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On Thin Ice

Author: Barry Scott Zellen
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780739132784
Size: 53.37 MB
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On Thin Ice explores the shifting relationship between the Inuit and the modern state in the North American Arctic, and it pays tribute to pioneering IR theorist Ken Waltz's elucidation of the "Three Images," with the addition of a new "Fourth Image" to describe a tribal level of analysis that remains salient in not only the Arctic, but in other conflict zones where tribal peoples retain many attributes of their indigenous sovereignty.

Land Indigenous Peoples And Conflict

Author: Alan C. Tidwell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131753753X
Size: 71.97 MB
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Land, Indigenous Peoples and Conflict presents an original comparative study of indigenous land and property rights worldwide. The book explores how the ongoing constitutional, legal and political integration of indigenous peoples into contemporary society has impacted on indigenous institutions and structures for managing land and property. This book details some of the common problems experienced by indigenous peoples throughout the world, providing lessons and insights from conflict resolution that may find application in other conflicts including inter-state and civil and sectarian conflicts. An interdisciplinary group of contributors present specific case material from indigenous land conflicts from the South Pacific, Australasia, South East Asia, Africa, North and South America, and northern Eurasia. These regional cases discuss issues such as modernization, the evolution of systems and institutions regulating land use, access and management, and the resolution of indigenous land conflicts, drawing out common problems and solutions. The lessons learnt from the book will be of value to students, researchers, legal professionals and policy makers with an interest in land and property rights worldwide.

Strategic And Geopolitical Issues In The Contemporary World

Author: Martin Riegl
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443852678
Size: 36.60 MB
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The world is experiencing a watershed phase in the second decade of the 21st century, marked by a geopolitical and economic power shift from the West to Euro-Asian powers. The present period exposes various geopolitical and geostrategic challenges, which prove more difficult to tackle than those in the 20th century. These challenges take the form of political confrontation, internal and internationally-political armed conflicts, conflict over raw-material resources in civil war torn countries across Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, and also in newly explored strategic regions like the Arctic. The world’s rapidly-expanding population is facing cyclical fluctuations of food prices as the result of climate changes, economic conflicts, the rise of religious fundamentalism, and also fragmentation of the political map of the world. This latter aspect brings along not only the rise of secessionist movements, violating territorial integrity as the core principle of the international community, but also a redefinition of one of the key characteristics of a sovereign state, namely international recognition. Kosovo, South Ossetia and South Sudan are showcase examples of this emerging trend. Will be the 21st century defined by rivalries between national (super) powers, and not by the supremacy of collective universitas or overlapping sovereignties, replacing sovereign states as expected by the New Middle Age theorists? Which will be the dominant power in a multipolar world – the rapidly-weakening United States, on the one hand, or an ever more confident China, aspiring to regain the status of the world’s strongest economy? This volume provides expert insights and answers from American, Europan, Asian and African specialists.

Arctic Doom Arctic Boom The Geopolitics Of Climate Change In The Arctic

Author: Barry Scott Zellen
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313380139
Size: 64.16 MB
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An expert examination of the way climate change is transforming the Arctic environmentally, economically, and geopolitically, and how the challenges of that transformation should be met. • Includes a lengthy bibliography of resources on the Arctic and its history including materials as current as September 2009 • Offers a helpful index of key terms as well as 59 pages of references and bibliographic details

Breaking The Ice

Author: Barry Scott Zellen
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739119426
Size: 54.53 MB
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Contrary to popular claims, religion played a critical role in Barack Obama's 2008 election as president of the United States. Religion, race, and gender entered the national and electoral dialogue in an unprecedented manner. What stood out most in the 2008 presidential campaign was not that Republicans reached out to religious voters but that Democrats did--and with a vengeance. This tightly edited volume demonstrates how Obama charted a new course for Democrats by staking out claims among moderate-conservative faith communities and emerged victorious in the presidential contest, in part, by promoting a new Democratic racial-ethnic and religious pluralism. Comprising careful analysis by leading experts on religion and politics in the United States, Gastn Espinosa's book details how ten of the largest segments of the American electorate voted and why, drawing on the latest and best available data, interviews, and sources. The voting patterns of Mainline Protestants, Evangelicals, Catholics, Jews, Muslims, and seculars are dissected in detail, along with the intersection of religion and women, African Americans, Latinos, and Asian Americans. The story of Obama's historic election is an insightful prism through which to explore the growing influence of religion in American politics.

Climate Change And Arctic Sustainable Development

Author: UNESCO
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN: 9231041398
Size: 65.13 MB
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The Arctic is undergoing rapid and dramatic environmental and social transformations due to climate change. This has ramifications for the entire planet, as change spreads through interconnected global networks that are environmental, cultural, economic and political. Today, with the major thrust of research shifting away from deciphering causes and monitoring trends, the central preoccupation of a growing circle of actors has become the exploration of strategies for responding and adapting to climate change. But to understand the far-reaching nature of climate change impacts and the complexities of adaptation, a truly interdisciplinary approach is required. Unique in the UN system, UNESCO brings together the domains of natural sciences, social sciences,culture, education and communication. Given this broad mandate, UNESCO favors integrated approaches for monitoring and adapting to climate change in the Arctic, fostering dialogue among scientists, circumpolar communities and decision-makers. This book brings together the knowledge, concerns and visions of leading Arctic scientists in the natural and social sciences, prominent Chukchi, Even, Inuit and Saami leaders from across the circumpolar North, and international experts in education, health and ethics. They highlight the urgent need for a sustained interdisciplinary and multi-actor approach to monitoring, managing and responding to climate change in the Arctic, and explore avenues by which this can be achieved.--Publisher's description.

Governing The North American Arctic

Author: Dawn Alexandrea Berry
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137493917
Size: 78.37 MB
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Though it has been home for centuries to indigenous peoples who have mastered its conditions, the Arctic has historically proven to be a difficult region for governments to administer. Extreme temperatures, vast distances, and widely dispersed patterns of settlement have made it impossible for bureaucracies based in far-off capitals to erect and maintain the kind of infrastructure and institutions that they have built elsewhere. As climate change transforms the polar regions, this book seeks to explore how the challenges of governance are developing and being met in Alaska, the Canadian Far North, and Greenland, while also drawing upon lessons from the region's past. Though the experience of each of these jurisdictions is unique, their place within democratic, federal systems and the prominence within each of them of issues relating to the rights of indigenous peoples situates them as part of an identifiably 'North American Arctic.' Today, as this volume shows, their institutions are evolving to address contemporary issues of security, environmental protection, indigenous rights, and economic development.

Peoples Of The Earth

Author: Martin Edwin Andersen
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 073914393X
Size: 80.29 MB
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This book explores the culture of indigenous peoples in Latin America, the fundamental challenges they offer to traditional Euro-American notions of democracy, citizenship and develop the interface of these topics. It also explores the relevant themes on human rights and the environment, with questions of security and the risks implicit in the adoption of ethnonationalist dogma. Peoples of the Earth does this, using a cross-disciplinary approach that employs anthropology, history, political science, legal theory and ethno-nationalism.