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Non Local Structural Mechanics

Author: Tony Murmu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1848215223
Size: 15.43 MB
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Serving as a review on non-local mechanics, this book provides an introduction to non-local elasticity theory for static, dynamic and stability analysis in a wide range of nanostructures. The authors draw on their own research experience to present fundamental and complex theories that are relevant across a wide range of nanomechanical systems, from the fundamentals of non-local mechanics to the latest research applications.

Reinforced Concrete Beams Columns And Frames

Author: Jostein Hellesland
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118635329
Size: 20.10 MB
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This book is focused on the theoretical and practical design of reinforced concrete beams, columns and frame structures. It is based on an analytical approach of designing normal reinforced concrete structural elements that are compatible with most international design rules, including for instance the European design rules – Eurocode 2 – for reinforced concrete structures. The book tries to distinguish between what belongs to the structural design philosophy of such structural elements (related to strength of materials arguments) and what belongs to the design rule aspects associated with specific characteristic data (for the material or loading parameters). A previous book, entitled Reinforced Concrete Beams, Columns and Frames – Mechanics and Design, deals with the fundamental aspects of the mechanics and design of reinforced concrete in general, both related to the Serviceability Limit State (SLS) and the Ultimate Limit State (ULS), whereas the current book deals with more advanced ULS aspects, along with instability and second-order analysis aspects. Some recent research results including the use of non-local mechanics are also presented. This book is aimed at Masters-level students, engineers, researchers and teachers in the field of reinforced concrete design. Most of the books in this area are very practical or code-oriented, whereas this book is more theoretically based, using rigorous mathematics and mechanics tools. Contents 1. Advanced Design at Ultimate Limit State (ULS). 2. Slender Compression Members – Mechanics and Design. 3. Approximate Analysis Methods. Appendix 1. Cardano’s Method. Appendix 2. Steel Reinforcement Table. About the Authors Jostein Hellesland has been Professor of Structural Mechanics at the University of Oslo, Norway since January 1988. His contribution to the field of stability has been recognized and magnified by many high-quality papers in famous international journals such as Engineering Structures, Thin-Walled Structures, Journal of Constructional Steel Research and Journal of Structural Engineering. Noël Challamel is Professor in Civil Engineering at UBS, University of South Brittany in France and chairman of the EMI-ASCE Stability committee. His contributions mainly concern the dynamics, stability and inelastic behavior of structural components, with special emphasis on Continuum Damage Mechanics (more than 70 publications in International peer-reviewed journals). Charles Casandjian was formerly Associate Professor at INSA (French National Institute of Applied Sciences), Rennes, France and the chairman of the course on reinforced concrete design. He has published work on the mechanics of concrete and is also involved in creating a web experience for teaching reinforced concrete design – BA-CORTEX. Christophe Lanos is Professor in Civil Engineering at the University of Rennes 1 in France. He has mainly published work on the mechanics of concrete, as well as other related subjects. He is also involved in creating a web experience for teaching reinforced concrete design – BA-CORTEX.

Fluid Structure Interactions And Uncertainties

Author: Abdelkhalak El Hami
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1848219393
Size: 49.46 MB
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The field of fluid—structure interactions groups together the study of all phenomena that present the coupling of the movement of a structure with that of a fluid. This is the mutuel interaction that can link a fluid domain to its surrounding structure. The range of phenomena studied is very wide, from the study of vibrating cylinders in flows, as is the case in the nuclear industry, to vibrating structures in turbulent flows, and to free surface phenomena in reservoirs. This book deals with the different aspects of fluid-structure interaction — vibro-acoustic and aerodynamic — by reducing the coupled fluid-structure model. Uncertainties are present in the study of the latter. An entire chapter is reserved for reliability-based design optimization (RBDO). The calculation tools used are : Ansys for the calculation of structures and Fluent for the calculation of fluids. For the examples processed using Ansys, the computer software is provided. Accompanied by detailed examples and including uncertainties, optimization and reliability, Fluid—Structure Interactions and Uncertainties presents the new, most effective design tools. The book is intended for engineering students and is a valuable support for practicing engineers and teacher-researchers.

The Rayleigh Ritz Method For Structural Analysis

Author: Sinniah Ilanko
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1848216386
Size: 47.78 MB
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A presentation of the theory behind the Rayleigh-Ritz (R-R) method, as well as a discussion of the choice of admissible functions and the use of penalty methods, including recent developments such as using negative inertia and bi-penalty terms. While presenting the mathematical basis of the R-R method, the authors also give simple explanations and analogies to make it easier to understand. Examples include calculation of natural frequencies and critical loads of structures and structural components, such as beams, plates, shells and solids. MATLAB codes for some common problems are also supplied.

Structural Dynamic Analysis With Generalized Damping Models

Author: Sondipon Adhikari
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111886302X
Size: 22.18 MB
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Since Lord Rayleigh introduced the idea of viscous damping in his classic work "The Theory of Sound" in 1877, it has become standard practice to use this approach in dynamics, covering a wide range of applications from aerospace to civil engineering. However, in the majority of practical cases this approach is adopted more for mathematical convenience than for modeling the physics of vibration damping. Over the past decade, extensive research has been undertaken on more general “non-viscous” damping models and vibration of non-viscously damped systems. This book, along with a related book Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models: Analysis, is the first comprehensive study to cover vibration problems with general non-viscous damping. The author draws on his considerable research experience to produce a text covering: parametric senistivity of damped systems; identification of viscous damping; identification of non-viscous damping; and some tools for the quanitification of damping. The book is written from a vibration theory standpoint, with numerous worked examples which are relevant across a wide range of mechanical, aerospace and structural engineering applications. Contents 1. Parametric Sensitivity of Damped Systems. 2. Identification of Viscous Damping. 3. Identification of Non-viscous Damping. 4. Quantification of Damping. About the Authors Sondipon Adhikari is Chair Professor of Aerospace Engineering at Swansea University, Wales. His wide-ranging and multi-disciplinary research interests include uncertainty quantification in computational mechanics, bio- and nanomechanics, dynamics of complex systems, inverse problems for linear and nonlinear dynamics, and renewable energy. He is a technical reviewer of 97 international journals, 18 conferences and 13 funding bodies.He has written over 180 refereed journal papers, 120 refereed conference papers and has authored or co-authored 15 book chapters.

