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Problems And Solutions In Nuclear Physics

Author: Dr. Mouaiyad M.S.Alabed
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 9781475926071
Size: 52.17 MB
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The book uses to help students that study nuclear physics. The book contains 242 tasks and solutions in different fields, involving nuclear physics such as accelerators (which accelerate the particles and calculate the relative mass and velocity of the particle), nuclear reactors, nuclear fission inside the reactor core, radioactivity, decay of the particle such as alpha and beta, and gamma decay. Many tasks that include the radiation doses. The book uses many of concepts such as: binding energy, kinetic energy and radius of nuclei, wavelength of the particle such as electron, proton and neutron. There are tasks about the density of nuclear material, heat equilibrium and collision, which occur between these particles and nuclei of the target, produce by these collision two types of scattering, they are elastic and inelastic scattering of the particle. The angle of the scattering plays an important role in the calculation of kinetic energy and momentum. The book also includes appendix with tables of physical constants related to these tasks. This is includes a table of radioactive isotopes. Student can be used this book to help him to develop his acknowledge of the many topics related to nuclear energy in general, and especially nuclear physics.

Atomic And Nuclear Physics

Author: Sharma
Publisher: Pearson Education India
ISBN: 9788131719244
Size: 25.92 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Book Describes The Basics Of Atomic And Nuclear Physics, Related Phenomena, And The Physics Of Nuclear Reactors And The Instruments And Applications For The Same. The Flow Of The Chapters In The Book Gradually Moves From Atomic Physics, Then To Quantum Physics, And Finally To Nuclear Physics.

Nuclear Physics

Author: Enrico Fermi
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226243658
Size: 70.66 MB
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This volume presents, with some amplification, the notes on the lectures on nuclear physics given by Enrico Fermi at the University of Chicago in 1949. "The compilers of this publication may be warmly congratulated. . . . The scope of this course is amazing: within 240 pages it ranges from the general properties of atomic nuclei and nuclear forces to mesons and cosmic rays, and includes an account of fission and elementary pile theory. . . . The course addresses itself to experimenters rather than to specialists in nuclear theory, although the latter will also greatly profit from its study on account of the sound emphasis laid everywhere on the experimental approach to problems. . . . There is a copious supply of problems."—Proceedings of the Physical Society "Only a relatively few students are privileged to attend Professor Fermi's brilliant lectures at the University of Chicago; it is therefore a distinct contribution to the followers of nuclear science that his lecture material has been systematically organized in a publication and made available to a much wider audience."—Nucelonics

Introductory Nuclear Physics

Author: Samuel S. M. Wong
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527617914
Size: 73.82 MB
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A comprehensive, unified treatment of present-day nuclear physics-the fresh edition of a classic text/reference. "A fine and thoroughly up-to-date textbook on nuclear physics . . . most welcome." -Physics Today (on the First Edition). What sets Introductory Nuclear Physics apart from other books on the subject is its presentation of nuclear physics as an integral part of modern physics. Placing the discipline within a broad historical and scientific context, it makes important connections to other fields such as elementary particle physics and astrophysics. Now fully revised and updated, this Second Edition explores the changing directions in nuclear physics, emphasizing new developments and current research-from superdeformation to quark-gluon plasma. Author Samuel S.M. Wong preserves those areas that established the First Edition as a standard text in university physics departments, focusing on what is exciting about the discipline and providing a concise, thorough, and accessible treatment of the fundamental aspects of nuclear properties. In this new edition, Professor Wong: * Includes a chapter on heavy-ion reactions-from high-spin states to quark-gluon plasma * Adds a new chapter on nuclear astrophysics * Relates observed nuclear properties to the underlying nuclear interaction and the symmetry principles governing subatomic particles * Regroups material and appendices to make the text easier to use * Lists Internet links to essential databases and research projects * Features end-of-chapter exercises using real-world data. Introductory Nuclear Physics, Second Edition is an ideal text for courses in nuclear physics at the senior undergraduate or first-year graduate level. It is also an important resource for scientists and engineers working with nuclei, for astrophysicists and particle physicists, and for anyone wishing to learn more about trends in the field.

The Defining Years In Nuclear Physics 1932 1960s

Author: Milorad Mlađenović
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780750304726
Size: 28.84 MB
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Creation, in science, is like any other process, highly individual. Nuclear physics, more than any other branch of physics, has shaped the public perception of science this century. Professor Mladjenovic has put together a fascinating account of the scientists, and their discoveries, in chronological order. It describes the work of the founding fathers of nuclear physics, from Gamow and Dirac, to Van de Graaff and Siegbahn (amongst others). It is the author's view of the most important discoveries made, and reflects, in part, the research he has carded out.Topics include nuclear spectroscopy, in particular beta-ray spectrometers and internal conversion. The author starts from the discovery of the neutron in 1932, to nuclear fission, and closes with sub-atomic processes. The book is written for students of modern physics courses, and as a reference for those interested in the historical development of the subject. Full references for further reading, and to the original papers are provided.

