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Optical Techniques For Solid State Materials Characterization

Author: Rohit P. Prasankumar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439814376
Size: 52.44 MB
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Over the last century, numerous optical techniques have been developed to characterize materials, giving insight into their optical, electronic, magnetic, and structural properties and elucidating such diverse phenomena as high-temperature superconductivity and protein folding. Optical Techniques for Solid-State Materials Characterization provides detailed descriptions of basic and advanced optical techniques commonly used to study materials, from the simple to the complex. The book explains how to use these techniques to acquire, analyze, and interpret data for gaining insight into material properties. With chapters written by pioneering experts in various optical techniques, the text first provides background on light–matter interactions, semiconductors, and metals before discussing linear, time-integrated optical experiments for measuring basic material properties, such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, photoluminescence, and Raman scattering. The next section begins with a description of ultrashort pulse generation and carrier dynamics in semiconductors and metals. The book then discusses time-resolved optical techniques, such as pump–probe spectroscopy, terahertz spectroscopy, and magneto-optical spectroscopy. The subsequent section describes spatially resolved optical spectroscopy, including conventional optical microscopy and micro-optical and near-field scanning techniques. The book concludes with an overview of more advanced, emerging optical techniques, such as ultrafast x-ray and electron diffraction, ultrafast photoemission spectroscopy, and time-resolved optical microscopy. As optical techniques are among the first applied when studying new systems with novel properties, the information presented in this comprehensive reference will only grow in importance. By supplying clear, detailed explanations of these techniques, the book enables researchers to readily implement them and acquire new insights into the materials they study. CRC Press Authors Speak Rohit P. Prasankumar speaks about his book. Watch the Video

Graphene And Carbon Nanotubes

Author: Ermin Malic
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527658769
Size: 57.70 MB
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A first on ultrafast phenomena in carbon nanostructures like graphene, the most promising candidate for revolutionizing information technology and communication The book introduces the reader into the ultrafast nanoworld of graphene and carbon nanotubes, including their microscopic tracks and unique optical finger prints. The author reviews the recent progress in this field by combining theoretical and experimental achievements. He offers a clear theoretical foundation by presenting transparently derived equations. Recent experimental breakthroughs are reviewed. By combining both theory and experiment as well as main results and detailed theoretical derivations, the book turns into an inevitable source for a wider audience from graduate students to researchers in physics, materials science, and electrical engineering who work on optoelectronic devices, renewable energies, or in the semiconductor industry.

Ladungstr Gerdynamik In Graphen Unterhalb Der Optischen Phononenergie

Author: Jacob Cyrill König-Otto
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 3832546960
Size: 13.36 MB
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Dieses Buch präsentiert Ergebnisse der Grundlagenforschung an Graphen. Nach einer kritischen Auseinandersetzung mit dem Begriff des Graphen-Zeitalters werden zwei Studien aus dem Bereich der Kurzzeitspektroskopie im mittleren Infrarotbereich vorgestellt. Eine konsistene Reihe von Herleitungen vermittelt didaktisch die benötigten Grundlagen zum Einstieg in die Forschungsarbeiten. Durch die Verwendung des Freie-Elektronen-Lasers FELBE in einem Photonenergiebereich unterhalb der optischen Phononenergie in Graphen von 200 meV kann in diesen Studien die Streuung der Ladungsträger mit diesen Phononen effizient unterdrückt werden. Hierdurch wird ein unverstellter Blick auf die verbleibenden Prozesse der Ladungsträgerdynamik freigegeben. In einer ersten Studie wird so mittels polarisationsaufgelöster Anregungs-Abfrage-Experimente die zuvor weit verbreitete Hypothese einer universell gültigen nahezu instantanen Thermalisierung einer optisch induzierten Nichtgleichgewichtsverteilung des elektronischen Systems widerlegt. In einer zweiten Studie werden durch entartetes Vier-Wellen Mischen in Landau-quantisiertem Graphen die nichtlinearen optischen Eigenschaften dieses Materials nachgewiesen. Während die gemessenen Nichtlinearitäten in Graphen unter Abwesenheit magnetischer Felder den Erwartungen bislang nicht gerecht werden, konnte hier für Landau-quantisiertes Graphen die Größenordnung der Suszeptibilität dritter Ordnung, sowie das Resonanzverhalten experimentell im Einklang mit den Vorhersagen bestätigt werden. Beide Studien leisten so einen entscheidenden Beitrag zum Verständnis der Ladungsträgerdynamik in Graphen.

