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Organic Light Emitting Diodes

Author: Jan Kalinowski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420030647
Size: 53.15 MB
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Organic Light Emitting Diodes: Principles, Characteristics, and Processes presents recent developments in organic electroluminescence and their application to light emitting diodes. In six chapters and complete with an extensive set of references, it describes and illustrates the physical principles of organic LEDs and their electrical and optical characteristics with a wide range of examples and practical studies. The author presents a unified approach to the description and functioning of organic LEDs, based on a comprehensive background of relevant physical processes and provides a clear foundation for the prediction and design of new improved electroluminescent devices.

Introduction To Nonimaging Optics

Author: Julio Chaves
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420054323
Size: 69.49 MB
Format: PDF
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The world’s insatiable consumption of energy must be met with new technologies that offer alternative, environmentally conscious sources of light and power. The relatively young field of nonimaging optics is an ideal tool for designing optimized solar energy collectors and illumination optics and holds great promise in the development of solid state lighting applications. Introduction to Nonimaging Optics provides the first entry-level resource on this rapidly developing field. The book is divided into two sections: the first one deals with nonimaging optics—its main concepts and design methods. The second summarizes general concepts, including rays and wave fronts, reflection and refraction, and symmetry. The author makes a point to relate nonimaging to other popular fields, such as thermodynamics, radiometry, photometry radiation heat transfer and classical mechanics. He also provides useful examples at the end of each chapter. Introduction to Nonimaging Optics invites newcomers to explore a growing field and delivers a comprehensive reference to those already working in optics, illumination engineering or solar energy collection and concentration.

Organic Light Emitting Materials And Devices

Author: Zhigang Li
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420017063
Size: 59.27 MB
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New advances offer flexible, low-cost fabrication methods for light-emitting materials, particularly in display technologies. As researchers continue to develop novel applications for these materials, feasible solutions for large-scale manufacturing are increasingly important. Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices covers all aspects of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), focusing on the unique characteristics of electroluminescent materials, device structures, and fabrication technologies. Written by internationally recognized experts across several fields, this book first explains the multilayered structure and fundamental physics that account for OLED design. The book compiles information on the synthesis, properties, and device performance of nearly 1,000 organic small molecule- and polymer-based electroluminescent materials. It also investigates practical manufacturing techniques for OLED fabrication as well as methods used for microstructural characterization, performance measurement, and defect analysis. Later chapters discuss the patent status of the currently employed organic light-emitting materials, potential applications of OLEDs, and the challenges facing future developments from both academic and industrial perspectives. Incorporating the latest research on hundreds of light-emitting organic materials, Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices reflects the current understanding of molecular design in the field and reveals the most stable and efficient electroluminescent materials as well as the vast potential for future applications.

Microlithography

Author: Bruce W. Smith
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420051537
Size: 37.60 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This new edition of the bestselling Microlithography: Science and Technology provides a balanced treatment of theoretical and operational considerations, from elementary concepts to advanced aspects of modern submicron microlithography. Each chapter reflects the current research and practices from the world's leading academic and industrial laboratories detailed by a stellar panel of international experts. New in the Second Edition In addition to updated information on existing material, this new edition features coverage of technologies developed over the last decade since the first edition appeared, including: Immersion Lithography 157nm Lithography Electron Projection Lithography (EPL) Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Lithography Imprint Lithography Photoresists for 193nm and Immersion Lithography Scatterometry Microlithography: Science and Technology, Second Edition authoritatively covers the physics, chemistry, optics, metrology tools and techniques, resist processing and materials, and fabrication methods involved in the latest generations of microlithography such as immersion lithography and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography. It also looks ahead to the possible future systems and technologies that will bring the next generations to fruition. Loaded with illustrations, equations, tables, and time-saving references to the most current literature, this book is the most comprehensive and reliable source for anyone, from student to seasoned professional, looking to achieve robust, accurate, and cost-effective microlithography processes and systems.

Organic Photoreceptors For Xerography

Author: Paul M. Borsenberger
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824701734
Size: 29.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Presents fundamental, as well as state-of-the-art, information on the physics, chemistry, materials, fabrication, preparation, application and performance of organic photoreceptors in xerography. The book offers on-the-job situations to problems related to xerographic photoreceptors and related technologies, including electroluminescent, photorefractive, photovoltaic and transistor devices.

Optoelectronics Of Molecules And Polymers

Author: André Moliton
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0387251030
Size: 32.34 MB
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Optoelectronic devices are currently being developed at an extraordinary rate. Organic light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic devices and electro-optical modulators are pivotal to the future of displays, photosensors and solar cells, and communication technologies. This book details the theories underlying the mechanisms involved in the relevant organic materials and covers, at a basic level, how the organic components are made. The first part of the book introduces the fundamental theories used to describe ordered solids and goes onto detail on concepts applicable to localised energy levels. Then the methods used to determine energy levels particular to perfectly ordered molecular and macromolecular systems are discussed along with a detailed consideration of the effects of quasi-particles. The function of excitons and their transfer between two molecules is studied and, in addition, the problems associated with interfaces and charge injection into resistive media are presented. More technological aspects are covered in the second part, which details the actual methods used to fabricate devices based on organic materials, such as dry etching. The principal characterisation techniques are also highlighted. Specific attention is paid to visual displays using organic light-emitting diodes; the conversion of photons into electrical energy (the photovoltaic effect); and for communications and information technologies, the electro-optical modulation of signals.