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On Ethics And Economics

Author: Kenneth J. Arrow
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138676060
Size: 17.15 MB
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Part intellectual autobiography and part exposition of complex yet contemporary economic ideas, this lively conversation with renowned scholar and public intellectual Kenneth J. Arrow focuses on economics and politics in light of history, current events, and philosophy as well. Reminding readers that economics is about redistribution and thus about how we treat each other, Arrow shows that the intersection of economics and ethics is of concern not just to economists but for the public more broadly. With a foreword by Amartya Sen, this book highlights the belief that government can be a powerful force for good, and is particularly relevant in the current political climate and to the lay reader as well as the economist.

On Ethics And Economics

Author: Kenneth J. Arrow
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317197798
Size: 46.74 MB
Format: PDF
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Part intellectual autobiography and part exposition of complex yet contemporary economic ideas, this lively conversation with renowned scholar and public intellectual Kenneth J. Arrow focuses on economics and politics in light of history, current events, and philosophy as well. Reminding readers that economics is about redistribution and thus about how we treat each other, Arrow shows that the intersection of economics and ethics is of concern not just to economists but for the public more broadly. With a foreword by Amartya Sen, this book highlights the belief that government can be a powerful force for good, and is particularly relevant in the current political climate and to the lay reader as well as the economist.

Measuring Utility

Author: Ivan Moscati
Publisher: Oxford Studies in History of E
ISBN: 0199372764
Size: 47.81 MB
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Utility is a key concept in the economics of individual decision-making. However, utility is not measurable in a straightforward way. As a result, from the very beginning there has been debates about the meaning of utility as well as how to measure it. This book is an innovative investigation of how these arguments changed over time. Measuring Utility reconstructs economists' ideas and discussions about utility measurement from 1870 to 1985, as well as their attempts to measure utility empirically. The book brings into focus the interplay between the evolution of utility analysis, economists' ideas about utility measurement, and their conception of what measurement in general means. It also explores the relationships between the history of utility measurement in economics, the history of the measurement of sensations in psychology, and the history of measurement theory in general. Finally, the book discusses some methodological problems related to utility measurement, such as the epistemological status of the utility concept and its measures. The first part covers the period 1870-1910, and discusses the issue of utility measurement in the theories of Jevons, Menger, Walras and other early utility theorists. Part II deals with the emergence of the notions of ordinal and cardinal utility during the period 1900-1945, and discusses two early attempts to give an empirical content to the notion of utility. Part III focuses on the 1945-1955 debate on utility measurement that was originated by von Neumann and Morgenstern's expected utility theory (EUT). Part IV reconstructs the experimental attempts to measure the utility of money between 1950 and 1985 within the framework provided by EUT. This historical and epistemological overview provides keen insights into current debates about rational choice theory and behavioral economics in the theory of individual decision-making and the philosophy of economics.

War In The History Of Economic Thought

Author: Yukihiro Ikeda
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351997009
Size: 29.69 MB
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Even after the experience of WWII and despite the existence of various institutions such as United Nations to avoid conflict between nations, we have not succeeded in making a world free from war. The Cold War, the Vietnam War, the intervention of the superpowers in local conflicts and the spread of terrorism have made this all too clear. This volume brings together contributions by leading international scholars of various countries and reconstructs how economists have dealt with issues that have been puzzling them for nearly three centuries: Can a war be 'rational'? Does international commerce complement or substitute war? Who are the real winners and losers of wars? How are military expenses to be funded? The book offers a refreshing approach to the subject and how we think about the relations between economics and war.

