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Online Collective Action

Author: Nitin Agarwal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3709113407
Size: 80.13 MB
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This work addresses the gap in the current collective action literature exposed by the new Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) landscape by bringing together qualitative and quantitative studies from computational and social sciences. The book offers a rigorous and systematic investigation of both methodological and theoretical underpinnings and, thus, collectively promotes a symbiotic and synergistic advancement of the multiple interconnected disciplines in studying online collective actions. More specifically, the book is intended to illuminate several fundamental and powerful yet theoretically undeveloped and largely unexplored aspects of collective action in the participatory media (e.g., social media). Through in-depth exploration of relevant concepts, theories, methodologies, applications, and case studies, the reader will gain an advanced understanding of collective action with the advent of the new generation of ICTs enabled by social media and the Internet. The developed theories will be valuable and comprehensive references for those interested in examining the role of ICTs not only in collective action but also in decision and policy making, understanding the dynamics of interaction, collaboration, cooperation, communication, as well as information flow and propagation, and social network research for years to come. Further, the book also serves as an extensive repository of data sets and tools that can be used by researchers leading to a deeper and more fundamental understanding of the dynamics of the crowd in online collective actions.

The Oxford Handbook Of Political Networks

Author: Jennifer Nicoll Victor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190228210
Size: 34.96 MB
Format: PDF
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Networks are omnipresent in our natural and social world, and they are at the heart of politics. Relationships of many types drive political institutions, processes, and decision-making. Therefore, it is imperative for the study of politics to include network approaches. Already, these approaches have advanced our understanding of critical questions, such as: Why do people vote? How can people build problem-solving coalitions? How can governments and organizations foster innovations? How can countries build ties that promote peace? What are the most fruitful strategies for disrupting arms or terrorist networks? This volume is designed as a foundational statement and resource. The contributions offer instruction on network theory and methods at both beginner and advanced levels, as well as an assessment of the state-of-the-discipline on a variety of applied network topics in politics. Through this dynamic collection of essays, The Oxford Handbook of Political Networks elucidates how the field is transforming and what that means for the future of political science.

Cyberemotions

Author: Janusz A. Holyst
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319436392
Size: 40.92 MB
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This first monograph of its kind introduces the reader to fundamental definitions, key concepts and case studies addressing the following issues of rapidly growing relevance for online communities: What are emotions? How do they emerge, how are they transmitted? How can one measure emotional states? What are cyberemotions? When do emotions and cyberemotions become collective phenomena? How can one model emotions and their changes? What role do emotions play for on-line communities? Edited and authored by leading scientists in this field, this book is a comprehensive reference for anyone working on applications of complex systems methods in the social sciences, as well as for social scientists, psychologists, experts in on-line communities and computer scientists. This book provides an excellent overview of the current state-of-art in research on collective emotional interactions mediated by the Internet. It introduces a reader in social phenomena occurring in cyberspace, algorithms needed for automatic sentiment detection and data driven modeling of emotional patterns observed in on-line groups. Eugene Stanley, Professor, Boston UniversityWith the explosive hyper-exponential growth of the internet suddenly new ways of communication are emerging that give rise to a digital 'Homo empathicus', each of us suddenly being able to share thoughts and feelings with millions if not billions of others. This book is a true treat, a timely milestone that gives us insight in the co-evolution of the way we interact with each other and the communication technology provided through this new seemingly endless flexible digital world. Prof. Holyst did a great job bringing together real experts in the field of cyber emotions. Peter M.A. Sloot, Professor, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Nanyang University, Singapore The book Cyberemotions embraces the topic of emotion studies in cyberspace from a very rich spectrum of points of view and applications. It is particularly interesting reading the theoretical foundations underlying the concepts of cyberemotions and how these concepts can be captured, modeled and implemented in real-time applications. Catherine Pelachaud, Director of Research CNRS at LTCI, TELECOM ParisTechLogical machines give us a chance to analyze our often illogical behaviors, especially in the vast meadows of the cyberspace. In this important book, authors of different backgrounds present a wide and deep image, not only of methods of analyzing our emotional behavior online but also how the computers can help to break communicational walls the same technology had built. Rafal Rzepka, Professor, Hokkaido University

Social Tragedy

Author: S. Baker
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137379138
Size: 21.49 MB
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A social tragedy is a collective representation of injustice. Baker demonstrates how social tragedies facilitate moral action and discusses a series of contemporary case studies – the death of Princess Diana, Zinédine Zidane's 2006 World Cup scandal, KONY 2012 – to examine their social and political effects.

