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New Foundations In Mathematics

Author: Garret Sobczyk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817683852
Size: 66.79 MB
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The first book of its kind, New Foundations in Mathematics: The Geometric Concept of Number uses geometric algebra to present an innovative approach to elementary and advanced mathematics. Geometric algebra offers a simple and robust means of expressing a wide range of ideas in mathematics, physics, and engineering. In particular, geometric algebra extends the real number system to include the concept of direction, which underpins much of modern mathematics and physics. Much of the material presented has been developed from undergraduate courses taught by the author over the years in linear algebra, theory of numbers, advanced calculus and vector calculus, numerical analysis, modern abstract algebra, and differential geometry. The principal aim of this book is to present these ideas in a freshly coherent and accessible manner. New Foundations in Mathematics will be of interest to undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics and physics who are looking for a unified treatment of many important geometric ideas arising in these subjects at all levels. The material can also serve as a supplemental textbook in some or all of the areas mentioned above and as a reference book for professionals who apply mathematics to engineering and computational areas of mathematics and physics.

Constructivism In Mathematics

Author: A.S. Troelstra
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008095510X
Size: 73.86 MB
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Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Volume 123: Constructivism in Mathematics: An Introduction, Vol. II focuses on various studies in mathematics and logic, including metric spaces, polynomial rings, and Heyting algebras. The publication first takes a look at the topology of metric spaces, algebra, and finite-type arithmetic and theories of operators. Discussions focus on intuitionistic finite-type arithmetic, theories of operators and classes, rings and modules, linear algebra, polynomial rings, fields and local rings, complete separable metric spaces, and located sets. The text then examines proof theory of intuitionistic logic, theory of types and constructive set theory, and choice sequences. The book elaborates on semantical completeness, sheaves, sites, and higher-order logic, and applications of sheaf models. Topics include a derived rule of local continuity, axiom of countable choice, forcing over sites, sheaf models for higher-order logic, and complete Heyting algebras. The publication is a valuable reference for mathematicians and researchers interested in mathematics and logic.

Introduction To The Foundations Of Mathematics

Author: Raymond L. Wilder
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486276201
Size: 67.88 MB
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Classic undergraduate text acquaints students with fundamental concepts and methods of mathematics. Topics include axiomatic method, set theory, infinite sets, groups, intuitionism, formal systems, mathematical logic, and much more. 1965 second edition.

Foundations Of Optimization

Author: Osman Güler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387684079
Size: 78.20 MB
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This book covers the fundamental principles of optimization in finite dimensions. It develops the necessary material in multivariable calculus both with coordinates and coordinate-free, so recent developments such as semidefinite programming can be dealt with.

Building A Foundation In Mathematics

Author: National Joint Apprenticeship And Training Committee
Publisher: Delmar Pub
ISBN: 9781418006327
Size: 53.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Learn fundamental mathematical concepts using real-world, on-the-job scenarios that electricians face every day. Building a Foundation in Mathematics uses a building block approach by beginning with very basic concepts like whole numbers and fractions, and building upon this knowledge to get to more complex material like Boolean algebra. Each concept is covered deliberately and thoroughly before moving on to the next, guaranteeing a strong working knowledge of each area. This clear, straightforward approach, coupled with practical examples that engage readers and provide a context for learning, make this book an indispensable resource for anyone seeking the mathematical skills necessary for work in the electrical field. Check out our app, DEWALT Mobile Pro(tm). This free app is a construction calculator with integrated reference materials and access to hundreds of additional calculations as add-ons. To learn more, visit dewalt.com/mobilepro.

Foundations Of Real And Abstract Analysis

Author: Douglas S. Bridges
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387982396
Size: 52.76 MB
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A complete course on metric, normed, and Hilbert spaces, including many results and exercises seldom found in texts on analysis at this level. The author covers an unusually wide range of material in a clear and concise format, including elementary real analysis, Lebesgue integration on R, and an introduction to functional analysis. The book begins with a fast-paced course on real analysis, followed by an introduction to the Lebesgue integral. This provides a reference for later chapters as well as a preparation for students with only the typical sequence of undergraduate calculus courses as prerequisites. Other features include a chapter introducing functional analysis, the Hahn-Banach theorem and duality, separation theorems, the Baire Category Theorem, the Open Mapping Theorem and their consequences, and unusual applications. Of special interest are the 750 exercises, many with guidelines for their solutions, applications and extensions of the main propositions and theorems, pointers to new branches of the subject, and difficult challenges for the very best students.

The Foundations Of Mathematics

Author: Ian Stewart
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198531654
Size: 19.39 MB
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"There are many textbooks available for a so-called transition course from calculus to abstract mathematics. I have taught this course several times and always find it problematic. The Foundations of Mathematics (Stewart and Tall) is a horse of a different color. The writing is excellent and there is actually some useful mathematics. I definitely like this book."--The Bulletin of Mathematics Books

Logical Foundations Of Mathematics And Computational Complexity

Author: Pavel Pudlák
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319001191
Size: 13.52 MB
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The two main themes of this book, logic and complexity, are both essential for understanding the main problems about the foundations of mathematics. Logical Foundations of Mathematics and Computational Complexity covers a broad spectrum of results in logic and set theory that are relevant to the foundations, as well as the results in computational complexity and the interdisciplinary area of proof complexity. The author presents his ideas on how these areas are connected, what are the most fundamental problems and how they should be approached. In particular, he argues that complexity is as important for foundations as are the more traditional concepts of computability and provability. Emphasis is on explaining the essence of concepts and the ideas of proofs, rather than presenting precise formal statements and full proofs. Each section starts with concepts and results easily explained, and gradually proceeds to more difficult ones. The notes after each section present some formal definitions, theorems and proofs. Logical Foundations of Mathematics and Computational Complexity is aimed at graduate students of all fields of mathematics who are interested in logic, complexity and foundations. It will also be of interest for both physicists and philosophers who are curious to learn the basics of logic and complexity theory.

Lost In Math

Author: Sabine Hossenfelder
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465094260
Size: 32.77 MB
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A contrarian argues that modern physicists' obsession with beauty has given us wonderful math but bad science Whether pondering black holes or predicting discoveries at CERN, physicists believe the best theories are beautiful, natural, and elegant, and this standard separates popular theories from disposable ones. This is why, Sabine Hossenfelder argues, we have not seen a major breakthrough in the foundations of physics for more than four decades. The belief in beauty has become so dogmatic that it now conflicts with scientific objectivity: observation has been unable to confirm mindboggling theories, like supersymmetry or grand unification, invented by physicists based on aesthetic criteria. Worse, these "too good to not be true" theories are actually untestable and they have left the field in a cul-de-sac. To escape, physicists must rethink their methods. Only by embracing reality as it is can science discover the truth.