Multiscale Structural Topology Optimization

Author: Liang Xia
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081011865
Size: 46.21 MB
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Multiscale Structural Topology Optimization discusses the development of a multiscale design framework for topology optimization of multiscale nonlinear structures. With the intention to alleviate the heavy computational burden of the design framework, the authors present a POD-based adaptive surrogate model for the RVE solutions at the microscopic scale and make a step further towards the design of multiscale elastoviscoplastic structures. Various optimization methods for structural size, shape, and topology designs have been developed and widely employed in engineering applications. Topology optimization has been recognized as one of the most effective tools for least weight and performance design, especially in aeronautics and aerospace engineering. This book focuses on the simultaneous design of both macroscopic structure and microscopic materials. In this model, the material microstructures are optimized in response to the macroscopic solution, which results in the nonlinearity of the equilibrium problem of the interface of the two scales. The authors include a reduce database model from a set of numerical experiments in the space of effective strain. Presents the first attempts towards topology optimization design of nonlinear highly heterogeneous structures Helps with simultaneous design of the topologies of both macroscopic structure and microscopic materials Helps with development of computer codes for the designs of nonlinear structures and of materials with extreme constitutive properties Focuses on the simultaneous design of both macroscopic structure and microscopic materials Includes a reduce database model from a set of numerical experiments in the space of effective strain

Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian And Fluid Structure Interaction

Author: M'hamed Souli
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118618688
Size: 24.60 MB
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This book provides the fundamental basics for solving fluid structure interaction problems, and describes different algorithms and numerical methods used to solve problems where fluid and structure can be weakly or strongly coupled. These approaches are illustrated with examples arising from industrial or academic applications. Each of these approaches has its own performance and limitations. Given the book’s comprehensive coverage, engineers, graduate students and researchers involved in the simulation of practical fluid structure interaction problems will find this book extremely useful.

Numerical Methods In Contact Mechanics

Author: Vladislav A. Yastrebov
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118648056
Size: 17.68 MB
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Computational contact mechanics is a broad topic which brings together algorithmic, geometrical, optimization and numerical aspects for a robust, fast and accurate treatment of contact problems. This book covers all the basic ingredients of contact and computational contact mechanics: from efficient contact detection algorithms and classical optimization methods to new developments in contact kinematics and resolution schemes for both sequential and parallel computer architectures. The book is self-contained and intended for people working on the implementation and improvement of contact algorithms in a finite element software. Using a new tensor algebra, the authors introduce some original notions in contact kinematics and extend the classical formulation of contact elements. Some classical and new resolution methods for contact problems and associated ready-to-implement expressions are provided. Contents: 1. Introduction to Computational Contact. 2. Geometry in Contact Mechanics. 3. Contact Detection. 4. Formulation of Contact Problems. 5. Numerical Procedures. 6. Numerical Examples. About the Authors Vladislav A. Yastrebov is a postdoctoral-fellow in Computational Solid Mechanics at MINES ParisTech in France. His work in computational contact mechanics was recognized by the CSMA award and by the Prix Paul Caseau of the French Academy of Technology and Electricité de France.

Granular Materials At Meso Scale

Author: Bernard Cambou
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008101077X
Size: 22.86 MB
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Granular Materials at Meso-scale: Towards a Change of Scale Approach proposes a new way for developing an efficient change of scale—considering a meso-scale defined at the level of local arrays of particles. The change of scale is known to be a very interesting way to improve the modelling of mechanical behavior granular materials. In the past, studies have been proposed using a micro-scale at the grain level to perform change of scale, but limitations have been proven for these approaches. Definition and analysis of the phases are detailed, constituted by sets of meso-domains sharing the same texture characteristics. The authors propose a local constitutive model for the phases, allowing the constitutive model of the representative elementary volume to be definied from a change-of-scale approach and, finally, presenting the validation of obtained modeling on cyclic loadings. Proposes a new way for developing an efficient change of scale—considering a meso-scale Explores local meso-domains and texture characteristics Defines meso-strain and stress Analyzes the evolution of these variables and texture characteristics in relation to the applied loading

Handbook Of Nonlocal Continuum Mechanics For Materials And Structures

Author: George Z. Voyiadjis
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319587271
Size: 27.32 MB
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This handbook covers all areas of nonlocal continuum mechanics including theoretical aspects,computational procedures, and experimental advances. The multidisciplinary scope of articles that comprise this reference are written by internationally recognized experts in the field and stand as the most-up-to-date, established knowledge base on using nonlocal continuum mechanics to characterize material behavior for advanced composites and nano-materials, as well as for engineering scale structures. The handbook is at once a comprehensive reference for academic researchers and engineers in industry concerned with nonlocal continuum mechanics for materials and structures as well as a supplement for graduate courses on a range of topics.