Essays On Ethics Social Behaviour And Scientific Explanation

Author: J.C. Harsanyi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940109327X
Size: 36.80 MB
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When John Harsanyi came to Stanford University as a candidate for the Ph.D., I asked him why he was bothering, since it was most un likely that he had anything to learn from us. He was already a known scho lar; in addition to some papers in economics, the first two papers in this vol ume had already been published and had dazzled me by their originality and their combination of philosophical insight and technical competence. However, I am very glad I did not discourage him; whether he learned any thing worthwhile I don't know, but we all learned much from him on the foundations of the theory of games and specifically on the outcome of bar gaining. The central focus of Harsanyi's work has continued to be in the theory of games, but especially on the foundations and conceptual problems. The theory of games, properly understood, is a very broad approach to social interaction based on individually rational behavior, and it connects closely with fundamental methodological and substantive issues in social science and in ethics. An indication of the range of Harsanyi's interest in game the ory can be found in the first paper of Part B -though in fact his owncontri butions are much broader-and in the second paper the applications to the methodology of social science. The remaining papers in that section show more specifically the richness of game theory in specific applications.

Economics And Ethics

Author: Indian Economic Association. Conference
Publisher: Deep and Deep Publications
ISBN:
Size: 12.76 MB
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Contributed papers presented at the 77th Annual Conference of Indian Economic Association at Mysore in 1994.

The Role Of The Modern Corporation In A Free Society

Author: John R. Danley
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780268016470
Size: 76.59 MB
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Deals with one of the most critical business issues of the century, the question of corporate responsibility. The author reconstructs and critically evaluates the arguments for the maximisation of profits, versus those to be found in the broader context of increased social responsibility.

Was Man F R Geld Nicht Kaufen Kann

Author: Michael J. Sandel
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843705097
Size: 34.35 MB
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Darf ein Staat Söldner verpflichten, um Kriege zu führen? Ist es moralisch vertretbar, Leute dafür zu bezahlen, dass sie Organe spenden? Dürfen Unternehmen gegen Geld das Recht erwerben, die Luft zu verpesten? Fast alles scheint heute käuflich zu sein. Wollten wir das so? Und was können wir dagegen tun? Mit Verve und anhand prägnanter Beispiele widmet sich Michael J. Sandel dieser wichtigen ethischen Frage. Die Regeln des Marktes haben fast alle Lebensbereiche infiltriert, auch jene, die eigentlich jenseits von Konsum und Mehrwert liegen sollten: Medizin, Erziehung, Politik, Recht und Gesetz, Kunst, Sport, sogar Familie und Partnerschaft. Ohne es zu merken, haben wir uns von einer Marktwirtschaft in eine Marktgesellschaft gewandelt. Ist da nicht etwas grundlegend schief gelaufen? Mit Verve und anhand prägnanter Beispiele wirft Michael Sandel eine der wichtigsten ethischen Fragen unserer Zeit auf: Wie können wir den Markt daran hindern, Felder zu beherrschen, in denen er nichts zu suchen hat? Wo liegen seine moralischen Grenzen? Und wie können wir zivilisatorische Errungenschaften bewahren, für die sich der Markt nicht interessiert und die man für kein Geld der Welt kaufen kann?

Collected Papers Of Kenneth J Arrow Social Choice And Justice

Author: Kenneth Joseph Arrow
Publisher: Belknap Pr
ISBN:
Size: 67.70 MB
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Unlike the papers of some other great economists, those of Kenneth Arrow are being read and studied today with even greater care and attention than when they first appeared in the journals. The publication of his collected papers will therefore be welcomed by economists and other social scientists and in particular by graduate students, who can draw from them the deep knowledge and the discernment in selection of scientific problems that only a master can offer. The author has added headnotes to certain well-known papers, describing how he came to write them. In this first volume, Arrow takes up the basic question of whether collective choices can be made in such a way as to reflect individual preferences. The seminal 1950 paper that opens the volume shows that given certain reasonable conditions that social choices must satisfy to reflect individual preferences, it is impossible to make a choice among all sets of alternatives without violating some of the conditions. The subsequent papers extend, deepen, and clarify these results and examine the concept of justice, both in the abstract and in economic models. The volume also contains searching critiques of the theories of justice of John Rawls and Robert Nozick.