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Nuclear Rivalry And International Order

Author: Jørn Gjelstad
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
Size: 53.86 MB
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Despite the ending of the Cold War and superpower rivalry, the world contains many nuclear-armed states. This challenging analysis of the continuing role of nuclear weapons in inter-state rivalry shows how they remain today one of the most important issues for the future of peace. The determination of the role of nuclear weapons will be crucial to the prospects for nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. This intriguing volume begins by examining the relevance of nuclear weapons to the 'long peace' between the superpowers during the Cold War. Were they a necessary condition for peace? Were they irrelevant or only marginally relevant? Is there any evidence to point to the future role of nuclear weapons in the post-Cold War world? The answers to these questions leads to question the present and future role of nuclear weapons and the opportunities for disarmament and non-proliferation. The perceived insecurity of rival states is highlighted as the most important obstacle to an effective international non-proliferation regime. This timely, comprehensive volume presents a review of the role of nuclear weapons in the 'long peace' and will be essential reading for students and professionals in the fields of peace studies, defense studies, and international relations.

China And Global Nuclear Order

Author: Nicola Horsburgh
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191016306
Size: 17.76 MB
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This book offers an empirically rich study of Chinese nuclear weapons behaviour and the impact of this behaviour on global nuclear politics since 1949. China's behaviour as a nuclear weapons state is a major determinant of global and regional security. For the United States, there is no other nuclear actor — with the exception of Russia— that matters more to its long-term national security. However, China's behaviour and impact on global nuclear politics is a surprisingly under-researched topic. Existing literature tends to focus on narrow policy issues, such as misdemeanours in China's non-proliferation record, the uncertain direction of its military spending, and nuclear force modernization, or enduring opaqueness in its nuclear policy. This book proposes an alternative context to understand both China's past and present nuclear behaviour: its engagement with the process of creating and maintaining global nuclear order. The concept of global nuclear order is an innovative lens through which to consider China as a nuclear weapons state because it draws attention to the inner workings —institutional and normative— that underpin nuclear politics. It is also a timely subject because global nuclear order is considered by many actors to be under serious strain and in need of reform. Indeed, today the challenges to nuclear order are numerous, from Iranian and North Korean nuclear ambitions to the growing threat of nuclear terrorism. This book considers these challenges from a Chinese perspective, exploring how far Beijing has gone to the aid of nuclear order in addressing these issues.

Nuclear Proliferation And International Order

Author: Olav Njølstad
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136922881
Size: 61.26 MB
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This book examines the state of the nuclear non-proliferation regime and the issues it faces in the early 21st century. Despite the fact that most countries in the world have signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) there is growing concern that the NPT is in serious trouble and may not be able to stop the further spread of nuclear weapons. If so, international stability will be undermined, with potentially disastrous consequences, and the vision of a nuclear weapon-free world will become utterly unrealistic. More specifically, the NPT is exposed to four main challenges, explored in this book: challenges from outside, as three countries that have not signed the Treaty – Israel, India and Pakistan – are known to possess nuclear weapons; challenges from within, as some countries that have signed on to the Treaty as non-nuclear weapons states have nevertheless developed or are suspected to be trying to develop nuclear weapons (North Korea and Iran being cases in point); challenges from below in the shape of terrorists and other non-state actors who may want to acquire radioactive materials or even nuclear weapons; and, finally, challenges from above due to the perceived failure of the five legal nuclear weapons states to keep their part of the ‘double bargain’ made by the parties of the NPT and take serious steps towards nuclear disarmament. This book will be of much interest to students of nuclear proliferation, international security, war and conflict studies and IR in general.

Nuclear South Asia

Author: Rajesh Rajagopalan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317324757
Size: 37.75 MB
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This dictionary provides a comprehensive and ready guide to the key concepts, issues, persons, and technologies related to the nuclear programmes of India and Pakistan and other South Asian states. This will serve as a useful reference especially as the nuclear issue continues to be an important domestic and international policy concern.

