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Observer Mechanics

Author: Bruce M. Bennett
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483263134
Size: 49.69 MB
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Observer Mechanics: A Formal Theory of Perception provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of perception. This book provides an approach to the study of perception that attempts to be both general and rigorous. Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the structure of perceptual capacity. This text then presents the relationship between observers and Turing machines. Other chapters provide a formal framework in which to describe an observer and its objects of perception, and then develop from this framework a perceptual dynamics. This book discusses as well the conditions in which an observer may be said to perceive truly and discusses how stabilities in perceptual dynamics might permit the genesis of higher level observers. The final chapter deals with the relationship between the formalisms of quantum mechanics and observer mechanics. This book is a valuable resource for physicists, psychophysicists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, and perceptual psychologists.

Visual Intelligence

Author: Donald D. Hoffman
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393319675
Size: 25.80 MB
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Reveals the way the human eye acts on the visual world not just to represent but to actively construct the things we see, outlining the rules of vision and their application in art and technology. Reprint.

Automotive Lighting And Human Vision

Author: Burkard Wördenweber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540366970
Size: 67.73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The safety of vehicle traffic depends on how well automotive lighting supports the visual perception of the driver. This book explains the fundamentals of visual perception, like e.g. physiology of eye and brain, as well as those of automotive lighting technology, like e.g. design of headlamps and signal lights. It is an interdisciplinary approach to a rapidly evolving field of science and technology written by a team of authors who are experts in their fields.

From Gestalt Theory To Image Analysis

Author: Agnès Desolneux
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387726357
Size: 60.61 MB
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This book introduces a new theory in Computer Vision yielding elementary techniques to analyze digital images. These techniques are a mathematical formalization of the Gestalt theory. From the mathematical viewpoint the closest field to it is stochastic geometry, involving basic probability and statistics, in the context of image analysis. The book is mathematically self-contained, needing only basic understanding of probability and calculus. The text includes more than 130 illustrations, and numerous examples based on specific images on which the theory is tested. Detailed exercises at the end of each chapter help the reader develop a firm understanding of the concepts imparted.

Wittgenstein And The Theory Of Perception

Author: Justin Good
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1847142001
Size: 20.47 MB
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Ludwig Wittgenstein's later philosophy comes alive when it is used as a vehicle for philosophical discovery, rather than when it is interpreted merely as a system of propositions. In this study of Wittgenstein's later work on the philosophy of psychology, his cryptic remarks on visual meaning and the analysis of the concept of perception are used as a basis for a new approach to the philosophical study of perception. Justin Good analyses a host of issues in contemporary philosophy of mind and visual studies, including the concepts of visual meaning, visual qualia and the ineffability of visual experience. He also explores the relation between conceptual analysis and causal explanation in the theory of perception, and the relation between visual syntax and visual meaning. The larger aim of Wittgenstein and the Theory of Perception is to demonstrate a way to appreciate cutting-edge theoretical work on perception while at the same time grasping the limits of such research. In turn, this method not only offers a productive framework for clarifying the complex conceptual shifts between different contexts - like the differing concepts of 'seeing' in, for example, art history and neuro-anatomy; it also provides real insights into the nature of perception itself.

Perception As Bayesian Inference

Author: David C. Knill
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316582523
Size: 15.39 MB
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Bayesian probability theory has emerged not only as a powerful tool for building computational theories of vision, but also as a general paradigm for studying human visual perception. This 1996 book provides an introduction to and critical analysis of the Bayesian paradigm. Leading researchers in computer vision and experimental vision science describe general theoretical frameworks for modelling vision, detailed applications to specific problems and implications for experimental studies of human perception. The book provides a dialogue between different perspectives both within chapters, which draw on insights from experimental and computational work, and between chapters, through commentaries written by the contributors on each others' work. Students and researchers in cognitive and visual science will find much to interest them in this thought-provoking collection.

Endophysics

Author: Otto E. R”ssler
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810227524
Size: 59.81 MB
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What do yin-yang and the Lorenzian butterfly in chaos have in common? The outside perspective. Only by going very far outside ? beyond the end of the world ? do certain aspects of the world become intelligible. The computer makes it possible today to go after the interface. What does the world look like if you are an internally chaotic part? Is the world just a difference, an interface, a forcing function? Is it possible to identify those features which exist only from the inside? How far does the meta-unmaskability go? Is quantum mechanics a virtual reality? Can the micro-interface be manipulated? Such questions are tackled in this fascinating book.

Techniques Of The Observer

Author: Jonathan Crary
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262531078
Size: 19.99 MB
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dramatically new perspective on the visual culture of the nineteenth century, reassessing problems of both visual modernism and social modernity

Quantum Models Of Cognition And Decision

Author: Jerome R. Busemeyer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139536486
Size: 59.61 MB
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Much of our understanding of human thinking is based on probabilistic models. This innovative book by Jerome R. Busemeyer and Peter D. Bruza argues that, actually, the underlying mathematical structures from quantum theory provide a much better account of human thinking than traditional models. They introduce the foundations for modeling probabilistic-dynamic systems using two aspects of quantum theory. The first, 'contextuality', is a way to understand interference effects found with inferences and decisions under conditions of uncertainty. The second, 'quantum entanglement', allows cognitive phenomena to be modeled in non-reductionist ways. Employing these principles drawn from quantum theory allows us to view human cognition and decision in a totally new light. Introducing the basic principles in an easy-to-follow way, this book does not assume a physics background or a quantum brain and comes complete with a tutorial and fully worked-out applications in important areas of cognition and decision.

Thomas Reid S Theory Of Perception

Author: Ryan Nichols
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199276919
Size: 61.58 MB
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The thesis that the mind cannot directly apprehend features of the physical world - what Reid calls the Way of Ideas - is a staple of Early Modern philosophical tradition. This commitment to the direct awareness of, and only of, mental representations unifies the otherwise divergent philosophical systems of Rationalists and Empiricists. Thomas Reid battles against this thesis on many fronts, in particular over the nature of perception.Ryan Nichols lays the groundwork for Reid's theory of perception by developing Reid's unheralded argument against a representational theory of thought, which Nichols applies to his discussion of the intentionality of perceptual states and Reid's appeal to 'signs'. Reid's efforts to preserve common sense epistemic commitments also lead him to adopt unique theories about our concepts of primary and secondary qualities, and about original and acquired perceptions. About the latter pair, Nicholsargues that most perceptual beliefs depend for their justification upon inferences. The Way of Ideas holds that sensations are objects of awareness and that our senses are not robustly unified. Nichols develops Reid's counter-proposals by examining his discussion of the evolutionary purpose ofsensations, and the nature of our awareness of sensations, as well as his intriguing affirmative answer to Molyneux's questions.Nichols brings to the writing of this book a consummate knowledge of Reid's texts, published and unpublished, and a keen appreciation for Reid's responses to his predecessors. He frequently reconstructs arguments in premise/conclusion form, thereby clarifying disputes that have frustrated previous Reid scholarship. This clarification, his lively examples, and his plainspoken style make this book especially readable. Reid's theory of perception is by far the most important feature of Reid'sphilosophical system, and Nichols offers what will be, for a long time to come, the definitive analysis of this theory.