Nanoscale Ferroelectrics And Multiferroics

Author: Miguel Alguero
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118935756
Size: 29.51 MB
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"Covers topics such as nanostructuring, functional ceramics based on nanopowders micromechanical systems, self-assembling and patterning, porous structures etc."--

Solar Cell Materials

Author: Arthur Willoughby
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111869581X
Size: 33.38 MB
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This book presents a comparison of solar cell materials, including both new materials based on organics, nanostructures and novel inorganics and developments in more traditional photovoltaic materials. It surveys the materials and materials trends in the field including third generation solar cells (multiple energy level cells, thermal approaches and the modification of the solar spectrum) with an eye firmly on low costs, energy efficiency and the use of abundant non-toxic materials.

Practical Materials Characterization

Author: Mauro Sardela
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1461492815
Size: 39.75 MB
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Practical Materials Characterization covers the most common materials analysis techniques in a single volume. It stands as a quick reference for experienced users, as a learning tool for students, and as a guide for the understanding of typical data interpretation for anyone looking at results from a range of analytical techniques. The book includes analytical methods covering microstructural, surface, morphological, and optical characterization of materials with emphasis on microscopic structural, electronic, biological, and mechanical properties. Many examples in this volume cover cutting-edge technologies such as nanomaterials and life sciences.

A Guide To Materials Characterization And Chemical Analysis

Author: John P. Sibilia
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471186335
Size: 55.76 MB
Format: PDF
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This book provides an overview of the most current techniques used for chemical analysis, materials evaluation, and materials testing. Over 100 materials methodologies, evaluations, chemical analyses, physical testing, and scientific computing techniques are covered, including the fields of molecular spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, chromatography, chemical analysis, x-ray analysis, microscopy, surface science, thermal analysis, and polymer characterization. All of the.

Concise Encyclopedia Of Materials Characterization

Author: R.W. Cahn
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483287513
Size: 24.81 MB
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To use materials effectively, their composition, degree of perfection, physical and mechanical characteristics, and microstructure must be accurately determined. This concise encyclopledia covers the wide range of characterization techniques necessary to achieve this. Articles included are not only concerned with the characterization techniques of specific materials such as polymers, metals, ceramics and semiconductors but also techniques which can be applied to materials in general. The techniques described cover bulk methods, and also a number of specific methods to study the topography and composition of surface and near-surface regions. These techniques range from the well-established and traditional to the very latest including: atomic force microscopy; confocal optical microscopy; gamma ray diffractometry; thermal wave imaging; x-ray diffraction and time-resolved techniques. This unique concise encyclopedia comprises 116 articles by leading experts in the field from around the world to create the ideal guide for materials scientists, chemists and engineers involved with any aspect of materials characterization. With over 540 illustrations, extensive cross-referencing, approximately 900 references, and a detailed index, this concise encyclopedia will be a valuable asset to any materials science collection.

Optical Characterization Of Semiconductors

Author: Sidney Perkowitz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080984274
Size: 26.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is the first book to explain, illustrate, and compare the most widely used methods in optics: photoluminescence, infrared spectroscopy, and Raman scattering. Written with non-experts in mind, the book develops the background needed to understand the why and how of each technique, but does not require special knowledge of semiconductors or optics. Each method is illustrated with numerous case studies. Practical information drawn from the authors experience is given to help establish optical facilities, including commercial sources for equipment, and experimental details. For industrial scientists with specific problems in semiconducting materials; for academic scientists who wish to apply their spectroscopic methods to characterization problems; and for students in solid state physics, materials science and engineering, and semiconductor electronics and photonics, this book provides a unique overview, bringing together these valuable techniques in a coherent wayfor the first time. Discusses and compares infrared, Raman, and photoluminescence methods Enables readers to choose the best method for a given problem Illustrates applications to help non-experts and industrial users, with answers to selected common problems Presents fundamentals with examples from the semiconductor literature without excessive abstract discussion Features equipment lists and discussion of techniques to help establish characterization laboratories

Characterization Of Ceramics

Author: Ronald E. Loehman
Publisher: Momentum Press
ISBN: 1606501941
Size: 74.31 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Ceramics are, in a general definition, materials that consist of man-made, inorganic, non-metallic solid material - either existing in a crystalline state or non-crystalline state (i.e., glasses). Materials characterization techniques are used to ensure the structural and surface integrity of ceramics for their use in a wide variety of applications, from thermal resistance to advanced electronic and optical technologies like fiber optics to structural uses. This book presents those techniques along with views on future trends in ceramics processing and advanced characterization technologies particularly appropriate to ceramics materials. Readers will find more on: Ceramic Materials preparation routes, including powder preparation by solution techniques and gas-phase techniques Formation techniques for ceramic films and coatings, thick films and bulk ceramics A review of ceramic microstructure, reactions, phase behavior, mechanical properties and electronic and magnetic ceramics