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One Century Of Karl Jaspers General Psychopathology

Author: Giovanni Stanghellini
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019960925X
Size: 27.16 MB
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In 1913 Karl Jaspers published his psychiatric magnum opus - the Allgemeine Psychopathologie (General Psychopathology). The idea inspiring his book was to bring order into the chaos of abnormal psychic phenomena by rigorous description and classification, thus empowering psychiatry with a valid and reliable method. After almost one century, many of the concepts challenged by Jaspers are still at issue, and Jaspers' investigation is, even now, the ground foranalyses and discussions. With a new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) in development, many of the issues concerning methodology and diagnosis are still the subject of much discussion and debate. This volume brings together leading psychiatrists and philosophers to discuss and evaluatethe impact of this volume, its relevance today, and the legacy it left.

Psychiatrische Perspektiven

Author: Paul R. McHugh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642709234
Size: 66.89 MB
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stematiker apostrophiert, deren Leistungen bestenfalls als überholt angese hen werden, nicht selten jedoch auch als Hemmschuh für die neuen Seh weisen einer psychodynamischen Psychiatrie mit tiefen psychologischen Theorien, Lehranalysen, Selbsterfahrungsgruppen u. a. m. Unberücksichtigt bleibt dabei meist, daß viele der neuen Lehren trotz der Betonung von Be griffen wie "Seele" oder "psychisch" im Grunde nur maskierte Formen einer modischen identitätstheoretischen Philosophie materialistischer Couleur darstellen (Koehler 1984). Gewiß ist gegen eine psychodynamische Ausbildung des psychiatri schen Nachwuchses wenig einzuwenden, sofern eine Verabsolutierung des gewählten Standpunktes vermieden wird. Leider stellen die zweifellos erfor derlichen tiefen psychologischen Aspekte noch keinen selbstverständlichen Teil einer integralen psychiatrischen Ausbildung an den deutschen Klini ken dar, in denen der junge Assistenzarzt sein diagnostisches und therapeu tisches Wissen erwirbt (Mombour 1984). Deshalb sieht er sich fast überall gezwungen, unter zum Teil erheblichen Schwierigkeiten seinen Zusatztitel für Psychotherapie "außer Haus" zu erwerben. Dessen schwere Zugäng lichkeit, die vor allem institutionell bedingt ist, mag zur Tendenz beitragen, daß die psychodynamische Sehweise eine herausgehobene Position erhält und in der Vorstellung gerade der psychiatrischen Anfanger leicht zum do minierenden Denkansatz gerät.

Gesammelte Schriften Zur Psychopathologie

Author: Karl Jaspers
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642620272
Size: 29.82 MB
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Gilt die "Allgemeine Psychopathologie" als das systematische Grundbuch der neuzeitlichen Psychiatrie, mit dem Jaspers diesen damals jüngsten Zweig der medizinischen Forschung aus einer noch überwiegend klinischen Empirie in den Rang einer eigenständigen wissenschaftlichen Forschungspraxis erhob, so kommt den sie vorbereitenden Arbeiten eine grundlegende methodologische Bedeutung zu. In ihnen entwickelte Jaspers die methodischen Grundzüge seiner wissenschaftlichen wie auch - im Ansatz - seiner späteren philosophischen Denkart. Beide in ihren ersten entscheidenden Schritten verfolgen und beurteilen zu können, gehört zum Verständnis des gesamten Lebenswerkes von Jaspers.

An Experiential Approach To Psychopathology

Author: Giovanni Stanghellini
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331929945X
Size: 32.68 MB
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This book introduces the reader to a clear and consistent method for in-depth exploration of subjective psychopathological experiences with the aim of helping to restore the ability within psychiatry and clinical psychology to draw qualitative distinctions between mental symptoms that are only apparently similar, thereby promoting a more precise characterization of experiential phenotypes. A wide range of mental disorders are considered in the book, each portrayed by a distinguished clinician. Each chapter begins with the description of a paradigmatic case study in order to introduce the reader directly to the patient’s lived world. The first-person perspective of the patient is the principal focus of attention. The essential, defining features of each psychopathological phenomenon and the meaning that the patient attaches to it are carefully analyzed in order to “make sense” of the patient’s apparently nonsensical experiences. In the second part of each chapter, the case study is discussed within the context of relevant literature and a detailed picture of the state of the art concerning the psychopathological understanding of the phenomenon at issue is provided. An Experiential Approach to Psychopathology, and the method it proposes, may be considered the result of convergence of classic phenomenological psychopathological concepts and updated clinical insights into patients’ lived experiences. It endorses three key principles: subjective phenomena are the quintessential feature of mental disorders; their qualitative study is mandatory; phenomenology has developed a rigorous method to grasp “what it is like” to be a person experiencing psychopathological phenomena. While the book is highly relevant for expert clinical phenomenologists, it is written in a way that will be readily understandable for trainees and young clinicians.

Lost In Dialogue

Author: Giovanni Stanghellini
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198792069
Size: 48.98 MB
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To be human means to be in dialogue. Dialogue is a unitary concept used by the author to address, in a coherent way, three essential issues for clinical practice: 'What is a human being?', 'What is mental pathology'?, and 'What is care?'. In this book Stanghellini argues that to be human means to be in dialogue with alterity, that mental pathology is the outcome of a crisis of one's dialogue with alterity, and that care is a method wherein dialogues take place whose aim is to re-enact interrupted dialogue with alterity within oneself and with the external world. This essay is an attempt to re-establish such a fragile dialogue of the soul with herself and with others. Such an attempt is based on two pillars: a dialectic, person-centered understanding of mental disorders and values-based practice. The dialectic understanding of mental disorders acknowledges the vulnerability constitutive of human personhood. It assumes that the person is engaged in trying to cope, solve and make sense of new, disturbing, puzzling experiences stemming from her encounter with alterity. Values-based practice assumes that the forms of human life are inherently plural. Value-pluralism and recognition are the basis for care. This statement reflects the ideal of modus vivendi that aims to find terms in which different forms of life can coexist, and learn how to live with irreconcilable value conflicts, rather than striving for consensus or agreement. Care is a method wherein dialogues take place whose aim is to re-enact interrupted dialogue with alterity within oneself and with the external world. It includes practices that belong both to logic - e.g., the method for unfolding the Other's form of life and to rescue its fundamental structure - and empathy - e.g., the readiness to offer oneself as a dialoguing person and the capacity to resonate with the Other's experience and attune/regulate the emotional field.

Psychologie Der Weltanschauungen

Author: Karl Jaspers
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662363615
Size: 21.39 MB
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.