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Organic Light Emitting Diodes

Author: Jan Kalinowski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420030647
Size: 48.69 MB
Format: PDF
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Organic Light Emitting Diodes: Principles, Characteristics, and Processes presents recent developments in organic electroluminescence and their application to light emitting diodes. In six chapters and complete with an extensive set of references, it describes and illustrates the physical principles of organic LEDs and their electrical and optical characteristics with a wide range of examples and practical studies. The author presents a unified approach to the description and functioning of organic LEDs, based on a comprehensive background of relevant physical processes and provides a clear foundation for the prediction and design of new improved electroluminescent devices.

Organic Light Emitting Materials And Devices

Author: Zhigang Li
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420017063
Size: 29.78 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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New advances offer flexible, low-cost fabrication methods for light-emitting materials, particularly in display technologies. As researchers continue to develop novel applications for these materials, feasible solutions for large-scale manufacturing are increasingly important. Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices covers all aspects of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), focusing on the unique characteristics of electroluminescent materials, device structures, and fabrication technologies. Written by internationally recognized experts across several fields, this book first explains the multilayered structure and fundamental physics that account for OLED design. The book compiles information on the synthesis, properties, and device performance of nearly 1,000 organic small molecule- and polymer-based electroluminescent materials. It also investigates practical manufacturing techniques for OLED fabrication as well as methods used for microstructural characterization, performance measurement, and defect analysis. Later chapters discuss the patent status of the currently employed organic light-emitting materials, potential applications of OLEDs, and the challenges facing future developments from both academic and industrial perspectives. Incorporating the latest research on hundreds of light-emitting organic materials, Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices reflects the current understanding of molecular design in the field and reveals the most stable and efficient electroluminescent materials as well as the vast potential for future applications.

Introduction To Nonimaging Optics

Author: Julio Chaves
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420054323
Size: 17.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The world’s insatiable consumption of energy must be met with new technologies that offer alternative, environmentally conscious sources of light and power. The relatively young field of nonimaging optics is an ideal tool for designing optimized solar energy collectors and illumination optics and holds great promise in the development of solid state lighting applications. Introduction to Nonimaging Optics provides the first entry-level resource on this rapidly developing field. The book is divided into two sections: the first one deals with nonimaging optics—its main concepts and design methods. The second summarizes general concepts, including rays and wave fronts, reflection and refraction, and symmetry. The author makes a point to relate nonimaging to other popular fields, such as thermodynamics, radiometry, photometry radiation heat transfer and classical mechanics. He also provides useful examples at the end of each chapter. Introduction to Nonimaging Optics invites newcomers to explore a growing field and delivers a comprehensive reference to those already working in optics, illumination engineering or solar energy collection and concentration.

Microlithography

Author: Bruce W. Smith
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420051537
Size: 60.10 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This new edition of the bestselling Microlithography: Science and Technology provides a balanced treatment of theoretical and operational considerations, from elementary concepts to advanced aspects of modern submicron microlithography. Each chapter reflects the current research and practices from the world's leading academic and industrial laboratories detailed by a stellar panel of international experts. New in the Second Edition In addition to updated information on existing material, this new edition features coverage of technologies developed over the last decade since the first edition appeared, including: Immersion Lithography 157nm Lithography Electron Projection Lithography (EPL) Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Lithography Imprint Lithography Photoresists for 193nm and Immersion Lithography Scatterometry Microlithography: Science and Technology, Second Edition authoritatively covers the physics, chemistry, optics, metrology tools and techniques, resist processing and materials, and fabrication methods involved in the latest generations of microlithography such as immersion lithography and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography. It also looks ahead to the possible future systems and technologies that will bring the next generations to fruition. Loaded with illustrations, equations, tables, and time-saving references to the most current literature, this book is the most comprehensive and reliable source for anyone, from student to seasoned professional, looking to achieve robust, accurate, and cost-effective microlithography processes and systems.

Slow Light

Author: Jacob B. Khurgin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420061529
Size: 65.25 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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One of the Top Selling Physics Books according to YBP Library Services The exotic effects of slow light have been widely observed in the laboratory. However, current literature fails to explore the wider field of slow light in photonic structures and optical fibers. Reflecting recent research, Slow Light: Science and Applications presents a comprehensive introduction to slow light and its potential applications, including storage, switching, DOD applications, and nonlinear optics. The book covers fundamentals of slow light in various media, including atomic media, semiconductors, fibers, and photonic structures. Leading authorities in such diverse fields as atomic vapor spectroscopy, fiber amplifiers, and integrated optics provide an interdisciplinary perspective. They uncover potential applications in both linear and nonlinear optics. While it is impossible to account for all the captivating developments that have occurred in the last few years, this book provides an exceptional survey of the current state of the slow light field.

