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Nuclear Receptors

Author: Chris M. Bunce
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048133031
Size: 13.21 MB
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In 1890 a case of myxedema was treated in Lisbon by the implantation of a sheep thyroid gland with the immediate improvement in the patient’s condition. A few years later, medications for the then ill-explained condition of the menopause included tablets made from cow ovaries. In the first quarter of the 20th century the identification of vitamin D, and its sunlight driven production in skin, paved the way to the elimination of rickets as a major medical problem. Twenty years or so later, Sir Vincent Wigglesworth established the endocrine basis of developmental moulting in insects, arguably the most commonly performed animal behaviour on Planet Earth. A paradigm that would unify these disparate observations arose between 1985 and 1987 beginning with the identification of the glucocorticoid receptor and the nuclear receptor super-family. What follows is a timely and positive manifestation of the capacity, productivity and value of international human scientific endeavour. Based on intrigue, lively competition and cooperation a global effort has rapidly fostered a school of biology with widespread ramifications for the understanding of metazoan animals, the human condition and the state of the planet. This book is the first this century to try and capture the spirit of this endeavour, to depict where the field is now and to identify some of the challenges and opportunities for the future.

Insect Endocrinology

Author: Lawrence I. Gilbert
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123848512
Size: 36.96 MB
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The publication of the extensive seven-volume work Comprehensive Molecular Insect Science provided a complete reference encompassing important developments and achievements in modern insect science. One of the most swiftly moving areas in entomological and comparative research is endocrinology, and this volume, Insect Endocrinology, is designed for those who desire a comprehensive yet concise work on important aspects of this topic. Because this area has moved quickly since the original publication, articles in this new volume are revised, highlighting developments in the related area since its original publication. Insect Endocrinology covers the mechanism of action of insect hormones during growth and metamorphosis as well as the role of insect hormones in reproduction, diapause and the regulation of metabolism. Contents include articles on the juvenile hormones, circadian organization of the endocrine system, ecdysteroid chemistry and biochemistry, as well as new chapters on insulin-like peptides and the peptide hormone Bursicon. This volume will be of great value to senior investigators, graduate students, post-doctoral fellows and advanced undergraduate research students. It can also be used as a reference for graduate courses and seminars on the topic. Chapters will also be valuable to the applied biologist or entomologist, providing the requisite understanding necessary for probing the more applied research areas. Articles selected by the known and respected editor-in-chief of the original major reference work, Comprehensive Molecular Insect Science Newly revised contributions bring together the latest research in the quickly moving field of insect endocrinology Review of the literature of the past five years is now included, as well as full use of data arising from the application of molecular technologies wherever appropriate

Osteosynthesis In The Hand

Author: Daniel B. Herren
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 380558542X
Size: 20.32 MB
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Fracture fixation in osteoporotic bone, fixed angle implants, bone morphogenic proteins - these are just a few of the phrases recently heard in discussions on contemporary osteosynthesis. Featuring the proceedings of the 2008 congress of the Federation of European Societies for Surgery of the Hand (FESSH) held in Lausanne, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the state of the art and summarizes the various new developments in osteosynthesis. Basic scientific papers and contributions reporting important clinical applications by leaders in their fields highlight some recent issues such as fracture fixation under special conditions, new implant designs, bone substitutes and outcome measurement after fracture treatment. Hand surgeons, orthopedic and trauma surgeons as well as researchers with an interest in fracture treatment of the upper extremity will find this publication of great interest.

The Nuclear Receptor Superfamily

Author: Iain J. McEwan, PhD
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 9781603275743
Size: 77.38 MB
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Acting principally to control patterns of gene expression, nuclear receptors play vital roles during embryonic development and in the regulation of metabolic and reproductive functions in adult life, which proves this superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors to be a crucial part of biological life. In The Nuclear Receptor Superfamily: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers describe a range of molecular, structural and cell biological techniques currently used to investigate the structure-function of nuclear receptors, together with experimental approaches that may lead to new therapeutic strategies for treating nuclear receptor-associated diseases. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, the chapters in this volume contain brief introductions to the topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, as well as notes from the experts to highlight tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and easy to use, The Nuclear Receptor Superfamily: Methods and Protocols provides beneficial and time-saving guidance for all those undertaking research in this ever-growing field of study.

Nuclear Receptors As Drug Targets

Author: Eckhard Ottow
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527623302
Size: 61.87 MB
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Edited by two experts working at the pioneering pharmaceutical company and major global player in hormone-derived drugs, this handbook and reference systematically treats the drug development aspects of all human nuclear receptors, including recently characterized receptors such as PPAR, FXR and LXR. Authors from leading pharmaceutical companies around the world present examples and real-life data from their own work.

