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One Nation Under Surveillance

Author: Simon Chesterman
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191625000
Size: 76.35 MB
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What limits, if any, should be placed on a government's efforts to spy on its citizens in the interests of national security? Spying on foreigners has long been regarded as an unseemly but necessary enterprise. Spying on one's own citizens in a democracy, by contrast, has historically been subject to various forms of legal and political restraint. For most of the twentieth century these regimes were kept distinct. That position is no longer tenable. Modern threats do not respect national borders. Changes in technology make it impractical to distinguish between 'foreign' and 'local' communications. And our culture is progressively reducing the sphere of activity that citizens can reasonably expect to be kept from government eyes. The main casualty of this transformed environment will be privacy. Recent battles over privacy have been dominated by fights over warrantless electronic surveillance or CCTV; the coming years will see debates over data-mining and biometric identification. There will be protests and lawsuits, editorials and elections resisting these attacks on privacy. Those battles are worthy. But they will all be lost. Modern threats increasingly require that governments collect such information, governments are increasingly able to collect it, and citizens increasingly accept that they will collect it. The point of this book is to shift focus away from questions of whether governments should collect information and onto more problematic and relevant questions concerning its use. By reframing the relationship between privacy and security in the language of a social contract, mediated by a citizenry who are active participants rather than passive targets, the book offers a framework to defend freedom without sacrificing liberty.

Betrachtungen Ber Die Repr Sentativregierung

Author: John Stuart Mill
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518735179
Size: 18.30 MB
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Die anhaltende Diskussion um die »Krise des Parlamentarismus« zeigt, dass die normative Begründung und systematische Bestimmung von Parlamentsfunktionen und demokratischer Öffentlichkeit von entscheidender Bedeutung für die Zukunft der repräsentativen Demokratie ist. Das Problem ist aber nicht neu, wie John Stuart Mills klassischer Text zeigt. Er kreist um die Frage, wie sich die Gefahr einer »Tyrannei der Mehrheit« mit den Partizipationsanforderungen demokratischen Regierens versöhnen lässt. Mill begründet darin u. a. ein deliberatives Verständnis von Politik und erörtert die Gefahren einer bürokratischen Strangulierung politischer Freiheit. Ein Schlüsselwerk der Demokratietheorie und Parlamentarismusforschung.

Die Globale Berwachung

Author: Glenn Greenwald
Publisher: Droemer eBook
ISBN: 3426425165
Size: 75.44 MB
Format: PDF
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Bereits in seinen ersten Artikeln über die NSA-Affäre brachte Glenn Greenwald das ganze Ausmaß der Massenüberwachung im digitalen Zeitalter ans Licht. Seine Berichterstattung, für die er mit dem Pulitzer-Preis ausgezeichnet wurde, löste international ein politisches Erdbeben aus. In seinem Buch deckt Greenwald anhand einer Fülle von brisanten Geheimdokumenten aus dem Archiv des Whistleblowers Edward Snowden die illegalen Praktiken der amerikanischen Geheimdienste auf. Alles und jeder wird ausgespäht, die Bevölkerung steht unter Kollektivverdacht. Meinungsfreiheit wird im Namen der Sicherheit unterdrückt, und es gibt keine Privatsphäre mehr – nirgends.

Contemporary Debates On Terrorism

Author: Richard Jackson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317395212
Size: 56.27 MB
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Contemporary Debates on Terrorism is an innovative textbook, addressing a number of key issues in terrorism studies from both traditional and 'critical' perspectives. This second edition has been revised and updated to cover contemporary issues such as the rise of ISIL and cyberterrorism. In recent years, the terrorism studies field has grown in quantity and quality, with a growing number of scholars rooted in various professional disciplines beginning to debate the complex dynamics underlying this category of violence. Within the broader field, there are a number of identifiable controversies and questions which divide scholarly opinion and generate opposing arguments. These relate to theoretical issues, such as the definition of terrorism and state terrorism, substantive issues like the threat posed by al Qaeda/ISIL and the utility of different responses to terrorism, different pathways leading people to engage in terrorist tactics and ethical issues such as the use of drones. This new edition brings together in one place many of the field’s leading scholars to debate the key issues relating to a set of 16 important controversies and questions. The format of the volume involves a leading scholar taking a particular position on the controversy, followed by an opposing or alternative viewpoint written by another scholar. In addition to the pedagogic value of allowing students to read opposing arguments in one place, the volume will also be important for providing an overview of the state of the field and its key lines of debate. This book will be essential reading for students of terrorism studies and political violence, critical terrorism studies, security studies and IR in general.