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Open Fields

Author: Gillian Beer
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0198186355
Size: 15.73 MB
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Science always raises more questions than it can contain. Gillian Beer draws on nineteenth- and twentieth-century writing -- including Darwin and Hardy -- to track encounters between science, literature, and other forms of emotional experience. She throws new light on the rise of modernism, and on current controversies surrounding science in culture.

British Naturalists In Qing China

Author: Fa-ti FAN
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674036689
Size: 34.76 MB
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In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Western scientific interest in China focused primarily on natural history. Prominent scholars in Europe as well as Westerners in China, including missionaries, merchants, consular officers, and visiting plant hunters, eagerly investigated the flora and fauna of China. Yet despite the importance and extent of this scientific activity, it has been entirely neglected by historians of science. This book is the first comprehensive study on this topic. In a series of vivid chapters, Fa-ti Fan examines the research of British naturalists in China in relation to the history of natural history, of empire, and of Sino-Western relations. The author gives a panoramic view of how the British naturalists and the Chinese explored, studied, and represented China's natural world in the social and cultural environment of Qing China. Using the example of British naturalists in China, the author argues for reinterpreting the history of natural history, by including neglected historical actors, intellectual traditions, and cultural practices. His approach moves beyond viewing the history of science and empire within European history and considers the exchange of ideas, aesthetic tastes, material culture, and plants and animals in local and global contexts. This compelling book provides an innovative framework for understanding the formation of scientific practice and knowledge in cultural encounters. Table of Contents: Acknowledgments Introduction I. The Port 1. Natural History in a Chinese Entrepà ́t 2. Art, Commerce, and Natural History II. The Land 3. Science and Informal Empire 4. Sinology and Natural History 5. Travel and Fieldwork in the Interior Epilogue Appendix: Selected Biographical Notes Abbreviations Notes Index Fa-ti Fan's study of the encounter between the British culture of the naturalist and the Chinese culture of the Qing is both a delight and a revelation. The topic has scarcely been addressed by historians of science, and this work fills important gaps in our knowledge of British scientific practice in a noncolonial context and of Chinese reactions to Western science in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In addition to the culture of Victorian naturalists and Sinology, Fan shows an admirable grasp of visual representation in science, Chinese taxonomic schemes, Chinese export art, British imperial scholarship, and journeys of exploration. His treatment of the China trade and descriptions of Chinese markets and nurseries are especially welcome. I learned a great deal, and I strongly recommend this book. --Philip Rehbock, author of Philosophical Naturalists: Themes in Early Nineteenth-Century British Biology By focusing on the experiences of British naturalists in China during a time when it was gradually being opened up to foreign influences, Fan makes at least two important contributions to history of science: He gives us an authoritative study of British naturalists in China (as far as I know the only one of its kind), and he forces us to rethink some of our categories for doing history of science, including how we conceive of the relationship between science and imperialism, and between Western naturalist and native. Fan's scholarship is meticulous, with careful attention to detail, and his prose is clear, controlled, and succinct. --Bernard Lightman, editor of Victorian Science in Context

Zellen Wellen Systeme

Author: Julian Bauer
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161546792
Size: 42.19 MB
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English summary: Julian Bauer charts the intellectual and visual culture of systems thinking between 1880 and 1980 German description: Die Geschichte der Systemtheorie beginnt nicht erst in der Nachkriegszeit des 20. Jahrhunderts unter dem aufsteigenden Leitstern der Kybernetik, sondern im spaten 19. Jahrhundert mit der weithin vergessenen organismischen Soziologie. Denkern wie Talcott Parsons oder Niklas Luhmann kann man allerdings kaum nur durch eine derart schlichte Ruckfuhrung gerecht werden. Um der breiten Fundierung ihrer Theoreme auf die Spur zu kommen, skizziert Julian Bauer die vielen Entstehungsherde systemischer Ideen. Die Mehrschichtigkeit einer Theoriebildung, die sich selber ruhmt, traditionelle binare Beobachtungsschemata sowie die engen Schranken disziplinar bestimmter Arbeitsweisen hinter sich zu lassen, kann man indes nur rekonstruieren, wenn man die Leitunterscheidungen dieser Theorietradition provinzialisiert. Julian Bauer wirft hier einen dezentrierten Blick auf die intellektuelle und visuelle Kultur systemischen Denkens zwischen 1880 und 1980.

The English Novel In History 1840 1895

Author: Elizabeth D. Ermarth
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415015004
Size: 47.85 MB
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This invaluable introduction for students examines the Victorian novel in depth, tracing its form and also placing it in its historical context. Key novelists of the period are discussed, including Eliot, Dickens, Thackeray and the Brontes.

Literature And Science

Author: John H. Cartwright
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 185109458X
Size: 21.51 MB
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A survey of the interaction between science and Anglo-American literature from the late medieval period to the 20th century, examining how authors, thinkers, and philosophers have viewed science in literary texts, and used science as a window to the future. * Gives clear explanations of scientific ideas ranging from medieval cosmology to modern concepts in astronomy * Organizes the material in chronological order with a chronology and bibliographic essay accompanying each chapter

After Darwin Animals Emotions And The Mind

Author: Angelique Richardson
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9401209987
Size: 57.90 MB
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‘What is emotion?’ pondered the young Charles Darwin in his notebooks. How were the emotions to be placed in an evolutionary framework? And what light might they shed on human-animal continuities? These were among the questions Darwin explored in his research, assisted both by an acute sense of observation and an extraordinary capacity for fellow feeling, not only with humans but with all animal life. After Darwin: Animals, Emotions, and the Mind explores questions of mind, emotion and the moral sense which Darwin opened up through his research on the physical expression of emotions and the human–animal relation. It also examines the extent to which Darwin’s ideas were taken up by Victorian writers and popular culture, from George Eliot to the Daily News. Bringing together scholars from biology, literature, history, psychology, psychiatry and paediatrics, the volume provides an invaluable reassessment of Darwin’s contribution to a new understanding of the moral sense and emotional life, and considers the urgent scientific and ethical implications of his ideas today.

Interdisciplinarity

Author: Joe Moran
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113524586X
Size: 43.24 MB
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Interdisciplinarity covers one of the most important changes in attitude and methodology in the history of the university. Taking the study of English as its main example, this fully updated second edition examines the ways in which we have organized knowledge into disciplines, and are now reorganizing it into new configurations as existing structures come to seem restrictive. Joe Moran traces the history and use of the term ‘interdisciplinarity’, tackling such vital topics as: the rise of the disciplines interdisciplinary English Literary and Cultural Studies 'theory' and the disciplines texts and histories literature and science, space and nature. Including an updated further reading section and new concluding chapter, Interdisciplinarity is the ideal entry point into one of today's most heated critical debates.