Essentials Of Stem Cell Biology

Author: Robert Lanza
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124104274
Size: 48.52 MB
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First developed as an accessible abridgement of the successful Handbook of Stem Cells, Essentials of Stem Cell Biology serves the needs of the evolving population of scientists, researchers, practitioners, and students embracing the latest advances in stem cells. Representing the combined effort of 7 editors and more than 200 scholars and scientists whose pioneering work has defined our understanding of stem cells, this book combines the prerequisites for a general understanding of adult and embryonic stem cells with a presentation by the world's experts of the latest research information about specific organ systems. From basic biology/mechanisms, early development, ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm, and methods to the application of stem cells to specific human diseases, regulation and ethics, and patient perspectives, no topic in the field of stem cells is left uncovered. Contributions by Nobel Laureates and leading international investigators Includes two entirely new chapters devoted exclusively to induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells written by the scientists who made the breakthrough Edited by a world-renowned author and researcher to present a complete story of stem cells in research, in application, and as the subject of political debate Presented in full color with a glossary, highlighted terms, and bibliographic entries replacing references

Handbook Of Cell Signaling

Author: Ralph A. Bradshaw
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080920918
Size: 14.41 MB
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KEY FEATURES: * Contains over 350 chapters of comprehensive coverage on cell signaling * Includes discussion on topics from ligand/receptor interactions to organ/organism responses * Provides user-friendly, well-illustrated, reputable content by experts in the field DESCRIPTION: Handbook of Cell Signaling, Three-Volume Set, 2e, is a comprehensive work covering all aspects of intracellular signal processing, including extra/intracellular membrane receptors, signal transduction, gene expression/translation, and cellular/organotypic signal responses. The second edition is an up-to-date, expanded reference with each section edited by a recognized expert in the field. Tabular and well illustrated, the Handbook will serve as an in-depth reference for this complex and evolving field. Handbook of Cell Signaling, 2/e will appeal to a broad, cross-disciplinary audience interested in the structure, biochemistry, molecular biology and pathology of cellular effectors.

Cardio Renal Clinical Challenges

Author: David Goldsmith
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331909162X
Size: 58.53 MB
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​​​​​​​​In modern medicine, the aging population is prone to many simultaneous cardiovascular (CV) risk factors which often produce co-incident pathology. Nowhere is this more obvious than in the interaction between Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), Diabetes and diverse CV diseases (CVD). This is a complex and challenging area, as the presence of CKD/diabetes promotes CVD while also complicating its treatment. The emergence of CKD as a public health priority is one of the most challenging problems of modern medicine. It is now solidly established that renal dysfunction portends a high risk for cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular diseases remains the main cause of death in western societies and the amplification of the death risk conveyed by coexisting CKD, even though still poorly understood, appears considerable. The bidirectional link that associates renal and cardiovascular diseases, the high risk of the death signalled by their coexistence and the considerable epidemiological burden imposed by this link is at the basis of the emergence of a new discipline aiming at making the borders between nephrology and cardiovascular medicine even more permeable than before. The term Cardio-Renal Syndrome was coined around 5 years ago to try to formalize this link, and act as a stimulus to interaction between clinical teams, researchers and others to achieve better management and outcomes for all. This book takes clinical presentations and clinical problems as its base, and then discuss the evidence for best management of common clinical problems as well as the reasons for the complex interplay between the cardiac and renal systems. Moreover, it addresses the issue of organizing healthcare to maximize the opportunities for prevention and best healthcare economic returns, building on cutting edge initiatives at the Karolinska, Stockholm. The book will be of immediate value and interest to all cardiologists and renal physicians.

Fatty Acid And Lipid Chemistry

Author: F.D. Gunstone
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 146154131X
Size: 80.54 MB
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This book has a pedigree. It has developed from earlier publications by the author and from his experience over 50 years in reading, writing, thinking, and working with lipids and fatty acids. The earlier publications are: (i) An Introduction to the Chemistry of Fats and Fatty Acids, Chapman and Hall, 1958. (ii) An Introduction to the Chemistry and Biochemistry of Fatty Acids and their Glycerides, Chapman and Hall, 1967. (iii) Lipids in Foods: Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Technology (with F. A. Norris), Pergamon Press, 1983. (iv) The Lipid Handbook (with J. L. Harwood and F. B. Padley), Chapman and Hall, first edition 1986, second edition 1994. (v) A Lipid Glossary (with B. G. Herslof), The Oily Press, Dundee, 1992. (vi) Lecture notes for a course on Fatty Acids and Lipids designed for those entering the oil and fat industry and given on over 20 occasions since 1977. The book is dedicated to the next generation of lipid scientists. The study of lipids now involves many disciplines, all of which require a basic knowledge of the chemical nature and properties of these molecules, which is what this book is about. It is written particularly for those who, with some knowledge of chemistry or biochemistry, need to know more about the nature of lipids and fatty acids.