Basic Concepts Of Nuclear Physics

Author: Jagadish B. Garg
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1462824471
Size: 29.92 MB
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book provides a clear and concise discussion of basic concepts of nuclear physics to be covered in a one semester course in nuclear physics offered in colleges and universities. This course can be taken by physics and nuclear engineering seniors and graduate students, who have taken one semester of quantum mechanics and a course in math. Methods of physics. This book begins with the general properties of nuclei. In chapters 2 and 3 it discusses the nature of nuclear force as learned from the properties of deuteron and from the two body interactions of (n, n ), (n, p) and (p, p) pairs. In chapter 4 it gives discussion of the nuclear structure in terms of different nuclear models such as shell, collective vibration and rotation, unified and liquid drop. The models are applicable in different mass regions of nuclei. In chapter 5, discussion is given about \, and - ray modes of decay of unstable nuclei. Chapter 6 deals with different types of nuclear reactions induced by n, p, d, t, \- particles etc. These reactions are compound nucleus formation, direct reactions, such as stripping, knock out, pick up reactions, photonuclear reactions, nuclear fission and nuclear fusion etc. Chapter 7 gives a brief discussion of application of nuclear physics to other fields such as bio medical, nuclear energy, industry, crime detection and astrophysics. In chapter 8, I have given conceptual problems related to each chapter. The main feature of this book is that it gives a coherent treatment of each topic of nuclear physics in the proper order. Book Review Basic concepts of nuclear physics written by Jagadish B. Garg, Physics Professor, State University at Albany is a timely book. To my knowledge no other text book on this subject had been published in recent years. This book is written in a clear, concise and orderly fashion. The book begins with a discussion of the discovery of nucleus by Lord Rutherford and then describes all the basic properties of nuclei. In chapters 2and 3, the author discusses the nucleon nucleon force determined by properties of deuterons and from interaction of pairs of nucleons. In chapter 4, he discusses nuclear structure as described by shell, collective rotation, vibration, unified and liquid drop models. In chapter 5, he discusses various nuclear modes such as alpha, beta and gamma decay of unstable nuclei, In chapter 6, he discusses nuclear reactions induced by neutrons, protons, deuterons, He 3, He 4 and triton particles, photo nuclear reactions, nuclear fission and fusion. Theoretical treatment of these topics is appropriate for an introductory survey course in nuclear physics. Chapter 7 gives a brief discussion of application of nuclear physics to nuclear energy, to medical field such as diagnostic and treatment of human diseases, application to astro-physics, crime detection and determination of pollution in the environment The author is internationally known for his extensive research on many topics of nuclear physics. The author should be complimented for a clear and concise discussion of all important topics of nuclear physics. This book is suitable for a one semester survey course in nuclear physics to be given in physics and nuclear engineering departments. I have taught introductory course in nuclear physics at Renssaeler Polytecnique Institute for many years and would have adopted this book if it was then available. I would recommend this book to other professors teaching an introductory survey course on nuclear physics. - Norman Francis, Adjunct Professor at RPI(retired) Fellow of American Nuclear Society

Nuclear Physics Of Stars

Author: Christian Iliadis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527336516
Size: 69.86 MB
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Most elements are synthesized, or "cooked", by thermonuclear reactions in stars. The newly formed elements are released into the interstellar medium during a star's lifetime, and are subsequently incorporated into a new generation of stars, into the planets that form around the stars, and into the life forms that originate on the planets. Moreover, the energy we depend on for life originates from nuclear reactions that occur at the center of the Sun. Synthesis of the elements and nuclear energy production in stars are the topics of nuclear astrophysics, which is the subject of this book. It presents nuclear structure and reactions, thermonuclear reaction rates, experimental nuclear methods, and nucleosynthesis in detail. These topics are discussed in a coherent way, enabling the reader to grasp their interconnections intuitively. The book serves both as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, with worked examples and end-of-chapter excercises, but also as a reference book for use by researchers working in the field of nuclear astrophysics.

Modern Atomic And Nuclear Physics

Author: Fujia Yang
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814277169
Size: 48.85 MB
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"The textbook itself is the culmination of the authors' many years of teaching and research in atomic physics, nuclear and particle physics, and modern physics. It is also a crystallization of their intense passion and strong interest in the history of physics and the philosophy of science. Together with the solution manual which presents solutions to many end-of-chapter problems in the textbook, they are a valuable resource to the instructors and students working in the modern atomic field."--Publisher's website.