Power Transition And International Order In Asia

Author: Peter Shearman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136759964
Size: 41.65 MB
Format: PDF
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This edited volume examines how the transition and diffusion of power in global politics is impacting on stability and order in Asia. Both in the academic field of International Relations (IR) and among policymakers, the big question today concerns the rise of China, the relative decline of the United States, and the increasing importance of Asia in global politics. The level of impact the international power transition will have in the region remains unclear, but observers agree that Asia is a potential tinderbox for crises and conflict. This volume brings together leading scholars from around the world to assess current thinking in IR on these issues. The authors apply appropriate theories and methods of analysis in their specific area of expertise to examine the likely effects of the changing global power distribution on Asia. There is also said to be an ongoing diffusion of power away from states to non-state actors in the region; hence, in addition to examining changing relations between the Great Powers, the book will also assess the implications that other actors, from terrorist groups, insurgents and organised crime syndicates, could have on stability and order. This book will be of much interest to students of Asian politics, security studies, diplomacy and international relations.

The Absolute Weapon Revisited

Author: T. V. Paul
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472087006
Size: 27.40 MB
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Discusses the contemporary role of nuclear weapons in international relations

Nuclear Multilateralism And Iran

Author: Tarja Cronberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351980645
Size: 19.84 MB
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Drawing on the author’s personal experience, this book presents an insider’s chronology and policy analysis of the EU’s role in the nuclear negotiations with Iran. The European Union strives to be a global player, a “soft power” leader that can influence international politics and state behavior. Yet critics argue that the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) remains largely ineffective and incoherent. The EU’s early and continuous involvement in the effort to dissuade Iran from developing nuclear weapons can be viewed as a test case for the EU as a global actor. As Chair of the European Parliament’s delegation for relations with Iran, Tarja Cronberg had a ringside seat in the negotiations to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons. Drawing on her experiences leading a parliamentary delegation to Iran and interviews with officials, legislators and opposition leaders in nearly every country participating in the negotiations, as well as reports by the International Atomic Energy Agency, parliaments and independent experts, the author illustrates an insider’s strategic understanding of the negotiations. Intersecting history, politics, economics, culture and the broader security context, this book not only delivers a unique analysis of this historic deal and the twelve-year multilateral pursuit of it, but draws from it pertinent lessons for European policy makers for the future. This book will be of much interest to students of nuclear proliferation, EU policy, diplomacy and international relations in general.

Future S Back

Author: Frank P. Harvey
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773516050
Size: 49.33 MB
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Given the likely proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in the future, and the failure of "non-proliferation" regimes to provide effective barriers to the spread of nuclear technology in the past, efforts towards greater understanding of nuclear rivalry are crucial. The Future's Back provides a valuable framework for organizing and evaluating research on superpower rivalry and nuclear deterrence.

The India Pakistan Conflict

Author: T. V. Paul
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521671262
Size: 61.46 MB
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This volume, first published in 2005, analyses the persistence of the India-Pakistan rivalry since 1947.

The Nuclear Revolution

Author: Michael Mandelbaum
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521282390
Size: 74.91 MB
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How have nuclear weapons affected the way countries deal with one another? The Nuclear Revolution answers this question by comparing the nuclear age with previous periods of international history, from the fifth century B.C. to the twentieth century. The Nuclear Revolution offers insightful and provocative perspectives on the Soviet-American nuclear arms race, comparing it with the Anglo-German naval rivalry before World War I and with modern tariff competitions. The work also compares the advent of nuclear weapons with the two other modern revolutions in warfare: Napoleon's military innovations and the industrial warfare of World War I. It assesses the impact of nuclear armaments on the balance of power, alliances, and the behaviour of national leaders. Also included is an analysis of the differences between nuclear weapons and chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction. The concuding chapter, bringing together ideas from history, religion, and psychology, explores the effects that the threat of nuclear annihilation has on everyday life.