Download on the margins of citizenship intellectual disability and civil rights in twentieth century america in pdf or read on the margins of citizenship intellectual disability and civil rights in twentieth century america in pdf online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get on the margins of citizenship intellectual disability and civil rights in twentieth century america in pdf book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.



On The Margins Of Citizenship

Author: Allison C. Carey
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 1592136982
Size: 75.19 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 267
Download and Read
On the Margins of Citizenship provides a comprehensive, sociological history of the fight for civil rights for people with intellectual disabilities. Allison Carey, who has been active in disability advocacy and politics her entire life, draws upon a broad range of historical and legal documents as well as the literature of citizenship studies to develop a "relational-practice" approach to the issues of intellectual disability and civil rights. She examines how and why parents, self-advocates, and professionals fought for different visions of rights for this population throughout the twentieth century and the changes that took place over that time. Presenting the shifting constitutional and legal restrictions for this marginalized group, Carey argues that policies tend to sustain an ambiguity that simultaneously promises rights yet also allows their retraction.

Wert Der Familie

Author: Isabel Heinemann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110463695
Size: 15.46 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 2701
Download and Read
Die Analyse von Normveränderungen auf dem Feld der Familienwerte eignet sich besonders gut, um zu einem breiteren Verständnis gesellschaftlichen Wandels zu gelangen. Dies liegt erstens daran, dass die Familie während des gesamten 20. Jahrhunderts als wichtigste Mikroeinheit der Gesellschaft nach dem Individuum und als zentrale Instanz der Wertevermittlung an die nächste Generation galt. Öffentliche Debatten um die Familie, ihre Strukturen und ihre Werte unterstreichen stets deren Bedeutung für die Gesellschaft. Zweitens entfaltete das Familienideal der weißen „Middle Class" im 20. Jahrhundert eine prägende Wirkung für alle US-Amerikaner/innen. Es diente als Projektionsfläche von Integrations- und Aufstiegshoffnungen, inspirierte aber auch Diversifizierungs- und Abgrenzungsstrategien. Quellen der Studie sind insbesondere die nationale Tages- und Wochenpresse, Grundsatzentscheide des Supreme-Court und ihre Begründungen, Statements von Präsidenten und ihrer Stäbe, Ratgeber-Literatur und zeitgenössische wissenschaftliche Publikationen sowie Veröffentlichungen religiöser Organisationen und sozialer Bewegungen. Als zentrale Untersuchungsachsen dienen die Kategorien „Race, Class, and Gender" sowie die Frage nach der Gültigkeit des sozialwissenschaftlichen Postulats eines „Wertewandels".

The Capacity Contract

Author: Stacy Clifford Simplican
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452944237
Size: 24.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 1287
Download and Read
In the first sustained examination of disability through the lens of political theory, The Capacity Contract shows how the exclusion of disabled people has shaped democratic politics. Stacy Clifford Simplican demonstrates how disability buttresses systems of domination based on race, sex, and gender. She exposes how democratic theory and politics have long blocked from political citizenship anyone whose cognitive capacity falls below a threshold level⎯marginalization with real-world repercussions on the implementation of disability rights today. Simplican’s compelling ethnographic analysis of the self-advocacy movement describes the obstacles it faces. From the outside, the movement must confront stiff budget cuts and dwindling memberships; internally, self-advocates must find ways to demand political standing without reinforcing entrenched stigma against people with profound cognitive disabilities. And yet Simplican’s investigation also offers democratic theorists and disability activists a more emancipatory vision of democracy as it relates to disability⎯one that focuses on enabling people to engage in public and spontaneous action to disrupt exclusion and stigma. Taking seriously democratic promises of equality and inclusion, The Capacity Contract rejects conceptions of political citizenship that privilege cognitive capacity and, instead, centers such citizenship on action that is accessible to all people.

Out Of The Horrors Of War

Author: Audra Jennings
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812293193
Size: 43.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 4237
Download and Read
From workplace accidents to polio epidemics and new waves of immigration to the returning veterans of World War II, the first half of the twentieth century brought the issue of disability—what it was, what it meant, and how to address it—into national focus. Out of the Horrors of War: Disability Politics in World War II America explores the history of disability activism, concentrating on the American Federation of the Physically Handicapped (AFPH), a national, cross-disability organization founded during World War II to address federal disability policy. Unlike earlier disability groups, which had been organized around specific disabilities or shared military experience, AFPH brought thousands of disabled citizens and veterans into the national political arena, demanding equal access to economic security and full citizenship. At its core, the AFPH legislative campaign pushed the federal government to move disabled citizens from the margins to the center of the welfare state. Through extensive archival research, Audra Jennings examines the history of AFPH and its enduring legacy in the disability rights movement. Counter to most narratives that place the inception of disability activism in the 1970s, Jennings argues that the disability rights movement is firmly rooted in the politics of World War II. In the years immediately following the war, leaders in AFPH worked with organized labor movements to advocate for an ambitious political agenda, including employer education campaigns, a federal pension program, improved access to healthcare and education, and an affirmative action program for disabled workers. Out of the Horrors of War extends the arc of the disability rights movement into the 1940s and traces how its terms of inclusion influenced the movement for decades after, leading up to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

