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Nonparametric Bayesian Inference In Biostatistics

Author: Riten Mitra
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319195182
Size: 71.59 MB
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As chapters in this book demonstrate, BNP has important uses in clinical sciences and inference for issues like unknown partitions in genomics. Nonparametric Bayesian approaches (BNP) play an ever expanding role in biostatistical inference from use in proteomics to clinical trials. Many research problems involve an abundance of data and require flexible and complex probability models beyond the traditional parametric approaches. As this book's expert contributors show, BNP approaches can be the answer. Survival Analysis, in particular survival regression, has traditionally used BNP, but BNP's potential is now very broad. This applies to important tasks like arrangement of patients into clinically meaningful subpopulations and segmenting the genome into functionally distinct regions. This book is designed to both review and introduce application areas for BNP. While existing books provide theoretical foundations, this book connects theory to practice through engaging examples and research questions. Chapters cover: clinical trials, spatial inference, proteomics, genomics, clustering, survival analysis and ROC curve.

Frontiers Of Statistical Decision Making And Bayesian Analysis

Author: Ming-Hui Chen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441969446
Size: 63.52 MB
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Research in Bayesian analysis and statistical decision theory is rapidly expanding and diversifying, making it increasingly more difficult for any single researcher to stay up to date on all current research frontiers. This book provides a review of current research challenges and opportunities. While the book can not exhaustively cover all current research areas, it does include some exemplary discussion of most research frontiers. Topics include objective Bayesian inference, shrinkage estimation and other decision based estimation, model selection and testing, nonparametric Bayes, the interface of Bayesian and frequentist inference, data mining and machine learning, methods for categorical and spatio-temporal data analysis and posterior simulation methods. Several major application areas are covered: computer models, Bayesian clinical trial design, epidemiology, phylogenetics, bioinformatics, climate modeling and applications in political science, finance and marketing. As a review of current research in Bayesian analysis the book presents a balance between theory and applications. The lack of a clear demarcation between theoretical and applied research is a reflection of the highly interdisciplinary and often applied nature of research in Bayesian statistics. The book is intended as an update for researchers in Bayesian statistics, including non-statisticians who make use of Bayesian inference to address substantive research questions in other fields. It would also be useful for graduate students and research scholars in statistics or biostatistics who wish to acquaint themselves with current research frontiers.

Bayesian Statistics 7

Author: J. M. Bernardo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198526155
Size: 54.90 MB
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This volume contains the proceedings of the 7th Valencia International Meeting on Bayesian Statistics. This conference is held every four years and provides the main forum for researchers in the area of Bayesian statistics to come together to present and discuss frontier developments in the field.

Frontiers In Massive Data Analysis

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309287812
Size: 44.66 MB
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Data mining of massive data sets is transforming the way we think about crisis response, marketing, entertainment, cybersecurity and national intelligence. Collections of documents, images, videos, and networks are being thought of not merely as bit strings to be stored, indexed, and retrieved, but as potential sources of discovery and knowledge, requiring sophisticated analysis techniques that go far beyond classical indexing and keyword counting, aiming to find relational and semantic interpretations of the phenomena underlying the data. Frontiers in Massive Data Analysis examines the frontier of analyzing massive amounts of data, whether in a static database or streaming through a system. Data at that scale--terabytes and petabytes--is increasingly common in science (e.g., particle physics, remote sensing, genomics), Internet commerce, business analytics, national security, communications, and elsewhere. The tools that work to infer knowledge from data at smaller scales do not necessarily work, or work well, at such massive scale. New tools, skills, and approaches are necessary, and this report identifies many of them, plus promising research directions to explore. Frontiers in Massive Data Analysis discusses pitfalls in trying to infer knowledge from massive data, and it characterizes seven major classes of computation that are common in the analysis of massive data. Overall, this report illustrates the cross-disciplinary knowledge--from computer science, statistics, machine learning, and application disciplines--that must be brought to bear to make useful inferences from massive data.

Exploring Research Frontiers In Contemporary Statistics And Econometrics

Author: Ingrid Van Keilegom
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783790823493
Size: 41.22 MB
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This book collects contributions written by well-known statisticians and econometricians to acknowledge Léopold Simar’s far-reaching scientific impact on Statistics and Econometrics throughout his career. The papers contained herein were presented at a conference in Louvain-la-Neuve in May 2009 in honor of his retirement. The contributions cover a broad variety of issues surrounding frontier estimation, which Léopold Simar has contributed much to over the past two decades, as well as related issues such as semiparametric regression and models for censored data. This book collects contributions written by well-known statisticians and econometricians to acknowledge Léopold Simar’s far-reaching scientific impact on Statistics and Econometrics throughout his career. The papers contained herein were presented at a conference in Louvain-la-Neuve in May 2009 in honor of his retirement. The contributions cover a broad variety of issues surrounding frontier estimation, which Léopold Simar has contributed much to over the past two decades, as well as related issues such as semiparametric regression and models for censored data.

Frontiers In Statistics

Author: Jianqing Fan
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1860946704
Size: 54.48 MB
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During the last two decades, many areas of statistical inference have experienced phenomenal growth. This book presents a timely analysis and overview of some of these new developments and a contemporary outlook on the various frontiers of statistics.Eminent leaders in the field have contributed 16 review articles and 6 research articles covering areas including semi-parametric models, data analytical nonparametric methods, statistical learning, network tomography, longitudinal data analysis, financial econometrics, time series, bootstrap and other re-sampling methodologies, statistical computing, generalized nonlinear regression and mixed effects models, martingale transform tests for model diagnostics, robust multivariate analysis, single index models and wavelets.This volume is dedicated to Prof. Peter J Bickel in honor of his 65th birthday. The first article of this volume summarizes some of Prof. Bickel's distinguished contributions.

Bayesian Statistics 8

Author: J. M. Bernardo
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199214655
Size: 25.34 MB
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The Valencia International Meetings on Bayesian Statistics, held every four years, provide the main forum for researchers in the area of Bayesian Statistics to come together to present and discuss frontier developments in the field. Covering a broad range of applications and models, including genetics, computer vision and computation, the resulting proceedings provide a definitive, up-to-date overview encompassing a wide range of theoretical and applied research. This eighth proceedings includes edited and refereed versions of 20 invited papers plus extensive and in-depth discussion along with 19 extended four page abstracts of the best presentations offering a wide perspective of the developments in Bayesian statistics over the last four years.