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Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Author: Yasar Demirel
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444641130
Size: 57.90 MB
Format: PDF
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Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics: Transport and Rate Processes in Physical, Chemical and Biological Systems, Fourth Edition emphasizes the unifying role of thermodynamics in analyzing natural phenomena. This updated edition expands on the third edition by focusing on the general balance equations for coupled processes of physical, chemical and biological systems. Updates include stochastic approaches, self-organization criticality, ecosystems, mesoscopic thermodynamics, constructual law, quantum thermodynamics, fluctuation theory, information theory, and modeling the coupled biochemical systems. The book also emphasizes nonequilibrium thermodynamics tools, such as fluctuation theories, mesoscopic thermodynamic analysis, information theories, and quantum thermodynamics in describing and designing small scale systems. Provides a useful text for seniors and graduate students from diverse engineering and science programs Highlights the fundamentals of equilibrium thermodynamics, transport processes and chemical reactions Expands the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in coupled transport processes and chemical reactions in physical, chemical and biological systems Presents a unified analysis for transport and rate processes in various time and space scales Discusses stochastic approaches in thermodynamic analysis, including fluctuation and information theories, mesoscopic nonequilibrium thermodynamics, constructal law and quantum thermodynamics

Information And Living Systems

Author: George Terzis
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026229513X
Size: 71.10 MB
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Information shapes biological organization in fundamental ways and at every organizational level. Because organisms use information--including DNA codes, gene expression, and chemical signaling--to construct, maintain, repair, and replicate themselves, it would seem only natural to use information-related ideas in our attempts to understand the general nature of living systems, the causality by which they operate, the difference between living and inanimate matter, and the emergence, in some biological species, of cognition, emotion, and language. And yet philosophers and scientists have been slow to do so. This volume fills that gap. Information and Living Systems offers a collection of original chapters in which scientists and philosophers discuss the informational nature of biological organization at levels ranging from the genetic to the cognitive and linguistic.The chapters examine not only familiar information-related ideas intrinsic to the biological sciences but also broader information-theoretic perspectives used to interpret their significance. The contributors represent a range of disciplines, including anthropology, biology, chemistry, cognitive science, information theory, philosophy, psychology, and systems theory, thus demonstrating the deeply interdisciplinary nature of the volume's bioinformational theme.

Organische Chemie F R Dummies

Author: Arthur Winter
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527822402
Size: 38.58 MB
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Man könnte meinen, dass eine Wissenschaft, die sich hauptsächlich mit Verbindungen eines einzigen Elements auseinandersetzt, vergleichsweise übersichtlich ist. Doch Kohlenstoff ist ein ganz besonderes Element, denn Kohlenstoffverbindungen bilden die Grundlagen des Lebens. "Organische Chemie für Dummies" führt Sie in die Geheimnisse der organischen Verbindungen ein, erklärt Ihnen die Grundlagen der Spektrometrie und Spektroskopie, zeigt Ihnen, welche Reaktionen möglich und welche unmöglich sind und vieles mehr. Nach jedem Kapitel finden Sie Übungsaufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen. So unterstützt Sie das Buch bei Ihrem Einstieg in die Organische Chemie.

Die Mechanische W Rmetheorie

Author: Rudolf Clausius
Publisher:
ISBN: 1421245728
Size: 66.53 MB
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This Elibron Classics title is a reprint of the original edition published by Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn in Braunschweig, 1879.

W Rmeleitung

Author: Ulrich Grigull
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642841325
Size: 65.75 MB
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Elementare, gleichzeitig exakte Einführung in das Thema. Gezeigt werden für technisch wichtige Fragestellungen sowohl strenge als auch Näherungslösungen, insbesondere erste Abschätzungen auch komplizierter Vorgänge. Exemplarisch wird an Beispielen aus verschiedenen Bereichen das breite Anwendungsgebiet verdeutlicht und die Übertragbarkeit des Vorgehens demonstriert. Tabellen der benötigten Stoffgrößen erleichtern die direkte Anwendung. Damit wendet sich das Buch gleichzeitig an den Ingenieur in der Praxis.

Die Naturwissenschaft Auf Neuen Bahnen

Author: Arthur Stanley Eddington
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322990869
Size: 36.24 MB
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Separation Process Engineering

Author: Phillip C. Wankat
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 0131382276
Size: 13.22 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Definitive, Fully Updated Guide to Separation Process Engineering–Now with a Thorough Introduction to Mass Transfer Analysis Separation Process Engineering, Third Edition, is the most comprehensive, accessible guide available on modern separation processes and the fundamentals of mass transfer. Phillip C. Wankat teaches each key concept through detailed, realistic examples using real data–including up-to-date simulation practice and new spreadsheet-based exercises. Wankat thoroughly covers each of today's leading approaches, including flash, column, and batch distillation; exact calculations and shortcut methods for multicomponent distillation; staged and packed column design; absorption; stripping; and more. In this edition, he also presents the latest design methods for liquid-liquid extraction. This edition contains the most detailed coverage available of membrane separations and of sorption separations (adsorption, chromatography, and ion exchange). Updated with new techniques and references throughout, Separation Process Engineering, Third Edition, also contains more than 300 new homework problems, each tested in the author's Purdue University classes. Coverage includes Modular, up-to-date process simulation examples and homework problems, based on Aspen Plus and easily adaptable to any simulator Extensive new coverage of mass transfer and diffusion, including both Fickian and Maxwell-Stefan approaches Detailed discussions of liquid-liquid extraction, including McCabe-Thiele, triangle and computer simulation analyses; mixer-settler design; Karr columns; and related mass transfer analyses Thorough introductions to adsorption, chromatography, and ion exchange–designed to prepare students for advanced work in these areas Complete coverage of membrane separations, including gas permeation, reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, pervaporation, and key applications A full chapter on economics and energy conservation in distillation Excel spreadsheets offering additional practice with problems in distillation, diffusion, mass transfer, and membrane separation