Routledge Handbook Of Disability Law And Human Rights

Author: Peter Blanck
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317043693
Size: 15.73 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 3314
Download and Read
This handbook provides a comprehensive and authoritative state-of-the-art review of the current and emerging research and policy on disability law. Bringing together a team of respected and experienced experts, the handbook offers a range of jurisdictional and multidisciplinary perspectives. The authors consider historical and contemporary, as well as comparative perspectives of disability law. Divided into three parts, the contributors provide a comprehensive reference to the theoretical underpinnings, ongoing debates and emerging fields within the subject. The study provides a strong basis for consideration of contemporary disability law, its research foundations, and progressive developments in the area. The book incorporates interdisciplinary and comparative country perspectives to capture the breadth of current discourse on disability law. This handbook provides a valuable resource for a wide range of scholars, public and private researchers, NGOs, and practitioners working in the area of disability law, and across national and transnational disability schemes. The work will be of important interest to those in the fields of sociology, history, psychology, economics, political science, rehabilitation sciences, medicine, technology, and law, among others.

Fantasies Of Identification

Author: Ellen Samuels
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479821373
Size: 37.34 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4658
Download and Read
In the mid-nineteenth-century United States, as it became increasingly difficult to distinguish between bodies understood as black, white, or Indian; able-bodied or disabled; and male or female, intense efforts emerged to define these identities as biologically distinct and scientifically verifiable in a literally marked body. Combining literary analysis, legal history, and visual culture, Ellen Samuels traces the evolution of the “fantasy of identification”—the powerful belief that embodied social identities are fixed, verifiable, and visible through modern science. From birthmarks and fingerprints to blood quantum and DNA, she examines how this fantasy has circulated between cultural representations, law, science, and policy to become one of the most powerfully institutionalized ideologies of modern society. Yet, as Samuels demonstrates, in every case, the fantasy distorts its claimed scientific basis, substituting subjective language for claimed objective fact. From its early emergence in discourses about disability fakery and fugitive slaves in the nineteenth century to its most recent manifestation in the question of sex testing at the 2012 Olympic Games, Fantasies of Identification explores the roots of modern understandings of bodily identity.

Comparing Special Education

Author: John G. Richardson
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804779139
Size: 54.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2870
Download and Read
In today's schools the number of students who receive additional resources to access the curriculum is growing rapidly, and the ongoing expansion of special education is among the most significant worldwide educational developments of the past century. Yet even among developed democracies the range of access varies hugely, from one student in twenty to one student in three. In contemporary conflicts about educational standards and accountability, special education plays a key role as it draws the boundaries between exclusion and inclusion. Comparing Special Education unites in-depth comparative and historical studies with analyses of global trends, with a particular focus on special and inclusive education in the United States, England, France, and Germany. The authors examine the causes and consequences of various institutional and organizational developments, illustrate differences in forms of educational governance and social policy priorities, and highlight the evolution of social logics from segregation of students with special educational needs to their inclusion in local schools.

The Handbook Of Intellectual Disability And Clinical Psychology Practice

Author: Alan Carr
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131757608X
Size: 49.30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 5985
Download and Read
The Handbook of Intellectual Disability and Clinical Psychology Practice will equip clinical psychologists in training with the skills necessary to complete a clinical placement in the field of intellectual disability. Building on the success of the previous edition this handbook has been extensively revised. Throughout, the text, references, and website addresses and have been updated to reflect important developments since the publication the first edition. Recent research findings on the epidemiology, aetiology, course, outcome, assessment and treatment of all psychological problems considered in the book have been incorporated into the text. Account has been taken of changes in the diagnosis and classification of intellectual disability and psychological problems reflected in the AAIDD-11 and the DSM-5. New chapters on the assessment of adaptive behaviour and support needs, person-centred active support, and the assessment of dementia in people with intellectual disability have been added. The book is divided into eight sections: Section 1: Covers general conceptual frameworks for practice - diagnosis, classification, epidemiology and lifespan development. Section 2: Focuses on assessment of intelligence, adaptive behaviour, support needs, quality of life, and the processes of interviewing and report writing. Section 3: Covers intervention frameworks, specifically active support, applied behavioural analysis and cognitive behaviour therapy. Section 4: Deals with supporting families of children with intellectual disability, genetic syndromes and autism spectrum disorders. Section 5: Covers issues associated with intellectual disability first evident or prevalent in middle childhood. Section 6: Deals with adolescent concerns including life skills training, relationships and sexuality. Section 7: Focuses on residential, vocational and family-related challenges of adulthood and aging. Section 8: Deals with professional issues and risk assessment. Chapters cover theoretical and empirical issues on the one hand and practice issues on the other. They close with summaries and suggestions for further reading for practitioners and families containing a member with an intellectual disability. Where appropriate, in many chapters, practice exercises to aid skills development have been included. The second edition of the Handbook of Intellectual Disability and Clinical Psychology Practice is one of a set of three volumes which cover the lion’s share of the curriculum for clinical psychologists in training in the UK and Ireland. The other two volumes are the Handbook of Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychology, Third Edition (by Alan Carr) and the Handbook of Adult Clinical Psychology Practice, Second Edition (edited by Alan Carr & Muireann McNulty).

Disability As A Fluid State

Author: Sharon N. Barnartt
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 0857243780
Size: 80.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 2968
Download and Read
Disability is often described in a way that suggests it is a permanent, relatively stable state. This volume argues that the relationship between impairment (physical state) and disability is neither fixed nor permanent but is fluid and not easily predicted.