Computational Social Network Analysis

Author: Kai Subel
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640733061
Size: 71.14 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Informatik - Internet, neue Technologien, Universität Hamburg, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Diese Ausarbeitung befasst sich mit dem Thema Computational Soical Network Analysis. Ziel ist es, dem Leser einen Einblick in diese Thematik zu verschaffen. Dabei werden Hintergründe, anwendbare Methoden und Tools vorgestellt, die hierbei Verwendung finden. Zunächst wird dabei näher auf den Hintergrund, also warum dieses Gebiet als Forschungsgegenstand so interessant ist, eingegangen. Anschließend werden verschiedene Aspekte, die man im Rahmen der Analyse sozialer Netzwerke untersuchen kann benannt. In diesem Zusammenhang werden auch zwei verschiedene Kategorien zur formalen Analyse benannt. Zur Verdeutlichung wird die Verwendung dieser am Ende des Kapitels auch noch einmal anhand eines Praxisbeispiels gezeigt. Das nächste Kapitel befasst sich mit der Fragstellung, wie Schlüsselfiguren in Netzwerken ermittelt werden können und was für Rollen diese spielen. Dabei werden auch die verschiedenen Arten von Schlüsselfiguren benannt. Eine weitere zentrale Rolle in der Analyse sozialer Netzwerke nehmen Gruppen ein. Die Bedeutung von Gruppen und wie man sie ermitteln kann wird im nächsten Kapitel erläutert. Aufbauend auf den Gruppen sollen Interaktionen innerhalb von Netzwerken untersucht werden. Hierfür werden zunächst die nötigen Werkzeuge, wie die SCAN oder DISSECT Methode vorgestellt und anschließend die Einsatzgebiete anhand von Beispielen verdeutlicht. Im 7. Kapitel wird eine eLearning Plattform näher betrachtet. Hierbei werden zunächst die Eigenschaften und Besonderheiten von eLearning Plattformen beschrieben und anschießend anhand eines Praxisbeispiels verschiedene Methoden zur Analyse sozialer Netzwerke angewendet.

The Logic Of Connective Action

Author: W. Lance Bennett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107434246
Size: 18.92 MB
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The Logic of Connective Action explains the rise of a personalized digitally networked politics in which diverse individuals address the common problems of our times such as economic fairness and climate change. Rich case studies from the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany illustrate a theoretical framework for understanding how large-scale connective action is coordinated. In many of these mobilizations, communication operates as an organizational process that may replace or supplement familiar forms of collective action based on organizational resource mobilization, leadership, and collective action framing. In some cases, connective action emerges from crowds that shun leaders, as when Occupy protesters created media networks to channel resources and create loose ties among dispersed physical groups. In other cases, conventional political organizations deploy personalized communication logics to enable large-scale engagement with a variety of political causes. The Logic of Connective Action shows how power is organized in communication-based networks, and what political outcomes may result.

Blurring The Boundaries Through Digital Innovation

Author: Fabrizio D'Ascenzo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319389742
Size: 73.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book examines the impact of digital innovation on organizations. It reveals how the digital revolution is redefining traditional levels of analysis while at the same time blurring the internal and external boundaries of the organizational environment. It presents a collection of research papers that examine the interaction between Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and behavior from a threefold perspective: First, they analyze individual behavior in terms of specific organizational practices like learning, collaboration and knowledge transfer, as well as the use of ICT within the organization. Second, they explore the dynamics at work on the border between the internal and the external environments by analyzing the organizational impact of ICT usage outside the company, as can be seen in employer branding, consumer behavior and organizational image. Third, they investigate how ICT is being adopted to help face societal challenges outside the company like waste and pollution, smart cities, and e-government. The diversity of views offered makes this book particularly relevant for users, companies, scientists and governments. The content is based on a selection of the best papers – original double-blind peer reviewed contributions –presented at the annual conference of the Italian chapter of AIS, which took place in Rome, Italy, in October 2015, or in other reputable international peer-refereed Information Systems conferences.