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Northern Armageddon

Author: D. Peter MacLeod
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 1101946954
Size: 49.27 MB
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A huge, ambitious re-creation of the eighteenth-century Battle of the Plains of Abraham, the pivotal battle in the Seven Years’ War (1754–1763) to win control of the trans-Appalachian region of North America, a battle consisting of the British and American colonists on one side and the French and the Iroquois Confederacy on the other, and leading directly to the colonial War of Independence and the creation of Canada. It took five years of warfare fought on three continents—Europe, Asia, and North America—to bring the forces arrayed against one another—Britain, Prussia, and Hanover against France, Austria, Sweden, Saxony, Russia, and Spain (Churchill called it “the first world war”)—to the plateau outside Quebec City, on September 13, 1759, on fields owned a century before by a fisherman named Abraham Martin . . . It was the final battle of a three-month siege by the British Army and Navy of Quebec, the walled city that controlled access to the St. Lawrence River and the continent’s entire network of waterways; a battle with the British utilizing 15,000 soldiers, employing 186 ships, with hundreds of colonists aboard British warships and transports from Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, with France sending in a mere 400 reinforcements in addition to its 3,500 soldiers. The battle on the Plains of Abraham lasted twenty minutes, and at its finish the course of a continent was changed forever . . . New military tactics were used for the first time against standard European formations . . . Generals Wolfe and Montcalm each died of gunshot wounds . . . France surrendered Quebec to the British, setting the course for the future of Canada, paving the way for the signing of the Treaty of Paris that gave the British control of North America east of the Mississippi, and forcing France to relinquish its claims on New Orleans and to give the lands west of the Mississippi to Spain for surrendering Florida to the British. After the decisive battle, Britain’s maritime and colonial supremacy was assured, its hold on the thirteen American colonies tightened. The American participation in ousting the French as a North American power spurred the confidence of the people of New York, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts, who began to agitate for independence from Great Britain. Sixteen years later, France, still bitter over the loss of most of its colonial empire, intervened on behalf of the patriots in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783). In Northern Armageddon, Peter MacLeod, using original research—diaries, journals, letters, and firsthand accounts—and bringing to bear all of his extensive knowledge and grasp of warfare and colonial North American history, tells the epic story on a human scale. He writes of the British at Quebec through the eyes of a master’s mate on one of the ships embroiled in the battle. And from the French perspective, as the British bombarded Quebec, of four residents of the city—a priest, a clerk, a nun, and a notary—caught in the crossfire. MacLeod gives us as well the large-scale ramifications of this clash of armies, not only on the shape of North America, but on the history of Europe itself. A stunning work of military history.

The Townshend Moment

Author: Patrick Griffin
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300218974
Size: 39.74 MB
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The captivating story of two British brothers whose attempts to reform an empire helped to incite rebellion and revolution in America and insurgency and reform in Ireland Patrick Griffin chronicles the attempts of brothers Charles and George Townshend to control the forces of history in the heady days after Britain's mythic victory over France in the mid-eighteenth century, and the historic and unintended consequences of their efforts. As British chancellor of the exchequer in 1767, Charles Townshend instituted fiscal policy that served as a catalyst for American rebellion against the Crown, while his brother George's actions at the same moment as lord lieutenant of Ireland politicized the kingdom, leading to Irish legislative independence. This fascinating study is the first to consider as a linked history the influence of two all-but-forgotten brothers, both of whom rose to national prominence in the same year. Griffin vividly reconstructs the many worlds the Townshends moved through and explores how their shared conception of an empire that could harness the wealth of America to the manpower of Ireland initiated an age of revolution.

Der Siebenj Hrige Krieg

Author: Marian Füssel
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406643485
Size: 35.45 MB
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Marian Füssel bietet eine knappe, faktenreiche und gut lesbare Darstellung der Geschichte des Siebenjährigen Krieges (1756–1763) und beschreibt seine weltumspannenden Dimensionen. Er stellt die Hauptakteure des Geschehens vor – unter ihnen das Preußen König Friedrichs des Großen, Frankreich und das britische Empire – und erläutert ihre Interessen und Koalitionen. Darüber hinaus skizziert er die Bedeutung wichtiger militärischer Ereignisse im Verlauf des Krieges – etwa der Schlachten von Leuthen (1757), Plassey (1757), Fort William (1757), Zorndorf (1758) und Kunersdorf (1759) oder der Belagerung von Quebec (1759), Havanna (1762) und Manila (1762) –, erklärt die Friedensschlüsse von Paris und Hubertusburg (1763) und fasst die Ergebnisse des Siebenjährigen Krieges zusammen. Schließlich resümiert er die Folgen dieses Krieges und ordnet ihn erinnerungsgeschichtlich ein.

Bummel Durch Europa

Author: Mark Twain
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3743187809
Size: 56.54 MB
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"Bummel durch Europa" (Original: "A Tramp Abroad") ist ein halb-fiktiver, satirischer Reisebericht des amerikanischen Autors Mark Twain, der erstmals 1880 erschien. Das Buch beschreibt eine Reise von zwei Freunden durch Deutschland, die Alpen und Italien im Jahr 1878. Der Ich-Erzähler ist Mark Twain selbst, der Reisebegleiter seinem Freund Joseph Twichell nachgebildet. Beide Reisenden hatten sich eigentlich vorgenommen, den größten Teil des Weges zu Fuß zurückzulegen, finden dann aber doch ständig andere Möglichkeiten der Fortbewegung. Twain spielt auf dieser Reise den typischen amerikanischen Touristen jener Zeit, der angeblich alles sofort versteht, was er sieht, in Wahrheit aber häufig daneben liegt.

Die Hand Der Anne Boleyn

Author: Chris C. Humphreys
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783492244459
Size: 28.76 MB
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Anne Boleyn - Balladen werden über ihre Schönheit gesungen, über ihre Augen, ihren Körper. Doch Jean Rombaud ist gekommen, um die englische Königin hinzurichten. Auf dem Schafott nimmt sie ihrem französischen Henker einen letzten Schwur ab - und schickt Rombaud auf die gefahrvollste Mission seines Leben. In den Wirren des 16. Jahrhunderts begibt sich der tapfere Scharfrichter auf eine abenteuerliche Odyssee quer durch Europa, die Freundschaft und Liebe, aber auch Schmerzen und Verrat für ihn bereit hält. >Mit einer außerordentlich bravourösen Sprachkraft gelingt es Humphreys, eine atemberaubende Lese-Atmosphäre zu entwickeln, die sich nicht zuletzt aus dem fundierten und breiten Geschichtswissen des Autors speist.