Introduction To Organic Electronic And Optoelectronic Materials And Devices

Author: Sam-Shajing Sun
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420009192
Size: 12.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Reflecting rapid growth in research and development on organic/polymeric electronic and photonic materials and devices, Introduction to Organic Electronic and Optoelectronic Materials and Devices provides comprehensive coverage of the state-of-the-art in an accessible format. The book presents fundamentals, principles, and mechanisms complemented by examples, experimental data, and more than 600 figures, more than 500 equations, about 70 tables, more than 150 exercise questions, and more than 1500 reference citations.

Optical Inspection Of Microsystems

Author: Wolfgang Osten
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420019162
Size: 12.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Where conventional testing and inspection techniques fail at the micro-scale, optical techniques provide a fast, robust, and relatively inexpensive alternative for investigating the properties and quality of microsystems. Speed, reliability, and cost are critical factors in the continued scale-up of microsystems technology across many industries, and optical techniques are in a unique position to satisfy modern commercial and industrial demands. Optical Inspection of Microsystems is the first comprehensive, up-to-date survey of the most important and widely used full-field optical metrology and inspection technologies. Under the guidance of accomplished researcher Wolfgang Osten, expert contributors from industrial and academic institutions around the world share their expertise and experience with techniques such as image correlation, light scattering, scanning probe microscopy, confocal microscopy, fringe projection, grid and moiré techniques, interference microscopy, laser Doppler vibrometry, holography, speckle metrology, and spectroscopy. They also examine modern approaches to data acquisition and processing. The book emphasizes the evaluation of various properties to increase reliability and promote a consistent approach to optical testing. Numerous practical examples and illustrations reinforce the concepts. Supplying advanced tools for microsystem manufacturing and characterization, Optical Inspection of Microsystems enables you to reach toward a higher level of quality and reliability in modern micro-scale applications.

Photoacoustic Imaging And Spectroscopy

Author: Lihong V. Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420059922
Size: 12.43 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Photoacoustics promises to revolutionize medical imaging and may well make as dramatic a contribution to modern medicine as the discovery of the x-ray itself once did. Combining electromagnetic and ultrasonic waves synergistically, photoacoustics can provide deep speckle-free imaging with high electromagnetic contrast at high ultrasonic resolution and without any health risk. While photoacoustic imaging is probably the fastest growing biomedical imaging technology, this book is the first comprehensive volume in this emerging field covering both the physics and the remarkable noninvasive applications that are changing diagnostic medicine. Bringing together the leading pioneers in this field to write about their own work, Photoacoustic Imaging and Spectroscopy is the first to provide a full account of the latest research and developing applications in the area of biomedical photoacoustics. Photoacoustics can provide functional sensing of physiological parameters such as the oxygen saturation of hemoglobin. It can also provide high-contrast functional imaging of angiogenesis and hypermetabolism in tumors in vivo. Discussing these remarkable noninvasive applications and so much more, this reference is essential reading for all researchers in medical imaging and those clinicians working at the cutting-edge of modern biotechnology to develop diagnostic techniques that can save many lives and just as importantly do no harm.

Physical Properties And Data Of Optical Materials

Author: Moriaki Wakaki
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420015508
Size: 13.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Research and applications in optical engineering require careful selection of materials. With such a large and varied array to choose from, it is important to understand a material's physical and optical properties before making a selection. Providing a convenient, concise, and logically organized collection of information, Physical Properties and Data of Optical Materials builds a thorough background for more than 100 optical materials and offers quick access to precise information. Surveying the most important and widely used optical materials, this handy reference includes data on a wide variety of metals, semiconductors, dielectrics, polymers, and other commonly used optical materials. For each material, the editors examine the crystal system; natural and artificial growth and production methods along with corrosives and processing; thermal, electrical, and mechanical properties; optical properties, such as transmittance and reflectance spectra, ranging from UV to IR wavelengths; and, where applicable, applications for spectroscopy and miscellaneous remarks such as handling concerns and chemical properties. Numerous tables illustrate important data such as numerical values of optical constants for important wavelength regions, extinction and absorption coefficients, and refractive index. Physical Properties and Data of Optical Materials offers a collection of data on an unprecedented variety of fundamental optical materials, making it the one quick-lookup guide that every optical scientist, engineer, and student should own.