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Organizing Global Technology Flows

Author: Pierre-Yves Donzé
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135013578
Size: 75.74 MB
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Research on the international transfer of technology in economics and management literature has primarily focused on the role of countries and that of companies, in particular multinational enterprises (MNEs). Similarly, economic and business historians have tended to view international technology transfer as a way for economically ‘backward’ countries to acquire new technologies in order to catch up with more developed economies. This volume provides a more in-depth understanding of how the international transfer of technologies is organized and, in particular, challenges the core-periphery model that is still dominant in the extant literature. By looking beyond national systems of innovation, and statistics on foreign trade, patent registration and foreign direct investment, the book sheds more light on the variety of actors involved in the transfer process (including engineers, entrepreneurs, governments, public bodies, firms, etc.) and on how they make use of a broad set of national and international institutions facilitating technology transfer. Put differently, the volume offers a better understanding of the complexity of global technology flows by examining the role and actions of the different actors involved. By bringing together a number of original case studies covering many different countries over the period from the late 19th to the 21st century, the book demonstrates how technology is being transferred through complex processes, involving a variety of actors from several countries using the national and international institutional frameworks.

The Organization Of Transport

Author: Massimo Moraglio
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317800656
Size: 39.43 MB
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Over the past ten years, the study of mobility has demonstrated groundbreaking approaches and new research patterns. These investigations criticize the concept of mobility itself, suggesting the need to merge transport and communication research, and to approach the topic with novel instruments and new methodologies. Following the debates on the role of users in shaping transport technology, new mobility research includes debates from sociology, planning, economy, geography, history, and anthropology. This edited volume examines how users, policy-makers, and industrial managers have organized and continue to organize mobility, with a particularly attention to Europe, North America, and Asia. Taking a long-term and comparative perspective, the volume brings together thirteen chapters from the fields of urban studies, history, cultural studies, and geography. Covering a variety of countries and regions, these chapters investigate how various actors have shaped transport systems, creating models of mobility that differ along a number of dimensions, including public vs. private ownership and operation as well as individual vs. collective forms of transportation. The contributions also examine the extent to which initial models have created path dependencies in terms of technology, physical infrastructure, urban development, and cultural and behavioral preferences that limit subsequent choices.

Industrial Development Technology Transfer And Global Competition

Author: Pierre-Yves Donze
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131722633X
Size: 62.66 MB
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The phenomena of Japan emerging as one of the most competitive industrial nations in the twentieth century and the general shift of competitiveness to East Asia since the 1980s have been widely studied by many scholars from different fields of the social sciences. Drawing on sources from Japanese, Swiss, and American archives, the historical analysis of this book tackles a wide range of actors and sheds light on the various processes that enabled Japanese watch companies to transfer technology and expand commercially starting in the second half of the nineteenth century. By exploring the case of the watch industry, this book serves to establish a better understanding of the origins of the competitiveness of Japanese manufacturing and its evolution until its decline in the post‐bubble economy (in the 1990s and 2000s).

Mastering Organizational Knowledge Flow

Author: Frank Leistner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470617465
Size: 36.59 MB
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Get your organization's expertise out of its silos and make it flow-with lessons from over a decade of experience Looking at knowledge management in a holistic way, Mastering Organizational Knowledge Flow: How to Make Knowledge Sharing Work puts the proper emphasis on non-technical issues. As knowledge is deeply connected to humans, the author moves away from the often overused and therefore burned-out term "knowledge management" to the better-suited term "knowledge flow management." Provides lessons learned and case studies from real experience Discusses key knowledge flow components, success factors and traps, and where to start Covering topics such as the power of scaling, internal marketing, measuring success, cultural aspects of sharing, and the role of Web2.0, Mastering Organizational Knowledge Flow: How to Make Knowledge Sharing Work allows you to stay up-to-date with today's knowledge flow management, and implement best practices to position your organization to take advantage of all of its assets.

Globalization Of Technology

Author: Proceedings of the Sixth Convocation of The Council of Academies of Engineering and Technological Sciences
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309038421
Size: 22.47 MB
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The technological revolution has reached around the world, with important consequences for business, government, and the labor market. Computer-aided design, telecommunications, and other developments are allowing small players to compete with traditional giants in manufacturing and other fields. In this volume, 16 engineering and industrial experts representing eight countries discuss the growth of technological advances and their impact on specific industries and regions of the world. From various perspectives, these distinguished commentators describe the practical aspects of technology's reach into business and trade.

21st Century Geography

Author: Joseph P. Stoltman
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 141297464X
Size: 42.96 MB
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This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

Global Information Systems And Technology

Author: P. Candace Deans
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781878289216
Size: 29.69 MB
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Many of the technological and managerial challenges of operating in the international environment are being addressed through global IT applications at the functional level of the organization. Global Information Systems and Technology: Focus on the Organization and Its Functional Areas provides a forum for identifying the specific impacts of IT in each of these areas and for understanding how the various challenges and solutions in the functional areas are being integrated via information technology. With a total of 27 chapters, this book examines several functional areas -- marketing, financial services, accounting, manufacturing and logistics, research and development, human resources -- all within the context of today's international business enterprise.

Global Political Economy

Author: Robert O'Brien
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1137287373
Size: 50.87 MB
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The fourth edition of this popular and successful text has been systematically revised and updated to incorporate analysis of the financial crisis and the changing global order. Now in a larger format with a new two-colour text design, the book includes additional boxed exhibits and end-of-chapter further reading. Williams, Uni NSW.