic research and these relevant clinical conditions. This book addresses developmental, autoimmune, central, and peripheral neurodegeneration; infectious diseases; and diseases of higher function. The final chapters deal with broader issues, including some of the ethical concerns raised by neuroscience and a discussion of health disparities. Included in each chapter is coverage of the clinical condition, diagnosis, treatment, underlying mechanisms, relevant basic and translational research, and key unanswered questions. Written and edited by a diverse team of international experts, Neurobiology of Brain Disorders is essential reading for anyone wishing to explore the basic science underlying neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases. Links basic, translational, and clinical research on disorders of the nervous system, creating a format for study that will accelerate disease prevention and treatment Covers a vast array of neurological disorders, including ADHD, Down syndrome, autism, muscular dystrophy, diabetes, TBI, Parkinson, Huntington, Alzheimer, OCD, PTSD, schizophrenia, depression, and pain Illustrated in full color Each chapter provides in-text summary points, special feature boxes, and research questions Provides an up-to-date synthesis of primary source material

Neurologic Aspects Of Systemic Disease

Author: José Biller
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0702044326
Size: 11.46 MB
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Systemic disease involves several parts of the body or the complete system. Neurologic Aspects of Systemic Disease, a three-part volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, focuses on the specific neurologic aspects of systemic disease. Part 1 includes detailed coverage of cardiovascular disease, pulmonary diseases, renal diseases, and rheumatologic and musculoskeletal disease. Each chapter provides a complete introduction to the neurologic aspect and provides best known diagnostic and treatment practices. The collection is a valuable and trusted resource for clinical neurologists, research neurologists, neuroscientists, and general medical professionals; a first stop for a focused review of the state of the art for understanding the neurologic impact of each covered disease. A comprehensive introduction and overview of the neurologic aspects of systemic disease Part 1 covers cardiovascular disease, pulmonary diseases, renal diseases and rheumatologic/musculoskeletal disease Each chapter focuses on the neurologic aspects related to a specific disease presentation

Movement Disorders An Issue Of Neurologic Clinics

Author: Joseph Jankovic
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323354645
Size: 79.98 MB
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The daily life impact of movement disorders on people affected ranges from the inconvenient to major quality of life issues, depending upon the disorder and its progression. Topics in this issue of Neurologic Clinics address: Pathogenic Nechanisms of Neurodegeneration in Parkinson’s Disease; Treatment Strategies in Early and Advanced Parkinson’s Disease; Atypical Parkinsonism; Medical and Surgical Treatment of Tremors; Diagnosis and Treatment of Dystonia; Huntington’s Disease: Pathogenesis and Treatment; Tics and Tourette Syndrome; Paroxysmal Movement Disorders; Drug-induced Movement Disorders; Wilson Disease and other Neurodegenerations with Metal Accumulations; Psychogenic Movement Disorders; Ataxia; Gait Disorders; and Movement Disorders in Systemic Diseases. Videos are planned for the majority of the presentations and each article presents an Overview, Imaging, Pathology, and Diagnostic Dilemmas. The editor of this issue of Neurologic Clinics, Dr. Joseph Jankovic, is well known as expert in the pathophysiology, diganosis, and management of movement disorders - he has served as president of the international Movement Disorder Society and is recipient of numerous research awards related to these disorders. Dr Jankovic has involved world renown experts as authors in this publication.

Imaging In Neurodegenerative Disorders

Author: Luca Saba
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191651400
Size: 15.39 MB
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Diagnosing neurodegenerative diseases can prove particularly intimidating to clinicians, because many times the diagnosis cannot be critically "confirmed" by a simple test. New imaging modalities have advanced to the point of high resolution, morphological, metabolic and functional analysis. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance, nuclear medicine and molecular imaging have recently emerged as outstanding non-invasive techniques for the study of the neurodegenerative disorders. Imaging in Neurodegenerative Disorders covers all the imaging techniques and new exciting methods like new tracers, biomarker, metabolomic and gene-array profiling, potential for applying such techniques clinically, and offers present and future applications as applied to the neurodegenerative disorders with the most world renowned scientists in these fields. This book is an invaluable resource for researchers, clinicians, and trainees in neuroscience, neurology, psychiatry, and radiology.

Aminoff S Neurology And General Medicine

Author: Michael J. Aminoff
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124077382
Size: 14.35 MB
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Aminoff's Neurology and General Medicine is the standard and classic reference providing comprehensive coverage of the relationship between neurologic practice and general medicine. As neurologists are asked to consult on general medical conditions, this reference provides an authoritative tool linking general medical conditions to specific neurologic issues and disorders. This is also a valuable tool for the general practitioner seeking to understand the neurologic aspects of their medical practice. Completely revised with new chapters covering metastatic disease, bladder disease, psychogenic disorders, dementia, and pre-operative and post-operative care of patients with neurologic disorders, this new edition will again be the go-to reference for both neurologists and general practitioners. The standard authoritative reference detailing the relationship between neurology and general medicine 100% revised and updated with several new chapters Well illustrated, with most illustrations in full color